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Topic: Anthropomorphism

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In this sense, Anthropomorphism is the ascription to the Supreme Being of the
The charge of Anthropomorphism can be urged against our way of thinking and speaking of God by those only who, despite the protestations of theologians and philosophers, persist in assuming that terms are used univocally of God and of creatures.
The error was revived in northern Italy during the tenth century, but was effectually suppressed by the bishops, notably by the learned Ratherius, Bishop of Verona.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/01558c.htm   (1112 words)

  Anthropomorphism, Anthropomorphites
In this sense, Anthropomorphism is the ascription to the Supreme Being of the form, organs, operations, and general characteristics of human nature.
At the same time, when the theologian or philosopher employs these and similar terms with reference to God, he understands them to be predicated not in exactly the same sense that they bear when applied to man, but in a sense controlled and qualified by the principles laid down in the doctrine of analogy.
The charge of Anthropomorphism can be urged against our way of thinking and speaking of God by those only who, despite the protestations of theologians and philosophers, persist in assuming that terms are used univocally of God and of creatures.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/a/anthropomorphism.html   (1215 words)

  ANTHROPOMORPHISM   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The use of metaphors ascribing human characteristics to non-human forms- The most blatant anthropomorphism concerns the belief in supernatural beings, e.g., spirits, gnomes, all of which tend to assume human or super-human powers.
Anthropomorphisms are most frequent in the ascription of intentions or purposes to causal phenomena, e.g., "the stone hit me", "this accident was meant as a warning", "this car doesn't like me".
In scientific pursuits anthropomorphisms are frequent in studies of animal communication, e.g., teaching a dolphin to say "good morning", and in the use of computers, e.g., when programmed "to understand" an English sentence, "to think" through a problem, "to evaluate and decide" a suitable cause of action (see robot).
pespmc1.vub.ac.be /ASC/ANTHROPOMOR.html   (113 words)

  Anthropomorphism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anthropomorphism, a form of personification (applying human or animal qualities to inanimate objects) and similar to prosopopoeia (adopting the persona of another person), is the attribution of human characteristics and qualities to non-human beings, objects, natural, or supernatural phenomena.
Anthropomorphism in the form of personification consists of creating imaginary persons who are the embodiment of an abstraction such as Death, Lust or War.
Anthropomorphism is a well established device in literature, notably in books for children, such as those by C.S. Lewis, Beatrix Potter, Roald Dahl and Lewis Carroll, which involve characters such as Peter Rabbit, the Cheshire Cat, and the fantastical talking animals of Narnia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anthropomorphism   (1696 words)

 Anthropomorphism—Motive, Meaning, and Causality in Psychoanalytic Theory
Anthropomorphism is not without some value, however, since it is close to immediate experience, and we have been led through Freud's study of clinical facts to an understanding of the part played by anthropomorphism in introspective thinking.
Anthropomorphic language is in no way incompatible with systematic study of individual cases, or of groups of cases, or with any number of ways of grouping and organizing clinical observations.
Anthropomorphism per se is not "unscientific." It serves a number of useful purposes, including that of inviting empathic participation by the analyst.
www.psychoanalysis.net /IPPsa/Grossman/Anthropomorphism.htm   (11797 words)

 JewishEncyclopedia.com - ANTHROPOMORPHISM   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It is unquestionably true that the Biblical expressions of an anthropomorphic nature, such as the hand of God, His arm, foot, mouth, ear, or eye, or His speaking, walking, and laughing, merely describe in naive fashion the activity of God as living and working after the manner of human beings.
Nevertheless, this very anthropomorphic view, or, to be more exact, this anthropopathic attitude—this conception of the Deity as a being with affections similar to those of a human being—contained the germs for the development of the conception of YHWH as being a mere tribal deity into a universal, ethical Being.
B.C., endeavors to remove the anthropomorphic designations of God is, accordingly, no longer the same, nor is it even similar to the procedure of the Palestinians, as the existing fragments of his work show.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=1574&letter=A   (3173 words)

 anthropomorphism - Encyclopedia.com
Anthropomorphism also applies to the ascription of human forms or characteristics to the divine spirits of things such as the winds and the rivers, events such as war and death, and abstractions such as love, beauty, strife, and hate.
Although some degree of anthropomorphism is characteristic of nearly all polytheistic religions, it is perhaps most widely associated with the Homeric gods and later Greek religion.
Anthropomorphic thought is said to have developed from three primary sources: animism, legend, and the need for visual presentation of the gods.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-anthrpmism.html   (472 words)

 Classical vs. Critical Anthropomorphism
Some of this anthropomorphizing is harmless in that it does not demean the inanimate object nor cause it to be improperly cared for by depriving it of certain basic needs, as can classical anthropomorphism when applied to animals in our care or in institutions.
Critical anthropomorphizing includes what is already known about the species' behaviors, about the behaviors in related species, and taking a careful look at the environmental variables, health, age, social status, etc., of the individual being assessed.
Critical anthropomorphizing is used every day in research and animal care settings, from zoos to biologists reviewing tapes of wild or captive animals, to observing and recording data in the field, to assessing the status of animals used in laboratory research.
www.anapsid.org /anthrop2.html   (930 words)

 Ethology, Ecology and Critical Anthropomorphism
Ecology is the scientific study of the physiological responses of individuals, the structure of populations, population dynamics, interactions between conspecifics and other species, and how they fit into their ecosystem, and how they may - or may not - adapt to changes in their environment or populations.
Anthropomorphism is the expression of human feelings and motivations to non-humans, including animals, and inanimate objects.
Anthropomorphism in and of itself is neither good nor bad.
www.anapsid.org /ethology.html   (1060 words)

 Anthropomorphism - Simple English Wikipedia
Anthropomorphism is giving human characteristics, like emotions (feelings like being happy or sad) and the ability to talk, to a living thing or object that is not a human.
This living thing or object that is not a human may be a god, an animal, a plant, sound, weather storm, an idea, or any other object.
The story of the Three Little Pigs with a wolf and pigs that talk and act like humans is an example of anthropomorphism.
simple.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anthropomorphism   (133 words)

 Anthropomorphism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Specifically, anthropomorphism is the describing of gods or goddesses in human forms and possessing human characteristics such as jealousy, hatred, or love.
The Greek gods such as Zeus and Apollo often were depicted in anthropomorphic forms.
In art and literature, anthropomorphism frequently depicts deities in human or animal forms possessing the qualities of sentiment, speech and reasoning.
www.themystica.com /mystica/articles/a/anthropomorphism.html   (151 words)

 The Pros and Cons of Anthropomorphism
Anthropomorphism has its roots in human “reflective consciousness,” a term that describes the way people use their understanding of what it’s like to be alive to interpret what life is like for other creatures—and to understand and anticipate those creatures’ behaviors accordingly.
Our development of anthropomorphic thinking occurred, according to earlier researchers, because it had huge survival value: The species Homo sapiens was able to become a super-predator because his brain was capable of anticipating the behavior of prey.
“Anthropomorphic selection—that is, selection in favor of physical and behavioral traits that facilitate the attribution of human mental states to nonhumans—imposes unusual and unique pressures on the objects of its attentions...
www.animalsheltering.org /resource_library/magazine_articles/may_jun_2005/pros_and_cons_of_anthropomorphism.html   (1259 words)

Anthropomorphism (Greek anthropos,"human being"; morphe,"shape") is the attribution of human form or qualities to that which is not human.
The anthropomorphism of the Israelites was an attempt to express the nonrational aspects of religious experience (the mysterium tremendum, "aweful majesty," discussed by Rudolf Otto) in terms of the rational, and the early expressions of it were not as "crude" as so-called enlightened man would have one think.
Anthropomorphic concepts were "absolutely necessary if the God of Israel was to remain a God of the individual Israelite as well as of the people as a whole....
mb-soft.com /believe/txn/anthropo.htm   (1076 words)

 Anthropomorphism - Theopedia
Anthropomorphism, also referred to as personification or prosopopeia, is the attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, forces of nature, and others.
Without anthropomorphism, since God is invisible and immaterial, we would not have a framework on which to understand Him.
Many theologies have arisen out of literally interpreting anthropomorphic verses in the Bible; once such notable theology is Open Theism.
www.theopedia.com /Anthropomorphism   (482 words)

 Anthropomorphism - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Anthropomorphism, attribution of human form or qualities to that which is not human.
As well as their anthropomorphism, Greek divinities had a different side: they could be uncanny, strange, alien.
Subsequently, he was also able to put into practice his theories of conservation, keeping endangered species for breeding and releasing into the...
uk.encarta.msn.com /Anthropomorphism.html   (86 words)

 In Defense of Anthropomorphism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Anthropomorphism, "an interpretation of what is not human or personal in terms of human or personal characteristics" (Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary), has become an epithet in interpretive circles.
Care must be used, however, to allow the red-tailed hawk to be a red-tailed hawk and to represent it as such, and not as one's little feathered but otherwise human buddy.
We need to be clear in our own minds about the differences between the entities of the wild as metaphors and as beings in their own right with their own, non-human qualities.
members.aol.com /Wildlifer/anthmorf.htm   (1448 words)

 PhilSci Archive - Anthropomorphism: Cross-Species Modeling
There has been a recent resurgence of interest in anthropomorphism, attributable to both the rise of cognitive ethology and the requirements of various forms of expanded, environmental ethics.
The manner and degree to which non-human animals are similar to human beings has thus become a focus of scientific research and a necessary component to our decisions to act morally.
In the end I will argue that specific anthropomorphic theses are supported or not supported by the same rigorous experimental and logical reasoning as any other scientific model.
philsci-archive.pitt.edu /archive/00000374   (179 words)

 SUNY Press :: Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals
Evaluates the significance and usefulness of anthropomorphism for the scientific understanding of animals by presenting diverse ideas from historians, philosophers, anthropologists, primatologists, psychologists, behaviorists, and ethologists.
The nature of anthropomorphism and anecdotal analysis is examined; social, cultural, and historical attitudes toward them are presented; and scientific attitudes are appraised.
Another tremendously valuable feature is the enormous breadth of the sub-topics covered, e.g., the articles that try to explain the nature and function of anthropomorphism, as opposed to the related topic of whether it is valid as a way of thinking about animals and explaining their behavior.
www.sunypress.edu /details.asp?id=53536   (617 words)

Definition: Anthropomorphism is relating animal characteristics to that of humans or humanistic qualities.
The main benefit of using anthropomorphism to portray characters in gaming and other forms of literature is that animals and stereotypic views of a particular animal are used to portray stock characters where the author or artist can convey a subliminal form of character development just by the animal used.
Literature: Anthropomorphism in gaming usually objectifies the body of a Kitsune with humanistic traits which include but are not limited to facial features, body mechanics (four legs good, two legs better!), and the ability to talk.
flightline.highline.edu /videogame/anthropomorphism.htm   (2666 words)

 The Influence of the Avatar on Online Perceptions of Anthropomorphism, Androgyny, Credibility, Homophily, and Attraction
In these studies, participants were not asked to rate the images on their level of anthropomorphism; the differences in perception of the images have been assumed by the researchers to reflect the level of anthropomorphism.
While physical characteristics such as anthropomorphism and androgyny are immediate and derive from the image itself, credibility, homophily, and attraction are more abstract in the person perception process, thought people generally make attributions of others on these categories largely based on physical characteristics.
Anthropomorphism was negatively correlated with androgyny (r=-.51, p<.01), androgyny-multiplicative (r=-.44, p<.01), and positively correlated with attraction (r=.45, p<.01), credibility (r=.46, p<.01), homophily (r=.45, p<.01), and the likelihood to choose the image (r=.31, p<.01).
jcmc.indiana.edu /vol11/issue1/nowak.html   (8935 words)

 Stereotyping Characters: A Way of Triggering Anthropomorphism
Anthropomorphism is an experience, an understanding of complex – not necessarily human – patterns of behavior in the world.
Anthropomorphism is a way of simplifying and thereby making sense of the environment by projecting a host of expectations about human life onto aspects of that environment.
When referring to anthropomorphism – for instance in relation to an interface or system – we must be clear about which level we indicate, since each has its own characteristics and involves specific types of user expectations.
www.sics.se /~jarmo/SocIntAgent.htm   (4296 words)

 Ibn Khaldun on Anthropomorphism - sunniforum.com
Thus, they adopted a clear anthropomorphism and were in opposition to the verses stating that God is devoid (of human attributes).
The only thing that remains to be done with the plain (seemingly anthropomorphic) statements is (to follow) the beliefs and theories expressed by the early Muslims.
These people do not realize that it comes under the subject of anthropomorphism for them to affirm the attribute of sitting, because according to the lexicographers, the word "sitting" implies being firmly settled in a place, which is something corporeal.
www.sunniforum.com /forum/showthread.php?p=188717#post188717   (1716 words)

 ANTHROPOMORPHISM - LoveToKnow Article on ANTHROPOMORPHISM   (Site not responding. Last check: )
True mythical anthropomorphisms occur is i early parts of the Old Testament (e.g.
For the use of the rd anthropomorphic, or kindred forms, in this new spirit of ndemnation for all conceptions of God as manlikesense (b) ted abovesee J. Rousseau in Emile iv.
The latest extension of the word, proposed in the interests of ilosophy or psychology, uses it of the principle according to ~ich man is said to interpret all things (not God merely) through mself.
12.1911encyclopedia.org /A/AN/ANTHROPOMORPHISM.htm   (2628 words)

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