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Topic: Anticommunism

  Jelani Cobb:::::Antidote
Moreover, the de facto anticommunism of the state served as a constant reminder that social opprobrium (at the least) and political repression were likely consequences of CP affiliation.
These isotopes of fl anticommunism were also united in their skepticism toward the idea that socialism in and of itself would be a panacea for racial oppression.
Much of the anticommunism of Black America was employed as a tactical maneuver to gain political breathing room for organizations and individuals engaged in already unpopular “race work.” Their anticommunism was, in a word, pragmatic.
www.jelanicobb.com /portfolio/antidote.html   (2786 words)

 Encyclopedia: Anticommunism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
For much of the period between 1950 and 1991 anticommunism it was one of the major components of the containment policy of the United States.
This bias against anticommunism is even due to the opportunistic use of anticommunism made by some authoritaristic regimes to persecute dissidents of any political colour.
A common rebuttal of anticommunism is that communist countries had created a new ruling class and thus were not in fact communist.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Anticommunism   (4245 words)

 Reader's Companion to U.S. Women's History - - Anticommunism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Anticommunism has been the dominant ideological weapon of the power elites in the United States and the major determinant of foreign and domestic policy since World War II.
Anticommunism took center stage after World War II, driven by the need to win popular support for a new cold war foreign policy and the desire of the right to destroy the New Deal coalition.
Anticommunism defined U.S. foreign policy, fueling an unprecedented military buildup directed at the USSR and at insurgent movements worldwide.
college.hmco.com /history/readerscomp/women/html/wh_001600_anticommunis.htm   (368 words)

 Anticommunism run amok : the life of Senator Pat McCarran
The ruling class promoted anticommunism as a de facto state ideology, not out of any principled opposition to the crimes of Stalinism, but rather because it was the necessary ideological prop for the United States’ most critical geo-strategic goals.
Anticommunism was the banner under which a purge of militants and socialists from the trade unions was carried out.
Anticommunism was further utilized by the right wing to advance its long-standing objective of obliterating all remnants of the New Deal reform measures.
www.wsws.org /articles/2004/dec2004/mcca-d18_prn.shtml   (3474 words)

 Anti-communism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Most communists, alleged communists and so-called " enemies of the state" were sentenced to death (although some of the executions were delayed to 1990).
The alleged or demonstrated complicity of the CIA with these regimes seriously discredited anticommunism and the pretense of the US to represent a "Free World" in the eyes of critics.
Others, however, have argued that extreme measures were needed to prevent the spread of communism during the height of its expansion.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anticommunism   (5388 words)

 The debates in labor: Lessons from our past : SF Indymedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Anticommunism and the Cold War were used to silence dissent and curb civil liberties and labor rights.
Anticommunism also divided the labor movement and turned it inward on itself.
Anticommunism in the labor movement helped promote the leadership of those in labor who preferred to “get along” with big capital rather than mobilize the membership to fight for gains.
sf.indymedia.org /news/2005/07/1717471.php   (1579 words)

 Contemporary Review: The Origins of Anti-communism. . - Reviews - British and American Anticommunism before the Cold ...
There have been several histories of how anticommunism worked, what were its policies and who were its major spokesmen but little analysis of what it was intellectually.
Liberal anticommunism, Dr Ruotsila argues, was content with containing the military power of the Soviet Union.
To a degree anticommunism, and with it a 'strong' defence policy, gave conservative parties an intellectual glue which held them together.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m2242/is_1633_280/ai_83520042   (718 words)

 Foley: "Roads Taken and Not Taken..."
The casual anticommunism of most Toomer critics--manifested in the tendency simply to "disappear" the many evidences of his leftism--ends up impoverishing our understanding of both his moment and his text.
What I've found in my work on fl U.S. writers and the left, in short, is that anticommunism is alive and well in literary scholarship--not only in "traditional" scholarship bound to Cold War-era formalism but also in more recent scholarship inflected by postmodernism and critical race theory.
Second, however, post-Marxism is implicated in anticommunism to the extent that it dialectically emerges from, and in reaction to, the deficiencies and limitations of the left itself.
eserver.org /clogic/1-2/foley.html   (1826 words)

 American Anticommunism: Popular Oppostion   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Some used political influence to serve larger American national or economic interests, some used anticommunism solely for partisan purposes, while others still used anticommunism as a means to secure raw political power or personal enrichment.
Anticommunism also tended to legitimize diverse groups that were marginalized earlier in American history.
Anticommunism proved to be powerful because the movement rallied against a value system feared by American society.
www.geocities.com /fineyoungsocialist/ac.1.html   (1583 words)

The scope and power of Anticommunism grew to incredible breadth in its impact, not only in terms of foreign and domestic policy, but also on American culture at large.
Often it was this unacknowledged cultural mandate that drove regrettable and counterproductive outgrowths of American actions during the Cold War.
Anticommunism was the disease, not tiny Central American countries that wanted to mix state planning into their nascent economies (as we still do today, in the form of tariffs and subsidies that would be unthinkable in the developing world).
postmodernpotlatch.blogspot.com /ismschism.htm   (1287 words)

 Dissent Magazine - Winter 2005   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
In the case of The Vital Center, much of the reason for this dismissal is that Schlesinger defined his own version of liberalism against communism and the "softness" of fellow-traveling "progressives," like supporters of Henry Wallace's 1948 presidential campaign.
If Schlesinger's anticommunism was more thought-out than scholars working in cultural studies would have us believe, it was also more measured than Miller's play suggests.
Liberal anticommunism was not hysteria but rather a balancing act.
www.dissentmagazine.org /menutest/articles/wi05/mattson.htm   (2511 words)

 Book Review Red Scare or Red Menace? American Communism and Anticommunism in the Cold War Era
Haynes argues that for all of its complexity, inconsistency, and excess, the anticommunism of the 1940s and 1950s was an "understandable and rational response to a real threat to American democracy." (200) By taking this position, Haynes counters the four prevailing deficiencies he outlined in his introduction.
Concluding with the intensity of the early 1950s, he demonstrates how his four major arguments converged during the period of "anticommunism at high tide." (163) Haynes finally traces the legacy of anticommunism during the later 1950s and into the 1960s, mentioning the role it played, for example, in the evolution of the Vietnam War.
Anticommunism was the irrefutable mainstream value; a value necessary, implies Haynes, to guard against a foe.
userwww.sfsu.edu /~epf/1999/wilkinson99.html   (1646 words)

 Canadian Journal of History: American Science in an Age of Anxiety: Scientists, Anticommunism, and the Cold War
Too many scientists are quick to assign blame for the funding shortfalls to the post-modern critics of science and bemoan the ignorance of the general public rather than look to the historical trends that have brought the physical sciences to their post-Cold War crossroads" (p.
Likewise, she warns that historians who have been critical of Cold War anticommunism must now take into account efforts by some members of the historical profession to rehabilitate the era.
To conclude that the existence of atomic espionage vindicates many of the abuses committed in the name of anticommunism is to fall into the same trap of reasoning that prevailed during the postwar period" (p.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_qa3686/is_200104/ai_n8932173   (1036 words)

 H-Net Review: Robert W. Cherny on Many Are the Crimes: McCarthyism in America
The book is, therefore, actually a study of anticommunism from 1919 to the late 1950s.
This is an important contribution to the history of American communism and anticommunism for a number of reasons.
Anticommunism did deform important parts of American politics in the mid-twentieth century, and we have not yet seen the last of its legacy.
www.h-net.msu.edu /reviews/showrev.cgi?path=12254926450212   (3440 words)

 Mercier/Anaconda: Labor, Community, and Culture in Montana's Smelter City. Chapter 4
However, the church's relentless anticommunism was tempered by its criticisms of capitalism's excesses.
The ideology of anticommunism united social and economic classes with a similar conceptual framework that pledged uncritical loyalty to the national government and its economic system.
They embraced anticommunism for its rejection of communal values that threatened their own individualistic culture or vision of the family and American freedom.
www.press.uillinois.edu /epub/books/mercier/ch4.html   (13619 words)

 Foreign Affairs - Anticommunism's Two Faces: The Irresponsible Won Out - Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.
Anticommunism in America, Powers, a professor at the City University of New York, makes clear, was hardly a monolithic movement.
The ironic point made in the first three-quarters of the book is that the disbelief generated by irresponsible anticommunism overwhelmed the reasoned arguments of responsible anticommunism and succeeded in discrediting the anticommunist cause.
The Vietnam War accelerated the decline of anticommunism, in Powers' view, until it was seen as "the American original sin." When all seemed lost for anticommunism, however, suddenly there appeared "the first faint stirring of new life, of rebirth....
www.foreignaffairs.org /19960101fareviewessay4179/arthur-m-schlesinger-jr/anticommunism-s-two-faces-the-irresponsible-won-out.html   (1284 words)

 Atomic secrets and the red scare (May 1999) - Review - PhysicsWeb
Along with chapters that investigate these broad themes, Wang also devotes a significant portion of her book to case studies of individual scientists, some famous and others not, who were caught up in the gears of anticommunism.
Although there were exceptions, most American scientists chose not to question the system of anticommunism - what is often know as McCarthyism (although as Wang demonstrates, it long predated the infamous Senator from Wisconsin) - but rather to defend themselves by asserting their loyalty and thereby tacitly accepting the validity of the inquisition.
What Wang does not emphasize, because it lies outside the scope of her investigation, is that most American scientists nevertheless actively sought to serve what Eisenhower eventually called the "military-industrial complex", either merely by taking research monies, or by working to expand and modernize the US nuclear arsenal and other defence capabilities.
physicsweb.org /articles/review/12/5/1/1   (679 words)

 TAP: Vol 7, Iss. 28. Who Won the Cold War?. Jacob Heilbrunn.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-08-19)
Powers, a professor of history and the author of a fine biography of Herbert Hoover, traces the course of American anticommunism from the 1919 Red Scare to the rise of American communism in the 1930s to the emergence of neoconservatism in the 1970s.
Here Powers introduces his main theme: Anticommunism, sound at the core, was unfairly besmirched by the zealousness of some of its pro ponents.
The compelling story that Powers fails to tell because it would not fit in with his depiction of neoconservatism is the emergence in the late 1940s of a vigorous liberal anticommunism.
www.prospect.org /print/V7/28/heilbrunn-j.html   (4430 words)

 History News Network
I think it's disingenuous to say that anticommunism and McCarthyism are entirely different things, that the lines are/were not permeable or fungible.
McCarthyism was a virulent form of anticommunism, a dangerous and un-American campaign of character assassination and smearing that violated most of the liberties America was supposed to be able to trump as representing our superiority over those communists.
The more important point regarding the relationship between McCarthyism and Anticommunism is that not all anticommunists were McCarthyites.
hnn.us /readcomment.php?id=11376   (749 words)

 History 474B
Assignment:  You are responsible for reading the entire book however, if you are unable to complete this reading over the course of the next week, be sure to read chapters 1-4; 5 OR 6; 7 OR 8; and the conclusion (Chapter 9).
On the first page of the preface, Haynes states that “four deficiencies stand out” in most studies of American anticommunism in the late 1940s and 1950s.
Compare and contrast evangelical, Catholic, socialist, Trotskyist, and labor union-based anticommunism.
www.csun.edu /~twd61312/474bweek2.htm   (612 words)

 Anti-Communism Page
Anticommunism dominated American domestic politics in the late 1940s and 1950s, when it was transformed by the cold war from a right-wing to a mainstream ideology.
The coming of the cold war resuscitated domestic anticommunism and made it central to American politics.
Anticommunism was used for partisan purposes as well.
afronord.tripod.com /frussia/anticom.html   (2443 words)

 Elian struggle sheds light on U.S. values and Cold War fight against communism [Free Republic]
Easy because communism was evil, and we knew it, and thus our decisions about how to act in the world were informed by the moral imperative to oppose it.
In reality, anticommunism was not the lodestar that guided us all - liberal and conservative.
Yet congressional opposition to corruption and dictatorship trumped anticommunism - and helped bring on catastrophe: genocide in Cambodia, reeducation camps in South Vietnam, boat people in the South China Sea.
www.freerepublic.com /forum/a38f70d0131b5.htm   (1094 words)

 Cold War Kid / Krauthammer / The Washington Post - Cuba News / Noticias - CubaNet News
In reality, anticommunism was not the lodestar that guided us all--liberal and conservative--during the Cold War.
Almost every anticommunist initiative championed by conservatives in the last two decades of the Cold War --from the Reagan arms buildup to aiding the Nicaraguan contras-- met strenuous liberal opposition.
And if it wasn't human rights or clean government (a supposed virtue of communists such as Ho and Mao), there was always one value to trump anticommunism: peace.
www.cubanet.org /CNews/y00/apr00/17e16.htm   (677 words)

 Ellen Shrecker Comments on John Earl Haynes
anticommunism, but a partisan defense of his and his collaborators' own
But Haynes is not, I think, particularly interested in anticommunism.
Though he and I agree that the history of communism and anticommunism is
www.fas.harvard.edu /~hpcws/comment15.htm   (2494 words)

 The New York Review of Books: 'THE RED SCARE'
Nevertheless, Schrecker's early chapters on the development of anticommunism during the New Deal are important and significant and worthy of discussion.
The rewardfor liberal anticommunism, as Reinhold Niebuhr's Union for Democratic Action discovered in 1942, was being trashed by HUAC as "an organization composed chiefly of individuals who have been a significant part of the interlocking directorate of the Communist movement in the United States."
More important, the two are not so easily disentangled, at least not for Schrecker, whose critique of anticommunism proceeds from specific assertions she makes about the nature of the Communist Party and its place within the broad history of radicalism in the United States.
www.nybooks.com /articles/313   (1132 words)

When Italy declared war on the United States on 11 December 1941, such blatant pro-Fascist sentiments caused their loyalty to the United States to be questioned, and scholars have suggested that many Italian Americans joined the Cold War crusade to regain social respectability.
Generally overlooked in historical investigation, however, is the interaction of anticommunism, Americanization, and ethnic identity among Italian Americans.
The 1948 elections were held in the aftermath of a Communist coup in Czechoslovakia the previous February, in which Communist Prime Minister Klement Gottwald ended a troubled 19-month partnership with moderate middle-class parties and took complete control of the Czech government.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1G1:60578630&refid=holomed_1   (6151 words)

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