Anti-Judaism - Factbites
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Topic: Anti-Judaism

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In the News (Thu 23 May 19)

 Anti-Semitism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Racial anti-Semitism replaced the hatred of Judaism as a religion with the idea that the Jews themselves were a racially distinct group, regardless of their religious practice, and that they were inferior or worthy of animosity.
Before the 19th century, most anti-Semitism was primarily religious in nature, based on Christian or Islamic interactions with and interpretations of Judaism.
Since Judaism was generally the largest minority religion in Christian Europe and much of the Islamic world, Jews were often the primary targets of religiously-motivated violence and persecution from Christian and Islamic rulers. /wiki/Anti-Semitism   (9615 words)

 Christianity and anti-Semitism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Also, the two religions differed in their legal status in the Roman Empire: Judaism, restricted to the Jewish people, was exempt from obligation to the Roman state religion and since the reign of Julius Caesar enjoyed the status of a "licit religion".
The increase of the numbers of Gentile Christians in comparison to Jewish Christians eventually resulted in a rift between Christianity and Judaism, which was further increased by the Jewish-Roman wars (66-73 and 132-135) that drove Jews into the diaspora and further diminished Jewish Christians.
Like John Chrysostom, his objective was to dissuade Christians from reverting to Judaism by emphasizing what he saw as the wickedness of the Jews and their religion. /wiki/Christian_anti-Semitism   (5672 words)

 islam and antisemitism
Judaism viewed Christianity as a pagan religion, and its culture as repulsive, while Islam was defined as a monotheistic religion, the culture of which appealed to many Jewish figures of the time.
This offensive treatment of Judaism was described as having shocked the Jews present and perhaps providing the impetus for the response found in the Geniza.
The main arguments used by Muslim thinkers against Judaism was that the Jews falsified God's word, or failed to transmit it properly, or misinterpreted the Bible, or that the Bible had been abrogated by God. /islam.html   (14607 words) - anti-Semitism (Judaism) - Encyclopedia
You are here : > Reference > Encyclopedia > Judaism > anti-Semitism
Before the 19th cent., anti-Semitism was largely religious and was expressed in the later Middle Ages by sporadic persecutions and expulsions : notably the expulsion from Spain under Ferdinand and Isabella : and in severe economic and personal restrictions (see ghetto).
anti-Semitism[an´´tE-sem´itiz´´um, an´´tI–] Pronunciation Key, form of prejudice against Jews, ranging from antipathy to violent hatred. /encyclopedia/A/antiSemi.html   (172 words)

Judaism looked to the coming of the Messiah as a public world-historical event unequivocably linked to a process that historically overthrows the forces of evil in the world and establishes the Kingdom of God.
This Christian polemic against Judaism did not stop merely with proving the special guilt of the religious leaders of the Jewish community for Jesus' death [today recognized as a dubious thesis].
This claim inevitably pitted the church against the synagogue, since it saw itself as fulfilling and superseding Judaism. /~prewett/demonizedjews.html   (3844 words)

 Faith and Culture: Anti-Judaism in Religious Feminist Writing
Judaism is identified only with war and an eye for an eye and contrasted with the New Testament ideal of love.
Judaism continues to be presented by many as synonymous with patriarchy.
Through careful research von Kellenbach shows that many images of Judaism so often an object of scorn in religious feminist writing do not have an accurate historical or religious base. /paper/feminist.html   (1426 words)

 Theology Today - Vol 41, No. 3 - October 1984 - ARTICLE - Whence Anti-Semitism?
Judaism was a thriving religion of great appeal in this period.
Rather than being in a state of decline and disrepute, Judaism was flourishing in the century prior to and following the rise of Christianity.
One of the primary, issues that requires clarification is the character of the intra-Christian debate between those who wished to rid Christian practice of all traces of Judaism and those, on the other hand, who sought to preserve some aspects of Jewish practice. /oct1984/v41-3-article4.htm   (2155 words)

 SBL2000 - Hakola
From the point of view of mainstream Judaism, the Samaritans were late-comers as the worshippers of the God of Israel; therefore, they lacked the right knowledge of what they worshipped.
Everything that has a timeless value for all generations was seen to have entered the world with the birth of Christianity, whereas Judaism was seen as a religion bound to a certain time and people in the past.
This kind of theology has often been called supersessionism, the notion that faith in Jesus supersedes Judaism, Christian church supersedes the Jews as the people of God. /John/SBL2000-Hakola.html   (7616 words)

 Holocaust History
The term “Judaism” itself was first used by Hellenized Jews to describe their religious practice, but it is of predominantly modern usage; it is not used in the Hebrew Scriptures or in Rabbinic literature and only rarely in the literature of the medieval period.
Judaism is used more broadly, including also the totality of human interpretation and practice.
The most important holy days in Judaism are the weekly Sabbath, the major holidays of Rosh ha-Shanah, Yom Kippur, Sukkoth, Simhat Torah, Passover, and Shavuot, and the minor holidays of Hanukkah, Purim, and Tisha B'Av. /lesson.cfm/17387/696/2   (605 words)

 Asia Times - Asia's most trusted news source for the Middle East
Judaism was a stain that could not be removed by mere conversion.
As the oldest of the three monotheisms, Judaism was viewed with derision by the other two for its rejection of their newer prophets.
In the Christian West, this led to anti-Semitism, the belief that Jews are a race or nation to be disparaged. /atimes/Middle_East/EK26Ak02.html   (2054 words)

 Radio Islam. Ahmed Rami -Forum. Islam´s Resistance war against the jewish Israel´s occupation - By Yossef Bodansky.
Abd-Allah al-Thal argued that the modern Zionism, as depicted in the anti-Jewishness literature, is a direct continuation and modernization/up-dating of the classic Judaism: "I enjoin Zionism as a political movement with the Jewish religion that is based on two firm foundations, which are the Torah and the Talmud.
Therefore, with the spread and expansion of militant radical Islam, anti-Jewishness and anti-Judaism will continue to grow in the Muslim World, and will continue to be a most potent argument of governments.
Hence, Qutb's essay is of singular importance in the evolution and formulation of the Islamist political movement and its attitude toward Jews and Judaism. /forum/english/isljews.htm   (5641 words)

 Anti-Judiasm and the Council of Nicea
Judaism was not a "prohibited sect," according to the Codex Theodosianus of 438 CE.
In Judaism, observance of the mitzvot (6) is the l
However, Christians were forbidden to convert to Judaism. /library/antisem.htm   (1166 words)

 Anti-Judaism in Lesbian Christian Theology
Finally, my interest in Judaism stems from the similarity between the mechanics of antisemitism and anti-Judaism, and that of homophobia and heterosexism.
In this article I examine three anti-Jewish tendencies within lesbian Christian theology: 1) contrasting Jesus with Judaism; 2) portraying the Jesus movement as a replacement of Judaism; and 3) using Jesus or the concept of Christ as universally applicable.
I use the term "anti-Judaism" to refer to systems of thought that assume the inferiority of Judaism as a religious tradition and belief system, either in the past or present. /moogie.robinson/antijudaism.htm   (4263 words)

 Keith Hunt - Sunday and Anti-Judaism #1 - Page One
Lightfoot saw in the attitudes of the Fathers toward Judaism the explanation of their different contrasting tendencies: Though the writers era all apparently within.
In this chapter we will consider those factors which, in the process of the separation and differentiation of Christianity from Judaism, may have contributed to the renunciation of the Sabbath and to the adoption of Sunday on the part of the majority.
This Christian awareness of distinction from Judaism became the primary cause of. /Sunday1.html   (2787 words)

 Reform Judaism and the relationship to Deism.
The origins of Reform Judaism lie in the German Enlightenment with both Kant and Moses Mendelssohn (1729-86, a deist) Quoting Karen Armstrong in A History of G-d, It is not difficult for Enlightened Jews to accept the religious philosophy of the German Enlightenment.
Judaism believes that for an ideal world there must be a focus on both God and man. Because without a focus on God, all moral values become relative.
Judaism was not a revealed religion but revealed law. /id2/judaism.htm   (6461 words)

 The Peace Encyclopedia: Anti-Zionism, Anti-Zionists
The movement calls to distinguish between Judaism and Zionism, but at the same time reinforces its anti-Zionism by reviving the ancient Islamic enmity toward the Jews, revealing that essentially there is no separation between anti-Zionism and anti-Semitism.
However, this negation based on Islamic precepts portraying Judaism as the oldest and bitterest adversary of Islam and intertwined with anti-Semitic motifs, taken mainly from Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeyni's preaching and rhetoric, turns into a basic tenet in the movement's general Islamic plan.
Hizballah is completely opposed to Jews and Judaism and stresses the eternal conflict between them and Islam, although it also cites the more tolerant aspects of Islam toward the Jews. /peace/antizionism.html   (6850 words)

 Moment Magazine - Features
In the new imagery adopted by these churches, Judaism and Christianity are no longer, respectively, the broken branch and the new shoot of the olive tree.
Afterward I asked him how he thought Judaism would interpret one of its own problematic passages—Exodus 17, the story of the Amalekite attack on the wandering Israelites, concluding with God’s vow to “blot out Amalek”—if the Amalekites were still around.
As for the awkward fact of a received scripture that contradicts these new truths about Judaism and Christianity, Christian scholars and churches have tried to solve the problem by teaching the contextual understandings advanced by Cunningham, Boys, Carroll, and many others. /archive/oct01/feat1.html   (3076 words)

 Review of Jesus, Judaism, & Christian Anti-Judaism - Information Resources - Institute for Christian and Jewish Studies - ICJS
Scholars who try to distance Jesus from his historical context portray Jesus as opposed to the Judaism of his time, or as an "anti-Jewish Jew." This distancing move then exposes the scholar to charges that he or she is him- or herself anti-Jewish.
And that context, of course, was Palestinian Judaism in the late Second Temple Era.
Is there warrant for Christians to see themselves as "Gentile worshippers of the God of Israel," or must Christians inevitably view their religion as having replaced the outmoded religion of Judaism? /info/anti-Judaism.html   (1821 words)

 Keith Hunt - Sunday and Anti-Judaism #4 - Page Four
The differentiation from Judaism and the necessity for Christians not to appear Judaizing, arose, as we have seen and as it will be further noticed, earlier in Rome than in Palestine.
The year 135, as we have seen, marks a significant and decisive break in the relationships between Judaism and Christianity 124.
The abandoning of the Sabbath and the adoption of Sunday as a day of worship and rest is probably the most evident sign of this process. /Sunday4.html   (3399 words)

 Review of An Arrogant Oppressive Spirit: Anti-Zionism as Anti-Judaism in Egypt
In a dense analysis of writings from the leading publications of both the establishment and opposition press, she points to a number of recurring themes: Judaism is a deficient religion, Jews are an evil people, and Israel is an illegitimate state.
Her research also shows that the fascist spirit runs as deep among Egyptian anti-Semites as their European counterparts; phrases such as, "The world respects only the strong, even if his hands are soaked with blood" are common in Egypt's prestige press.
And a cultural assault on Israel willy-nilly meant recourse to the hoary myths of anti-Semitism. /article/913   (281 words)

 Anti-Judaism and PN in Luke and Acts
Luke overcomes the problem (1) by stressing the continuity of the church with Judaism, by showing its great popularity among Jews and the approval given to it by the Pharisses, and (2) by relegating this period of continuity to a generation of the past.
[Judas] went away and conferred with the chief priests and the captains [contrast Mark]...
This is not a crowd from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders, as in Mark, but more significantly just a crowd, which in the light of the previous use of ochlos seems to mean the people of Israel as such. /research/cjl/meta-elements/sites/partners/cbaa_seminar/Gaston.htm   (9735 words)

 On Passion Plays
Since the late Seventies, the Anti-Defamation League has been very critical of the script which projected a theological anti-Judaism, as well as an anti-Semitic message.
It is not by chance that Adolf Hitler, who saw the 1934 presentation, praised it as a "precious tool" in the fight against Jews and Judaism. /Interfaith/Oberammergau/Intro.asp   (260 words)

 U of M News Service
He is an expert in the study of anti-Semitism and is the author of "The Origins of Anti-Semitism: Attitudes toward Judaism in Pagan and Christian Antiquity." He also has written on the early Christian movement and on the study of ancient magic.
Sponsored by the U-M Department of Near Eastern Studies and the Frankel Center for Judaic Studies, the lecture is the first in a series on Judaism and Christianity in the Roman World, according to Yaron Z. Eliav, the Jean and Samuel Frankel Assistant Professor for Rabbinic Literature.
John Gager, a scholar of early Christianity and Judaism, explores that topic in a public lecture at 8 p.m. /news?Releases/2002/Oct02/chr101702   (309 words)

 Outreach Judaism - responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults. Responds to Jews For Jesus
Outreach Judaism is an international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults, by exploring Judaism in contradistinction to fundamentalist Christianity.
Helping Jews understand why Judaism doesn't accept the Christian Messiah, Outreach Judaism is now offering this powerful and provocative audio series and comprehensive study guide at an excellent price.
Outreach Judaism - responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.   (317 words)

 Wrestling with Johannine Anti-Judaism
Finally, there are those who prefer to ignore the problem, hoping that the alleged anti-Judaism will be counterbalanced by positive presentations of Judaism in the gospel of John (see 4:22).
On the basis of our research on the issue of “anti-Judaism and the Fourth Gospel,” we have arrived at three convictions: a) There are some dimensions in the way the Fourth Gospel treats Judaism and “the Jews” that we consider to be expressions of anti-Judaism (against those who propose escape routes).
The statement "salvation is from the Jews" in 4:22 might be used as a sharp reproach against "the Jews," accusing them of not recognizing and accepting Jesus although He is one of them and, therefore, should have easily been recognized by them. /articles/JohannineAntiJudaism.htm   (2878 words)

 Judaism Reading List: Antisemitism and Christian Relations (Pt. X)
Includes a review of the differences between Christianity and Judaism; a look behind-the-scenes at Hebrew-Christian congregations; interviews with Jews who were once members of these groups: they explain who they were missionized, what strategies the missionaries used, and why they returned to Judaism; and a discussion of how to combat missionary tactics.
Judaism in the First Centuries of the Christian Era: The Age of the Tannaim.
It has been augmented by material from my library that I obtained from a course on antisemitism that was once taught by Dr. Deborah Lipstadt at UCLA and from suggestions in The Jewish Catalog. /faqs/judaism/reading-lists/antisemitism   (3675 words)

 Anti-Judaism vs. Anti-Semitism
It wasn’t that the Church and Nazism were aligned against the Jews, but that Nazism was aligned against both Judaism and Christianity.
The anti-Semitism that led to the Holocaust did not spring from Christian sources, but from apostasy.
The frequently ignored Christian victims of the gas ovens attest to this fact. /articles/history/world/wh0031.html   (1985 words)

 Journal of Religion and Society
The project's research committee issued the following working definition for the term "anti-Judaism": "As distinct from the term Anti Semitism, Anti-Judaism is a specifically Christian, theologically driven attitude toward Jews, including concepts of the divine rejection and punishment of Jews, as well as Christian supersessionism and triumphalism" (49).
Tyson's essay, entitled "Anti-Judaism in the Critical Study of the Gospels," concludes that the German scholars he surveys, from Ferdinand Weber to Rudolf Bultmann, "created a tradition of interpretation that saw in early Judaism the antithesis of Christianity," one based on legalism rather than the spirit of the Law (250).
Most of the contributors argue that the gospels were composed in the context of intra-Jewish disputes about the Law, the Temple, messianic expectations, and specifically, the mission and identity of Jesus of Nazareth, a first-century Jew. /JRS/2000/2000-r1.html   (857 words)

 Anglican Theological Review: Jesus, Judaism, and Christian Anti-Judaism: Reading the New Testament after the Holocaust
Jesus, Judaism, and Christian Anti-Judaism contains five clearly written essays by outstanding Jewish and Christian scholars on the most pressing issue for Christians: how the New Testament is the source for Christian anti-Judaism.
Jesus, Judaism, and Christian Anti-Judaism provides an introduction for those unfamiliar with the topic.
Fredriksen's essay, "The Birth of Christianity and the Origins of Anti-Judaism," argues that as the identity and theology of certain types of Gentile Christianities develop in the second century, so too grows the use of demeaning views of Judaism to express that theology. /p/articles/mi_qa3818/is_200401/ai_n9347166   (534 words)

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