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Topic: Antibiotic


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In the News (Sat 23 Mar 19)

  
  About Antibiotic Resistance
Antibiotics come in pill form, as syrups, as salves and ointments, and are also given by injection.
Overuse of antibiotics in children is of particular concern because the highest rates of antibiotic use occur among children.
Antibiotic resistance is natural, but happens faster when antibiotics are misused or overused.
www.mass.gov /dph/cdc/antibiotic/antibiotic_resistance.htm   (970 words)

  
  antibiotic - Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The medium-spectrum antibiotics bacitracin, the erythromycins, penicillin, and the cephalosporins are effective primarily against Gram-positive bacteria, although the streptomycin group is effective against some Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria.
In some cases new antibiotics are laboratory synthesized, while many antibiotics are produced by chemically modifying natural substances; many such derivatives are more effective than the natural substances against infecting organisms or are better absorbed by the body, e.g., some semisynthetic penicillins are effective against bacteria resistant to the parent substance.
Outpatient antibiotic use and prevalence of antibiotic-resistant pneumococci in France and Germany: a sociocultural perspective.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-antibiot.html   (1298 words)

  
 Jack's "Bugs in the News" - What the Heck is Antibiotic Resistance?   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Antibiotics are chemical substances that inhibit the growth of (bacteriostatic) or kill (bactericidal) bacteria.
Antibiotic resistance is the ability of a bacterial cell to resist the harmful effect of an antibiotic.
Acquisition of antibiotic resistance occurs when genetic material is taken up by the bacterial cell and either incorporated into the chromosome, or, that is able to exist in a stable form independent of the chromosome.
people.ku.edu /~jbrown/resistance.htm   (2148 words)

  
 HPA | Antibiotic Resistance: Factsheet for Schools   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Antibiotics are substances that kill or interfere with the growth of microorganisms, especially bacteria.
Not all microorganisms are susceptible to all antibiotics.
Antibiotic resistance is more common in some countries than others (usually those where use of antibiotics is less strictly controlled).
www.hpa.org.uk /infections/topics_az/wfhfactsheets/WFHantib.htm   (813 words)

  
 Project «Antibiotic Policy in Surgery 2003» - V. Antimicrobial Therapy of Surgical Infection
Antibiotic prophylaxis should not be extended beyond 24 h following surgery, because it does not pertain to prevention of SSI caused by postoperative contamination.
Antibiotics are indicated only as an adjunct to surgical drainage if there is evidence of systemic infection.
One of the main tasks of antibiotic committee is to make for different fields of surgery clear recommendations on indications for antimicrobial prophylaxis/treatment based on highly scientific evident data from well-designed clinical trials.
www.antibiotic.ru /index.php?doc=29   (1873 words)

  
 Antibiotic Resistance
Antibiotics, however, are commonly prescribed to treat otitis media caused by bacteria.
Also, those who receive antibiotics on several occasions are more likely to have bacteria that are resistant to that antibiotic.
When an antibiotic is administered directly into the ear, the amount of drug reaching the site of infection is much greater than when it is given by mouth.
www.floxinotic.com /antibiotic_resistance.htm   (248 words)

  
 Antibiotic Overuse Fuels Drug Resistance
Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in some way that reduces or eliminates the effectiveness of the medicines designed to cure or prevent infections.
According to the CDC, tens of millions of the antibiotics are prescribed in doctors' offices for viral infections that are not treatable with antibiotics.
Antibiotic resistance can cause significant danger and suffering for children and adults who have common infections that were once easily treatable with antibiotics.
healthlink.mcw.edu /article/1031002561.html   (1046 words)

  
 Antibiotics - Health News - The New York Times
Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) is another broad-spectrum antibiotic, effective in the treatment of mild infections of the urinary tract and sinuses.
Antibiotics are either injected, given orally, or applied to the skin in ointment form.
In some cases new antibiotics are laboratory synthesized, while many antibiotics are produced by chemically modifying natural substances; many such derivatives are more effective than the natural substances against infecting organisms or are better absorbed by the body, e.g., some semisynthetic penicillins are effective against bacteria resistant to the parent substance.
topics.nytimes.com /top/news/health/diseasesconditionsandhealthtopics/antibiotics/index.html?inline=nyt-classifier   (1035 words)

  
 Antibiotic Overuse - DrGreene.com
Because antibiotics were such a revolutionary advance in the treatment of infectious diseases, doctors slipped into the habit of prescribing them for minor illnesses, even those known to be viral, just to "be on the safe side." They also thought they might help the child get better a bit faster.
Antibiotics may be appropriate for AOM with documented fluid in the ear and clear signs of acute illness.
Antibiotics are not useful for the initial treatment of OME, although they may be worth a try if OME lasts for longer than 3 months.
www.drgreene.com /21_646.html   (1133 words)

  
 Antibiotic Resistance -- familydoctor.org   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Antibiotics are medicines that fight (or prevent) infections caused by bacteria.
Because antibiotics are used a lot, and sometimes are used inappropriately, antibiotic resistance is becoming a common problem in many parts of the United States.
Antibiotics are not needed for--and won't work against--viral infections such as a cold, the flu (influenza) or mono (mononucleosis).
familydoctor.org /659.xml   (524 words)

  
 Antibiotics: Too much of a good thing - MayoClinic.com
Antibiotics can help you get better if a bacterial infection is responsible for your illness, but they'll have no effect if you have a virus.
Doctors then prescribe a stronger antibiotic, but the bacteria quickly learn to withstand the more potent drug as well, perpetuating a cycle in which increasingly powerful drugs are required to treat infections.
Antibiotics are effective in treating most bacterial infections, but they're not useful against viral infections, such as colds or the flu.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/antibiotics/FL00075   (1155 words)

  
 Project «Antibiotic Policy in Surgery 2003» - I. Antibiotic Policy in Surgery
Antibiotic policy reviews general issues concerning use of antimicrobials in surgery rather than particular points of antimicrobial prophylaxis and treatment of given surgical infection.
For implementation of local antibiotic policy such division as «antimicrobial agents team» (hospital antibiotic policy group) should be organized.
An antibiotic subcommittee within a hospital drug or infection control committee or an antibiotic committee should be responsible for the formulation and supervision of an antibiotic policy.
www.antibiotic.ru /index.php?module=subjects&func=viewpage&pageid=25   (524 words)

  
 Antibiotics.org - Antibiotic Cipro, Levaquin and Avelox Side Effects Support Site
For more than forty years the FDA has allowed the manufacturers of this class of chemotherapeutic agents to be aggressively marketed as "safe and effective antibiotics with an excellent safety profiles and to be remarkably free of clinically significant adverse effects." This has been done in spite of compelling evidence to the contrary.
Antibiotics may exhibit adverse drug reactions that resolve upon cessation of therapy or modification of the therapeutic dose, however, the toxic adverse drug reactions associated with some antibiotics appear to be not dose dependant and do NOT resolve upon cessation of therapy in many cases.
In fact the FDA has recently approved yet another antibiotic with severe rash being a known adverse drug reaction together with the approval of the use of STEROIDS to treat such an event once it manifest in the patient.
www.antibiotics.org   (885 words)

  
 Antibiotic
Antibiotic may be a helping hand even while you are receiving medical treatment already, any kind of therapy for example.
Antibiotic is a rapid and proven way to treat any kind of serious illnesses.
Antibiotic may be a prescription and a non-prescription medicine as well.
antibiotic.o-f.com /antibiotic.html   (391 words)

  
 Using Antibiotics Wisely-Topic Overview
Antibiotics are powerful medicines, but they cannot cure everything.
Antibiotics do not work against illnesses that are caused by a virus.
If the antibiotic causes side effects that really bother you, call your doctor to ask if there is another antibiotic that will work as well but not cause these effects.
www.webmd.com /a-to-z-guides/Using-Antibiotics-Wisely-Topic-Overview   (819 words)

  
 APUA: Q&A's about Antibiotic Resistance
Antibiotic resistance occurs when an antibiotic has lost its ability to effectively control or kill bacterial growth; in other words, the bacteria are "resistant" and continue to multiply in the presence of therapeutic levels of an antibiotic.
When an antibiotic is used, bacteria that can resist that antibiotic have a greater chance of survival than those that are "susceptible." Susceptible bacteria are killed or inhibited by an antibiotic, resulting in a selective pressure
that is applied by the presence of an antibiotic is removed, the bacterial population can potentially revert to a population of bacteria that responds to antibiotics.
www.tufts.edu /med/apua/Q&A/Q&A_AR.html   (695 words)

  
 FCIC: Fighting Antibiotic Resistance
Antibiotic resistance, also known as antimicrobial resistance, is not a new phenomenon.
The ability of antibiotics to stop an infection depends on killing or halting the growth of harmful bacteria.
But while antibiotics can kill bacteria, they do not work against viruses--and it is viruses that cause colds, the flu, and most sore throats.
www.pueblo.gsa.gov /cic_text/health/antibiotic/antibiotic.html   (2151 words)

  
 Antibiotics
The antibiotic penicillin, diffusing outward from the colonies, is responsible for this effect.
The Chink in the Armor = the bacterial ribosome
Antibiotics are widely used in healthy livestock to improve their growth rate (by an unknown mechanism).
home.comcast.net /~john.kimball1/BiologyPages/A/Antibiotics.html   (2254 words)

  
 Jack's "Bugs in the News" - What the Heck is an Antibiotic?   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The reason that physicians sometimes prescribe antibiotics when you may have a viral infection, is because of the possibility that you may also acquire a bacterial infection because you are so ill with a virus - being ill places a person at risk for certain bacterial infections that are normally handled without any problem.
The overwhelming majority of antibiotic substances are natural products that certain bacteria and fungi (molds) produce and send outside of their cells.
These particular antibiotics are designed to inhibit some process previously identified to be completely unique to bacteria, and necessary for the bacterium to remain alive.
people.ku.edu /~jbrown/antibiotic.html   (1241 words)

  
 Antibiotic-associated diarrhea - MayoClinic.com
Antibiotics first came into general use with soldiers during World War II.
One of the most common is antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) — a potentially serious condition that affects up to one in five people receiving antibiotic therapy.
Antibiotic-associated diarrhea occurs when antibiotics disturb the natural balance of "good" and "bad" bacteria in your intestinal tract, causing harmful bacteria to proliferate far beyond their normal numbers.
www.mayoclinic.com /health/antibiotic-associated-diarrhea/DS00454   (282 words)

  
 Antibiotic-associated colitis
When antibiotics are given, most of the resident bacteria are killed.
Although all antibiotics can cause this disease, it is most commonly caused by clindamycin (Cleocin), ampicillin (Omnipen), amoxicillin (Amoxil, Augmentin, or Wymox), and any in the cephalosporin class (such as cefazolin or cephalexin).
Acidophilus also acts as a mild antibiotic, which helps it to reestablish itself in the intestine, and all may aid in the production of some B vitamins and vitamin K. These supplements can be taken individually and alternated weekly or together following one or more courses of antibiotics.
www.healthatoz.com /healthatoz/Atoz/ency/antibiotic-associated_colitis.jsp   (1292 words)

  
 Antibiotic Resistance (Index)
Working in concert with environmental, public health, and other organizations, we have pushed the issue of the misuse of antibiotics in animal agriculture into the national spotlight and helped publicize alternatives like grass-fed systems that are better for public health and the environment.
And as more bacterial strains develop resistance, more people will die because effective antibiotics are not identified quickly enough or because the bacteria causing the disease are resistant to all available antibiotics.
A reduction in antibiotic use would have the added benefit of pushing livestock management in the direction of more sustainable practices, like raising cattle on their natural food, grass.
www.ucsusa.org /food_and_environment/antibiotics_and_food   (398 words)

  
 HON Allergy Glossary Antibiotic
Drug (such as penicillin, tetracycline or cephalosporin) that is able to kill or inhibit the growth of certain micro-organisms (bacteria).
Some of the most common antibiotics are ampicillin, amoxicilin and penicillin.
An antibiotic may cause an allergic reaction, as is often the case with penicillin.
www.hon.ch /Library/Theme/Allergy/Glossary/antibiotic.html   (45 words)

  
  Federal advisers recommend restricting use of Sanofi-Aventis antibiotic - USATODAY.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
WASHINGTON (AP) — Benefits of an antibiotic linked to rare reports of severe liver problems, including several deaths, outweigh its risks in treating pneumonia but not less serious bacterial infections like bronchitis and sinusitis, federal health advisers said Friday.
Doctors have prescribed the antibiotic more than 5.6 million times in the United States since the FDA approved it in 2004.
Many experts fear overuse of antibiotics is hastening the increasing resistance of many bacteria to older drugs, making the development of novel treatments critical.
www.usatoday.com /news/health/2006-12-15-fda-antibiotic_x.htm   (600 words)

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