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Topic: Antiochus VII


In the News (Sun 26 May 19)

  
  Seleucid Dynasty - LoveToKnow 1911
Antiochus I. Soter (324 or 323-262) was half a Persian, his mother Apame being one of those eastern princesses whom Alexander had given as wives to his generals in 324.
Antiochus seemed to have restored the Seleucid empire in the east, and the achievement brought him the title of "the Great King." In 205/4 the infant Ptolemy V. Epiphanes succeeded to the Egyptian throne, and Antiochus concluded a secret pact with Philip of Macedonia for the partition of the Ptolemaic possessions.
Antiochus Grypus had given his daughter in marriage to Mithradates, a king of Commagene, and the subsequent kings of Commagene (see under ANTIOCxus) claimed in consequence still to represent the Seleucid house after it had become extinct in the male line, and adopted Antiochus as the dynastic name.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Seleucid_Dynasty   (3346 words)

  
 139-129. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
Antiochus VIII Epiphanes Philometor Callinicus “Grypus” (“hook-nosed”), a younger son of Demetrius II, reigned with Cleopatra until her death (c.
In 117 Antiochus was forced into retirement by a half-brother, Antiochus IX Philopater, “Cyzicenus” (“of Cyzicus”), son of Cleopatra and Antiochus VII.
Antiochus XIII, son of Antiochus X, was installed at Antioch (68) and soon had to fight with Philip II, son of Philip I. The Arabian prince of Emesa slew Antiochus XIII by treachery in 67; Philip was unable to secure his rule.
www.bartleby.com /67/215.html   (449 words)

  
 Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, page 199 (v. 1)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Antiochus, like many of his predecessors, was passionately devoted to the pleasures of the table.
His sons were Antiochus, Seleucus, and Antiochus (Cyzicerms), the last of whom subsequently suc­ceeded to the throne.
120.) For the.next eight years Antiochus reigned in peace; but at the end of that time his half-brother, Antiochus Cyzicenus, the son of Antiochus Sidetes and their common mother Cleopatra, laid claim to the crown, and a civil war ensued.
www.ancientlibrary.com /smith-bio/0208.html   (674 words)

  
 Antiochus VIII Grypus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Antiochus VIII Epiphanes/Callinicus/Philometor, nicknamed Grypus (hook-nose), ruler of the Greek Seleucid kingdom, was son of Demetrius II Nicator and was crowned as a teenager in 125 BC after his mother Cleopatra Thea had killed his elder brother Seleucus V Philometor, ruling jointly with her.
After Antiochus defeated usurper Alexander II Zabinas in 123 BC his mother tried to poison him with wine, but the suspicious king forced her to drink the cup herself.
Five of Grypus' sons, Seleucus VI Epiphanes, Antiochus XI Ephiphanes Philadelphus, Philip I Philadelphus, and Demetrius III Eucaerus later rose to the kingship, contributing to the confusion of civil war amid which the Seleucid empire ended.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Antiochus_VIII_Grypus   (439 words)

  
 223-187. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
Antiochus III's initial successes were followed by his defeat at Raphia (217), and Antiochus retained only Seleucia, the port of Antioch on the Syrian coast.
Antiochus V Eupator, with Lysias as regent, succeeded his father Antiochus IV, who died campaigning against the Parthians.
Meanwhile in 139 Demetrius was captured by Mithridates I of Parthia and was succeeded by his younger brother, Antiochus VII Euergetes Eusebes Soter Sidetes.
www.bartleby.com /67/214.html   (578 words)

  
 Glossary
Antiochus I was the son of Seleucus I, founder of the dynasty, and Apama I. Joint-king with his father from 292, he succeeded him early in 280 and ruled until his death on 1 or 2 June 261.
Antiochus V Eupator, son of Epiphanes and Laodice, was put to death by the army in 162 on the arrival in Syria of his cousin Demetrius I Soter, the younger son of Seleucus IV and Epiphanes’ rightful successor.
Antiochus VI Epiphanes Dionysus, the infant son of the pretender Alexander Balas (ruled 150-145), was put forward as king by Diodotus (Tryphon) in 143, dethroned by him in 142 and murdered by him in 138.
www.bibletexts.com /glossary/antiochus.htm   (1028 words)

  
 Antiochus IV - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Antiochus is best known for his attempt to Hellenize Judaea and extirpate Judaism—a policy that instigated the rebellion of the Maccabees.
Antiochus invaded Egypt, which was torn by strife between Ptolemy VI and his brother (later Ptolemy VII), and would probably have conquered that region if the Romans had not intervened in his siege of Alexandria (168).
Antiochus was briefly succeeded by his son, Antiochus V, a boy king who was overthrown by Demetrius I. Author not available, ANTIOCHUS IV.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-antiochu4.html   (262 words)

  
 JewishEncyclopedia.com - ANTIOCHUS VII., SIDETES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
One of the first acts of Antiochus Sidetes was to write to the Hasmonean Simon, confirming him in all the privileges conferred by his predecessors.
The final terms of peace granted by Antiochus were the surrender of all weapons, the payment of a tax by all cities outside of Judea, 500 talents, and hostages for security.
As a result of Hyrcanus' vassalage to Antiochus, he was compelled to take part in the latter's expedition against the Parthians, 129; but the death of the king next year put an end to this state of subjection.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=1592&letter=A   (335 words)

  
 Judea and Civil War
Revolt Against Antiochus IV After his successful war against the Ptolemies of Egypt and before his disastrous war with Rome, the Seleucid monarch Antiochus III, ruling from Syria, took control of Judea.
Antiochus IV invaded Egypt, and while Antiochus was in Egypt, Jason and a group of his supporters moved to regain power.
Antiochus wrongly assumed that the worship of Yahweh among the Jews could be transformed into the worship of the universal god, Zeus, as easily as such transformations had been made in his dominions farther east - where Jews worshiped Yahweh under the name of Zeus Sabazions.
www.fsmitha.com /h1/ch17.htm   (2502 words)

  
 Antiochus Epiphanes IV
Antiochus Ephiphanes IV was a king in the Seleucid Dynasty so let's begin with the history of the Seleucid kingdom and the relationship of Palestine to this kingdom.
Antiochus IV Epiphanes, was a hostage in Rome and was on the way home when news of his brother's death reached him and he hurried home and ousted the usurper Heliodorus, and took the throne.
Antiochus Epiphanse, saw all this as rebellion against his rule and descended on Jerusalem, looting the temple and re-establishing Menelaus in office.
dedication.www3.50megs.com /dan/epiphanes.html   (1939 words)

  
 Maccabean-Jerusalem through Coins
In 169 BCE, Antiochus plundered the Temple, carried of the holy vessels, erected a statue of Zeus in the Temple and destroyed scrolls.
Antiochus IV, 175-164 BCE, Tetradrachm, AR, 16.9g, 1 1/16" dia., AR, Ake mint, Judas Maccabee defeated Antiochus IV and cleansed temple.
Antiochus VII composes a letter to the Hasmoneans granting the authority to mint coins.
members.verizon.net /vze3xycv/Jerusalem/confHasmonAnt4.htm   (1374 words)

  
 From Hyrcanus to Salome Alexandra
Antiochus VII Sidetes demanded that (John) Hyrcanus surrender territory taken by Simon, and successfully waged war against the Jewish state, besieging Jerusalem.
Antiochus VIII Gryphus rules the Seleucid kingdom until 113 BCE, when he is deposed by Antiochus IX Cyzicenus, son of Antiochus VII Sidetes and step-brother and cousin of Antiochus VIII Gryphus, who rules for two years.
Antiochus, the brother of Seleucus, wages war against Antiochus XI Epiphanes Philadelphus, but is defeated and dies in battle, whereupon another brother, Philip I Epiphanes Philadelphus puts on the diadem and begins to rule in part of Syria.
www.abu.nb.ca /Courses/NTIntro/InTest/Hist4.htm   (3822 words)

  
 The Machabees
On hearing of the occurrence Antiochus marched against the city, massacred many of the inhabitants, and carried off what sacred vessels were left (I Mach., i, 17-28; II Mach., iv, 23-v, 23).
Antiochus undertook a second campaign against Egypt, but was stopped in his victorious progress by an ultimatum of the Roman Senate.
In the second, in which Lysias was accompanied by his ward, Antiochus V Eupator, Judas suffered a reverse at Bethzacharam (where Eleazar died a glorious death); and Lysias laid siege to Jerusalem.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/m/machabees.html   (2462 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Seleucids
The marriage of Antiochus II to Berenice, daughter of Ptolemy II Philadelphus, brought about a temporary cessation of the struggle; but on Ptolemy's death, Laodice, the first and disowned wife of Antiochus, was recalled and avenged herself by having Antiochus, Berenice, and their child put to death.
His two brothers ANTIOCHUS XI and Philip continued the war, but were defeated, and during the flight Antiochus XI met death in the waves of the Orontes.
Antiochus X was finally overcome by the brothers, Philip and Demetrius.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/13690a.htm   (1339 words)

  
 Antiochus III the Great Summary
Antiochus gave Hannibal refuge when the latter was on the run from the Romans, but eventually Rome defeated them both, as well as Philip.
Antiochus contrived to get possession of the person of Achaeus (see Polybius), but the citadel held out until 213 BC under Achaeus' widow Laodice and then surrendered.
Antiochus mounted a fresh expedition to the east in Luristan, where he died in an attempt to rob a temple at Elymaïs, Persia, in 187 BC.
www.bookrags.com /Antiochus_III_the_Great   (1643 words)

  
 Seleucid Triumph   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Antiochus VII Soter came to power in 19 BC after the death of his grandfather, Demetrius III Philopator, and ruled until his death in 1 AD.
Antiochus IX Grypus ruled from 69 AD to 75 AD, and was the eldest son of Antiochus VIII, and came near to destroying his father’s accomplishments.
Antiochus X Philadelphus, who ruled from 188 to 190, is generally seen as a weak-willed ruler, unable to control the loss of his Red Sea cities and other lands to the Arabs.
www.changingthetimes.net /samples/0to9/seleucid_triumph.htm   (8165 words)

  
 SELEUCID EMPIRE
Son of Antiochus I, was weak, and alcoholic and under influence of favorites.
Uncle of Antiochus III was appointed commander in chief of Asia Minor.
Cleopatra and Antiochus VIII, 125 to 121 BCE
members.verizon.net /vze3xycv/RulersCoins/seleucidPic.htm   (1921 words)

  
 CHANUKAH GELT -- The American Israel Numismatic Association
As the Jewish homeland was a dependency or vassal state of the Seleucid empire, the corns struck by the Syrian kings were the official currency of the country.
In 138 B.C., Antiochus VII, signed a generous treaty with the Jews so that he would be free to deal with his rival, the Syrian king Triphon.
Jerusalem and the Temple shall be free of taxation" (I Maccabees 15:5-9).
www.amerisrael.com /articles_chanukah_gelt_3.html   (603 words)

  
 Successors of Alexander Genealogy
ANTIOCHUS I SOTER co-ruler 292-280 BC; sole ruler September 280-261 BC assassinated, elder son of Seleucus I, born 324 BC.
ANTIOCHUS VIII PHILOMETOR (or GRYPOS) co-ruler 125-121 BC; sole ruler 121-96 BC, younger son of Demetrius II.
Antiochus VIII the Seleucid state was reduced to a small area of Syria.
forumancientcoins.com /historia/seleucid_gen.htm   (1221 words)

  
 Antiochus VII Sidetes
Antiochus VII Euergetes, nicknamed Sidetes (from Sidon), reigned as king of the Seleucid Empire from 138 to 129 BC over the Seleucid Empire.
Antiochus married Cleopatra Thea, who was the wife of Demetrius.
Their offspring was Antiochus IX, who thus became both half-brother and cousin to Seleucus V and Antiochus VIII.
www.mlahanas.de /Greeks/Bios/AntiochusVII.html   (236 words)

  
 The Maccabean Revolt
The mistake of Antiochus, however, was in his underestimation of the devotion of the majority of the Israelites to their God, and the enduring power of their faith.
Antiochus soon realized he had a full-scale rebellion on his hands, and that it was far more serious than he had originally believed.
On December 25, 165 BC (exactly three years after Antiochus had defiled the altar of God by offering a pig upon it), the Temple of God was rededicated to God with rejoicing and sacrifices.
www.zianet.com /maxey/Inter3.htm   (2026 words)

  
 Chapter 30: The Hasmonean Dynasty
In 138, Antiochus VII Sidetes was crowned king of Syria and attacked Judah, only to be soundly defeated near Modin by Jewish troops led by Simon's brothers, Judah and John.
Antiochus VII seized this moment of internal disorder to attack Jerusalem.
Divine forewarning of the struggle with Antiochus was given in the vision of the "golden-clad horsemen," which was improperly understood (5:1-4).
www.infidels.org /library/modern/gerald_larue/otll/chap30.html   (7759 words)

  
 Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, page 200 (v. 1)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
He defeated Seleucus, who conquered his father, and compelled him to fly into Cilicia, where he perished; but he then had to contend with the next two brothers of Seleucus, Philip and Antiochus Epiphanes, the latter of whom assumed the title of king, and is known as the eleventh king of Syria of this name.
defeated Philip and Antiochus XI., and the latter was drowned in the river.
COIN OF, king of syria, sur­named ASIATICUS ("AcncM-tittfe), and on coins Dionysus Philopator Callinicus (Atovvoros andi\o-Trdrcap KaAA.ii/i/fos), was the son of Antiochus X.
www.ancientlibrary.com /smith-bio/0209.html   (698 words)

  
 History of Israel: Hellenistic and Maccabean Era Rulers
Antiochus V Eupator - son and successor of Antiochus IV (1 Macc 6:17); overthrown and killed by his uncle Demetrius I Soter in 162 BC (1 Macc 7:2)
Trypho - a supported of Alexander Balas, after whose death he initially supported young King Antiochus VI (against Demetrius II), but later kills Antiochus VI and usurps the kingship for himself; he invaded Israel and fought Jonathan, Simon, and the Maccabees several times; he is eventually defeated by Antiochus VII (1 Macc 11:38--15:39).
Antiochus VII "Sidetes" - son of Demetrius II, who also fights the Maccabees, and eventually overthrows Trypho (1 Macc 15:1-39).
catholic-resources.org /Bible/History-HellenisticEra.htm   (696 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Machabees
On hearing of the occurrence Antiochus marched against the city, massacred many of the inhabitants, and carried off what sacred vessels were left (1 Maccabees 1:17-28; 2 Maccabees 4:23-5:23).
As the object for which the rebellion was begun had been obtained, the Assideans seceded from Judas when Demetrius I, who in the meanwhile had dethroned Antiochus V, installed Alcimus, "a priest of the seed of Aaron", as high-priest (1 Maccabees 7:1-19).
A few months later Simon was murdered with two of his sons by his ambitious son-in-law Ptolemy (D.V. Ptolemee), and was buried at Modin with his parents and brothers, over whose tombs he had erected a magnificent monument (1 Maccabees 13:25-16:17).
www.newadvent.org /cathen/09493b.htm   (2435 words)

  
 History of Iran: Seleucid Empire
At the age of eighty Seleukos was murdered by a fugitive Egyptian prince, but the throne passed on to Antiochus I (281-261 BCE), his son by Persian noblewoman Apamea, and after that to his son Antiochus II (261-246 BCE), who ruled as Great Kings from Samarkhand to the Aegean Sea.
Antiochus IV Epiphanes (175-164 BCE), notorious in history for his conflict with the Jews (the Maccabean insurrection) carried out an initially successful campaign in Persia but died along the way.
Parthian spies were able to stir up rebellions against the Seleucids, and when Antiochus VII tried to assemble his troops he was routed and killed by the Parthian king Phraates II in a battle outside Ecbatana.
www.iranchamber.com /history/seleucids/seleucids.php   (1832 words)

  
 SFAGN: Articles, Studies and Miscellanea / The End of the Seleucids   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Antiochus was killed and such of his force as was not destroyed was forced to serve in the Parthian army.
Antiochus addresses his correspondent as “his brother King Ptolemy Alexander.” Now this Ptolemy, the younger son of Cleopatra (III) had been sent as governor to Cyprus in 113/2 and was not officially king in Alexandria until 108/7, when his mother exiled her elder son and summoned the younger one.
Antiochus thereupon besought the aid of Sampsiceramus of Emesa and prepared to resist, reviving the rivalry of Grypus and Cyzicenus in the third generation.
www.sfagn.com /miscellanea/bellinger.html   (16838 words)

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