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Topic: Antipsychotic

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In the News (Sat 25 May 19)

  Antipsychotic drug - nuvunow.ca
The term antipsychotic is applied to a group of drugs commonly but not exclusively used to treat psychosis.
Antipsychotic drugs are the best treatment now available, but they do not cure schizophrenia or ensure that there will be no further psychotic episodes.
The atypical antipsychotic agents, sometimes called the "novel" antipsychotic agents are a group of drugs which are different chemically from the older drugs used to...
www.nuvunow.ca   (203 words)

  FACTS ABOUT ANTIPSYCHOTIC MEDICATIONS   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Antipsychotics are especially useful in the treatment of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and mania with psychosis.
Antipsychotic medications are used primarily for reducing psychotic (positive) symptoms of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder, such as hallucinations, delusions, and bizarre behavior.
Antipsychotics are used most often for the treatment of schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder, although clients with other disorders, such as bipolar disorder and major depression, may also benefit from them.
www.npi.ucla.edu /ssg/antipsychotic.htm   (1554 words)

 What Are Antipsychotic Medications?
Antipsychotic medications have helped many patients with psychosis lead a more normal and fulfilling life by alleviating such symptoms as hallucinations, both visual and auditory, and paranoid thoughts.
However, the early antipsychotic medications often have unpleasant side effects, such as muscle stiffness, tremor, and abnormal movements, leading researchers to continue their search for better drugs.
In clinical trials, this medication was found to be more effective than conventional or "typical" antipsychotic medications in individuals with treatment-resistant schizophrenia (schizophrenia that has not responded to other drugs), and the risk of tardive dyskinesia (a movement disorder) was lower.
www.toddlertime.com /med/antipsychotic.htm   (1223 words)

 Antipsychotic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Typical antipsychotics are not particularly selective and also block the same receptors in the mesocortical pathway, tuberoinfundibular pathway and the nigrostriatal pathway.
High potency antipsychotics such as haloperidol typically have doses of a few milligrams and cause less sleepiness and calming effects than low potency antipsychotics such as chlorpromazine, which have dosages of several hundred milligrams.
The first antipsychotic was chlorpromazine, which was developed as a surgical anesthetic.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Antipsychotic   (2115 words)

 Antipsychotic Drugs : by Ray Sahelian, M.D. natural options
Antipsychotic Drugs by Ray Sahelian, M.D. There are many antipsychotic drugs that have helped patients with schizophrenia.
Although atypical antipsychotics are widely used in patients with Alzheimer's disease, there is limited data regarding their safety and efficacy for this indication.
Because antipsychotic medications can impair the body's heat regulation, patients receiving these medications should be cautioned against overexertion during hot and humid weather, and should be advised to seek cool environments and drink adequate amounts of fluids.
www.raysahelian.com /antipsychotic.html   (2109 words)

 Antipsychotic Medications Anti-psychotic Drugs
Some antipsychotic medications are available in forms that can be injected once or twice a month, thus assuring that the medicine is being taken reliably.
If they are severe, or persist with continued treatment with an antipsychotic, it is important to notify the doctor, who might either change the medication or prescribe an additional one to control the side effects.
The possible risks of long-term treatment with antipsychotic medications must be weighed against the benefits in each individual case by patient, family, and doctor.
www.support4hope.com /medications/antipsychotic/index.htm   (1338 words)

 Drug Development Technology - Bifeprunox - Atypical Antipsychotic Drug
Bifeprunox mesilate is a novel atypical antipsychotic agent under development by Solvay Pharmaceuticals as a treatment for schizophrenia and potentially conditions such as bipolar disorder.
This new class of atypical antipsychotic drugs, sometimes described as next-generation antipsychotics, is seen as an attractive treatment option for schizophrenia and potentially the acute manic phase of bipolar disorder.
Antipsychotic drugs are the cornerstone of the management of schizophrenia and are designed to address the core symptoms of the illness, which include positive, negative, cognitive and affective symptoms.
www.drugdevelopment-technology.com /projects/bifeprunox   (918 words)

 Use of Atypical Antipsychotic Drugs in Patients with Dementia - June 1, 2003 - American Family Physician
Increasingly, atypical antipsychotic drugs are prescribed for elderly patients with symptoms of psychosis and behavioral disturbances.
Atypical antipsychotic drugs are especially useful in treating symptoms associated with common neuropsychiatric disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.
The pharmacodynamic action of atypical antipsychotic drugs is attributed to their action on both the serotonergic and dopaminergic systems.
www.aafp.org /afp/20030601/2335.html   (2946 words)

 Antipsychotic (Neuroleptic) Drugs and Schizophrenia
The principal researchers working on the depolarization effects of antipsychotic drugs believe that there is no reason to think that depolarization represents a return to the normal state of the dopamine system, and they conclude that there is probably nothing at all wrong with the dopamine system in schizophrenics.
Much current antipsychotic drug development is influenced by the action of "atypical antipsychotic drugs," which tend not to produce the same adverse motor effects as do most antipsychotics, but some of them have their own problems.
New antipsychotic drug development is often guided by an attempt to duplicate the profile of activity of the "atypical antipsychotics," but by making small chemical changes, it is hoped that it will be possible to improve efficacy and decrease the incidence of adverse side effects.
www.nopazzia.it /Valenstein/davalenstein.htm   (4339 words)

 Antipsychotic Medications: Atypical Antipsychotic Medication
Antipsychotic Medication are the drug that reduces psychomotor excitement and control symptoms of psychosis.
The main therapeutic uses of antipsychotic drugs are to reduce hallucination, delusions, agitation and psychomotor excitement in schizophrenia, mania or psychosis secondary to a medical condition.
Tardive dyskinesia is sometimes seen in people with schizophrenia who have never been treated with an antipsychotic medication; this is called "spontaneous dyskinesia." However, it is most often seen after long-term treatment with older antipsychotic medications.
www.depression-guide.com /antipsychotic-medication.htm   (1510 words)

 [Antipsychotic Drugs] An Eclectic View on Schizophrenia
Antipsychotics are various drugs used to treat schizophrenia.
Antipsychotics are not equally effectual against all of schizophrenia's symptoms.
For those patients who have responded to traditional antipsychotics but have consistent side effects should be offered a trial of a new antipsychotic.
library.thinkquest.org /C0122164/bio_anti_psy.html   (442 words)

 Typical antipsychotic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Typical antipsychotics (sometimes referred to as conventional antipsychotics, classical neuroleptics or major tranquilizers) are a class of antipsychotic drugs first developed in the 1950s and used to treat psychosis (in particular, schizophrenia), and are generally being replaced by atypical antipsychotic drugs.
Fluphenazine and haloperidol are examples of high-potency typical antipsychotics, and chlorpromazine is an example of a low potency antipsychotic.
A retrospective cohort study from the New England Journal of Medicine on Dec. 1, 2005 showed an increase in risk of death with the use of typical antipsychotics that was on par with the increase shown with atypical antipsychotics.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Typical_antipsychotic   (633 words)

 Quetiapine - a novel antipsychotic manufactured by Zeneca
The initial hope of investigators was that quetiapine would have antipsychotic potential and that it might share some of the properties of clozapine without its toxicity to white blood cells.
The clinical impression post-marketing is of a useful antipsychotic with few EPSEs and with a potential to reduce positive and negative symptoms to a better degree than some conventional antipsychotics and some other ‘atypical’ antipsychotics.
Fabre LF, Arvanitis L, Pultz J and al:(1995) ICI 204,636, novel, atypical antipsychotic: Early indication of safety and efficacy in patients with chronic and subchronic schizophrenia.
www.priory.com /focus4.htm   (2969 words)

 NIMH: Medications   (Site not responding. Last check: )
However, because of the potential side effect of a serious blood disorder—agranulocytosis (loss of the white blood cells that fight infection)—patients who are on clozapine must have a blood test every 1 or 2 weeks.
Antipsychotic medications are sometimes used in the first several days of treatment to control manic symptoms until the lithium begins to take effect.
It is important to continue taking the mood stabilizer when taking an antidepressant because research has shown that treatment with an antidepressant alone increases the risk that the patient will switch to mania or hypomania, or develop rapid cycling.
www.nimh.nih.gov /publicat/medicate.cfm   (7864 words)

 Atypical Antipsychotic Drugs
Other atypical antipsychotic drugs have not been as well studied as clozapine, but there is enough evidence of their relationship to clozapine and of clinically important differences between them and neuroleptics to warrant the new designation.
Common to all definitions of atypical antipsychotic drugs of which I am aware is the ability to produce an antipsychotic action in most patients at doses that do not cause significant acute or subacute extrapyramidal side effects (EPS), such as parkinsonism and akathisia.
The differences in clinical profile among atypical antipsychotics identified solely on the basis of low EPS suggests that multiple biological mechanisms may be responsible for the diverse differences between clozapine and typical antipsychotic drugs.
www.acnp.org /G4/GN401000123/CH121.html   (5915 words)

 Access and Utilization of New Antidepressant and Antipsychotic Medications
The impact of newer antidepressants and antipsychotics on expenditures is out of proportion to the number of prescriptions for these agents.
Therefore, although antidepressants and antipsychotics account for nearly 9% of total Medicaid prescriptions in 1998, their impact to total pharmaceutical costs is nearly twice as large as their market share.
In contrast, whereas in 1995, only 16% of all antipsychotic prescriptions were for an atypical agent, in 1998, 51% of antipsychotic prescriptions were for an atypical antipsychotic.
aspe.hhs.gov /health/reports/Psychmedaccess/chap06.htm   (5883 words)

 Kids' Use of Antipsychotic Drugs Rises
Most of those prescriptions were for second-generation antipsychotic drugs -- such as Clozaril, Risperdal, Zyprexa, and Seroquel -- which the FDA hasn't approved for pediatric use, Olfson's team notes.
"Second-generation antipsychotics are being widely prescribed, and emerging empirical evidence provides a base of support that is limited to short-term safety and efficacy," the researchers add.
Antipsychotic treatment was more common for whites than other racial or ethnic groups.
www.webmd.com /content/article/123/115061?src=RSS_PUBLIC   (220 words)

 Antipsychotic drug linked to certain tumors   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The FDA said it began investigating the issue after receiving reports associating antipsychotic drugs with pituitary tumors and increased secretion of prolactin, a pituitary hormone that mainly regulates breast milk production and preparing the body for pregnancy.
Antipsychotic drugs are known to block dopamine, a chemical neurotransmitter in the brain that acts as a brake on the secretion of prolactin.
And they don't account for the fact that some antipsychotic drugs are used more than others or have been available longer.
www.post-gazette.com /pg/05169/523714.stm   (602 words)

 Antipsychotic medicines || cratos.ca
Antipsychotic medicines are drugs that relieve symptoms such as: hallucinations (hearing and seeing things that are not there) delusions (false...
Dementia patients taking antipsychotic medications may be at health...
Read even if antipsychotic medicines warnings are true.
www.cratos.ca   (201 words)

 Antipsychotic Summary
Antipsychotic drugs (also called neuroleptic drugs) are used to treat schizophrenia and other acute psychotic illnesses.
Antipsychotic drugs are medicines used to treat psychosis and other mental and emotional conditions.
Common conditions with which antipsychotics might be used include schizophrenia, mania and delusional disorder, although antipsychotics might be used to counter psychosis asso...
www.bookrags.com /Antipsychotic   (258 words)

 Paper - Studies of people never treated with antipsychotic medications for schizophrenia confirm that schizophrenia is ...
It is also known that antipsychotic medications may increase the size of the basal ganglia and thalamus (Chakos et al., 1994; Gur et al, 1998), so structural studies should be carried out, whenever possible, on individuals who have never been treated with antipsychotic medications.
The present studies suggest that antipsychotic medications are not the main cause of the neurological abnormalities but rather a contributing cause.
Heath and his colleagues studied 26 patients with schizophrenia and reported spike abnormalities in the septal region and secondarily in the hippocampus and amydgala; such spikes were not found in nonpsychotic patients being treated for conditions such as chronic pain or Parkinson's disease (Heath and Walker, 1985).
www.psychlaws.org /GeneralResources/report-nevertreated.htm   (6956 words)

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