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Topic: Apis mellifera

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  Earlham -- Biological Diversity -- Apis Mellifera: The Common Honeybee
Though Apis mellifera is currently not listed under any endangered species lists, it is important to note that their native species numbers are declining.
Apis millifera are directly affected by the poison of pesticides and indirectly affected by the use of herbicides, which kill off wildflowers and other flowering plants, which are used in foraging (Ecological Society of America, date unknown).
The biology of the honey bee, Apis mellifera.
www.earlham.edu /~harrico/apismellifera.htm   (1214 words)

  NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Drone (bee)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Binomial name Varroa destructor Anderson and Trueman, 2000 Varroa destructor is an external parasitic mite that attacks honey bees Apis cerana and Apis mellifera, the bumblebee Bombus pennsylvanicus, the scarab beetle Palpada vinetorum and the flower-fly Phanaeus vindex.
Apis mellifera ligustica is the Italian bee which is a sub-species of the Western honeybee (Apis mellifera).
Binomial name Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758 The Western honey bee or European honey bee (Apis mellifera) is a species of honey bee comprised of several subspecies or races.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Drone-%28bee%29   (2347 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Western honeybee   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Western honeybee or European honeybee (Apis mellifera) is a species of honeybee comprised of several subspecies or races.
"Mellifera" is from the Latin, and means honey-carrying - hence "Apis mellifera" is the honey-carrying bee.
Species Apis andreniformis Apis cerana, or eastern honey bee Apis dorsata, or giant honey bee Apis florea Apis koschevnikovi Apis laboriosa Apis mellifera, or western honey bee Apis nigrocincta Apis nuluensis Honey bees are a subset of bees which represent a far smaller fraction of bee diversity than most people...
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Western-honeybee   (628 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Honey bee
Apis mellifera, the most commonly domesticated species, is the third insect to have its genome mapped.
Apis florea and Apis cerana are small honey bees of southern and southeastern Asia.
Apis dorsata, the giant honey bee, is native to south and southeastern Asia, and usually makes its exposed combs on high tree limbs, or on cliffs, and sometimes on buildings.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Honey_bee   (1567 words)

 BIBBA Bee Improvement and Bee breeding Association - honey bee conservation
The lifestyle of Apis cerana is similar to that of the Western Honeybees, and like Apis mellifera it is used in apiculture with modern moveable comb hives.
Two dozen geographic races of the Western Honeybee, Apis mellifera, have been recognised, adapted to a range of environments from the cold Continental climate of Eastern Europe, through the moist temperate climate of the Atlantic seaboard, the warmth of the Mediterranean, and the heat of the tropics and semi-deserts.
The "A. mellifera" (1758) or "A. mellifica" (1761) of Linnaeus is but one small section of the Dark European Honeybee whose natural territory included the island of Corsica and ranged from the Pyrenees over Europe north of the Alps to the Ural Mountains in the East, and included Great Britain and Ireland and southern Sweden.
www.angus.co.uk /bibba/bibborig.html   (7103 words)

 Shenet - Honungsbi
Mellifera = honungsbärande, efter latin mel = honung, och ferre = bära.
Alla honungsbin (Apis mellifera) kommer från Gamla Världen.
2) Gult italienskt honungsbi (Apis mellifera ligustica): Södra Europa.
www.shenet.se /vaxter/honungsbi.html   (3515 words)

 Apis Mellifera - Treatment for Eczema, Psoriasis and Dermatitis
Read the story of apiarist Robert Davidson and how he discovered the secret of the Apis Mellifera honey bee.
Apis Mellifera is a natural, steriod free skin care cream ideal for use on children and infants.
Some personal accounts of the effectiveness of Apis Mellifera from sufferers of eczema, psoriasis and dermatitis.
www.beecream.com   (130 words)

 Species Apis mellifera - Honey Bee - BugGuide.Net
These were mostly Apis mellifera mellifera, with Apis mellifera iberica introduced by the Spanish in the southern parts of our area.
There are no true Apis mellifera scutellata in the Americas, but the African traits carried by descendents have spread thoughout the warmer parts of both North and South America.
Apis mellifera bees, for the most part, have no natural defenses, so when these crab-like arachnids are introduced into a hive, they quickly build up to such levels that there aren't enough bees left to keep the hive going.
bugguide.net /node/view/3080   (1064 words)

 Domestic Honey Bee - Apis mellifera - Cirrus Digital Imaging
Pollination, honey, beeswax, royal jelly, and propolis are some of the products provided to mankind by the honey bee.
Apis mellifera, the most commonly domesticated species, is native to Europe, Asia and Africa.
The sub-species Apis mellifera mellifera was brought to the Americas with the first colonists to Virginia in 1622, and numerous other occasions later.
www.cirrusimage.com /bees_honey.htm   (1659 words)

 Bees for Development :: Effect of Apis mellifera on indigenous plant and animal species in Japan
In 1876 a European race of the honeybee Apis mellifera was first imported to Japan, along with European beekeeping technology, and now almost all beekeepers in Japan have Apis mellifera.
Apis mellifera's negative effect on indigenous life is negligible in comparison with the loss of trees, environmental pollution and use of agricultural chemicals in Japan.
Apis mellifera has not adapted itself to life in the wild.
www.beesfordevelopment.org /info/info/enviro/effect-of-apis-mellifera-.shtml   (453 words)

 Cure for Eczema Psoriasis and Dermatitis
Apis Mellifera Skin Care Cream is a natural skin care product containing an extract from the hive of the honey bee (species Apis Mellifera).
The aim of this pilot study was to assess the efficacy of Apis Mellifera Skin Care Cream in the treatment of atopic eczema.
Each child was given either active Apis Mellifera Skin Care Cream or placebo (containing the base cream) and instructed to apply to the affected area twice daily for a 4 week period.
www.beecream.com /apis_melifera_trial.htm   (495 words)

 Bees and social insects
Apis dorsata workers are bout 17-19 mm (nearly 1 inch) long, and nest in the open, they make a single comb, usually on a tree branch and is 6-10 ft across (2-3 meters) and usually 10-60 ft (3-20 meters) from the ground.
Apis florea is more reddish and the first abdomen is always red in an old worker (younger workers are paler in color, as is the case in the giant honey bees), while A.
Apis cenara is of similar size to Apis mellifera or slightly smaller (sometimes much smaller — I have seen ones in Thailand only a bit larger than the florea), and is cavity nesting.
www.cyberbee.net /biology/ch1   (1052 words)

 A guide to beekeeping in the Philippines
Apis cerana according to records was first framed during the year 1978.
Apis cerana is the first known species of honeybee to be cultured.
Apis cerana is hived in boxes with frames similar to those used for Apis mellifera.
www.apiservices.com /articles/us/beekeeping_philippines.htm   (1679 words)

 Himalayan ceranaid: Apis cerana beekeeping in Nepal
Apis mellifera worker and drone, Apis laboriosa worker; inset shows a pseudoscorpion and a varroa mite-- the tantalizing possibility exists that pseudoscorpions pick the smaller varroa mites from the bodies of the bees whose nest space they share, thus assisting in keeping down the population of this potentially harmful parasite.
There is some overlap in the range of sizes for Apis mellifera and Apis cerana with smaller races of the former (such as the source of the "africanized" strains migrating through California, Apis mellifera scutellata) being of a comparable size to the larger subspecies of Apis cerana cerana found in the Jumla region.
There is scientific evidence that Apis mellifera swarms are attracted to boxes that have been treated in similar ways with the odors of comb or with herbs that contain analogs of the Nasonov pheromone which bees use to mark nest entrances-- so it is very likely that the Nepali practice does have objective merit.
www3.telus.net /conrad/nepalbee.htm   (5929 words)

 Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins - BIOINSECTICIDE ACTION OF THE VENOM OF AFRICANIZED BEES Apis mellifera LINNAEUS ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Apis mellifera Linnaeus 1758 (Hymenoptera: Apidae) venom has been studied for its chemical features as well as its action on mammals although little is known about its action on insects (11).
Piek (10) suggested that the toxins of Apis mellifera venom are of great interest of research with regard to the development of new models of biological insecticides.
The venom was obtained from Apis mellifera hives at the apiary of the Institute of Biosciences of Rio Claro, São Paulo State University, Brazil, using an electrical extractor.
www.scielo.br /scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-79301996000100006&lng=es&nrm=iso   (1209 words)

Honeybees of the genus Apis belong to the family Apidae, a sub-group of this superfamily.
As in the other Apis species, honey is stored in the upper part of the combs, but also in the outer combs, adjacent to the hive walls.
mellifera are kept commercially by man. Behavioural limitations of the dwarf and giant honeybees, particularly their practice of open-air nesting, prevents their being kept in man-made hives for reasonably long periods, while hiving colonies in specially-constructed containers is essential in that it enables the colonies to be manipulated.
www.fao.org /docrep/x0083e/X0083E02.htm   (3134 words)

 A.M.S.L. - Selected Publications
Molecular phylogenetics of honey bee subspecies (Apis mellifera L.) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences.
Apis mellifera pomonella, a new honey bee from the Tien Shan Mountains of Central Asia.
1998 A morphological and mitochondrial assessment of Apis mellifera sicula from Palermo, Italy.
apis.wsu.edu /pubs.html   (477 words)

 [No title]
Apis mellifera L. and Trigona spinipes (F.) were the commonest visitors and behave as pollen thieves.
Apis mellifera (Apidae) was the most frequent visitor to the flowers of this species.
In the open strawberry field, among the foragers on flowers, the number of Apis cerana was 4.5 fold that of Apis mellifera, indicating that A. cerana is the major pollinator on strawberries in the Tahu area of Miaoli County.
www.canis.uiuc.edu /~schatz/databases/apis-mellifera.txt   (11218 words)

 Behavior Characteristics of the Africanized Bees, Apis mellifera scutellata
Descended from Apis mellifera scutellata, Africanized honey bees are native to the Savanna country of eastern and southern Africa.
Since the introduction of Africanized honey bees Apis mellifera scutellata subspecies into Brazil in 1956, (Kerr, 1967), and their subsequent spread into most tropical areas of South and Central America, into Mexico and the United States, Africanized honey bees have been the object of numerous studies.
Apis mellifera scutellata, or Africanized honey bees as they are known, are native to the tropical savanna country of eastern and southern Africa (Rinderer 1986).
www.earthlife.net /insects/afr-bees.html   (3030 words)

 Apidologie Vol. 33 No. 2
Apis mellifera capensis: an essay on the subspecific classification of honeybees p.
Egg laying and egg removal by workers are positively correlated in queenright Cape honeybee colonies (Apis mellifera capensis) p.
Usurpation of African Apis mellifera scutellata colonies by parasitic Apis mellifera capensis workers p.
www.edpsciences.org /articles/apido/abs/2002/02/contents/contents.html   (221 words)

 Colony development and queen rearing in Kenyan honey bees (Apis mellifera scutellata)
Under temperate conditions, the colony brood rearing cycle is characterized by complete cessation of brood rearing in the late fall and reduction of colony size during the winter (Avitabile, 1978).
mellifera scutellata) outside Nairobi, Kenya, and on queen cell acceptance after grafting throughout the year with the objective to collect data on colony development and queen rearing possibilities in the studied region.
All colonies had laying A. mellifera scutellata queens, (cubital index 2,56 + 0.07 (n=100) in compliance with A. mellifera scutellata, morphology (Ruttner, 1988)) and were kept on standard Langstroth equipment using full debth frames and given space according to need.
www.beekeeping.com /articles/us/queen_rearing_kenya.htm   (2726 words)

 New behavior may use old genes
The genetic basis of social behavior is being deciphered through the efforts of ASU researchers and their work with the honeybee, Apis mellifera.
"As first determined by Page, the genetic recombination rate in Apis mellifera is the highest of all animals, and 10 times greater that that of flies or humans," Amdam said.
Now that the entire Apis mellifera genome has been sequenced, the linkage groups have been identified with specific regions of chromosomes.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2006-10/asu-nbm102406.php   (782 words)

 The Cape honeybee (Apis mellifera capensis)
Traditionally, two races of honey bees have co-existed in South Africa, a northern one (Apis mellifera scutellata) and a southern one (Apis mellifera capensis), separated by a fairly wide geographic boundary consisting of large tracts of arid climate, extensions of the Khalahari and Karoo deserts.
Thelytoky is common in the Cape honeybee (Apis mellifera capensis Escholtz), but it occurs with considerably lower frequency in European honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) (Onions 1912; Jack 1917; Anderson 1963; Ruttner 1976).
MORITZ, R. Equilibrium of thelytokous and arrhenotokous parthenogenesis in populations of the honeybee (Apis mellifera).
www.nebraskabeekeepers.org /thelytoky.htm   (4955 words)

 Initial Honey Bee genome analysis.
Apis mellifera and Anopheles gambiae, having 1013 out of 6537 (15.4%) BRH in synteny.
Apis mellifera and Drosophila melanogaster, having 11.7% BRH in synteny.
Apis mellifera and Drosophila pseudoobscura, having 12.7% BRH in synteny.
cegg.unige.ch /SUPPL/Bee   (367 words)

 Apimondia - Apiacta - Article - Infection and immunity in the honey bee Apis mellifera
In Varroa-tolerant A. mellifera colonies there is a reduced fertility of V. jacobsoni in worker brood compared to the successful reproduction of the mite in drone brood.
Also differences in the susceptibility to V. jacobsoni in A. mellifera carnica compared to A. mellifera capensis were found and A. mellifera ligustica compared to A. mellifera monticola hybrids.
mellifera removes not only mite infested drone brood but also worker brood which is in contrast to the behaviour of A. cerana (Boecking, 1994).
www.apiservices.com /apiacta/infection_immunity.htm   (6146 words)

 Apimondia - Apiacta - Article - Infection and immunity in the honey bee Apis mellifera
In Varroa-tolerant A. mellifera colonies there is a reduced fertility of V. jacobsoni in worker brood compared to the successful reproduction of the mite in drone brood.
Also differences in the susceptibility to V. jacobsoni in A. mellifera carnica compared to A. mellifera capensis were found and A. mellifera ligustica compared to A. mellifera monticola hybrids.
mellifera removes not only mite infested drone brood but also worker brood which is in contrast to the behaviour of A. cerana (Boecking, 1994).
www.beekeeping.com /apiacta/infection_immunity.htm   (6146 words)

 Zach's Bee Photos [(c) Zachary Huang], for Prints :: Search
An Apis cerana foraging on a mustard (Brassicaceae).
Apis dorsata is endemic to Hainan and Xishuangbana, China and also in Thailand and Nepal.
While their body has similar diameters as mellifera (the average worker cell size is 5.4 mm across), they body is longer and wings has a smoky looking.
photo.bees.net /gallery/search.php?=&searchstring=Apis   (2609 words)

 Characters that differ between diploid and haploid honey bee (Apis mellifera) drones
Colonies of Carniolan Apis mellifera in the apiary of the University of Tübingen were used for all the experiments and analyses.
The diploid drone of Apis cerana japonica and its chromosomes.
Occurrence of vitellogenin in drone honeybees (Apis mellifica).
www.funpecrp.com.br /gmr/year2005/vol4-4/gmr0105_full_text.htm   (5694 words)

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