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Topic: Apnea

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In the News (Sun 26 May 19)

  Dr. Koop - Sleep Apnea- Health Encyclopedia and Reference
Apnea is defined as a cessation of oronasal airflow of at least 10 seconds in duration.
In a third type of apnea, mixed apnea, a brief period of central apnea is followed by a longer period of obstructive apnea.
Polysomnography, a technique used to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea, records the number and duration of apnetic episodes, determines the stage of sleep and oxygen saturation and observes when the patient awakens.
www.drkoop.com /encyclopedia/43/457.html   (1018 words)

 Apnea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Apnea (British spelling - apnoea) (Greek απνοια, from α-, privative, πνεειν, to breathe) is a technical term for suspension of external breathing.
During apnea there is no movement of the muscles of respiration and the volume of the lungs initially remains unchanged.
Apnea can be voluntarily achieved (i.e., "holding one's breath"), drug-induced (e.g., opiate toxicity), mechanically induced (e.g., strangulation), or it can occur as a consequence of neurological disease or trauma.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Apnea   (913 words)

 Sleep apnea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sleep apnea (alternatively sleep apnoea) is a common sleep disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep.
People with sleep apnea partially awaken as they struggle to breathe, but in the morning they may not be aware of the disturbances in their sleep.
Sleep apnea also appears to put individuals at risk for stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIAs, also known as “mini-strokes”), and is associated with coronary heart disease, heart failure, irregular heartbeat, heart attack, and high blood pressure.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Sleep_apnea   (2763 words)

A common type of apnea in children, obstructive apnea is caused by an obstruction of the airway (such as enlarged tonsils and adenoids).
Mixed apnea is a combination of central and obstructive apnea and is seen particularly in infants or young children who have abnormal control of breathing.
Apnea of infancy occurs in children who are younger than 1 year old and who were born after a full-term pregnancy.
kidshealth.org /parent/general/sleep/apnea.html   (847 words)

 The Apnea Board - Sleep Apnea forum, helps, advice
Central sleep apnea, which is less common, occurs when the brain fails to send the appropriate signals to the breathing muscles to initiate respirations.
People most likely to have or develop sleep apnea include those who snore loudly and also are overweight, or have high blood pressure, or have some physical abnormality in the nose, throat, or other parts of the upper airway.
For many sleep apnea patients, their bed partners or family members are the first ones to suspect that something is wrong, usually from their heavy snoring and apparent struggle to breathe.
www.apneaboard.com   (2066 words)

 Sleep Apnea - symptoms, causes, and treatment of central and obstructive sleep apnea on MedicineNet.com
Sleep apnea is a disorder characterized by a reduction or cessation (pause of breathing, airflow) during sleep.
Like apneas, hypopneas are associated with a 4% or greater drop in the saturation of oxygen in the blood and usually occur during sleep.
Sleep apnea is formally defined as an apnea-hypopnea index of at least 15 episodes/hour in a patient without medical problems that may be related to the sleep apnea.
www.medicinenet.com /sleep_apnea/article.htm   (782 words)

 apnea   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Brief periods of apnea are normal during the sleep of newborns.
Babies suspected of being at risk for more serious apnea, that is to say SIDS, are placed on an apnea monitor, which senses respirations as well as heart rate and gives a loud alarm sound if heart rate or breathing rate limits are violated.
See also sleep apnea, the condition of apnea caused by physical obstruction of the upper airway in older children and adults.
www.drhull.com /EncyMaster/A/apnea.html   (176 words)

As a result, people with sleep apnea frequently feel tired during the day because their rest is interrupted by this struggle to breathe.
Sleep apnea is a condition where the flow of air during breathing decreases or is completely blocked during sleep.
Sufferers of sleep apnea will get up to urinate after they've been awakened by their snoring or struggle to breath but because they are unaware of the apnea, they assume the awakening was due to the need to urinate.
www.sleepsmart.com /sleepinfo/sleep/osa.htm   (1606 words)

 Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Over the long term, obstructive sleep apnea is associated with greater risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disease and the National Commission on Sleep Disorders Research estimates that 38,000 cardiovascular deaths due to sleep apnea occur each year.
However, obstructive sleep apnea was not well understood or recognized by primary care physicians until recently, and only a fraction of these 20 million obstructive sleep apnea patients have been diagnosed and treated by a physician.
While obstructive sleep apnea is commonly associated with obesity and male gender, it affects a broad cross-section of the population.
www.entcolumbia.org /osa.htm   (1005 words)

 Sleep apnea can cause depression   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
If there is a possibility that a patient's depression is caused by sleep apnea, they should undergo evaluation and, if necessary, receive treatment for their sleep disorder.
The impact of sleep apnea and snoring on sleep and health in the individual and for the public should not be ignored.
Researchers and clinicians have recognized sleep apnea as one of the most common sleep disorders and with perhaps the greatest medical and social impact on society in terms of morbidity and mortality.
world.std.com /~halberst/articles/ipn3.html   (1074 words)

 Sleep Apnea Information - American Sleep Apnea Association - ASAA
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is caused by a blockage of the airway, usually when the soft tissue in the rear of the throat collapses and closes during sleep.
In central sleep apnea, the airway is not blocked but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe.
With each apnea event, the brain briefly arouses people with sleep apnea in order for them to resume breathing, but consequently sleep is extremely fragmented and of poor quality.
www.sleepapnea.org /info   (310 words)

 Sleep Apnea   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
People most likely to have or develop sleep apnea include those who snore loudly, are overweight, have high blood pressure, or have some physical abnormality in the nose, throat, or other parts of the upper airway.
For many sleep apnea sufferers, their spouses are the first ones to suspect that something is wrong, usually from their heavy snoring and apparent struggle to breathe.
Polysomnography is a test that records a variety of body functions during sleep, such as the electrical activity of the brain, eye movement, muscle activity, heart rate, respiration effort, air flow, and blood oxygen levels.
www.sleep-net.com /apnea.htm   (845 words)

 Sleep Apnea   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Sleep apnea is a disorder in which a person stops breathing during the night, perhaps hundreds of times, usually for periods of 10 seconds or longer.
Apnea decreases the amount of oxygen in the blood, and eventually this lack of oxygen triggers the lungs to suck in air.
Evidence suggests, however, that the effect of apneas on coronary artery disease and heart attack is not as significant as it is on heart failure and stroke.
www.reutershealth.com /wellconnected/doc65.html   (7623 words)

 eMedicine - Pediatrics, Apnea : Article by Elizabeth B Jones, MD   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Apnea may be a part of the presentation of infants with sepsis and other severe illnesses.
The usual cause of central apnea is often presumed to be immaturity of the respiratory center, with a weak respiratory response to hypercapnia.
Idiopathic central apnea (most common): The usual cause of central apnea is often presumed to be immaturity of the respiratory center, with a weak respiratory response to hypercapnia.
www.emedicine.com /emerg/topic362.htm   (3752 words)

 Sleep Apnoea FAQ / Sleep Apnea FAQ
Apnea specialists generally agree that there are three different types of sleep apnea: obstructive, central, and mixed.
Obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by repetitive pauses in breathing during sleep due to the obstruction and/or collapse of the upper airway (throat), usually accompanied by a reduction in blood oxygen saturation, and followed by an awakening to breathe.
Central Sleep Apnea is defined as a neurological condition causing cessation of all respiratory effort during sleep, usually with decreases in blood oxygen saturation.
www.newtechpub.com /phantom/faq/osa_faq.htm   (6354 words)

To accurately diagnose apnea, doctors monitor a baby's breathing rate in the NICU and may order a pneumogram, which involves attaching the baby to several monitors and observing him for about 8 to 12 hours.
The word apnea comes from the Greek word meaning "without wind." Although it's perfectly normal for everyone to experience occasional pauses in their breathing, apnea can be a problem when breathing stops for 20 seconds or longer.
Most cases of apnea can be treated or managed with surgery, medications, monitoring devices, or sleep centers.
www.hmc.psu.edu /childrens/healthinfo/a/apnea.htm   (463 words)

 haydennet.com :  Sleep Apnea
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is a very under-diagnosed sleeping disorder which I was diagnosed with in December 1995.
Apnea is not realistically a life or death issue but it is very much about quality of life.
In most cases of apnea, the collapse of the airway is caused by weakened muscles in the neck which, when relaxed, completely obstruct you from taking a breath.
www.haydennet.com /apnea   (597 words)

 What Is Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apnea is a common disorder that can be very serious.
Sleep apnea happens more often in people who are overweight, but even thin people can have it.
Untreated sleep apnea can also increase the risk of diabetes and the risk for work-related accidents and driving accidents.
www.nhlbi.nih.gov /health/dci/Diseases/SleepApnea/SleepApnea_WhatIs.html   (301 words)

 Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea means "cessation of breath." It is characterized by repetitive episodes of upper airway obstruction that occur during sleep, usually associated with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation.
Sleep Apnea is a progessive condition (gets worse as you age) and should not be taken lightly.
It simply may be that their jaw is smaller than it should be or they could have a smaller opening at the back of the throat.
www.stanford.edu /~dement/apnea.html   (1832 words)

 Sleep Apnea: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Snoring is a common symptom of sleep apnea, a result of the obstruction, and sometimes even a cause of sleep apnea.
Sleep apnea causes a person to stop breathing periodically throughout sleep, which upsets the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
One measure of sleep apnea is that the person must stop breathing for a period of at least ten seconds or more, five times within an hour.
www.helpguide.org /life/sleep_apnea.htm   (4096 words)

 SleepQuest - Sleep Apnea
Obstructive apnea episodes can last as long as two minutes and are almost always associated with a reduction in the level of oxygen in the blood.
When an individual is in the midst of an obstructive sleep apnea episode, as long as sleep continues, the apnea continues.
When the test is performed in a sleep disorders center, you are monitored and observed by a sleep technologist, videotaped, and connected to a variety of sensors which are typically placed on your scalp, eyes, nose, finger, chin, chest, abdomen and legs.
www.sleepquest.com /s_osa.html   (1468 words)

 Apnea definition - Medical Dictionary definitions of popular medical terms
Apnea: An apnea is a period of time during which breathing stops or is markedly reduced.
There are two types of apneas, the more common obstructive sleep apnea and the less common central sleep apnea.
Apneas are usually measured during sleep (preferably in all stages of sleep).
www.medterms.com /script/main/art.asp?articlekey=2309   (278 words)

 Technorati Tag: apnea   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
If you suspect you may have sleep apnea, the first thing to do is see your doctor.
Some factors increase the chances to develop Sleep Apnea, as they have a direct impact on the respiratory system, which is of course related to the...
Apnea Discussion Board at cpaptalk.com Apnea treatment help is available.
www.technorati.com /tag/apnea   (478 words)

 Sleep Apnea -- familydoctor.org   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
People who have sleep apnea stop breathing for 10 to 30 seconds at a time while they are sleeping.
If you have obstructive apnea, something is blocking the passage or windpipe (called the trachea) that brings air into your body.
If you are interested in meeting other people who have sleep apnea, you can visit the American Sleep Apnea Association's Web site to find the location of a support group near you.
familydoctor.org /212.xml   (804 words)

 MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Breathing - slowed or stopped
Apnea can be intermittent and temporary, as occurs with obstructive sleep apnea, or prolonged.
Prolonged apnea (respiratory arrest) is a life-threatening disorder that requires immediate medical attention and first aid.
The most common causes of apnea in infants and small children are generally quite different from the most common causes in adults.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/ency/article/003069.htm   (542 words)

 Questionaire for identifying possible sleep apnea
The struggle between sleep and breathing is caused by sleep apnea syndrome which leaves victims unaware of the source of their daytime sleepiness.
You might even have sleep apnea and not have answered "yes" to any of the questions; some people have apnea but don't snore, for example.
Phantom of the Night: Overcome sleep apnea syndrome and snoring combines the viewpoints of a pulmonologist who is a specialist in sleep disorders and a patient with sleep apnea to explain how to understand sleep apnea, obtain a diagnosis, and succeed with treatment.
www.newtechpub.com /phantom/question/quiz.htm   (1092 words)

 Childhood Sleep Apnea
It is characterized by repetitive episodes of upper airway obstruction that occur during sleep, usually associated with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation.
The risks of undiagnosed obstructive in children with sleep apnea include learning problems, developmental problems, behavior problems and in some cases, failure to grow, heart problems and high blood pressure.
Sleep Apnea in children where removing the tonsils or adenoids does not take care of the problem is usually treated with a C-PAP (continous positive airway pressure) or Bi-Level positive airway pressure.
www.stanford.edu /~dement/childapnea.html   (1276 words)

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