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Topic: Apollo Lunar Module

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In the News (Fri 23 Feb 18)

  Apollo Lunar Module - Wikipedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The total mass of the module was 14,696 kg with the majority of that (10,149 kg) in the descent stage.
The next LEM flight was aboard Apollo 9 using LM-3 on March 3, 1969 as a manned flight (McDivitt, Scott and Schweickart) to test a number of systems in Earth orbit including LEM and CSM crew transit, LEM propulsion, separation and docking.
Apollo 10, which launched on May 18, 1969, was another series of tests, this time in lunar orbit with the LEM separating and descending to within 10 km of the surface.
wikipedia.findthelinks.com /lu/Lunar_module.html   (473 words)

 Project Apollo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Lunar Module itself was composed of a descent stage and an ascent stage, the former serving as a launch platform for the latter when the lunar exploration party blasted off for lunar orbit where they would dock with the CSM prior to returning to Earth.
To learn lunar landing techniques, astronauts practiced in the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV), a flying vehicle that simulated (by means of a special, additional jet engine) the reduced gravity that the Lunar Module would actually fly in.
Two of the flights (Apollo 7 and Apollo 9) were Earth orbital missions, two of the flights (Apollo 8 and Apollo 10) were lunar orbital missions, and the remaining 7 flights were lunar landing missions (although one, Apollo 13, failed to land).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Project_Apollo   (3529 words)

 Apollo Lunar Module - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Apollo Lunar Module was the lander portion of the Apollo spacecraft built for the US Apollo program to achieve the transit from Moon orbit to the surface and back.
Apollo 10, which launched on May 18, 1969, was another series of tests, this time in lunar orbit with the LM separating and descending to within 10 km of the surface.
The Lunar Module was the portion of the Apollo spacecraft that landed on the moon and returned to lunar orbit.
www.dania.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Lunar_module   (1183 words)

 Apollo Lunar Module: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Project apollo was a series of human spaceflight missions undertaken by the united states of america using the apollo spacecraft, conducted during the years...
The total mass of the module was 15,264 kg with the majority of that (10,334 kg) in the descent stage.
The lunar rover was a manned land vehicle for transport on the moon....
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/a/ap/apollo_lunar_module.htm   (1950 words)

 Apollo Lunar Module - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aquarius served as a refuge for the astronauts during their return to Earth orbit, while its batteries were used to recharge the vital re-entry batteries of the command module that brought the astronauts through the Earth's atmosphere and to a safe spashdown on April 17, 1970.
As originally proposed, it would be launched on a Saturn V with a full Apollo crew to accompany it to lunar orbit and then guide it to a landing next to the base; the base crew would then unload the "truck" while the orbiting crew returned to earth.
Apollo LM Truck on Mark Wade's Encyclopedia Astronautica – Description of adapted LM descent stage for the unmanned transport of cargo to a permanent lunar base.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Apollo_Lunar_Module   (1939 words)

 Apollo Lunar Module
The Lunar Module is often referred to as the LM.
The Apollo Lunar Modules were deliberately targeted to impact (crash into) the Moon to provide artificial moonquake sources for seismic experiments.
Apollo 9 - simulated in Earth orbit the operation of lunar module to landing and takeoff from lunar surface and rejoining with command module.
www.sln.org /pieces/schutte/LMintro2.html   (635 words)

 Apollo 10 Mission Overview   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Apollo 10 was a “dress rehearsal” for the landing missions that would follow and as such, it was a fully configured spacecraft.
It should be noted, however, that the lunar module was an early design that could not be used for a landing as it was too heavy to return to orbit from the lunar surface.
He was the pilot of Gemini 9, back-up pilot for Gemini 12, back-up lunar module pilot for Apollo 7, lunar module pilot on Apollo 10, and back-up commander for Apollo 14.
www.lpi.usra.edu /expmoon/Apollo10/A10_Overview.html   (651 words)

 NASM--Apollo to the Moon--The Apollo Lunar Module   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The descent (lower) stage was equipped with a rocket motor to slow the rate of descent to the lunar surface.
After the crew entered the command module for the trip back to Earth, the lunar module was released and eventually crashed into the Moon.
Because lunar modules were designed to fly only in the vacuum of space, they did not have to be streamlined like an aircraft or carry a heat shield for protection during reentry.
www.nasm.edu /galleries/attm/nojs/a11.am.lm.1.html   (277 words)

 Spaceflight :Project Apollo
The Lunar Module is on the left, and the footprints of the astronauts are clearly visible in the soil of the Moon, July 20, 1969.
Apollos 9 and 10 were launched in early 1969 to test equipment and practice procedures for the lunar mission.
Apollo 10 astronauts Thomas Stafford, John Young and Eugene Cernan flew a “dress rehearsal” of the first lunar landing mission, with Stafford and Cernan descending to within 50,000 feet (14,240 meters) of the Moon's surface.
www.centennialofflight.gov /essay/SPACEFLIGHT/apollo/SP19.htm   (1915 words)

 Footprints on the Moon - About the Apollo Computers
The Apollo mission was conceived at the height of the Cold War.
The computers that formed the basis of the Apollo Guidance and Navigation System (AGS) were at the bleeding edge of technology in the 1960s.
As Adler recounts in the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal, "On running the DSKY to let the crew know what was going on, but did not restart all the erroneously-scheduled rendezvous radar jobs.
www.abc.net.au /science/moon/computer.htm   (1415 words)

 Northrop Grumman - July 20, 1969 - Apollo 11 Anniversary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Years later, as the breathtaking success of NASA’s Apollo 11 mission is remembered and celebrated, several heritage companies of today’s Northrop Grumman are recognized for the vital roles they played in the achievement.
Between 1969 and 1972, six Grumman lunar modules carried 12 astronauts to and from the surface of the moon and one –; Aquarius – served as a lifeboat for three astronauts during the ill-fated Apollo 13 mission.
Haise served as backup lunar module pilot for Apollo 8 and 11 missions, pilot for Apollo 13, and backup spacecraft commander for the Apollo 16 mission.
www.northropgrumman.com /news/072004_moon_anniv.html   (741 words)

 SPACE.com -- 30 Years Later, Moon Rocks Retain Their Secrets
But the Apollo rocks by far are the most scientifically interesting because of their sheer numbers and variety.
One of the most famous, found on the Apollo 15 mission in 1971, was nicknamed the "genesis rock" because it was found to be nearly as old -- about 4 billion years -- as the moon itself.
Apollo 14 commander Alan Shepard forever will be remembered as the man who hit a golf ball on the moon, but he wasn't much help when it came to lunar samples.
www.space.com /scienceastronomy/solarsystem/moon_rock_analysis_000522_MB_.html   (1014 words)

 BBC - h2g2 - The Saturn/Apollo Stack - Lunar Module
The Lunar Module (LM) was originally known as the Lunar Excursion Module until the 'excursion' part of the name was deemed too frivolous and dropped.
NASA's considerations with regard to the lunar soil bearing strength demanded larger landing footpads and the new design would not fit within the confines of adapter housing, consequently this required the design to be modified to provide legs that could be extended from a folded position in flight.
Electronic module were fitted to heat sink rails and thermal control was achieved by glycol water mixture circulated through attachment rails and radiators in the same manner as that in the command module.
www.bbc.co.uk /dna/ww2/A3770192   (3114 words)

 APOLLO LUNAR LANDER MODEL HOME PAGE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The APOLLO lunar module, or LM, was the first true spacecraft - designed to fly only in a vacuum, with no aerodynamic qualities whatsoever.
At the end of their stay on the surface, the lunar module's ascent stage fired its own rocket to rejoin the command/service module in lunar orbit.
APOLLO 9 (March 3-13, 1969) was the first space test of the third critical piece of APOLLO hardware - the lunar module.
vesuvius.jsc.nasa.gov /er/seh/LMmodel.html   (219 words)

 Apollo 14 Lunar Surface Journal : Crew
Was the command module pilot of Apollo 14, and backup command module pilot for Apollo 16 and Apollo 17.
Was backup lunar module pilot for Apollo 10, lunar module pilot for Apollo 14 (sixth man to walk on the Moon), and backup lunar module pilot for Apollo 16.
Was backup lunar module pilot for Apollo 8 and Apollo 11, lunar module pilot for Apollo 13, and backup commander for Apollo 16.
www.hq.nasa.gov /office/pao/History/alsj/a14/a14.crew.html   (891 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Ascent Stage of the Lunar Module (LM) is the manned portion of the space vehicle.
Lunar descent, lunar landing, lunar launch, and rendezvous and docking with the Command and Service Module (CSM) are also controlled from this compartment.
Locating the Lunar Module within the shroud of the Saturn V aerodynamic shell.
users.specdata.com /home/pullo/F_R.HTM   (464 words)

 Apollo Lunar Module Lack Of Flame And Exhaust And Other Anomalies
For the Apollo lunar ascent and descent module single main engine and sixteen attitude control thrusters, the fuel and oxidizer were, respectively, hydrazine and nitrogen tetroxide.
In this image showing the Apollo 17 lunar ascent module "Challenger" supposedly lifting off from the Taurus-Littrow landing site there is no flame, exhaust, or even engine exhaust shroud visible from the bottom of the lunar ascent module.
When the sun is low in the moon's sky, vertical objects on the moon's surface, such as alleged standing astronauts and LM spacecraft walls, would have been nearly perpendicular to the sun's rays and would have been receiving nearly the full brunt of these rays.
internet.ocii.com /~dpwozney/apollo1.htm   (1629 words)

 Apollo 11 Coffee Table
The Apollo Table is an innovative, creatively designed piece of high quality furniture cast in bronze to celebrate achievements in space exploration.
Mark Stoddart chose the subject matter for this Apollo table design, as the developments which were directly influenced by space exploration touch everyone's life in some way.
The Apollo table was presented to Buzz Aldrin late last year.
www.sculptart.com /bronze3.htm   (248 words)

 Apollo Lunar Module LM-13 (1972) - Landmarks
This vehicle, LM-13, was scheduled to fly as Apollo 18, and is representative of the lunar modules that traveled to the moon.
Thirteen lunar modules were built and six landed on the moon.
An Apollo command module, built by Rockwell and which flew as Apollo 14 in 1971, was designated an ASME landmark in 1992.
www.asme.org /Communities/History/Landmarks/Apollo_Lunar_Module_LM13_1972.cfm   (516 words)

 Lunar Orbit Rendezvous and the Apollo Program
Pictured is the Apollo lunar module during rendezvous in lunar orbit with the command module.
The lunar module ascent stage (upper portion) is shown using its ascent engine to rocket back into lunar orbit and rendezvous with the Command Module (still orbiting the moon).
As a member of of Lunar Mission Steering Group, Houbolt had been studying various technical aspects of space rendezvous since 1959 and was convinced, like several others at Langley, that LOR was not only the most feasible way to make it to the moon before the decade was out, it was the only way.
oea.larc.nasa.gov /PAIS/Rendezvous.html   (2756 words)

 The Apollo Lunar Module   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Apollo Lunar Module is the vehicle in which twelve American astronauts landed on the Moon between 1969 and 1972.
Despite his title, the lunar module pilot's job was mainly to monitor the lunar module's systems during the landing.
The exit hatch opens inward and towards the lunar module pilot so, because of the cramped conditions, the commander has to leave the spacecraft first and re-enter it last.
www.cs.jhu.edu /~scott/oos/java/examples/AdvancedSwing/Chapter4/LM.html   (263 words)

 CNN - Apollo Lunar Module   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The module is 13 feet in diameter and 22 feet in length.
The Service Module remained attached to the Command Module until it was jettisoned just before the Command Module re-entered the Earth's atmosphere.
The Command Module (CM), basically a pressurized vessel encased in heat shields, was the command, communications and control center for the lunar missions.
edition.cnn.com /interactive/space/9907/apollo11.saturn/apollo.html   (393 words)

 Apollo Lunar Module - Teacher Webliography
Apollo Lunar Landings (1969-1972) provides information on the lunar landings and to each of the Apollo Missions.
Project Apollo Drawings and Technical Diagrams includes all aspects of the Apollo spacecrafts and the lunar module.
Apollo - Current Locations details the present location of the Command Modules for Apollo Missions 7 to 17.
www.fi.edu /pieces/schutte/teacherresources.html   (1583 words)

 Lunar Exploration Vehicles - Exhibition Home Page
They transmitted to Earth 87,632 television pictures of the lunar surface, sampled the lunar soil (using the little scoop on the extended arm), and performed chemical analyses of the soil and other scientific experiments.
Surveyor 3, equipped with a scoop and claw device, tested the cohesiveness of the lunar surface and placed samples in front of the spacecraft's camera; Surveyor 5 carried an instrument that could analyze the surface material chemically.
The Lunar Module on exhibit was built for an unmanned test, but never flew because of the first mission's success.
www.nasm.si.edu /galleries/gal112/gal112.html   (880 words)

 APOLLO 17 LUNAR MODULE TEST   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Chief Lunar Module Test Conductor Fritz K. Widick supervises preparations for a test of the Apollo 17 Lunar Roving Vehicle [LRV] in the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building.
Engineers and technicians in background position the LRV for simulation of the Apollo 17 mission on the lunar surface by prime crew members Eugene Cernan, commander, and Harrison Schmitt, lunar module pilot.
Apollo 17 is scheduled for launch from the Kennedy Space Center in December on the sixth US manned lunar landing mission.
science.ksc.nasa.gov /gallery/photos/1972/xml/KSC-72P-0358.xml   (80 words)

 30th Anniv. Apollo 11 - Curator's Choice   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
he Lunar Module (LM) was the lunar landing vehicle used in the Apollo missions to the Moon (1969-1972).
Robert Craddock of the National Air and Space Museum's Center for Earth and Planetary studies describes some of the key decisions that led to the use of the Lunar Module, its design, and some of the features of the Museum's Lunar Module 2.
Lunar Module 2 at the Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum.
www.nasm.si.edu /exhibitions/cchoice/lm2/lm2.htm   (86 words)

 NASA Apollo Lunar Excursion Module Model
Apollo 11 made history when it became the first manned mission to land on the Moon.
The NASA "Eagle" landed on the lunar surface in 1969.
Apollo 11 achieved its primary mission - to perform a manned lunar landing and return the astronauts safely back to the Earth.
www.hightechscience.org /apollo_and_lunar_lander_model.htm   (344 words)

 Lunar Module
Lunar Orbit Rendezvous, the means of reaching the moon in a mothership, landing in another craft, and then returning to Earth in the mothership, required both a lander and a mothership as independent craft.
North American received the contract for the mothership (the Command and Service Module), while Grumman was commissioned to design and build the lander.
Grumman's lunar lander (which was originally designated the Lunar Excursion Module, but shortened to Lunar Module due to Excursion's connotations of a frivolous expedition) was made up of two stages: the descent stage, and the ascent stage.
www.wilhelm-aerospace.org /Space/Apollo/lm.html   (637 words)

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