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Topic: Appalachian Mountains

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  The Blue Ridge and Cohutta Mountains
While the Blue Ridge range does continue to the west it is at this point that both the Benton MacKaye and Appalachian Trail begin their northward trek along the ridges of the Appalachian Mountains.
The Appalachians are a loose-knit series of mountain ranges that extend from Maine to Alabama and include portions of New Hampsire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticutt, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia.
In Fannin County, Georgia, the Gateway to the Blue Ridge Mountains, the Cohuttas rise in the west and the Blue Ridge to the south and east.
www.blueridgemountains.com /blue_ridge_mountains.html   (721 words)

  GO 568 Appalachian Mountains
Appalachian Plateau -- The plateau is underlain by gently folded to little-deformed Paleozoic sedimentary strata.
The tectonic history of the Appalachian Mountains is divided traditionally into three main orogenic phases during the Paleozoic.
The Appalachian Plateau of south-central New York is underlain by thick middle and upper Devonian strata.
academic.emporia.edu /aberjame/struc_geo/appalach/appalach.htm   (1633 words)

  Appalachian Mountains - MSN Encarta
Appalachian Mountains or Appalachians, great mountain system of eastern North America, nearly parallel with the Atlantic coast, and extending from the province of Québec in Canada to northern Alabama.
The northern division—including the Green Mountains and the White Mountains, the highlands of Maine, the Shickshock Mountains, and the Notre Dame Mountains of Québec—terminates in the hills of Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Appalachian Mountains are heavily forested and contain deposits of iron ore, anthracite, bituminous coal, zinc, slate, limestone, asbestos, mica, granite, and emery.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761560052/Appalachian_Mountains.html   (457 words)

  Appalachian Mountains - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In addition to the true folded mountains, known as the ridge and valley province, the area of dissected plateau to the north and west of the mountains is usually grouped with the Appalachians.
The Appalachian region is generally considered the geographical dividing line between the eastern seaboard of the United States and the Midwest region of the country.
In the folded mountains the coal is in metamorphosed form as anthracite represented by the Coal Region of northeastern Pennsylvania and discovered by Necho Allen.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Appalachian_Mountains   (2636 words)

 Appalachian Mountains - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In addition to the true folded mountains, known as the ridge and valley province, the area of dissected plateau Blue Mountain (Pennsylvania) to the north and west of the mountains is usually grouped with them.
This includes the Catskill Mountains of southeastern New York, and the Allegheny Plateau of southwestern New York, western Pennsylvania, eastern Ohio and northern West Virginia.
Bears, mountain lions (pumas), wild cats (lynx) and wolves haunt the more remote vastnesses of the mountains; foxes abound; deer are found in many districts and moose in the north.
www.knowledgehunter.info /wiki/Appalachian_Mountains   (1693 words)

 Chapter 18-Ecological Subregions of the United States
Because of crop failures on mountain farms, grazing came to dominate the area, and its influence continues.
Bedrock is overlain by a veneer of residuum on the ridges and mountain tops, colluvium on the slopes, and alluvial materials in the valleys.
Some streams on mountainous areas in zones of high rainfall are characterized by high rates of flow and velocity.
www.fs.fed.us /land/pubs/ecoregions/ch18.html   (4049 words)

 Appalachia, Appalachian Mountains   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Appalachia is the regional name for the area covered by the Appalachian Mountains, which extend for approximately 1500 miles from the Canadian province of Quebec to northern Alabama.
The Allegheny Mountains lie to the west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, with the Shenandoah Valley lying between the two.
The Cumberland Plateau and Cumberland Mountains: southwestern Virginia, eastern Kentucky, northern Georgia and northeastern Alabama.
www.grouptravels.com /usa_can/usa/appalach.htm   (240 words)

 phpr_ah   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Pilot Mountain, a conspicuous, isolated peak in the middle of the North Carolina Piedmont.
The Catskill Mountains are comprise of the Acadian clastic wedge.
The mountains are residual hills formed by extensive dissection of the plateau.
members.aol.com /gls210/phpr_ah.htm   (925 words)

 Appalachian Mountains - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
With the formation of the United States of America, an important first phase of in the late 18th century and early 19th century consisted of the migration of European-descended settlers westward across the mountains into the Ohio Valley through the Cumberland Gap and other mountain passes.
The Appalachian Trail is a 2,160 mile hiking trail that runs all the way from Mt.
The Appalachian Mountains contain major deposits of coal.
www.gogog.com /project/wikipedia/index.php/Appalachian_Mountains   (990 words)

 Ridge-and-valley Appalachians - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Ridge-and-valley Appalachians are a belt within the Appalachian Mountains extending from northern New Jersey westward into Pennsylvania and southward into Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, and Tennessee.
But a few major rivers, such as the Delaware River, the Susquehanna River, and the Potomac River are evidently older than the present mountains, having cut water gaps that are perpendicular to hard strata ridges.
The evidence point to a wearing down of the entire region (the original mountains) to a low level with little relief, so that major rivers were flowing in unconsolodated sediments that were unaffected by the underlying rock structure.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ridge-and-valley_Appalachians   (284 words)

The crosswise courses of the greater rivers result from the rivers being older than the mountains, which indeed have been produced by circumdenudation.
Parallelism of mountain ridges and intervening valleys is thus attributable to the folding of the rocks, but the origin of the interior structure of the mountains is to be kept distinct from the origin of the mountains as features of See also:
English colonies; the continuity of the system, the bewildering multiplicity of its succeeding ridges, the tortuous courses and roughness of its transverse passes, a heavy forest and dense undergrowth all conspired to hold the settlers on the seaward-sloping plateaus and coastal plains.
encyclopedia.jrank.org /APO_ARN/APPALACHIAN_MOUNTAINS.html   (2628 words)

 USGS Geology in the Parks
The birth of the Appalachian ranges, some 480 million years ago, marks the first of several mountain building plate collisions that culminated in the construction of the supercontinent Pangea with the Appalachians near the center.
The once quiet, Appalachian passive margin changed to a very active plate boundary when a neighboring oceanic plate, the Iapetus, collided with and began sinking beneath the North American craton.
With the birth of this new subduction zone, the early Appalachians were born.
wrgis.wr.usgs.gov /docs/usgsnps/province/appalach.html   (750 words)

 Appalachian Mountains - Search Results - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Appalachian Mountains, great mountain system of eastern North America, nearly parallel with the Atlantic coast, and extending from the province of...
Allegheny Mountains, complex of ranges and uplands of the Appalachian system.
Appalachian National Scenic Trail, footpath in the eastern United States for outdoor enthusiasts, extending 3,473 km (2,158 mi) from Maine to...
encarta.msn.com /Appalachian_Mountains.html   (143 words)

 Songcatcher The Overview
The Appalachian mountains, which stretch down the eastern coast of North America from Newfoundland to Georgia, are soft, rounded, heavily eroded mountains with the appearance of lush, undulating green hills separated by hidden valleys or "hollers." Most of the mountain territory is forested swampland, covered in ferns and mosses.
This tale of unexpected romance takes audiences into the rarely seen Appalachian mountains where on the rickety porches of banjo-picker's cabins and subsistence farmer's shacks the everyday music of the people - music filled with storytelling, protest, politics, history, romance and sheer celebration -- was born.
Olive was immediately taken aback by the astonishing music and crafts of the mountain people and began collecting their ancient ballads and studying the ways of their handicrafts.
www.worldofgramophones.com /songcatcher1.html   (5762 words)

 [No title]
Roan Mountain in the North Carolina-Tennessee Unakas is one of the most extensive of these, with some 1,200 acres of natural gardens sprawling vivid rose and pink and purple rhododendron across its high pinnacle and down its slopes.
Some of the Southern Appalachian mountain summits are bare of trees, exhibiting characteristics of grassy balds and heath balds.
There is no timber line in the Southern Appalachians, but cool climate and high winds at the mountain summits as well as anthropogenic influences such as grazing have maintained the balds, although the historical explanation for these anomalies in the forest is unknown.
www.unc.edu /~dcrawfor/overap.htm   (2299 words)

 Appalachian National Scenic Trail (U.S. National Park Service)
The Appalachian Trail (A.T.) is a 2,175-mile long footpath stretching through 14 eastern states from Maine to Georgia.
ATC is the volunteer-based nonprofit organization dedicated to the protection and management of the A.T. and its associated lands - a 250,000 acre greenway from Katahdin to Springer Mountain.
The Appalachian National Scenic Trail is a public footpath that follows more than 2,100 miles of Appalachian Mountain ridgelines between Maine and Georgia.
www.nps.gov /appa   (314 words)

 Appalachian Mountains chapter for Conservation International book on Wilderness
The Southern Appalachians are also a global hotspot for aquatic species, in part because they drain to the south and, unlike the major European rivers that flow northwards, allow species to escape ice-age extermination.
Assemblages of contemporary vegetation in the Appalachians are strongly influenced by elevation and moisture (Whittaker 1956), but soils and history, including disturbances and pathogens, have also shaped their composition.
While the Southern Appalachians lack the tree line found in the north, they have scattered tree-less balds, which are being invaded by heaths dominated by Catawba rhododendron (Rhododendron catawbiense) and mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia).
www.discoverlife.org /co   (4505 words)

 Appalachian Mountains
Instead, the Appalachians are roughly equal in height to mountains few have heard of, such as the Yablonovy Range of eastern Siberia (high point of 8862') or the Mtumba Range in Malawi, Africa (high point of 8071').
There are a few places in the Appalachians not covered with trees: the high peaks of the Northern Appalachians, where the combination of both high altitude and latitude keeps a few small and widely scattered areas above timberline, and "Balds" in the south where, mysteriously, huge open meadows cover summits that should be forested.
The Southern Appalachians are often said to begin south of the Potomac River, and the Central Appalachians could be defined as those of New York and Pennsylvania.
www.peakbagger.com /range.aspx?rid=16   (1339 words)

 Appalachian Mountains, Carbon Dioxide Caused Long-Ago Global Cooling
PHILADELPHIA — The rise of the Appalachian Mountains may have caused a major ice age approximately 450 million years ago, an Ohio State University study has found.
The weathering of the mountains pulled carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere, causing the opposite of a greenhouse effect -- an "icehouse" effect.
According to the Ohio State study, most of the Appalachian weathering took place over 7 or 8 million years -- a very short time, by geological standards -- as the climate moved from one extreme to the next.
researchnews.osu.edu /archive/wethring.htm   (980 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Appalachian   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Alleghenian orogeny is most pronounced in the central and southern Appalachian Mountains and produced the different effects in...
Part of the Appalachian Mountains in the U.S. It extends for 250 mi (402 km) through the centre of Vermont and has a maximum width of 30 mi (50 km).
Appalachian Songcatcher: Olive Dame Campbell and the Scotch-Irish ballad.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Appalachian   (839 words)

 The Appalachian Mountains
The Appalachians are among the oldest mountains on Earth, born of powerful upheavals within the terrestrial crust and sculpted by the ceaseless action of water upon the surface.
When the mountains were thrust up, blocking their westward course to the ancient sea that once covered the American Midwest, these old rivers cut out their own routes, creating those spectacular canyons, gorges, and “narrows” that are part of Appalachian scenery.
The ruggedness of the Appalachians, the transverse ranges by which they are crossed, their maze of streams and rivers, and their lack of natural passes created a formidable barrier to early explorers and settlers.
journals.aol.com /blueridgetravel/BlueRidgeTravels/entries/2005/06/11/the-appalachian-mountains/552   (1889 words)

 A Precipitation and Flood Climatology of the Southern Appalachian Mountains   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Although surface winds are generally variable throughout the year across the southern Appalachian Mountains, low level southerly winds normally develop across the southern Appalachian region in association with synoptic-scale systems, bringing abundant moisture from the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.
Flash flood reports across the southern Appalachian Mountains exhibit the typical statistical biases: reports have increased recently due to the increase in spotter and verification efforts of the National Weather Service; and reports are skewed toward the populated counties of the region.
August was found to be the most active month in terms of flash flooding across the southern Appalachian Mountains, but flash flooding is a problem throughout the entire year mainly due to the steep topography characteristics of the southern Appalachian Mountains and their proximity to the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean moisture source regions.
www.srh.noaa.gov /mrx/research/climo/pcptxtnwd.htm   (4981 words)

 The Geological History of Pittsburgh - Building the Appalachian Mountains
The roots are all that remain of the mountains formed during the Grenville Orogeny, exposed in some parts of eastern Pennsylvania.
As erosion continued to eat away at the Taconic Mountains, huge amounts of sediment were carried into central and western Pennsylvania, and were deposited in a giantdelta.
The sediment eroded from these new mountains formed the sedimentary rocks that are now exposed at the surface throughout most of western Pennsylvania.
www.geology.pitt.edu /PAgeo/events.html   (608 words)

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