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Topic: Approval voting

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  Citizens for Approval Voting
Citizens for Approval Voting is an educational and outreach organization dedicated to introducing voters everywhere to this important voting system.
Approval Voting is excellent for use in all kinds of public and private elections whenever there is going to be a single winner.
There is also a separate political action corporation named Americans for Approval Voting that is working towards the enactment of legislation to allow or mandate Approval Voting.
www.approvalvoting.org   (207 words)

  Approval voting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Approval voting is a voting system used for elections, in which each voter can vote for as many or as few candidates as the voter chooses.
Historically, something resembling Approval voting for candidates was used in the Republic of Venice during the 13th century and for elections in 19th century England.
Approval voting passes the monotonicity criterion, in that voting for a candidate never lowers that candidate's chance of winning.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Approval_voting   (1647 words)

 Center for Voting and Democracy
Approval voting is unlikely to work in practice as it is supposed to work in theory.
Approval voting would challenge our notions of majority rule: Adoption of approval voting could cause the defeat of a candidate who was the favorite candidate of 51% of voters.
As far as we know, approval voting is not used in any public elections in the United States or elsewhere, although in the former Soviet Union a form of "disapproval voting" was used: voters crossed out all candidates they disapproved of.
www.fairvote.org /irv/approval.htm   (522 words)

 Approval Voting
At equilibrium, each voter is specified to vote in a manner which maximizes that voter's expected utility from the outcome of the election (given the perceived close-race probabilities), and the close-race probabilities are consistent with the candidate vote totals resulting from the specified behavior.
Approval voting is the only voting system among the three studied under which there are equilibria at which one of the first two candidates is the only likely winner, and at the same time there aren't any equilibria in which candidate 3 is the only likely winner.
Approval voting has been tried in a number of settings, and has proven to be successful, at least in the sense that it continues to be used.
www.kellogg.northwestern.edu /faculty/weber/papers/approval.htm   (4013 words)

 Approval Voting
Unlike plurality voting (PV) -- the most common method in practice today -- where voters pick the single candidate they feel is the most qualified for the position, approval voting allows voters to choose all candidates they feel are qualified.
Because everyone can vote for as many candidates as they wish, voting for candidates unlikely to win is no longer "throwing away your vote." Also, approval voting, by its nature, makes it difficult to vote against a candidate, reducing the effectiveness of negative campaigning.
This illustrates what is perhaps the greatest strength of approval voting: not a change in the outcome of an election, but a much greater gauge of public opinion.
www.tursiops.cc /idhop/av   (1236 words)

 Americans for Approval Voting
Americans for Approval Voting is a political action organization dedicated to the passage of legislation that mandates Approval Voting for all single winner public elections in the United States.
To learn about the many benefits of Approval Voting, please visit the website of Citizens for Approval Voting, an educational organization that spreads the word about Approval Voting.
Americans for Approval Voting is a nonprofit Texas corporation formed for the purpose of political action and seeking 501(c)(4) tax exempt status.
www.approvalvoting.com   (164 words)

 Approval Voting   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Approval voting methods would remove this rancor and Ralph Nader (or anyone else, for that matter) could freely participate in our political processes without inspiring anger for their efforts from those supporting different candidates.
Voting is a solution to the problem of turning individual preferences for different outcomes into a single choice by the group as a whole.
Approval voting is practical, very easy to explain due to its similarity to existing, common voting methods, and very simple to implement.
users.easystreet.com /jkirwan/new/voting.html   (2618 words)

 Citizens for Approval Voting - Frequently Asked Questions
Approval Voting is a simple reform that gets rid of the spoiler and lesser-of-two-evils problems and would result in a level playing field for all parties and candidates.
Second, if "one man, one vote" is taken as a blanket objection to any change to plurality voting, Approval replaces that ideal with the more reasonable "one candidate, one vote"; each voter can contribute only one vote to any one candidate's total.
Approval Voting lets the voter decide which preferences are most important and reliably counts every single voted preference.
www.approvalvoting.org /faq.html   (1608 words)

 approval voting -- recommendation 4
Approval voting was designed primarily to elect one candidate from a slate of three or more candidates without a runoff ballot or complex elimination calculations.
Each voter under approval voting votes for as many candidates as he or she wishes, and each such candidate gets one full vote from that voter.
Unlike STV/Alternative vote, approval voting does not suffer from nasty 'paradoxes' such as a winner turning into a loser when new votes that favor the 'winner' are counted, and it is in general much simpler.
forum.icann.org /election/395ACB7A00000002.html   (369 words)

 Voting Systems - dKosopedia
This article covers voting systems used in elections, and some of the systems which are commonly used to produce the final result of the political will of the voters of a particular jurisdiction or district.
Voting systems cannot be looked at in isolation, systems which seem undemocratic at the individual level can produce results which are very reflective of the political will, while systems which seem democratic on the individual level can produce results at the top which are generally unreflective of the political will.
Approval voting is used by the U.N. to choose the Secretary General, and by several mathematics and engineering associations in their elections.
www.dkosopedia.com /index.php/Voting_Systems   (3215 words)

 Approval voting
approval voting: from the list of candidates, each voter simply crosses off any choices which are less acceptable.
But if the method were approval voting, it doesn't encourage any of the people to abstain...except in MWH where person B's true opinion is that all three of the choices are indistinguishable.
Approval voting allows eight possible opinions with three candidates; 16 with four; 32 with five; 64 with six; etc. There are 2^N possibilities, where N is the number of candidates.
www-personal.umich.edu /~bpl/approval-vote.htm   (3395 words)

 Approval voting
Approval voting was designed for elections which typically have three or more candidates.
Moreover, in elections where several of the top vote-getters will be declared winners, approval voting is likely to result in several of the top candidates being approved by a majority of the voters.
Approval voting also has several disadvantages over each of the several types of voting methods collectively called preferential voting (because each voter ranks the candidates in order of preference, and then one of several algorithms is used to determine the winner).
www.uab.edu /fsenate/approvalvotingform.htm   (438 words)

 Approval Voting Home Page
Approval voting is a voting procedure in which voters can vote for, or approve of, as many candidates as they wish.
Approval voting is used today by various governments and organizations around the world, including its use by the United Nations to elect the secretary-general.
Among these three, approval voting ranks slightly higher and is much easier to implement.
bcn.boulder.co.us /government/approvalvote/center.html   (808 words)

 Election Selection: Science News Online, Nov. 2, 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
A third is approval voting, used by several scientific societies, in which participants may cast votes for as many of the candidates as they choose.
Approval voting, Brams says, gives voters more sovereignty by enabling them to express the intensity of their preferences: a voter who strongly favors one candidate can vote for just that candidate, while a voter who can't stand one candidate can vote for everyone else.
Approval voting favors candidates who are well known and inoffensive: many voters recognize their names and have mildly positive opinions about them.
www.sciencenews.org /20021102/bob8.asp   (8893 words)

 Americans for Approval Voting
Approval Voting is particularly powerful for picking the most acceptable candidate from a long list and this scenario is quite common in party primaries.
If a lot of voters choose the option to vote for all of the primary candidates who they would also enthusiastically support in the general election, then the winner that emerges is more likely to do well in the general election.
Another reason to use Approval Voting in primaries is to reduce the temptation for the candidates to "go negative." This is impotant for the party because clearly the party doesn't want the primary winner to emerge with vulnerabilities exposed during a nasty primary battle.
www.approvalvoting.com /primaries.html   (291 words)

 Proportional approval voting - Electowiki
Proportional approval voting (PAV) is a theoretical voting system for multiple-winner elections, in which each voter can vote for as many or as few candidates as the voter chooses.
if the numbers of votes for each candidate are simply added up and those with the highest numbers elected, equivalent to satisfaction being n, then this would amount to block approval voting which could have a similar chance of landslide results as block voting.
In terms of tactical voting, it is therefore highly desirable to withhold approval from candidates who are likely to be elected in any case, as with cumulative voting and the single non-transferable vote.
wiki.electorama.com /wiki/Proportional_approval_voting   (514 words)

 Approval Voting
Approval Voting is a voting procedure in which voters can vote for as many candidates as they wish.
Approval Voting is used today by various governments and organizations around the world (including its use by the United Nations to elect the secretary-general).
In addition, Approval Voting is perfectly suited to situations where candidates or choices are added or removed after a vote has already been taken.
www.ctl.ua.edu /math103/Voting/approval.htm   (681 words)

 Approval Voting: A Better Way to Select a Winner - What Matters
Another is the Hare system of single transferable vote (sometimes called "instant runoff"), in which candidates receiving the fewest first-choice votes are progressively eliminated and their votes transferred to second choices -- and lower choices if necessary -- until one candidate emerges with a majority.
Because approval of a less-preferred candidate can hurt a more-preferred approved candidate, the voter is still faced with the decision of where to draw the line between acceptable and nonacceptable candidates.
A rational voter will vote for a second choice if his or her first choice appears to be a long shot--as indicated, for example, by polls -- but the voter's calculus and its effects on outcomes is not yet well understood for either AV or other voting procedures.
alum.mit.edu /ne/whatmatters/200211   (1846 words)

 Approval Voting
You will be responsible for knowing the "Approval Voting" system on the second midterm in our class.
The Approval Voting method does not use ``preference ballots'' and ``preference schedules,'' which is probably why it's not included in your textbook.
Approval voting lets me cast a ballot which gives points to everybody else: ``A, B, C.'' That kind of ballot makes my feelings very clear: I'd like anybody but D! This method works well for the ``in-between'' voters, as well.
www.math.umn.edu /~rogness/math1001/approval   (591 words)

 Americans for Approval Voting
We also need to be alert for other possible openings for Approval Voting.
For example, Approval Voting might be used for elections within state agencies, public boards or other entities.
It is also conceivable that legislation specifically allowing Approval Voting for special elections might also be possible.
www.approvalvoting.com /other.html   (190 words)

 Approval Voting Campaign   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The plan now is to have Citizens for Approval Voting operating as a tax exempt 501(c)(3) educational corporation and also have Americans for Approval Voting operating as a 501(c)(4) political action corporation.
The initial discussions went well and I have reason to believe that the first bill allowing Approval Voting in Texas may be filed in the next few weeks.
So I am developing a plan for cooperating with the IRV movement, which only seems right given that their movement is developing some traction while Approval Voting is currently just a blip on the radar screen.
www.pycs.net /approval   (1471 words)

 Third Parties: Why They Spoil and How to Stop It (Aaron Swartz: The Weblog)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Approval voting (or IRV, or fusion voting, or Concordet…) could be implemented on a state-by-state basis without the Constitutional changes required to reform the Electoral College.
Approval is also a cute method, and I consider it mostly harmless.
These changes from approval might help more parties gain major party statusm, but it won’t affect any election winner, assuming the voters are wise over their second votes.
www.aaronsw.com /weblog/001168   (2978 words)

 Electoral Methods: Single Winner
A voter can vote for as many alternatives as he or she wishes.
Start by giving one point for each first preference vote, then add 1 for every second and so on until a winner can be declared.
Each alternative's Copeland score is calculated by subtracting the number of alternatives that pairwise beat it from the number that it beats.
condorcet.org /emr/methods.shtml   (876 words)

 Approval Voting   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
To all of you who have endorsed runoff voting (IRV): IRV only sounds good when compared to our current "first past the post" plurality system, the strawman of choice for recent critics who've ignored the nice things I've said about other voting alternatives.
Nay votes are treated the same as unmarked candidates, the nays serving only to expose ballot tampering.
Indeed, when nobody's vote is expendable, a candidate could lose merely by acting and speaking impolitely about rivals and their constituencies.
www.hevanet.com /kort/2005/FISHER11.HTM   (629 words)

 TeacherSource . Math . Approval Voting | PBS
Apply the five kinds of voting to an election and determine the winner in a variety of situations
Approval Voting is a procedure in which voters can vote for as many candidates as they wish.
Use Approval Voting to determine the color of the T-shirt.
www.pbs.org /teachersource/mathline/concepts/voting/activity4.shtm   (514 words)

 Try these Approval Voting Exercises
Rank the 3 candidates in #2 under Approval Voting if we assume that Sue, Bill, Tom, Pat and Tina approve only their first choice while the others approve both their first and second choice.
Rank the 5 candidates in #7 under Approval Voting if we assume that each person whose first choice was candidate A approves their first 3 choices while the others approve only their first two choices.
Rank the 5 alternatives in #14 under Approval Voting if we assume that each person whose first choice was alternative H approves their first 3 choices while the others approve only their first two choices.
www.ctl.ua.edu /math103/Voting/trythese.htm   (761 words)

 Mike Linksvayer » Approval Voting   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
At least two people on my blogroll approve of approval voting.
To the very minor extent I care about electoral reform, I wholeheartedly endorse approval voting.
One simple change (vote for as many candidates as you like) eliminates many of problems with and for minor candidates.
gondwanaland.com /mlog/2004/11/02/approval-voting   (199 words)

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