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Topic: April 1945

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  1945 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
April 1 - World War II : United States troops land on Okinawa in the last campaign of the war.
April 9 - Abwehr conspirators Wilhelm Canaris, Hans Oster, and Hans Dohanyi are hanged at Flossenberg concentration camp along with pastor Dietrich Bonhoeffer.
April 28 - Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, are hanged upside down by Italian partisans as they attempt to flee the country.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/1945   (4447 words)

 WWII Axis Military History Day-by-Day: April
April 1st, 1945: In the East, bitter fighting rages in the western suburbs of the fortress city of Breslau.
April 29th, 1945: The British Second Army crosses the Elbe at Lauenburg, 20 miles E of Hamburg, and advances toward Schwerin and Wismar in Mecklenburg.
April 30th, 1942: Hitler and Mussolini meet at Berchtesgaden to discuss future Axis strategy in North Africa and the Mediterranean, the main objectives being the reduction of Malta and the seizure of the Suez Canal.
www.feldgrau.com /april.html   (2581 words)

 APRIL, 1945
On April 12, Shinchiku and Kiirun airfields on Formosa were attacked by Seafire and Hellcat fighters of the British Pacific Fleet.
Elements of the Marine Third Amphibious Corps on Okinawa Island on April 14 advanced northward to the vicinity of Momubaru town on the west coast and Arakawa town on the east coast.
As of April 18, according to the most recent reports available, 989 officers and men of the U. Pacific Fleet had been killed in the Okinawa operation and associated attacks on Japan, 2,220 were wounded in action, and 1,491 were missing in action.
www.ibiblio.org /pha/comms/1945-04.html   (9133 words)

 Harry S. Truman - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Truman ( May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-fourth Vice President ( 1945) and the thirty-third President of the United States ( 1945 – 1953), succeeding to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Truman's presidency was very eventful, seeing the dropping of atomic bombs in Japan, the end of World War II, the Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe, the beginning of the Cold War, the desegregation of the U.S. armed forces, the formation of the United Nations, the second red scare, and most of the Korean War.
He was barely installed as vice president when Roosevelt died on April 12, 1945, elevating him to the presidency.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Harry_Truman   (3523 words)

 Wien im Rückblick - April 1945
April setzen Rotarmisten an einigen Stellen über den Donaukanal und bilden Brückenköpfe.
April wurde von Booten der sowjetischen Donauflotte aus die Brücke besetzt.
April 19.000 deutsche und 18.000 sowjetische Soldaten gefallen sind.
www.magwien.gv.at /ma53/45jahre/1945/0445.htm   (7070 words)

1942 1943 1944 - 1945 - 1946 1947 1948
April 30 - Adolf Hitler and his wife of one day, Eva Braun, commit suicide as Soviet troops approach Berlin.
April 9 - Wilhelm Canaris, head of the German Abwehr, hanged for treason
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/1/19/1945.html   (3504 words)

 The liberation of Bergen-Belsen
On the night of April 12, 1945, a cease-fire was signed between the local German Military Commander and the British Chief of Staff, Brigadier General Taylor-Balfour, according to Eberhard Kolb in his book, "Bergen-Belsen from 1943 to 1945." An area of 48 square kilometers around Bergen-Belsen was declared a neutral zone.
On April 29, the day after the German guards completed their gruesome task of 10 days of burying the 10,000 decomposed bodies with their bare hands, they were taken to the prison in the city of Celle, which is 16 kilometers northwest of the camp.
By May 19, 1945, all the former prisoners had been evacuated to the nearby Army barracks and on May 21, 1945, the last hut at the Bergen-Belsen camp was burned to the ground.
www.scrapbookpages.com /BergenBelsen/BergenBelsen05.html   (4159 words)

 APRIL 1945
During the 1st and 2nd of April, the section completed a move to Erlenbach, where we took over two private homes, and commenced to operate a message center for the division CP in nearby Otterburg.
On 27 April, the advance crew moved on to Jettingen, where on the 28th the remainder of the section finally caught up with them, just in time to pull out the plugs, stack the filing-boxes and go to Schwabmunchen.
Finally, on 30 April at 0700, the company set out for Weilheim, where an installation was made in a German barracks.
www.kwanah.com /txmilmus/gallery/signal/signal10.htm   (636 words)

 Tweede Wereldoorlog: onderwaterzetting Wieringermeer 17 april 1945
Op 17 april 1945 om 12:15 uur bliezen de Duitsers de Wieringermeerdijk op, op twee dicht bij elkaar gelegen punten, enkele kilometers ten zuidoosten van Den Oever (ter hoogte van waar nu het 'Sluitgasbosch' is).
In april 1945 telt de Wehrmacht bijna 120.000 voldoende bewapende militairen in West-Nederland.
Op vrijdag 20 april 1945, drie dagen na het begin van de onderwaterzetting, ging het stormen.
www.zijpermuseum.nl /niestadt/wm   (1787 words)

 Impact - April 1945   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Japanese opened their attack on Corregidor with an aerial bombardment on 29 December 1941, five days after General MacArthur moved his headquarters there, but the heaviest attacks throughout the siege were from artillery based on Cavite, and later, on Bataan.
When the last American troops on Bataan surrendered on 9 April, the enemy was able to mass his artillery for an all-out shelling of the Rock and its antiquated batteries.
Although the network of tunnels through Corregidor’s hills afforded protection to the American garrison, much of the defense activity had to be carried on in the open.
corregidor.org /chs_impact/impact2.htm   (793 words)

 April 30, 1945 - Death of Hitler
On April 22, during a three hour military conference in the bunker, Hitler let loose a hysterical, shrieking denunciation of the Army and the 'universal treason, corruption, lies and failures' of all those who had deserted him.
On April 23, Hitler's friend and Minister of Armaments, Albert Speer, arrived for his final meeting with the Führer.
By the afternoon of April 29, Soviet ground forces were about a mile away from the Führerbunker.
www.historyplace.com /worldwar2/timeline/death.htm   (2437 words)

 WWII: The World at War 1945
Initially it had been a special camp for important Jewish prisoners but in the last months of the war it was totally overwhelmed by the influx of prisoners moved from camps in the path of the Allies' advance from east and west.
By April 1945 there were 60,000 prisoners in Belsen, living in conditions of the most appalling squalor and disease.
Belsen was liberated by the British on 14 April 1945.
www.euronet.nl /users/wilfried/ww2/1945.htm   (3597 words)

 Japan's Battle of Okinawa
In short, as the battle approached in February and March of 1945, 4,500 men from sea-raiding units, 14,000 men from various shipping and communications units, and 3,000 men from antiaircraft units, a total of 21,500 men of the 29,000 not already in major line units, were reorganized for potential service on the infantry line.
In March 1945, 32d Army requested that IGHQ allow the destruction of the Yontan and Kadena airfields on the grounds that the airfields were impossible to defend.
The attack was not scheduled until 6 April, however, and on the night of 4 April an air unit reported to 32d Army that an American task force of three aircraft carriers and fifty transports and cargo vessels had been spotted ninety miles south of Naha.
www-cgsc.army.mil /carl/resources/csi/Huber/Huber.asp   (15469 words)

April, C Squadron took the lead and moved towards LASTRUP.
Hans said we have come for a little lunch and bringing back an English soldier, who was captured here in 1945, in a tank.
Both Ken and myself, posed for our photographs with Hans Pol, in front of the “LASTRUP” village sign, on the edge of the road, a few yards from where we were knocked-out.
www.sherwood-rangers.org /news/jan_2002/escapep.o.w.htm   (4081 words)

 Nazi Newspapers April 1945
In the issue for Tuesday 3 April the news was that Martin Bormann pledged “victory or death”, the Allies had installed a “hated Jew” as police chief of Köln (Cologne) and Nazi “Wehrwolfs” were operating in the Allied occupied areas of Germany.
On 5 April the,,Oberdonau Zeitung’’ reported that “The Devil is on the Loose” in Occupied Germany and a very interesting story by a SS Kriegsberichter (SS War Correspondent) tells of a schoolgirl with a Panzerfaust destroying Soviet tanks from 35 meters (30 yards).
On 6 April there was news that German V2 rockets had turned Allied occupied Antwerp, Belgium into “hell”, and that the German “citizen war” was in full swing.
usmbooks.com /nazi_paper_1945.html   (589 words)

 [No title]
On February 28, 1945, while serving as Admiral William F. Halsey's Assistant Chief of Staff for the U.S. Pacific Third Fleet, President Franklin Roosevelt invited Stassen to be one of eight members of the U.S. Delegation to the United Nations Conference on International Organization held April 25 through June 26 in San Francisco.
Tentative drafts of the Coordination Committee and the Advisory Committee of Jurists, June 21-22, 1945.
This committee, composed of representatives from all 44 united nations, met in Washington April 9-20, 1945 to draft a recommended statute for the Permanent Court of International Justice prior to the San Francisco charter conference.
www.mnhs.org /library/findaids/00202-4.html   (1763 words)

 The Story of my First Supcrsonic Flight on 9 April 1945 over Innsbruck
The training began at the end of March 1945 with a four day groundschool theory course.
The pilots were only just able to reach the buffeting zone due to the resistance effect of the propeller and the fact that at around 7.000 m (21.000 ft) the speed of sound is over 1130 km/h (700 mph).
This report indicates that the effects experienced both during and after the transonic period were already known and this information could only have been obtained from the results of flights by English or American test pilots in 1945.
mach1.luftarchiv.de /first_flg.htm   (2244 words)

 Called under the flag - MILAN - between March and May, 25 April 1945 - CamGOJ   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
When it did not rove in the close streets, it was in its reign: via ZAMAGNA of which he was the uncontested king and where there was our pork-butchery.
April fifteen, 1945 was the day of my first communion and it is the only thing which I remember.
Ten days, only ten days after, April twenty-five, 1945 a young person who had left to work, returned with the bicycle while shouting that in the center of MILAN one fought: this day there all ITALY of the North, that which was under the mode of SALO, had raised itself against the German invader.
www.gojc.net /ric/uk/uk_tom.htm   (1931 words)

 Travelogue of a Division Quartermaster - WWII
From April to August, 1943, training continued, covering the attack of a fortified position, village and wood fighting, and battle indoctrination of all kinds.
In July 1943 the Division was secretly alerted for overseas movement, and preparations were started for showdown inspections and complete equipage of the Division for combat.
This alert was received on a Saturday night, and on Sunday morning all the special staff and their supply officers were put aboard a transport plane.
www.qmmuseum.lee.army.mil /WWII/travelogue.htm   (3082 words)

 Japanese Navy Ships--Yamato (Battleship, 1941-1945)
Soon after Okinawa was invaded on 1 April 1945, the Japanese implemented a desperate effort to destroy the fleet supporting the landings.
Yamato and her consorts, including the light cruiser Yahagi and eight destroyers, left port in mid-afternoon on 6 April 1945, the day that the "Ten-Go" suicide planes began their all-too-horrible onslaught.
At about 1420 on the afternoon of 7 April, less than two hours after she was first hit, the great battleship capsized to port, exploded and sank, leaving behind a towering "mushroom" cloud.
www.history.navy.mil /photos/sh-fornv/japan/japsh-xz/yamato-n.htm   (967 words)

 Crossing the Rhine, February - April 1945
Throughout February and March 1945, the Allies fought their way through the Siegfried Line, a series of antitank fortifications, pillboxes, and artillery that ran along the Western border with Germany.
Patton’s Third Army had little gasoline to advance from their positions outside of Aachen, the first German town to be conquered.
German antiaircraft units were waiting and casualties were heavy, but the paratroopers landed together and took the East bank of the Rhine to protect the bridgehead.
www.worldwar2database.com /html/rhine.htm   (484 words)

 Rainbow Division Veterans Association - Dachau 29 April 1945, The Rainbow Liberation Memoirs
Rainbow Division Veterans Association - Dachau 29 April 1945, The Rainbow Liberation Memoirs
On that historic day of freedom, the 42nd Rainbow Infantry Division captured and liberated the infamous Concentration Camp at Dachau, accepting the surrender by the SS Commander.
Dachau 29 APRIL 1945 is primarily about the American liberators who, from that day forward, realized that neither they nor anyone else who had been there would ever again be truly free of Dachau
www.rainbowvets.org /dachau29.htm   (975 words)

 Battle for Berlin: April — May 1945
The Battle for Berlin in April — May 1945 may not have been the final battle of the World War II in Europe, but it was certainly the concluding one.
On 23 April, Stalin decreed that Zhukov had won the race and placed the front boundary line 150m west of the Reichstag, the main prize, placing it in 1st Byelorussian Front's sector.
Berlin was completely encircled by the 25 April, as was Busse's 9th Army and elements of General F. Gräser's 4th Panzer Army, in the area between Lübben, Zossen and Beeskow.
www.rickard.karoo.net /articles/battles_berlin.html   (4441 words)

 08 April 1945   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
L ieutenan t Berg, pilot of the ill fated B-25 stated that while at an altitude of 600 feet in a strafing run over Tarakan Field, 7 April 1945, his ship was extensively damaged when a 40mm shell exploded in the right engine nacelle setting it on fire.
on the morning of 8 April 1945, when they nearly sacrificed their lives to effect the rescue of six fellow airmen from under the withering fire of Japanese guns.
As a result of their devotion to duty, another page is added to the glorious history of the Rescue Service.
www.pbyrescue.com /Rescues/08apr45.htm   (1038 words)

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