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Topic: Arabic script

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In the News (Sun 23 Jun 19)

  The Arabic Language Script
Arabic script has a genetic relationship with the Latin alphabet, since both are historically traceable back to a script current on the Levant coast around 1000 B.C. and used for the notation of the language which we call Old Phoenician.
The length of consonants in Nabataean script is not marked at all, and it is still limited to the repertory of the Aramaic script, which is inadequate for the consonant phonemes of Arabic.
Arabic calligraphy, thus, is the art of beautiful or elegant handwriting as exhibited by the correct formation of characters, the ordering of the various parts, and harmony of proportions.
www.indiana.edu /~arabic/arabic_script.htm   (2367 words)

 Art of Arabic Calligraphy
Arabic belongs to the group of Semitic alphabetical scripts in which mainly the consonants are represented in writing, while the markings of vowels (using diacritics) is optional.
The North Arabic script, which was influenced by the Nabatian script, was established in north-eastern Arabia and flourished in the 5 th century among the Arabian tribes who inhabited Hirah and Anbar.
Although early Arabic sources mention several calligraphic styles in reference to the cities in which they were used, they generally fit into two broad categories with some minor variations, these are the "dry styles," the early predecessors of Kufic, and the "moist styles," the early predecessors of the cursive family or scripts.
www.sakkal.com /ArtArabicCalligraphy.html   (1979 words)

 The Origins of Arabic Calligraphic
Arabic script was developed in a comparatively brief span of time.
Arabic script is derived from the Aramaic Nabataean alphabet.
The Arabic alphabet is a script of 28 letters and uses long but not short vowels.
www.islamicart.com /main/calligraphy/origins.html   (387 words)

 ►»Arabic Alphabet Tutorial - FREE Arabic Reading/Writing Course - Read Arabic Script
This section is designed to acquaint people new to the Arabic language with the alphabet and the basic skills of writing in Arabic.
For the Arabic classes, it is necessary that one have at least some command of reading and writing in the Arabic language.
In the Arabic alphabet, we have 29 letters three of which are long vowels.
www.shariahprogram.ca /Arabic-alphabet.shtml   (375 words)

 The Arabic Language
Rapidly executed, the script does not appear to have been subject to formal and rigorous rules, and not all the surviving examples are the work of professional scribes.
In Spain the maghribi ("western") script was evolved and became the standard script for Qurans in North Africa.
A characteristic script developed in Ottoman Turkey was that used in the chancellery and known as divani.
www.arabicbible.com /christian/arabic_language_script.htm   (701 words)

The use of the Arabic script was well established in all Muslim lands until contested by the Spanish Reconquista and later by modern colonialism in Asia and Africa.
However, in the early decades of the 20th century, due to the influence of missionary schools and British colonial officials, the Arabic script was to a great extent abandoned for that of Latin.
The missionaries' self-serving arguments that the Arabic script is not as well suited for reproducing sounds in the non-Arabic speaking languages, has been swallowed whole by many of the educated Malay and other non-Arab Muslim people.
www.alhewar.com /habeeb_salloum_arabic_language.htm   (1927 words)

 Monotype: Non Latin Font
Derived from Nabatean, an ancient Semitic script, Arabic script is an alphabet of 28 basic letters of which 25 are consonants, while three letters double as semi-vowels and long vowels.
Written from right to left, Arabic is a cursive script in which most letters connect with their neighbors.
Although Arabic text flows in general from right to left, numbers, which are referred to as 'Indian numbers', are written from left to right.
www.monotypefonts.com /Library/Non-Latin-Library.asp?show=info&lan=arabic   (474 words)

 Arabic alphabet, pronunciation and language
The Arabic script evolved from the Nabataean Aramaic script.
Arabic has also been written with the Hebrew, Syriac and Latin scripts.
Arabic, Dari, Hausa, Kabyle, Kashmiri, Kazak, Kurdish, Kyrghyz, Malay, Morisco, Pashto, Persian/Farsi, Punjabi, Sindhi, Siraiki, Tatar, Turkish, Uyghur, Urdu
www.omniglot.com /writing/arabic.htm   (835 words)

In addition to the Arab countries, in which Arabic speakers are concentrated, large numbers of Arabic speakers live in Iran and France (about 600,000 speakers each), and a substantial number of speakers live in Israel and parts of Africa (Ethnologue).
The Arabic script is based on the Nabataean alphabet which was used to write the Nabataean dialect of Aramaic.
Arabic is a Category III language in terms of difficulty for speakers of English.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/august/Arabic.html   (2010 words)

 Islamic History in Arabia and Middle East   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Even where Arabic did not become the national language, it became the language of religion wherever Islam became established, since the Quran is written in Arabic, the Profession of Faith is to be spoken in Arabic, and five times daily the practicing Muslim must say his prayers in Arabic.
The Arabic alphabet has twenty-eight letters (additional letters have been added to serve the needs of non-Arabic languages that use the Arabic script, such as those of Iran and Pakistan), and each of the letters may have up to four different forms.
The use of Arabic script has therefore tended to develop in the direction of calligraphy and the development of artistically pleasing forms of hand lettering, while in the West the trend has been toward printing and the development of ornamental and sometimes elaborate type faces.
www.islamicity.com /mosque/ihame/Ref3.htm   (1808 words)

 Arabic FAQ
Arabic consists of a set of fonts, as well as special functions that makes the text run from right to left, tabs and alignment start at the right-hand margin, etc. These fonts and functions are available to all programs on the machine.
Arabic and other non-European writing was normally handled differently: While Unicode has only a single character set, with every character together in sequential numbers, OS 9 could have many parallel character sets ("scripts"), English, Arabic, Hebrew, but each of them restrained to 255 ID numbers, which was ample for each one.
The Mac has understood that the origin was Arabic, and pastes the correct characters in the Arabic script, and according to Unicode (and thus automatically in an Arabic font, although probably not the same Arabic font you used originally).
www.hf-fak.uib.no /institutter/smi/ksv/ArabicMac.html   (4306 words)

 W3C I18N FAQ: Script direction and languages
Script: A collection of characters for displaying written text, all of which have a common characteristic that justifies their consideration as a distinct set.
Knowing the directionality of text, based on the script(s) to be used, is important to web designers and authors, because right-to-left text can be more complicated (for beginners) to work with and the organization and directionality of the page layout are affected.
Scripts have a writing direction, and so languages written in a particular script, will be written with the direction of that script.
www.w3.org /International/questions/qa-scripts   (1185 words)

 Arabic language at AllExperts
Arabic has been a literary language since at least the 6th century and is the liturgical language of Islam.
Arabic is a major source of vocabulary for languages as diverse as Berber, Kurdish, Farsi, Swahili, Urdu, Hindi, Turkish, Malay, and Indonesian, as well as other languages in countries where these languages are spoken.
Being cursive by nature, unlike the Latin alphabet, Arabic script is used to write down a verse of the Qur'an, a Hadith, or simply a proverb, in a spectacular composition.
en.allexperts.com /e/a/ar/arabic_language.htm   (2783 words)

 Arabic translation you can trust
Arabic ranks sixth in the world's league table of languages, with an estimated 186 million native speakers.
Classical Arabic is the official language of all Arab countries and is the only form of Arabic taught in schools.
Modern Standard Arabic is the language used by the media across North Africa and the Middle East.
www.appliedlanguage.com /languages/arabic_translation.shtml   (732 words)

 Ancient Scripts: Arabic
Due to the influence of Islam, the Arabic alphabet is one of the most widespread writing systems in the world, found in large parts of Africa and Western and Central Asia, as well as in ethnic communities in East Asia, Europe, and the Americas.
Although Arabic inscriptions are most common after the birth of Islam (7th century CE), the origin of the Arabic alphabet lies deeper in time.
The Kufic script appears to be the older of the scripts, as it was common in the early history of Islam, and used for the earliest copies of the Qu'ran.
www.ancientscripts.com /arabic.html   (588 words)

 Arabic Unicode Fonts
Arabic script is written from right-to-left but numbers are written from left-to-right.
Since Arabic script is cursive, the appearance of a letter changes depending on its context/position: isolated, initial (joined on the left), medial (joined on both sides), and final (joined on the right).
The Unicode implementation of Arabic script is described in chapter 8 (Middle Eastern Scripts) of The Unicode Standard, Version 5.0.
www.wazu.jp /gallery/Fonts_Arabic.html   (2393 words)

 Arabic Script Spice Index (Arabic, Farsi, Urdu, Kurdish)
Arabic Script Spice Index (Arabic, Farsi, Urdu, Kurdish)
Arabic language has only three vowel qualities (A,U,I); long vowels are written medially as alef ا, waw و and yeh ي, respectively, but the last two letters can also represent w and y.
In Arabic, it is spoken as a palatal like G in “gem”, but in Egypt, the original velar pronunciation (like G in “get”) is retained.
www.uni-graz.at /~katzer/engl/spice_arabic.html   (882 words)

 Fonts : Unicode Fonts
Since Arabic script is cursive, the appearance of a letter changes depending on its context/position: isolated, initial (joined on the left), medial (joined on both sides), and final (joined on the right).
Persian script is an adaptation of Arabic script.
It is primarily written using a form of Arabic script, although the Cyrillic alphabet is used in parts of the former Soviet Union.
www.font.su   (7376 words)

 Problems with the Perso-Arabic script
Arabic combo words made up of 2 or more words like "ma' zâlek", "men ba'd", "en šâ allâh", "ma' hâzâ" must also appear separate.
Due to the existence of several consonants that share the same sound, or consonants that are exclusive to Arabic but occur in the Perso-Arabic alphabet without their original sounds, there are a huge number of words that can be spelled in more than one way.
The Arabic tanvin is one of the 9 symbols.
www.unipers.com /pa.htm   (2588 words)

 [No title]
For thousands of years minor changes were made to the Arabic language and it was appropriate for every era through out the countless civilizations that used it as their native language.
The main reason for that is that Arabic is the language of the Holy Qur'an, and that kept it the main language through the 1400+ years of the Islamic civilization.
The type of fonts used for the Arabic script in this tutorial is called (Nasekh), which is the most common font in Arabic and the clearest (it is used in printing books, newspapers and documents).
www.arabion.net /learnarabic.htm   (819 words)

 Amazon.de: Arabic Script: Styles, Variants, and Calligraphic Adaptations: English Books: Gabriel M. Khan,Gabriel Mandel ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The author of previous books on Islamic history and a calligrapher and engraver himself, Khan begins this study of Arabic script by sketching the development of the Arabic alphabet and the various scripts in which it has been written.
One of the world's major forms of writing, Arabic script is the language of the Koran and it became widespread as a result of Islamic conquests of much of the world.
Eventually Arabic script gave rise to calligraphic art, which became an art form of astonishing beauty.
www.amazon.de /Arabic-Script-Variants-Calligraphic-Adaptations/dp/0789207109   (604 words)

Kufic script, a heavy monumental Arabic script suited to stone carving, appears in the earliest surviving Koran manuscripts.
It took on some of the functions of the early Kufic script; it was used to write surah headings, religious inscriptions, and princely titles and epigraphs.
The Diwani script is a cursive style of Arabic calligraphy developed during the reign of the early Ottoman Turks (16th-early 17th century).
www.arabiccalligraphy.com /ac/resources_detail.php?resId=1   (539 words)

 Arabic Computing Information (Penn State)   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In order to process Arabic correctly, a software must be able to display text from right to left and make sure the letter forms are displayed correctly depending on their positions within a word.
The Arabic script is used for other languages besides Arabic, but their local alphabets may include special characters for sounds not found in Arabic.
A Arabic and QWERTY Arabic keyboard are available in Macintosh, but you may have to install it from the Macintosh System disk because it is a complex script.
tlt.its.psu.edu /suggestions/international/bylanguage/arabic.html   (1610 words)

 Amazon.ca: Teach Yourself Beginner's Arabic Script: Books: John MacE   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Although the Arabic alphabet is not as difficult as written Chinese or Japanese, Arabic script is definitely more difficult to master than the Russian or Greek alphabets.
Third, although Arabic script is phonetic, words are often written without vowel markers, so the reader has to sound out the vowel based on his or her grasp of the context.
As both books point out, the main problem in learning the Arabic script is the letters change their form depending on their position in the word, in other words, on whether they're at the beginning, middle, or end of the word.
www.amazon.ca /Teach-Yourself-Beginners-Arabic-Script/dp/0340860162   (2038 words)

 Support for Authentic Arabic
The Arabic script with its 14 basic shapes, a useful writing system for native speakers of Arabic, made Arabic difficult to read for the new, non-Arab Muslims.
The present complexity of script is the result of a conscious effort by a few Arab and Persian scholars to make the script in itself an expression of Islamic culture.
Even a design aiming at reducing the complexity of the script to its absolute minimum cannot allow the letters to be separated from each other: they must be joined to form words.
diwww.epfl.ch /w3lsp/conferences/ridt98/decotype.html   (943 words)

 Features: Arabic OpenType specification
Arabic Typesetting contains layout information and glyphs to support all of the required features for the Arabic script and language systems supported.
Used in script typefaces which are designed to have some or all of their glyphs join.
The 'mset' feature is used to position Arabic combining marks in fonts for Windows 95 using glyph substitution.
www.microsoft.com /typography/otfntdev/arabicot/features.htm   (1435 words)

 Arabic Script Support, Middle East Library - Marriott Library
This page provides a guideline on how to set up Arabic script support on your PC; this is possible on Windows 2000 (or a more recent edition).
The screen shots below are taken from a PC running on Windows XP Professional, and while the display on your own machine may differ slightly, the steps for installing Arabic support are very similar on all Windows systems, and detailed information for users of those versions is available on the internet.
If you are unable to install Arabic support on the basis of these guidelines, please refer to other documentation available on the web.
www.lib.utah.edu /libraryinfo/dept/middleeast/languageissues_arabicsupport.html   (472 words)

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