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Topic: Arachosia


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  Arachosia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Arachosia (Old Persian harahuvati, corresponding to Sanskrit sarasvati 'rich in rivers') was an ancient province of the Achaemenid, Seleucid and Parthian empires and corresponds to the southern part of today's Afghanistan.
Arachosia was directly to the south of Bactria, but separated from it by the Hindu Kush.
Arachosia is derived from Arachotos, a hellenized form of Harachuwati, the Achaemenid Persian name for the Arghandab River, the chief tributary of the Helmand River.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Arachosia   (215 words)

  
 Arachosia - WCD (Wiki Classical Dictionary)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Arachosia is part of the road from the west to the Indus valley.
To be be more precise, it is situated between Drangiana on the lower Helmand in the southwest, the mountains and valley of Gandara in the north and Sattagydia in the east.
Arachosia was probably added to the Achaemenid empire during the reign of king Cyrus the Great (559-530 BCE); there are indications that a Persian fortress at Kapisa was built in these years.
www.ancientlibrary.com /wcd/Arachosia   (306 words)

  
 Helmand: the river in Arachosia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
The main river of Arachosia is Argandab (Arachotos Gr.) River, which is a tributary of Helmand River.
ARACHOSIA, province (satrapy) in the eastern part of the Achaemenid empire around modern Kandahar (southern Afghanistan), which was inhabited by the Iran Arachosians or Arachoti.
From Phrada during the winter of 330-329, Alexander moved to south through Arachosia toward valley of the Helmand River, and crossed the country of the Paropamisadae, where he founded the city of Alexandria in Arachosia.
www.hindunet.org /saraswati/helmand/helmand1.htm   (1868 words)

  
 Arachosia
Arachosia was probably added to the Achaemenid empire during the reign of king Cyrus the Great (559-530 BCE); there are indications that a Persian fortress at Kapisa
But the legitimate satrap Vivâna stood his ground against Vahyazdâta's troops and secured the loyalty of the region to the new king Darius I the Great in two battles (29 December 522 and 21 February 521).
It is possible that Arachosia was under normal circumstances governed by the satrap of
www.livius.org /ap-ark/arachosia/arachosia.html   (283 words)

  
 IRANIAN GEOGRAPHY: DRANGIANA - (The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies - CAIS)©
According to Strabo, the northern part of Drangiana was bordered both on the north and the west by Aria, whereas most Drangian territory extended south of the Parapamisus and was bordered on the west by Carmania, on the south by Gedrosia, and on the east by Arachosia.
The most detailed description, though riddled with errors, is that of Ptolemy (6.19), according to whom Drangiana was bounded in the west and north by Aria, in the east by Arachosia, and in the south by Gedrosia; a river, supposedly a branch of the Arabis, flowed through it.
Barsaë´ntês, satrap of Arachosia and Drangiana, was one of the accomplices of the usurper Bessos (q.v.) against the last Achaemenid king, Darius III (q.v.; Arrian 3.21.1; cf.
www.cais-soas.com /CAIS/Geography/drangiana.htm   (1287 words)

  
 ARACHOSIA and the Origin of the name HRVAT (Croat) - Dispeling the Myth   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
As the reason for this strange, strategically unintelligible engagement of Vahyazdata in Arachosia, the conjecture has been ventured that there were close relations between Persia and Arachosia concerning the Zoroastrian faith (see K. Hoffman, "Das Avesta in der Persis," p.92).
Strabo 15.2.9), Arachosia bordered on Drangiana in the west, on the Paropamisade (i.e., the satrapy of Gandara) in the north, on a part of India in the east, and on Gedrosia (or, according to
The history of Arachosia in Achaemenid times after 520 B.C. is unknown except that, under Darius III, the Arachosians were, together with the Drangians, under the command of the satrap Barsaentes (Arrian 3.8.4, 21.1), who then joined Bessus, satrap of Bactria, and contrived a plot of the Arachosians against Alexander (Curtius Rufus 8.13.3).
www.geocities.com /ivol2001/cc_arach.htm   (3394 words)

  
 Vivâna
Vivâna: Persian satrap (governor) of Arachosia in 521 BCE.
He was powerful enough to appoint a satrap for the neighboring province Arachosia, the well watered country along the Tarnak river in the southwest of modern Afghanistan.
However, Arachosia was already ruled by another satrap, Vivâna, who was appointed by Cambyses and was loyal to the deceased king's relative Darius I the Great.
www.livius.org /vi-vr/vivana/vivana.html   (486 words)

  
 Pantaleon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
He was a younger contemporary or successor of the Greco-Bactrian king Demetrius, and is sometimes believed to have been his brother and/or subking.
He was the first Greek king to strike Indian coins, peculiar irregular bronzes which suggests he had his base in Arachosia and Gandhara and wanted support from the native population.
The limited size of his coinage indicates a short reign.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pantaleon   (277 words)

  
 Iranica.com - HERAT
The site of Herat dominates the productive part of ancient Areia, which was, and basically still is, a rather narrow stretch of land that extends for some 150 km along both banks of the Hari Rud, from near Obeh in the east to near Kuhsa@n in the west.
This costume is also worn by the representatives from nearby Sista@n (to the south) and Arachosia (to the southeast) and is reminiscent of the dress worn by the representatives from almost all of the northern lands of the Achaemenid Empire, which were strongly influenced by the Scythic cultures from the Eurasian steppes.
On the so-called Darius Statue that was discovered at Susa (Kervran, 1972), the representative from Areia is also shown wearing a long coat worn around the shoulders with empty sleeves.
www.iranica.com /articles/v12f2/v12f2041b.html   (1233 words)

  
 DRANGIANA
Ptolemy also mentioned individual tribes living there: the Darandae near the Arian border, the Batrians near Arachosia, and the inhabitants of Tatake@ne@´ (or the like) between, perhaps reflecting the subdivision of Drangiana in Seleucid and Parthian times (cf.
In Xerxes' army the Sarangian contingent was led by Pherenda‚te@s, son of Megabazus; the men were armed with Median bows and lances and wore brightly colored clothes and knee-high boots (Herodotus 7.67.1).
Ammianus Marcellinus (23.6.14) incorrectly listed Drangiana, between the Paropamisus and Arachosia, as one of the provinces of the Sasanian empire.
www.iranica.com /articles/v7/v7f5/v7f565.html   (1234 words)

  
 Parthian Stations   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
And the Parthians call this White India; there are the city of Biyt and the city of Pharsana and the city of Chorochoad and the city of Demetrias; then Alexandropolis, the metropolis of Arachosia; it is Greek, and by it flows the river Arachotus.
The Periplus has an interesting note of the commercial importance of the Greek civilization in that regin [sic], when it speaks of the silver coins of the Greek dynasty in Bactria as still current in the ports of the Cambay region, more than 200 years after they were issued.
The fact that through the province of Arachosia runs one of the principal trade routes between Persia and India made it always politically important and commercially prosperous.
www.parthia.com /parthian_stations.htm   (10580 words)

  
 brief history of Parthia - world history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Some consider Araba the first Arab kingdom outside of Arabia itself, although its princes were always vassals of Parthia and spoke Aramaic.
Parthian overlordship extended to Sogdiana and Arachosia (Afghanistan).
During its existence Parthia had mostly hostile relations with Rome in the west and it had to fight off the Sakas and the Ephthalites in the east.
www.worldhistoryplus.com /p/parthia.html   (748 words)

  
 Hobson Jobson Dictionary
Rawlinson to be identical with a large sacred vessel of stone preserved in a mosque of Candahar.
Others think that Candahar may represent Alexandropolis in Arachosia.
We find a third application of the name (c) in Ibn Batuta, as well as in earlier and later writers, to a former port on the east shore of the Gulf of Cambay, Ghandhar in the Broach District.
dsal.uchicago.edu /cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.0:1:390.hobson   (371 words)

  
 Alexander the Great - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
With the death of Darius, Alexander declared the war of vengeance over, and released his Greek and other allies from service in the League campaign (although he allowed those that wished to re-enlist as mercenaries in his imperial army).
His three-year campaign against first Bessus and then the satrap of Sogdiana, Spitamenes, took him through Media, Parthia, Aria, Drangiana, Arachosia, Bactria, and Scythia.
In the process, he captured and refounded Herat and Maracanda.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Alexander_the_Great   (9286 words)

  
 GANZABARA The Treasurer - (CAIS) ©
The treasurers are associated with all three fortresses, the sub-treasurers with one fortress each.
Commentators are largely agreed (although the editor of the texts held otherwise) that these officials served at the named places in Arachosia, where the texts were written before the vessels were sent to Persepolis.
If so, the texts imply a regional organization in Arachosia comparable to the one that the Elamite tablets reflect in Persia, with a central treasurer charged with overseeing several local installations, and the vessels on which the texts were written are examples of valuables moved between provincial treasury administrations.
www.cais-soas.com /CAIS/History/hakhamaneshian/ganzabara.htm   (1977 words)

  
 History of Iran: Words of Darius the Great in Biston's Inscription
Darius the King says: These are the countries which came to me; by the favor of Ahuramazda they were my subjects; they bore tribute to me; what was said to them by me either by night or by day, that was done.
The King says: This Vahyazdata who called himself Smerdis had sent an army to Arachosia -- a Persian named Vivana, my subject, satrap in Arachosia -- against him; and he had made one man their chief.
Afterwards Vivana with his army went off in pursuit of them; there he took him prisoner and the men who were his foremost followers, (and) slew (them).
www.iranchamber.com /history/darius/darius_inscription_biston.php   (4305 words)

  
 Satrap by Bob Harris and Steve Dunn
The standard rules of Diplomacy apply apart from the exceptions noted below.
The game is designed for eight players representing the Great King of Persia and the satraps of Arachosia, Arnenia, Egypt, Lydia, Media, Sogdiana and Syria.
Arachosia : A Pat, A Phr, A Ram
www.variantbank.org /results/rules/s/satrap.htm   (799 words)

  
 Alexandria in Arachosia - WCD (Wiki Classical Dictionary)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Alexandria in Arachosia - WCD (Wiki Classical Dictionary)
Alexandria in Arachosia was founded in the last weeks of the winter of 329 by Alexander the Great during his detour through southwestern Afghanistan during his campaign against Bessus.
This page was last modified 09:03, 2 Sep 2005.
ancientlibrary.com /wcd/index.php?title=Alexandria_in_Arachosia&...   (95 words)

  
 The World Spider Catalog, V7.0 by N. I. Platnick © 2000 — 2006 AMNH
Abuzaida Keyserling, 1891 (removed from the S of Gayenna) = Arachosia O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Ramírez, 2003: 130).
Gayennina Gertsch, 1935 (removed from the S of Oxysoma Nicolet, 1849) = Arachosia O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Ramírez, 2003: 130, contra Barnes, 1953: 18).
Samuza Keyserling, 1891 (renmoved from the S of Gayenna) = Arachosia O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Ramírez, 2003: 130).
research.amnh.org /entomology/spiders/catalog/ANYPHAENIDAE.html   (3014 words)

  
 Afghanistan History @AryanaSite.com
Darius the Great expands the Achaemenid (Persian) empire to its peak, when it takes most of Afghanistan., including Aria (Herat), Bactriana (Balk, and present-day Mazar-i-Shariff), Margiana (Merv), Gandhara (Kabul, Jalalabad and Peshawar), Sattagydia (Ghazni to the Indus river), Arachosia (Kandahar, and Quetta), and Drangiana (Sistan).
The Persian empire was plagued by constant bitter and bloody tribal revolts from Afghans living in Arachosia (Kandahar, and Quetta)
After conquering Persia, Afghanistan is invaded by Alexander the Great.
www.aryanasite.com /afghanistan/history/bc2.html   (93 words)

  
 Arachosia (Harauvatiya:Sarasvati!], Vedic, Avestan; Hrvat (Croat), Sarasvat   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Saith Darius the King: These are the countries which came unto me: by the favour Ahuramazda I was king of them: Persia, Elam, Babylonia, Assyria, Arabia, Egypt, those who are beside the sea, Sardis, Ionia, Media, Armenia, Capadocia, Parthia, Drangiana, Aria, Chorasmia, Bactria, Sogdiana, Gandara, Scythia, Sattagydia, Arachosia, Maka: in all, XXIII provinces.
Saith Darius the King: If thou shalt behold this inscription or these sculptures, and shalt destroy them and shalt not protect them as long as unto thee there is strength, Ahuramazda be a smiter unto thee, and may family not be unto thee, and what thou shalt do, that for thee may Ahuramazda utterly destroy!
-- a Persian named Vivana, my subject, satrap in Arachosia -- against him; and he had made one man their chief.
www.hindunet.org /saraswati/behistun/behistun.htm   (16582 words)

  
 PART - Online Information article about PART   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Afghanistan (Arachosia) by the western affluents of See also:
Pushtu, with which the Afghans denote their See also:
Probably it was the old tribal name; Arachosia being the See also:
encyclopedia.jrank.org /PAI_PAS/PART.html   (6477 words)

  
 III   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Before banishing Sarasvati from India to Arachosia or to the “night time sky”, Witzel should have examined the primary and the primeval significance of the word.
vaiti” (in Arachosia) is derived from the word “Sarasvati” and not the other way around.
A simple way to explain this derivation would be to postulate an east to west migration (from N W India to Arachosia) or else indulge in a lot of linguistic jugglery (e.g., ERDOSY 1989:41) in trying to prove that the “original” Sarasvati lay in Arachosia.
shrikanttalageri.voiceofdharma.com /ejvs/part3.html   (7393 words)

  
 VCoins - The Online Coin Show for Ancient Coins, US Coins, and World Coins
VCoins - The Online Coin Show for Ancient Coins, US Coins, and World Coins
152CEL) THE INDO-SCHYTHIANS OF ARACHOSIA, VONONES " GREAT KING " EARLY PERIOD WITH SPALAHORES AS VICEROY, CIRCA 100-65 BC, AR TETRADRACHM, 9.76 GRAMS, VF CONDITION AND BOLD STRIKE
152CEL) THE INDO-SCHYTHIANS OF ARACHOSIA, VONONES " GREAT KING " EARLY PERIOD WITH SPALAHORES AS VICEROY, CIRCA 100-65 BC, AR TETRADRACHM, 9.76 GRAMS (INDO-GREEK STANDARD) KING ON HORSEBACK HOLDING SPEAR, REV. ZEUS STANDING FACINGWITH THE CONTROL MARK OF THE MINT OF BANNU TO HIS RIGHT; MITCHINER MACW 2147/8
vcoins.com /ancient/sphinx/store/viewItem.asp?idProduct=1652&large=0   (105 words)

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