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Topic: Aramaic script

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  Iranian Scripts: Aramaic Alphabet
he Aramaic alphabet was developed sometime during the late 10th or early 9th century BCE and replaced Assyrian cuneiform as the main writing system of the Assyrian empire.
The Aramaic alphabet is thought to be the ancestor or a number of Semitic alphabets as well as the Kharosthi alphabet.
Aramaic, a language which developed from Phoenician which became the Lingua Franca throughout the Near East and Asia Minor during the late Assyrian period (1000 to 600 BCE).
www.iranchamber.com /scripts/aramaic_alphabet.php   (119 words)

  The Arabic Language Script
The length of consonants in Nabataean script is not marked at all, and it is still limited to the repertory of the Aramaic script, which is inadequate for the consonant phonemes of Arabic.
Rapidly executed, the script does not appear to have been subject to formal and rigorous rules, and not all the surviving examples are the work of professional scribes.
In Spain the maghribi ("western") script was evolved and became the standard script for Qurans in North Africa.
www.indiana.edu /~arabic/arabic_script.htm   (2367 words)

Nabataean Aramaic is the language of the Arab kingdom of Petra.
Palmyrene Aramaic is the dialect that was in use in the city of Palmyra in the Syrian Desert from 44 BCE to 274 CE.
Aramaic came to coexist with Canaanite dialects, eventually displacing Phoenician in the 1st century BCE and Hebrew around the turn of the 4th century CE.
www.oobdoo.com /wikipedia/?title=Aramaic   (5648 words)

 Aramaic/Proto-Hebrew alphabet
At the end of the 6th century BC the Early Aramaic alphabet was replaced by the Hebrew square script which is also known as the Aramaic alphabet.
Aramaic, a language which was the lingua franca of much of the Near East from about 7th century BC until the 7th century AD, when it was largely replaced by Arabic.
Classical or Imperial Aramaic was the main language of the Persian, Babylonian and Assyrian empires and spread as far as Greece and the Indus valley.
www.omniglot.com /writing/aramaic.htm   (299 words)

 Aramaic, Aramaic Language - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Aramaic was the official language of the extensive Persian empire, as it had been to some extent that of its predecessor, the empire of Assyria.
As it is frequently asserted that the Aramaic of Daniel and Ezra is that of the Targums, it is necessary to examine the truth of this statement.
In regard to pronouns, while in Biblical Aramaic, as in Sinjirli and Assouan, the 1st person singular is 'an'a, in Targumic it is 'anah: the plural in Biblical Aramaic is 'anachna' akin to 'anachnah in Assouan, whereas in the Targums it is usually 'anan, though sometimes the Biblical form appears.
www.studylight.org /enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T678   (3195 words)

 Aramaic language at AllExperts
** The Aramaic of the Talmuds, Targumim, and Midrashim.
Palmyrene Aramaic is the dialect that was in use in the city of Palmyra in the Syrian Desert from 44 BCE to 274 CE.
Aramaic came to coexist with Canaanite dialects, eventually displacing Phoenician in the 1st century BCE and Hebrew around the turn of the 4th century CE.
en.allexperts.com /e/a/ar/aramaic_language.htm   (5553 words)

 History of Aramaic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The modern Hebrew (square) script is called "Ashuri", "Ashuri" is the Hebrew name for Assyrian, the name being used to signify the ancestor of the Assyrians, Ashur the son of Shem, the son of Noah (Genesis 10:22).
Aramaic and Chinese inscriptions from the Hsian-Fu Monument:
Aramaic inscriptions on the mosaic testify to the importance of Hamat Gader, a city renowned for its baths during the Roman period.
www.peshitta.org /initial/aramaic.html   (1139 words)

 The Aramaic Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Aramaic is one of the Semitic languages, a group of languages known as the second language from the beginning of human history, as Hebrew being first.
Aramaic was used by the conquering Assyrians as a language of rule, administration and communication, and following them by the Babylonian and Persian empires, which ruled from India to Ethiopia, and employed Aramaic as the official language.
Aramaic remained a dominant language for Israelites, and everyday language in life for centuries in both the land of Israel and in the diaspora, especially in Babylon.
www.yeshuamyredeemer.com /aramaic.htm   (1057 words)

 Aramaic alphabet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The earliest inscriptions in the Aramaic language use the Phoenician alphabet.
The use of Aramaic as a lingua franca throughout the Middle East from the 8th century BCE led to the gradual adoption of the Aramaic alphabet for writing Hebrew.
Controversially, it is claimed that the Aramaic alphabet may be the forebear of the Indic alphabets.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Aramaic_alphabet   (291 words)

 Aramaic Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Although Aramaic was displaced officially in the Middle East by Greek after the coming of Alexander the Great, it held its own under Greek domination and subsequent Roman rule.
The Aramaic alphabet is a North Semitic script that is first attested in the 9th cent.
Descended from the Aramaic alphabet are the Square Hebrew alphabet, which is the ancestor of modern Hebrew writing; the Nabataean, Palmyrene, and Syriac scripts; and the Arabic alphabet, among others.
www.orbilat.com /Encyclopaedia/A/Aramaic_Language.html   (342 words)

 [No title]
The Meroitic script is a syllabary, and its glyphs are derived from or related to Egyptian Hieroglyphics.
The script has only the two vowel signs I and U, which are also used respectively to stand for the vowels E and O. Though all languages normally written with this script have syllables possessing final consonants, they cannot be expressed in the script.
The Lepcha Script, in Acta Orientalia 24, 1959, pp 107-122.
www.unicode.org /Public/TEXT/UTR-3.TXT   (12590 words)

 Persian and Iranian scripts
Aramaic script is a main branch of Northwest Semitic alphabet and dates from about X B.C. This alphabetical writing derived from the Phoenician script.
Aramaic language was used in XI and X B.C. in small, numerous states, for example in Alleppo or Damascus.
Aramaic was also an official script of Achaemenian office and was a vehicle for written communication between different peoples of Darius Empire.
www.iran.krakow.pl /scripts.htm   (1000 words)

 Art of Arabic Calligraphy
The North Arabic script, which eventually prevailed and became the Arabic script of the Quran, relates most substantially and directly to the Nabatian script, which was derived from the Aramaic script.
Old Aramaic, the language of Jesus and the Apostles, dates from the 2nd millennium B.C., and some dialects of which are still spoken by tiny groups in the Middle East.
The North Arabic script, which was influenced by the Nabatian script, was established in north-eastern Arabia and flourished in the 5 th century among the Arabian tribes who inhabited Hirah and Anbar.
www.sakkal.com /ArtArabicCalligraphy.html   (1979 words)

The Aramaic script written with ink on papyrus and skin was, gradually adopted by the Iranians.
After the Arab conquest, they forced their inferior script on the people of Iran, in fact it was the Iranians who for the first time organized and wrote the grammar for the Arabic language and made it useable.
Although the Arabic script was not capable of recording the sounds of Paarsi language even after addition of additional alphabets not found in Arabic such as PH - CHA - JAH - GH; it became the official script for writing Paarsi.
www.ahura.homestead.com /files/IranZaminEight/HISTORY_OF_PERSIAN___SCRIPT.htm   (2092 words)

 Lord's Prayer in Aramaic
Aramaic was the language of Semitic culture, the language of the Hebrew patriarchs and, in the older days, the lingua franca of the Fertile Crescent.
The term "Hebrew" is derived from the Aramaic word Abar or Habar which means " to cross over." This name was given to the Hebrew people simply because Abraham and the people who were with him crossed the river Euphrates and went to Palestine.
After the captivity, Aramaic became the vernacular of the Jewish people and is still used by them in the worship.
pw1.netcom.com /~aldawood/aramaic.htm   (210 words)

 Ancient Scripts: Aramaic
The Aramaic language was the international trade language of the ancient Middle East between 1000 and 600 BCE, spoken from the Mediterranean coast to the borders of India.
Its script, derived from Phoenician and first attested during the 9th century BCE, also became extremely popular and was adopted by many people with or without any previous writing system.
Aramaic flowered into myriads of different variants, which eventually became the script of many nations in the Middle East.
www.ancientscripts.com /aramaic.html   (249 words)

 aramaic script
Offers aramaic script with a product or service that delivers aramaic writing and peshitta.
Here you will find the book FREE "Was the New Testament Really Written in Greek", and translations of the Syriac text.
Many FREE tools for studying the Syriac, Hebrew, Greek and English Bibles, plus free book on Peshitto primacy Offers aramaic script with a product or service that delivers aramaic writing and peshitta.
www.aramaicpeshitta.com /friendsearch/aramaic-script.html   (111 words)

 Monotype: Non Latin Font
By about 200 BC, Old Hebrew script had been displaced by a distinct variant of Aramaic script which is yet another Semitic script descended from Phoenician.
In fact, its influence was so strong that by the first century AD Aramaic had taken the place of Hebrew as the everyday language in Palestine.
As in all other Semitic scripts, Hebrew writing was originally purely consonantal, however with the passing of time, several consonants began to double as long vowels.
www.monotypefonts.com /Library/Non-Latin-Library.asp?show=info&lan=hebrew   (507 words)

 What is Aramaic? | AskMoses.com - Judaism, Ask a Rabbi - Live   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Aramaic is also an adjective describing someone or something pertaining to Aram, or to the territory, inhabitants, language, or literature of Syria and Mesopotamia; more specifically, the northern branch of the Semitic family of languages, including Syriac and Chaldee.
Aramaic was society's primary spoken language in the Talmudic Era, thus, the Talmud is written in Aramaic, although transliterated into the right-to-left Hebrew alphabet.
I mean, we can't say Aramaic script is 'similar' to the scripe we use, its the exact same...are we telling ourselves stories:/.
www.askmoses.com /article.html?h=318&o=167   (717 words)

 The Aramaic Language
Aramaic is one of the Semitic languages, an important group of languages known almost from the beginning of human history and including also Arabic, Hebrew, Ethiopic, and Akkadian (ancient Babylonian and Assyrian).
Aramaic was used by the conquering Assyrians as a language of administration communication, and following them by the Babylonian and Persian empires, which ruled from India to Ethiopia, and employed Aramaic as the official language.
Aramaic remained a dominant language for Jewish worship, scholarship, and everyday life for centuries in both the land of Israel and in the diaspora, especially in Babylon.
cal1.cn.huc.edu /aramaic_language.html   (639 words)

 Free-Minds, a place to discover Islam based on GOD Alone   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The script of prestige was the script associated with the language of prestige in the area.
This is the script of the Nabataean Aramaic language.
While the script of prestige in Northern Arabia was the Nabataean script, the script of prestige in Central Arabia and South Arabia was the Musnad script.
www.free-minds.org /articles/history/ayman1.htm   (3393 words)

 Aramaic - the language of Jesus
Today, four versions of Aramaic are spoken by some 3,000,000 speakers: Turabdinic, Urmic and Neo-Mandean, based on East Aramaic dialects, and the language of Maaloula in Syria, which has its roots in a West Aramaic dialect.
Studies of Aramaic are important in linguistics and philosophy, but are also relevant to other disciplines in the humanities such as history, cultural studies, comparative religion and comparative literature.
The language is important both as a form of communication and as a tradition for those groups whose native tongue it is. In addition, the language is of great significance for theological studies in the fields of Judaism, the early Christian Church and Islam.
assembly.coe.int /Documents/WorkingDocs/Doc04/EDOC10323.htm   (451 words)

 What language has been in continuous use for at lest 3000years
The Aramaic heritage is thus an essential - but generally forgotten - part of the general cultural heritage of all who live in the Middle East today, of whatever language and of whatever religion.
Great empires were conquered by the Aramaic language, and when the disappeared and were submerged in the flow of history, that language persisted and continued to live a life of its own.
It is for the same reason that when the Aramaic script was taken over by the Jews for writing Hebrew (replacing the Old Hebrew script that is still used by the Samaritan community), this Aramaic script (today's "square Hebrew" script) was designated kethab ashuri, "Assyrian script".
www.aramaic-dem.org /English/Language/Dr.Sebastien.P.Brock.htm   (1675 words)

 Institute of Archaeology - Departments & Units - Biblical archaeology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
(with Yulia Ustinova) “A Greek-Palmyrene Aramaic Dedicatory Inscription from the
“The Inscriptions from Failaka and the Lapidary Aramaic Script”, BASOR 297 (1995), pp.
“A Bilingual (Greek-Aramaic) Inscription from Qastra: The Aramaic Inscription”, ‘Atiqot 29 (1996), pp.
archaeology.huji.ac.il /depart/biblical/josephn/publications.html   (2088 words)

 Indus Script and Telugu
The history of linguistic scripts in India followed a totally different line from that of the languages themselves.
In the absence of a convincing proof to the contrary, it may be safe to assume that the prevailing theories are reasonably representative of history.
That is the reason for the combined Telugu-Kannada script to have been called as the "old Kannada." This in turn does not mean that Telugu people were non-literate during the periods when Kannada and Tamil people were producing works of literature.
www.engr.mun.ca /~adluri/telugu/language/script/script1a.html   (1704 words)

 Aramaic New Testament website
The Aramaic text is identical to that of the 1979 United Bible Society Syriac Bible, based on the critical editions of Gwilliam, Pusey and John Gwynn (1920 British and Foreign Bible Society).
The Aramaic text is in square Hebrew letters and is compared in numerous places to the Dead Sea Scroll characters, probably used in Israel in the first century, as well as to the more common Estrangela script found in all Peshitta manuscripts.
Aramaic was used in Mel Gibson's film "The Passion of the Christ" to make the film as realistic and as accurate as possible.
www.aramaicnt.com   (1688 words)

 The Schoyen Collection: Palaeography -- 4.6. Aramaic, Hebrew and Syriac scriptsscripts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The present documents are a hybrid of the new and the old, demonstrating written Aramaic script on cuneiform-style tablets.
The script is an ultimate descendant of the cursive paleo-Hebrew script of the 6th c.
The script is together with the nearly identical one in "Codex Climachi Rescriptus", Mt. Sinai, mid 6th c., considered the finest and earliest specimen of Christian Palestinian-Aramaic uncial extant.
www.nb.no /baser/schoyen/4/4.4/46.html   (3832 words)

 Why did Jesus use the word "Paraclete"?
Why indeed are there any Greek words in the "Aramaic Scriptures?" The short answer is that you were working with the "Peshitto" which is otherwise known as the West Palestinian "Peshitta" that was made to conform to the pre-Christian Septuagint of the Greek church.
Aramaic in this script is similar to Arabic and this was the language of commerce and industry.
In the Aramaic we see that the translation is "Spirit." Jesus, peace be upon him, was talking about the one who would ONLY appear when He joined His Father in Heaven*.
www.answering-christianity.com /aramaic_society.htm   (2153 words)

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