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Topic: Archaeological culture

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archaeological field program is in its ninth year of operation.
The academic purpose of the program is to train graduate and undergraduate students in archaeological field and laboratory methods.
Students are trained in the excavation of well-defined cultural contexts, the collection of special samples (i.e., charcoal, pollen, phytoliths, etc.), elementary soil analysis, and identification of depositional and post-depositional formation processes.
www.fau.edu /divdept/anthro/home/fldsch04.htm   (1139 words)

 Archaeological Institute of America - Lecturer Information
In a traditional archaeological culture, artifacts, no matter how we define them, are detached from a living culture by time and only appear as a remnant of past life ways.
Since human behavior is reflected in material culture common ground exists between archaeology and anthropology - “one starts with archaeological research interests, goes to ethnographic data for formulation and/or testing hypotheses, models and/or theories about these interests, and then returns to the archaeological record to implement the understanding gained from the ethnographic data”.
Archaeological surveys, however, have not addressed deeper issues of observed human behavior and culture that still survive in rural Anatolia.
www.archaeological.org /webinfo.php?page=10224&lid=44   (0 words)

  Archaeology Wordsmith
It is the use of archaeological techniques and data to study these living cultures and the use of ethnographic data to inform the examination of the archaeological record.
It seeks to compare the patterns recognized in the material culture from archaeological contexts with patterns yielded through the study of living societies.
The ethnoarchaeologist is particularly concerned with the manufacture, distribution, and use of artifacts, the remains of various processes that might be expected to survive, and the interpretation of archaeological material in the light of the ethnographic information.
www.reference-wordsmith.com /cgi-bin/lookup.cgi?exact=1&terms=archaeological   (931 words)

Archaeological Record: The physical remains produced by past human activities, which are recovered, studied, and interpreted by archaeologists to construct knowledge of the past.
Culture is viewed as the primary mechanism by which human societies adapt to their environment.
Cultural resource management*: the conservation and management of prehistoric and historic archaeological sites and their contents as a means of safeguarding the archaeological record.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~mmoss/GLOSSARY.HTM   (3630 words)

  Archaeological Glossary
archaeological culture: a constantly recurring assemblage of artifacts assumed to be representative of a particular set of behavioral activities carried out at a particular time and place (cf.
Two important branches of cultural anthropology are ethnography (the study of living cultures) and ethnology (which attempts to compare cultures using ethnographic evidence).
cultural ecology: a term devised by Julian Steward to account for the dynamic relationship between human society and its environment, in which culture is viewed as the primary adaptive mechanism.
www.china.org.cn /english/features/Archaeology/98851.htm   (5483 words)

 Archaeology - duno.com reference
The goals of archaeology are to document and explain the origins and development of human culture, understand culture history, chronicle cultural evolution, and study human behavior and ecology, for both prehistoric and historic societies.
The other three branches are cultural anthropology, which studies behavioural, symbolic, and material dimensions of culture; linguistics, which studies language, including the origins of language and language groups; and physical anthropology, which includes the study of human evolution and physical and genetic characteristics.
Archaeological excavation existed even when the field was still the domain of amateurs, and it remains the source of the majority of data recovered in most field projects.
www.duno.com /term/Archaeology   (7962 words)

 Chapter VIII
Culture history as a relativistic theoretical paradigm is not the same as culture history as a methodological approach to knowledge acquisition and evaluation (i.e., research and scholarship).
The dialectic of culture history in archaeology is therefore the conversation that is held between this general framework and larger context of history and prehistory, with the exact archaeological evidence, constructions and models that are as close to the ground as possible.
Cultural climax can thus be conceived as the zenith of cultural developmental growth of a particular system in a given context, relative to that environmental and social restrictions incumbent to that context and the level of technological sophistication achieved by that system.
www.lewismicropublishing.com /Publications/DiggingThePast/ChapterVIII.htm   (16568 words)

 National Archaeological Museum of Athens   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Its collections are representative of all the cultures that flourished in Greece.
The building was erected in a large plot donated by Helen Tositsa, with the financial support of Demetrios and Nicolaos Vernardakis, the Archaeological Society and the Greek state.
Organized by the National Archaeological Museum and sponsored by the Hellenic Ministry of Culture-ICOM and the Society of the Friends of the National Museum.
www.culture.gr /2/21/214/21405m/e21405m1.html   (337 words)

 Anasazi People - Fremont People - Crystalinks
Archaeological cultural units such as "Anasazi", Hohokam, Patayan or Mogollon are used by archaeologists to define material culture similarities and differences that may identify prehistoric socio-cultural units which may be understood as equivalent to modern tribes, societies or peoples.
Cultural divisions are tools of the modern scientist, and so should not be considered similar to divisions or relationships the ancient residents may have recognized.
Current opinion holds that the closer cultural similarity between the Mogollon and Ancient Pueblos and their greater differences from the Hohokam and Patayan is due to both the geography and the variety of climate zones in the Southwest.
www.crystalinks.com /anasazi.html   (2411 words)

 Lecture 3
Culture history assumed that cultural behavior was patterned and based on a set of shared cultural norms or rules that define that culture.
Archaeological data from each site were organized in terms of their chronological age (determined through seriation studies or via the principle of superposition) and their geographical location (their spatial position in relation other artifacts, etc.; see Fig.
They have advocated that archaeological explanation should recognize that culture is maintained and modified through the actions and reactions of individuals, families, and groups; culture is therefore dynamic, with those experiencing it capable of negociate their part in the wider system.
www.dacc.cc.il.us /~thynes/Lecture3a.htm   (1360 words)

Mexican Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (National Institute of Anthropology and History known as INAH for its Spanish abbreviation) is the federal government bureau established in 1939 to guarantee the research, preservation, protection, and promotion of the prehistoric, archaeological, anthropological, historical, and paleontological heritage of Mexico.
This bureau is responsible for the over 110 thousand historical monuments, built between the 16th and 19th centuries, and for 29 thousand archaeological zones found all over the country, although is it estimated there must be 200 thousand sites with archaeological remains.
Palenque is a modern culture driven by agriculture and living off of nature.
www.travelchiapas.com /arc/arc-1.php   (0 words)

 Hellenic Ministry of Culture | National Archaeological Museum
The National Archaeological Museum is the largest museum in Greece and one of the world's great museums.
Although its original purpose was to secure all the finds from the nineteenth century excavations in and around Athens, it gradually became the central National Archaeological Museum and was enriched with finds from all over Greece.
The Museum functions as a Special Regional Service of the Ministry of Culture and its five permanent collections are administered autonomously.
odysseus.culture.gr /h/1/eh151.jsp?obj_id=3249   (0 words)

 UAE Culture & Heritage: Archaeological Sites - UAEinteract
In the context of the UAE this impression, as archaeological and historical research has shown, could not be further from the truth.
The discoveries were made at Jebel Faiyah, a rocky outcrop in the east of Sharjah, by a team from Sharjah’s Directorate of Antiquities and Germany’s University of Tubingen, and were first announced at the annual Symposium on Recent Palaeontological and Archaeological Discoveries in the UAE, organised by the Zayed Centre for History and Heritage.
Finally, re-structuring of Abu Dhabi’s government during late 2005 and early 2006 saw the creation of the Abu Dhabi Authority for Culture and Heritage (ADACH), which is now planning a unified approach to the study of Abu Dhabi’s past, including plans for what will be the capital city’s first – and long-awaited – museum.
www.uaeinteract.com /culture/archaeological.asp   (1113 words)

 New Georgia Encyclopedia: Swift Creek Culture
Swift Creek archaeological culture refers to Woodland prehistoric cultural groups in Georgia who manufactured a distinctive pottery type.
The name for this pottery and culture resulted from archaeological work done under the auspices of the Smithsonian Institution and sponsored by the Works Progress Administration at the Swift Creek site in Macon from 1933 until the end of the decade.
Relatively little is known about aspects of the Swift Creek archaeological culture other than the consummate woodworking skill evident in the pottery.
www.georgiaencyclopedia.org /nge/Article.jsp?id=h-583   (507 words)

 e-Keltoi: Volume 6, The Celts in Iberia: An Overview, by Lorrio and Ruiz Zapatero
Archaeological records are not easily reconciled with the two above sources, and this lack of correlation has led the fields of archaeology and linguistics to go their separate ways.
Thus, the appearance of certain material culture elements, settlements, funeral rites and socio-economic structures, which were characteristic of the Celtiberian world throughout its evolutionary process, enable us to pinpoint when and where that process began: around the seventh or sixth centuries BC in the highlands of the eastern Meseta (Lorrio 1997a: 261).
The emergence of the Vaccean culture was marked by the appearance of the first cremation cemeteries (which had not previously existed), a settlement pattern based on the oppida (true cities on a grand scale), and the widespread use of iron metallurgy and ceramics decorated on a potter's wheel.
www.uwm.edu /Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol6/6_4/lorrio_zapatero_6_4.html   (17663 words)

 Selonian archaeological sites in Lithuania
The present study is aimed at generalizing the acumulated knowledge about the material culture of Selonians, their customs and territory, and updating it on the ground of material from newly investigated Selonian barrow cemeteries in Visėtiškės, Miškiniai, Anykščiai district.
In the Lithuanian archaeological literature the direct mentionings of Selonians are usually followed by remarks that the analysis of their culture and territory lacks data basis, not withstanding that some stodied sites undoubtedly may be ascribed to Selonians.
The Selonian territory is defined in most general terms, but the author indirectly hunts that he distinguished the Selonian culture already in the first centuries AD and mentions the barrows of the 1st–4th centuries investigated in the northeastern part of Lithuania.
www.istorija.lt /la/arch20-01engKazok.htm   (1771 words)

 The Dispatch - Serving the Lexington, NC - News
An archaeological culture refers to similar artefacts and features from a specific time frame and within a consistent geographical area.
Material culture refers to both the psychological role, the meaning, that all physical objects in the environment have to people in a particular culture and the range of manufactured objects (techno-complex) that are typical within a socioculture and form an essential part of cultural identity.
Understanding aspects of the material culture of prehistoric peoples is the goal of some schools in archaeology as exemplified by cognative archaeology or contextual archaeology.
www.the-dispatch.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=archaeological_culture   (393 words)

 Exploring Chinese History :: Culture :: Chinese Archaeology :: Neolithic and Bronze Age Cultures
The Erligang culture (二里岡文化) (1600 - 1400 BC) is the term used by archaeologists to refer to a Bronze Age archaeological culture in China.
The Wucheng culture was a distinct contemporary of Sanxingdui and Yinxu and is known for its distinct geometric pottery and bronze bells, the clapperless nao.
The culture flourished mainly in the provinces of Henan, Shaanxi and Shanxi.
www.ibiblio.org /chinesehistory/contents/02cul/c03s04.html   (1452 words)

 North American Archaeology: Essay Bank
This involved setting both the cultural and ecological (e.g., climatological, biological, geographical) "stage" for the areas of east and northeast Asia and for the northwestern portion of North America.
The prehistoric cultures of the Northwest Coast are considered to have cultural "debts" to peoples in adjoining regions__namely the peoples of the Kodiak Tradition and the peoples of the Plateau.
We have discussed various prehistoric foraging (e.g., hunting-and-gathering) cultures and the options that were open to them when their population levels were reaching critical proportions such their population level was overtaking local food capabilities.
www.indiana.edu /~swasey/matrix/naa/naa_web/essay_bank.html   (3706 words)

 Invasion or Climate Change? What Changed Bampour Culture? - CAIS Archaeological & Cultural News of Iranian World©
Archaeological evidence shows that most probably some foreign tribes attacked Bampour historical site during the second millennium BCE and caused changes to the culture of the area.
However, the effect of climatic changes can not be ignored and archaeologists are hoping that their research would finally reveal the real reason behind the changes seen in the culture of Bampour from 2000 BCE onward.
This test will give the chance to archaeologists to find out whether these clays were produced in Bampour or they were made somewhere else and then brought to this region through testing the material used in producing the clay objects and compare it with the soil of the region.
www.cais-soas.com /News/2006/June2006/27-06.htm   (603 words)

 CaliforniaPrehistory.com -- The History of Archaeological Classification in Central California
The earliest attempts at archaeological culture classification which took place in Central California were centered primarily around the San Francisco Bay and the "climax" area of the Sacramento Delta.
The first major archaeological sequence which was established for Central California was that of the Lower Sacramento Valley, where the longest known record of human occupation and the greatest amount of data from the Early Horizon was available.
The justification for the assumption that the archaeological sequence of the Lower Sacramento Valley could be applied to adjacent regions of Central and North-central California was primarily Kroeber's concept of culture-area (Fredrickson 1973:72), which also included an implicit acceptance of the theory of diffusion.
www.californiaprehistory.com /reports01/rep0025.html   (7570 words)

 2-22-06 What do archaeologists do
Archaeology is the comparative and holistic study of past culture and behavior, conducted in terms of material things.
An archaeological culture is created from categorizing and characterizing material remains from archaeological sites.
Archaeological context: burial, deterioration, and exposure are all natural forces that can change the archaeological context.
www.unc.edu /courses/2006spring/anth/010/001/2-22-06notes.html   (338 words)

 The Dispatch - Serving the Lexington, NC - News   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Kiev culture is an archaeological culture dating from about the third to fifth centuries AD, named after Kiev, the capital of Ukraine.
It is contemporaneous to (and located mostly just to the north of) the Chernyakhov culture, which corresponds to the multi-ethnic Gothic kingdom, Oium, that was established in south-western Ukraine in the second century and ended by the invasion of the Huns in late fourth century.
The Kiev culture ends its existence with the invasion of the Huns, and after a turbulent period in European history, its descendants—the Slavic Prague-Korchak, Penkovo and Kolochino cultures—are re-established in the sixth century in Eastern Europe.
www.the-dispatch.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Kiev_culture   (284 words)

 Archaeological Formations
Some contradictions are critical to the continuation of the archaeological effort--others play a relatively minor role in change and evolution of the discipline.
On other fronts, the sophisticated social treatments of archaeological history by Trigger in a number of papers and books (e.g., 1989), Patterson (e.g., 1990, 1994, Schmidt and Patterson 1995), or by McGuire in his more general theory volume (1992) reflect their position on the left of archaeological theory.
Although many of these factors are shared with other academic and professional groups, this does not alter their importance in shaping the nature of archaeological behavior, as well as of archaeological discourse.
www.siu.edu /~anthro/muller/archaeological_formations.htm   (2904 words)

 Travel in Western Europe, Turkey and Greece - European travel - Turkey, Greek Island, Sailing the Aegean Sea, England, ...
Long the bastion of all that is good and true in British culture, the pub occupies the place today that it has held for many centuries, as the spot where society is daily glued together through the medium of beer.
Far Horizons Archaeological and Cultural trips proudly presents a journey to the Classical World of Sicily where the monumental evidence of waves of conquering armies cover the landscape.
Along this coast are tiny fishing villages, spectacular archaeological sites that span more than 3,000 years of history and are virtually inaccessible from land and incredible natural wonders - pine forests, secluded beaches, and massive basaltic cliffs dropping to the sea.
www.farhorizon.com /europe/europe.htm   (1044 words)

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