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Topic: Archaeology of the Americas


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In the News (Mon 28 Jul 14)

  
  Intute: Arts and Humanities - browse Americas: Archaeology
Archaeology and the Native Peoples of Tennessee is an educational website published by the Frank H. McClung Museum, University of Tennessee.
'Archaeology in Arctic North America', hosted by the University of Waterloo, Canada, is the work of Dr Robert Park - an archaeologist specialising in the study of past societies in the northernmost reaches of the North American continent.
The archaeology of this area examines some of the most fascinating human adaptions to be seen anywhere, and presents logistical problems over and above those encountered during normal archaeological activity (including very short field seasons, permanently frozen ground and complicated travel and accommodation arrangements).
www.intute.ac.uk /artsandhumanities/cgi-bin/browse.pl?id=202092   (4403 words)

  
  archaeology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Archaeology (or archeology) is the scientific study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artifacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes.
The next major figure in the development of archaeology in the UK was Mortimer Wheeler, whose highly disciplined approach to excavation and systematic coverage of much of the country in the 1920s and 1930s brought the science on swiftly.
It was now possible to study archaeology as a subject in universities and even schools, and by the end of the 20th century nearly all professional archaeologists, at least in developed countries, were graduates.
www.yourencyclopedia.net /Archaeology   (6037 words)

  
 Archaeology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Archaeology (or archeology) is the study of human cultures through the analysis of material remains (such as architecture, artifacts, biofacts, the human body, landscapes).
Archaeology is the primary means for reconstructing the human past when there is no written record (generally, more than 5,000 years ago), when the written record is incomplete, or when the written record is biased.
In America, Thomas Jefferson was also an amateur archaeologist, and, possibly inspired by his time in Europe, supervised the excavation of an Indian burial mound on his land in Virginia in 1784, earning the nickname "father of archaeology".
www.enlightenweb.net /a/ar/archaeology.html   (2073 words)

  
 Archeology of the Americas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Archeology of the Americas is the study of the archaeology of North America, Central America (or Mesoamerica), South America and the Caribbean, which is to say, the pre-history and Pre-Columbian history of indigenous American peoples.
The most widely accepted interpretation of the archaeological evidence suggests a series of migrations from Siberia over a land bridge near the end of the last ice age.
The linguist Joseph Greenberg had proposed three main waves of migration based on his categorisation of Amerindian languages.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Archaeology_of_the_Americas   (632 words)

  
 Archaeology Resources
The Society for Medieval Archaeology exists to further the study of the period from the 5th to the 16th century A.D. by publishing a journal of international standing dealing primarily with the archaeological evidence, and by other means such as by holding regular meetings and arranging conferences.
The Society for American Archaeology (SAA) is an international organization dedicated to the research, interpretation, and protection of the archaeological heritage of the Americas.
It aims to promote the advancement of archaeology; to provide an organisation for the discussion and dissemination of archaeological information and ideas; to convene meetings at regular intervals; to publicise the need for the study and conservation of archaeological sites and collections; and, to publicise the work of the Association.
www.ucd.ie /library/electronic_resources/guides_to_web_resources/archaeology.html   (1558 words)

  
 Archaeology at the University of Maine
Although there were literate societies in Mesoamerica at the time of first European contact, prehistoric archaeology of the Americas generally refers to study of indigenous peoples, the ancestors of today's Native Americans, the time of Columbus.
Historical archaeology, as we use it in the Americas, is the study the spread of European culture to the Americas and its effects on indigenous peoples, particularly during colonial and early American periods.
The several archaeology laboratories at the University of Maine provide for analysis and interpretation of a variety of prehistoric and historic remains recovered from throughout North and South America, more specifically from the Northeastern and Southwestern United States, Peru, and Cuba.
www2.umaine.edu /anthropology/UMArchaeology.html   (781 words)

  
 BU_level2
Professor Beaudry served as President of the Society for Historical Archaeology in 1989 and was the editor of Northeast Historical Archaeology, the journal of the Council for Northeast Historical Archaeology, from 1984 to 2001.
She is Chair of the Awards Committee of the Society for Historical Archaeology, is a member of the steering committee for the Contemporary Historical Archaeology and Theory Group, and a member of the editorial board of Post-Medieval Archaeology.
Her chief areas of expertise are historical and industrial archaeology of the Americas; her research interests include material culture studies; comparative colonialism; culture contact; gender and equity issues in archaeology; the archaeology of historical households and homelots; documentary archaeology; landscape; ceramic analysis and typologies; archaeological method and theory; ethics; public outreach.
www.bu.edu /archaeology/faculty/beaudry.htm   (321 words)

  
 FAQ-Career in Archaeology in the U.S.
The minimal educational requirement to work as a field archaeologist is a B.A. or B.S. degree with a major in anthropology or archaeology and previous field experience (usually obtained by spending a summer in an archaeological field school or participating as a volunteer, see question 5).
The Archaeology of North America by Kevin Callahan at the University of Minnesota (http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Oracle/2596/index.html).
Archaeology on the Net includes links to archaeology web sites and information on new books of interest to archaeologists (http://www.serve.com/archaeology/).
www.museum.state.il.us /ismdepts/anthro/dlcfaq.html   (3592 words)

  
 Resources - Archaeology - Burke Museum
Archaeology is the study of the material record of past human history.
The Archaeology Department has particular strengths in collections from Native American sites in Washington State, but also has collections from other parts of the Northwest United States and Alaska, the Pacific, the Middle East, and Mexico.
Field Schools: The Archaeology Department provides information on how to apply for a field school, where you will be able to participate in a real archaeological dig.
www.washington.edu /burkemuseum/collections/archaeology/faqs_qa.php   (1371 words)

  
 Anthropology and Archaeology of the Americas: Bye, bye Beringia - ExploreNorth
Its meaning is diametrically opposed to the theory that the Americas were populated by Asian bands of hunters that crossed the Beringia land bridge.
At least three Archaeology sites within the Americas have produced evidence of human life that date before the time when the Beringia Land Bridge was exposed for transit into North America.
Important archaeology sites, such as Windover, Meadowcroft, Bluefish Caves, and Monte Verde, might produce an abundance of new science, but the findings may not be fully digested by the archaeology community as a whole.
www.explorenorth.com /library/history/bl-billjones2c.htm   (1000 words)

  
 List of recent publications
Two weeks of this class are devoted to collaborative student projects culminating in the presentation of several conference-style posters on the archaeology of a particular phase in American prehistory.
A 15 lecture class component provided background information on the archaeology of the Kodiak area and a variety of archaeological methods.
The class traces several important debates in Americanist archaeology ranging from the logic of explanation and the philosophy of science to an exploration of several major paradigms in contemporary archaeology.
faculty.washington.edu /fitzhugh/teaching.htm   (934 words)

  
 GLObal Village Exchange   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Archaeology in the Americas (Matthew Boxt, 1999.08.02: 9am-noon)
One purpose is to acquaint the student with the main themes of contemporary New World archaeology, as a basis for general education.
The second purpose is to integrate data from various sources to provide a fresh assessment of the past native societies of the Americas.
www.glo.org /discus/00001/messages/23/64.html   (322 words)

  
 AP555 Paleoindian Archaeology
An emphasis will be placed on examining the ever-changing nature of data sets, research questions, and interpretative models for the late Pleistocene/early Holocene archaeology of the Americas.
The paper will be based on reading an assigned monograph on some aspect of Paleoindian archaeology and writing a report that integrates the specifics of the book into the more general topics and themes discussed in the class and assigned readings.
Discussion of the most recent approaches to Paleoindian archaeology will be based on recently published materials (hot topics) that will be assigned late in the semester (Contemporary Perspectives) and I can be persuaded to focus the readings on topics of greatest interest to the class.
lamar.colostate.edu /~lctodd/paleoi.htm   (1123 words)

  
 Archaeology of the Americas - Cambridge University Press
Ancient Mesoamerica is the international forum for the method, theory, substance and interpretation of Mesoamerican archaeology, art history and ethnohistory.
The journal publishes papers chiefly concerned with the Pre-Columbian archaeology of the Mesoamerican region, but also features articles from other disciplines including ethnohistory, historical archaeology and ethnoarchaeology.
Topics covered include the origins of agriculture, the economic base of city states and empires, political organisation from the Formative through the Early Colonial periods, the development and function of early writing, and the use of iconography to reconstruct ancient religious beliefs and practices.
www.cambridge.org /browse/browse_journals.asp?subjectid=224   (254 words)

  
 Sarah Tarlow: Act globally, think locally: colonialism and British historical archaeology
The centrality of colonialism and post-colonialism in historical archaeology are now well established.
Charles Orser made colonialism one of the four key concepts or 'haunts' of historical archaeology.
There is a risk that in our endeavours to identify colonialism and its effects in our archaeological research, in emulation of excellent research carried on abroad, other themes which are equally or more important may be neglected, or other ways of thinking about the values, relationships, aspirations and practices of past people ignored.
www.bris.ac.uk /Depts/Archaeology/events/abstracts/tarlow.html   (151 words)

  
 NPS Archeology Program: For the Public
He was named honorary curator at the R.S. Peabody Foundation for Archaeology for his selfless work during a 10-year period when there was no director, and more recently when the Museum and its collections faced an uncertain future.
His contribution to American archaeology includes published research, amateur education, and development of two wonderful museums for the education of children and the general public.
Turning to archaeology on a full-time basis, Jack earned a BA in anthropology from Empire College in 1986 and since that time has served as a Field Representative of the Carnegie Museum of Pittsburgh.
www.cr.nps.gov /archeology/PUBLIC/Certify2.htm   (987 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Prehistory of the Americas: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
America and its inhabitants suddenly emerged from prehistory into history, that is, the period in which events have been recorded in written documents, when Christopher Columbus landed on an island in the Bahamas that he named San Salvador (now identified as either Samana Cay or Watling Island).
This is a wide-ranging summary of the entire prehistory of North, Central, and South America.
For a subject like archaeology, maps, pictures of distincitive artifact types, and some just plain visiually appealing pictures are necessary to illustrate points and keep the reader interested.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0521425441?v=glance   (941 words)

  
 FindArticles in Antiquity: December 2001
Image and power in the archaeology of early medieval Britain: essays in honour of Rosemary Cramp.
Monastic archaeology: papers on the study of Medieval monasteries.
Ethnoarchaeology of Andean South America: contributions to archaeological method and theory.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_hb3284/is_200112/pg_2   (468 words)

  
 South Suburban Archaeological Society
Persons prominent in archaeology and related fields are invited to present a 45 to 60 minute lecture; most speakers illustrate their presentations with slides.
Topics range from the archaeology of Cook County to the archaeology of the Americas, Egypt, Europe, the Middle East, and the Pacific.
In 1989, the Society became a chapter of the Illinois Association for the Advancement of Archaeology (IAAA), a statewide organization, whose aim is to further the knowledge, preservation and study of archaeological sites within Illinois.
www.museum.state.il.us /iaaa/southhome.htm   (474 words)

  
 Black Hawk College!
This curriculum provides a broad perspective on the human condition and skills that are essential for any educated person.
Students who complete a degree in anthropology and archaeology may ultimately be employed in careers as teachers, college professors, or museum personnel.
Includes and examination of both the methodology and the discoveries of modern archaeology.
www.bhc.edu /index.asp?NID=435   (426 words)

  
 FAQs About Archaeology Careers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Biers, William R. The Archaeology of Greece: An Introduction.
A historical account of moundbuilder archaeology in the U.S. during the eighteenth century.
Archaeology on Film: An Electronic Database of Archaeology Film Reviews provides reviews of archaeological films and allows you to add your own reviews (http://www.sscf.ucsb.edu/anth/videos/video.html).
anthropology.tamu.edu /sitetest/new_anthro/dlcfaq4.htm   (1105 words)

  
 Anthropology and Archaeology of the Americas- Bye, bye Beringia - ExploreNorth
Anthropology and Archaeology of the Americas- Bye, bye Beringia - ExploreNorth
The scarcity of human remains to be analyzed has prevented the sciences of Anthropology and Archaeology from forming conclusions about the cultural levels of ancient humans.
As a result of scarcity of samplings, ancient humans have been generally classified in such terms as; savages, hunter-gatherers, roving bands, etc. This is especially so for the early inhabitants of the New World.
www.explorenorth.com /library/history/bl-billjones2a.htm   (1915 words)

  
 Reporter 9/6/99: REGULATIONS FOR EXAMINATIONS: NOTICE BY THE GENERAL BOARD
The purpose of the amendments is to increase by one the number of papers set on special areas for Archaeology in Part IIA and Part IIB, and to make a corresponding reduction in the number of special subjects.
Emphasis is placed on theoretical approaches to understanding the long-term development of social inequality and the rise of complex societies, and attention is given to the interactions of human populations with their environments.
Two modules (Ancient South America, and Archaeology of Mesoamerica and North America) are taught over a two-year cycle and are examined in alternate years.
www.admin.cam.ac.uk /reporter/1998-9/weekly/5777/10.html   (515 words)

  
 Ask the Archaeologists Team   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Her chief areas of expertise are historical and industrial archaeology of the Americas; her research interests include material culture studies; comparative colonialism; culture contact; gender and equity issues in archaeology; the archaeology of historical households and homelots; foodways; landscape; ceramic analysis and typologies; archaeological method and theory; ethics; public outreach.
Before that, she was employed as a staff archaeologist for the Office of Public Archaeology, a large management company associated with Boston University.
Ellen also manages the City Archaeology Laboratory, Education and Curation Center which houses over 27 collections owned by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, teaches an archaeology elective in the Boston public schools, has an active volunteer program, and is very dedicated to bringing archaeology to the public.
www.nyu.edu /classes/mcgee/digit/ourteam.html   (1169 words)

  
 Great Basin Archaeology
One of these land regions, called Beringia, encompassed Alaska and Siberia and is usually called the "land bridge." The traditional explanation of human presence in the Americas suggests that humans occupying Siberia up to the beginning of the Wisconsin "migrated across" Beringia into Alaska and northern Canada.
The conservative tradition in the archaeology of the Americas is anchored in the definitive association of human remains and artifacts with late-pleistocene big game animals such as mammoths, bison, etc. now extinct.
In the Americas, agriculture began in Central America around 5500 BP and gradually spread outward.
www4.hmc.edu:8001 /humanities/basin/gb-arch.htm   (3055 words)

  
 Archeology Division Homepage   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
In Defense of the Seventies: The Adolescence of New Archaeology and Its Progeny in the Nineties
Willey Endowment Fund was established as a permanent endowment to recognize outstanding achievement in the publication of research in anthropological archaeology.
The award has been given alternately to specialists in Mesoamerican archaeology and the archaeology of the Southwestern region--areas that were both central to the pioneering and exemplary work of A. Kidder.
www.aaanet.org /ad   (1021 words)

  
 James Deetz, Summary of Work & Publications
Specializations: "Historical archaeology of the Virginian Tidewater, the Eastern Cape frontier of South Africa, and seventeenth century Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts.
In Anthropological Archaeology in the Americas, Betty J. Meggers, editor, pp.
In Historical Archaeology of the Eastern United States: Papers from the R.J. Russell Symposium, Robert W. Neuman, editor.
etext.lib.virginia.edu /users/deetz/Plymouth/JDeetzmem3.html   (2201 words)

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