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Topic: Archaic Greece


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In the News (Sun 19 Nov 17)

  
  Archaic Greece - History for Kids!
There got to be so many people in Greece that the Greeks began to sent out groups of men (and sometimes women) to build new cities in other parts of Europe and Africa.
Around 650 BC there were two new ways of doing things which seem to have started in Greece instead of being learned from other people.
Archaic Greece: The Age of Experiment, by Anthony Snodgrass (1981).
www.historyforkids.org /learn/greeks/history/archaic.htm   (741 words)

  
 Archaic Sculpture
However, secularism begins to become evident with Archaic Greek art and culture in a subtle way as the artist,s and art patron's names appear carved on some sculptures, and also in the way that the personal virtues of affluent individuals become the underlying subject of archaic statues temples and sanctuaries.
The sculpture of the Archaic Greek style is evidently influenced by ancient Egypt as the commerce between the two countries was flourishing.
All statues of ancient Greece were in fact painted with vivid colors and the technique of the vertical blows actually keyed the surface for the pigments.
www.greeklandscapes.com /greece/athens_museum_archaic.html   (793 words)

  
 Dr. J's Illustrated Lectures   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
The Archaic Age is characterized by a Greek spirit of unity not quite strong enough to unite the cities politically, but definitely strong enough to remind them of their common bond.
The Archaic Age is also characterized by the development of Panhellenic Centers, one of the first signs that Greece is coming out of the previous period, known as the Dark Age.
OLYMPIA is a city in the Peloponnesus (southern part of Greece), named in honor of Zeus, King of the Olympian gods; don't confuse it with MT.
lilt.ilstu.edu /drjclassics/lectures/history/ArchaicAge/archaic.shtm   (1914 words)

  
 Archaic Greece
They had abandoned their cities between 1200 and 1100 BC for reasons that remain shrouded in mystery; the Greeks believed that a cataclysmic and ferocious invasion of northern Greek barbarians, the Dorians, had wiped out the Mycenean civilization.
In reality, the decline and abandonment of urbanization in Greece was probably due to a combination of economic collapse and pressure from northern migrations.
Even so, tyranny was a widespread political institution throughout the Greek-speaking world: tyrannies were experimented with not only in Greece, but Asia Minor and even as far away as the Greek cities in Sicily.
www.geocities.com /charming_cheetah_2003/ancientgreece.html   (909 words)

  
 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 98.2.09
This is no longer the case, as is demonstrated by a steady stream of books devoted to Archaic Greece, broadly defined as the period between the collapse of Mycenaean society and the Persian Wars.
Osborne argues plausibly that the oracle's prominence during the Archaic period stemmed from the fact the elite factions in Greek cities needed divine sanction to support their actions and justify their claims to entitlements, in lawgiving, political choices and warfare, among other issues.
Greece in the Making offers extensive discussion of these two cities also, but emphasizing material from a variety of locales draws attention to the wide dissemination of Greek culture during the Archaic period, in itself a salient feature of early Greek history.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/1998/98.2.09.html   (2203 words)

  
 Archaic Greece
Archaic Greece used the Homeric poems to illustrate points, derive rules, and the poetry was generally part of an everyday Greeks' intellectual baggage.
The temples that began to be built in the Archaic era were not houses of worship.
Towards the end of the Archaic era, in the second half of the 6th century, Athens captured the pottery market for most of the territory settled by Greeks: that shows a large and wide-spanning trade network.
www.uvm.edu /~jbailly/courses/clas21/notes/archaicgreece.html   (852 words)

  
 Archaic Age and the Polis, Univ. of Sask.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
The children of Heracles had been driven from Greece by the evil king Eurystheus (king of Mycenae and Tiryns, who compelled Heracles to undertake his famous labors) but eventually returned to reclaim their patrimony by force.
The pre-Dorian populations from other parts of Greece were said to have fled eastward, many of them relying on the help of Athens.
In Northwest Greece (roughly, Phocis, Locris, Aetolia, and Acarnania — on Map 2 of The World of Athens) and the remainder of the Peloponnese, two very closely related dialects were spoken, known respectively as Northwest Greek and Doric.
duke.usask.ca /~porterj/CourseNotes/Polis.html   (3510 words)

  
 Loyola University Chicago: ARCHAIA Symposium on Archaic Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
I shall argue that although a food crisis may have been a contributing factor, more important factors for eighth century Hellenes were the attraction of living in a "colonial" city, and a rare measure of secularity in their perception of the world in which they lived.
M.M. Austin, Greece and Egypt in the Archaic Period (Cambridge, 1969).
Archaic Greece: New Approaches and New Evidence (London, 1998) 295-310.
www.luc.edu /depts/classics/abstracts.html   (1292 words)

  
 The Amazing Ancient World - Premier Ancient Civilization Internet Book ACT I - PART II - GREECE
For example, the urbanisation of Greece, philosophical developments and an interest in politics by the population at large all contributed to the rise of democracy in Athens.
Maintaining a large number of slaves year around in ancient Greece would have been uneconomical because the cultivation of the crops grown there called for short periods of intense labor punctuated by long stretches of inactivity, during which slaves would have to be fed even while they had no work to do.
The Athenians, who would dominate Greece culturally and politically through the fifth century BC and through part of the fourth, regarded the wars against Persia as their greatest and most characteristic moment.
www.omnibusol.com /angreece.html   (9638 words)

  
 ----- MINOAN CIVILIZATION, BRONZE AGE CULTURE IN CRETE, GREECE -----
Their language is not known, for the written texts have not yet been deciphered, but it appears to have belonged to a separate category of the Mediterranean languages.
The presence of this dynasty is attested both by the very archaic Greek language written in Linear B and by the appearance of the "Palace Style" pottery.
The labyrinthine buildings were replaced by the austere Mycenaean megaron, the predominant pottery style was the so-called "Mycenaean koine", in which the same shapes were continually repeated, with simple decoration and the frescoes lost their former freedom and vigor.
www.dilos.com /region/crete/min_cul.html   (2904 words)

  
 Pan-Macedonian Network - Historical Review of Macedonia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Occupying the bigger part of northern Greece, Macedonia first appears on the historical scene as a geographical-political unit in the 5th century BC, when it extended from the upper waters of the Haliakmon and Mount Olympus to the river Strymon.
The entry of the state into the history of southern Greece was sealed by the acceptance of Alexander I by the hellanodikai as a competitor in the Olympic games (probably those of 496 BC), in which, as we know, only Greeks were allowed to participate.
The completion of the internal tasks that Perdikkas II was prevented from accomplishing by the external situation fell to his successor, Archelaos I; he is credited by the ancient sources and modern scholarship alike with great sagacity and with sweeping changes in state administration, the army and commerce.
www.macedonia.com /english/history/review   (4406 words)

  
 Eder,_Aristocrats_and_the _Coming_of_the_Athenian_Democracy
From the Archaic age, each system of government was planned as a corrective to a previous system, the failures and shortcomings of which it was thought to remedy.
And in his study of equality and the origins of democracy in early Greece, Ian Morris (1996 b), claiming that to understand the origin of Greek democracy we have to trace the history of the polis as a community of middling citizens, seems to aim in the same direction.
Their interests in the Archaic period often conflicted with those of the polis and, to judge from Solon's complaints, in pursuing their own advantage some of them even put the existence of the polis at risk.
www.tu-berlin.de /fb1/AGiW/Hospitium/Eder.htm   (17049 words)

  
 Art History at Loggia | Exploring Archaic Greek Art
The Archaic period (circa 700 BC - 480 BC) was an important era of innovation and achievement in Greek art history.
In the Archaic period, kouros and kore statues were created, and these stylized images of young men and maidens represent the birth of a particularly Greek artistic obsession - the idealization of the human figure.
These stiff, formal, and stylized statues of young men are an important feature of Archaic art, and they are known collectively as kouroi (the plural of kouros); one such image is the Kouros from Anavysos.
www.loggia.com /art/ancient/archaic.html   (456 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: Books: Naukratis: Trade in Archaic Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Archaic Naukratis was a busy trading place in the Western Delta of the Nile, renowned for its sanctuaries and courtesans, granting the Greeks access to Egyptian grain and luxury items.
Although Naukratis always features in modern accounts of ancient Greek colonization, it was not a place where the Greeks could freely establish their own political and social organization - it was under the strict control of the Egyptian pharaoh and his officials.
The sanctuaries, archaic pottery styles, terracottas, faiences, statuettes, and other small finds are examined in the light of recent scholarship, and an in-depth study of the literary evidence is brought to bear on the archaeological material.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0198152841   (443 words)

  
 [No title]
The square Cross that rests on the upper left-side of the flag and occupies one fourth of the total area demonstrates the respect and the devotion the Greek people have for the Orthodox Church and signifies the important role of Christianity in the formation of the modern Hellenic Nation.
The Crypha Scholia were a web of schools that operated secretly throughout Greece and were committed in transmitting to the Greeks the wonders of their ancestors and the rest of their cultural heritage.
Thus, within a dozen years Alexander's empire stretched from Greece in the west to India in the far east, and he was even worshipped as a god by many of his subjects while still alive.
www.rdrop.com /~cary/html/greece.html   (1862 words)

  
 Greek Music. Plato. Pythagoras. Apollo. Borghese Plaques at Hammerwood. Parthenon. National Curriculum: Ancient Greeks ...
The musical culture of ancient Greece is known more through literary references than through preserved musical documents.
About 20 fragments of music are extant written in a relatively late Greek notational system, but references to music performed at various rites and social occasions abound in the works of ancient Greek authors.
The mathematics and intonation of the Pythagorean tradition consequently became a crucial influence in the development of music in medieval Europe.
www.mistral.co.uk /hammerwood/gmusic.htm   (820 words)

  
 Archaic Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
A new style of writing, the Greek alphabet, produced epics, lyrics, and records; insights into mentalities were being provided.
Monarchy was the prevailing political institution in the Dark Ages: the basileus, or hereditary king, dominated.
Archaic Greece experienced many twists and turns in its governmental patterns.
idcs0100.lib.iup.edu /AncGreece/archaic.htm   (541 words)

  
 Pederasty and Pedagogy in Archaic Greece -- William Armstrong Percy
Combining impeccable scholarship with accessible, straightforward prose, Pederasty and Pedagogy in Archaic Greece argues that institutionalized pederasty began after 650 B.C., far later than previous authors have thought, and was initiated as a means of stemming overpopulation in the upper class.
William Armstrong Percy III maintains that Cretan sages established a system under which a young warrior in his early twenties took a teenager of his own aristocratic background as a beloved until the age of thirty, when service to the state required the older partner to marry.
These pederastic bonds, Percy believes, were responsible for the rise of Hellas and the "Greek miracle": in two centuries the population of Attica, a mere 45,000 adult males in six generations, produced an astounding number of great men who laid the enduring foundations of Western thought and civilization.
www.frontlist.com /author/7300   (231 words)

  
 The Greeks - Archaic Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
The tyrranies were by nature highly unstable, and they fell apart rapidly.
Even so, tyrrany was a widespread political institution throughout the Greek-speaking world: tyrranies were experimented with not only in Greece, but Asia Minor and even as far away as the Greek cities in Sicily.
So, in reality, the democratic city-states more closely resembled oligarchies for a minority—a very large minority, to be sure— ruled the state.
www.ancient-empires.net /archaicgreece.html   (899 words)

  
 Greece
Views of many of the main city-states of Greece These are 360-degree views you can move through with the cursor.
Thomas Martin's Historical Overview in Perseus, Chapter 5 on the Archaic period, may be useful; 5.16 concerns the hoplites and has links to pictures of hoplites in armor and a discussion in a primary text about an armorer's goals in making a breastplate.
There is less information here than in Perseus, but for some buildings there are drawings of (reconstructions) of he buildings, as well as the only photograph I've found of a Herm (click on the small square at the inside NW corner of the Agora.) There is also some information about the use of various buildings.
employees.csbsju.edu /MCOOK/Courses/History/HIST_130/greece.htm   (921 words)

  
 People with a History/CLGH Book Review: Cashman Kerr Prince: Review of Percy, Pederasty and Pedagogy in Archaic Greece
whereas source material for Archaic Greece is scanty or nonexistent, in later eras documents abound to attest to the importance of pederasts and pederasty to Greek civilization.
It is these acts of interpretation upon which the worth and credibility of critics of ancient Greece rely.
As such, Pederasty and Pedagogy in Ancient Greece is less a critical and scholarly history than a recapitulation of ancient hearsay on the subject.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/pwh/CLGH/CLGH1997-11-2-3prince.html   (907 words)

  
 Archaic Greece/Sparta - www.ezboard.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
One particular characteristic of Greece is the poverty of the land.
Thus, in the course of these colonial activies, the Greeks came to establish themselves throughout the coast of the Mediterranean, and their advanced cultural was to have a great influence on many populations far distant frommainland Greece.
Spartan military excellence quickly gained them control of the Peloponnesus, and those communities subordinate to Spartans were organized in the Peloponnesian League under Spartan leadership.
p206.ezboard.com /fgreekhistoryfrm8.showMessage?topicID=1.topic   (1932 words)

  
 Archaic Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
After the Dark Ages, Greece made progress to regain all it had lost: trade, contact with other cultures, and writing.
The Archaic period, from 600-480, saw the benefits of the colonization trend of the Orientalizing period: a growth of the new rich through the highly profitable yet highly risky business of trade, and also a growth of social problems in the polis, as populations increased, and the divide between rich and poor grew.
Warfare changed also: the increase in trade saw the price of metals drop, which allowed for more people to arm themselves (armies were not professional: soldiers were not paid, and had to bring their own food and weapons, which had restricted military service to the rich) and a resulting democratization of the armed forces.
www.ccaurora.edu /hum121177/Lectures/Archaic%20Greece.htm   (597 words)

  
 Alan Petersen: The Archaic Period   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
One characteristic of figurative sculpture of the Archaic Period is their peculiar smile.
The Temple of Apollo at Corinth is an Archaic period Doric temple.
The Temple of Hera at the Greek colony at Paestum is an excellent example of an Archaic Doric temple that still has a large amount of the structure standing.
www.coco.cc.az.us /apetersen/_ART201/archaic.htm   (1295 words)

  
 The Archaeological Museum of Olympia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
It hosts in its collection artefacts from the sanctuary of Olympian Zeus, in Olympia, where the ancient Olympic Games were born and hosted.
On all sides of the battering-ram there are symbolic depictions of rams heads, from where indeed it got its name.
It is dated in the transition between the Geometric to the Archaic period.
www.culture.gr /2/21/211/21107m/e211gm04.html   (581 words)

  
 Naukratis: Trade in Archaic Greece
Economic historians will be pleased to see Möller not sidestep some contentious issues, such as whether or not there were interrelated markets in the Mediterranean already at this early time.
Here is one: Möller complains (accurately) of "a lack of written evidence" in the Archaic Period on the one hand, but on the other does not hesitate to follow the testimony of Herodotus, who is writing much later, as if he were a kind of eye-witness.
Another: The discussion of traders in the Homeric texts is useful for non-experts, but there are specialist bones to pick.
www.eh.net /bookreviews/library/0449.shtml   (1510 words)

  
 The Axial Age--Archaic and Classical Greece   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
We tend to see a few isolated figures stand out in general observations of what we call the 'Axial Age', but the scale of what is happening is dramatically vast, and encompasses visible transitions in the discontinuity of this period as a whole, and which we are seeing as an instance in a series.
These transitions refer to ‘everything that happens in an historical theatre as space-time coordinates, perhaps, fuzzy’, a difficult but valid concept, one to graduate to, ‘everything of importance, by a series of properties yet to be specified, that happens in an historical theatre as space-time coordinates’.
—600, the Archaic Age graduating, the labels are relatively arbitrary, to what we call the Classical Period, the age of Marathon, Herodotus, the birth of Greek Democracy, Pericles, and the Parthenon, and the Peloponnesian War.
eonix.8m.com /1st/chapfour_2.htm   (4057 words)

  
 Early Polis
-- In his Overview of Archaic and Classical Greece (5:1- 5:4), Thomas Martin provides a convenient summary of modern scholarship on the early polis that allows you to put these quotations in some general context.
Yet the creation and expansion of "archaic" political communities cannot be understood without some general consideration of demography,trade,and,above all,agricultural practices.
The wider institutions of ancient Greece --military, social, political--embodied the subsequent efforts of these small farmers to protect their hard won gain....The original Greek polis is best understood as an exclusive and yet egalitarian community of farmers...." [Victor Davis Hanson, The Other Greeks(New York, 1995),3].
academic.reed.edu /humanities/110Tech/polisfoundations.html   (1175 words)

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