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Topic: Argument from common consent

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  Argument from common consent - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
So the person who denies that God exists is opposing the common consent of all of humanity, that God exists.
The argument as stated does not differentiate between the actual existence of some form of God(s) and the desire for God(s).
The argument engages in a logical fallacy known as the bandwagon fallacy.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Argument_from_common_consent   (459 words)

 Argument from common consent
The argument as stated doesn't differentiate between the actual existence of some form of God(s) and the desire for God(s).
Widespread belief in God could be a reflection of the fact that God exists, or it could reflect the desire of a community (in this case, humanity) for a protective force to answer difficult questions ranging from the reason for thunder (Thor) to what happens after death (Heaven).
These problems have led to argument from common consent being considered an interesting historical perspective on, but not a strong rationalization for, the existence of God.
www.fastload.org /ar/Argument_from_common_consent.html   (475 words)

  End-of-Life Care Issues
Legal arguments state that it would be in the best interest of dying patients to be able to regulate practices that are currently being used covertly for assisted suicide.
The argument regarding safeguards and the slippery slope holds that it is possible to protect people from abuse through appropriate regulation which would provide oversight by a combination of state legislation and professional regulation by palliative care consultants and ethics committees that would include professionals and community representatives.
A related argument is that the option of assisted suicide for mentally competent, terminally ill people could give rise to a new cultural norm of an obligation to speed up the dying process and subtly influence end-of-life decisions of all sorts.
www.apa.org /pi/eol/arguments.html   (4977 words)

 Appendix 2 - Arguments for the existence of God
Common consent argument for God’s existence also known as the consensus gentium argument, the attempt to prove the existence of God by appeal to the universally held belief in all cultures in all ages that there is a God (of some kind or other).
The first and the second are pure forms of the ontological argument (bthe first being a condensed and simplified version of Anslem’s ontological argument), and the third has a tinge of the causal argument mixed with it.
All cosmological arguments stress a.) the behind-the-scene activity of this necessary being and b.) how different from the universe in essential characteristics that necessary being (God) is. God is nondependent, whereas the universe is dependent on God.
www.kkswami.com /faith/Appendix-2-Arguments-for-Gods-existence.php   (985 words)

 Systematic Theology - Volume I | Christian Classics Ethereal Library   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The second objection to the argument of Romanists from common consent in support of their traditions, is, that the evidence which they adduce of such consent is altogether inadequate.
Another objection to the argument from consent is, that it is a Procrustean bed which may be extended or shortened at pleasure.
The argument, therefore, of Romanists in favor of their peculiar doctrines, derived from general consent, is utterly untenable and fallacious.
www.ccel.org /ccel/hodge/theology1.iii.v.vi.html   (5558 words)

 AELE Alert: Consent Searches
Whether consent is voluntarily given or is only a yielding to overbearing police pressure is determined by the courts from the circumstances.
An important factor in determining the voluntariness of an apparent consent is whether the person was in custody or under arrest, and the circumstances surrounding the custody or arrest.
Numerous consent case situations have arisen, such as those involving the power of consent on the part of a co-tenant, a spouse (or “live-in” companion), a parent, an employer as regards an employee’s desk or locker, etc.
www.aele.org /consent.html   (2005 words)

 Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft & Ronald K. Tacelli
They have also believed that an effective rational argument for God's existence is an important first step in opening the mind to the possibility of faith—in clearing some of the roadblocks and rubble that prevent people from taking the idea of divine revelation seriously.
And the kalam argument proves something central to the Christian belief in God: that the universe is not eternal and without beginning; that there is a Maker of heaven and earth.
This sort of argument is not original to Lewis, but we have never read a better statement of it than his, and we urge you to consult it.
www.peterkreeft.com /topics-more/20_arguments-gods-existence.htm   (15760 words)

 Making Decisions By Consent, Frank Adams - July 6, 1993
Consent has been used for nearly 25 years, mostly in Europe and chiefly in businesses by people who are determined to have a genuine voice in their working lives and who want responsibility for the outcome of their own decisions.
Consent guarentees that any person can be heard, and can change a decision provided she or he offers facts to make the case.
This alone should be an argument for adopting the method in a college or school.
quadrant4.org /docs/consent.html   (978 words)

 Evolution is a Fact and a Theory
The theory of evolution is a body of interconnected statements about natural selection and the other processes that are thought to cause evolution, just as the atomic theory of chemistry and the Newtonian theory of mechanics are bodies of statements that describe causes of chemical and physical phenomena.
According to this argument, the probability that evolution is the correct explanation of life as we know it may approach 99.9999...9% but it will never be 100%.
This kind of argument might be appropriate in a philosophy class (it is essentially correct) but it won't do in the real world.
www.talkorigins.org /faqs/evolution-fact.html   (2065 words)

 Essays and Arguments: Section Three   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
In some arguments, the second requirement (defining key terms) may not be necessary because the central terms are all clear enough already (although, as we shall see, that is not something one should assume too readily).
This fault is particularly common in student essays and research papers, because students typically rush the opening of the essay and fail to define the argument with sufficient clarity.
This argumentative opinion, which is the central claim you are making in the argument and which you want the reader to accept, is called the thesis of the argument.
www.mala.bc.ca /~johnstoi/arguments/argument3.htm   (6774 words)

 Argument That Has No Clothes
I'm talking about the notion -maintained by both parties when it suits their purpose-that it would be inappropriate for a judicial nominee to answer substantive questions about his or her views on important constitutional issues.
It would compromise the integrity of the judicial process -so this argument goes-for a nominee to pronounce in advance on issues that may well come before the court in the future.
What's patently ridiculous, rather, is the argument that a judicial nominee would disqualify himself from rendering unbiased decisions in the future because he expressed his opinions on such issues now.
www.commondreams.org /views05/0922-24.htm   (809 words)

 Angelology and Biblical Skepticism
For example, arguments from verified historical and textual reliability, fulfilled Prophecy, and the Bible’s spiritual influence all include premises drawn from the Bible combined with premises based upon extra-Biblical data to conclude that the Bible is a reliable, authoritative disclosure of the Word of God.
Then there is the argument for Jesus’ Divinity and stamp of authority on the writings of the apostles from the Bible considered purely as a reliable source of historical data.
None of the above arguments for belief in literal finite spirit beings seem to me to be so strong that everyone who rejects the in re existence of finite spirit beings, even with a full knowledge of the arguments, could be accused of irrationality (or even heresy).
www.leaderu.com /theology/williams_angel.html   (3040 words)

 Information Consent in Medical Research - Preface
The consensus of professional opinion about the general importance of informed consent in research has been fuelled by a number of widely criticised medical experiments over the past 50 years where irrespective of any other harm that may have befallen participants, informed consent was not obtained.
The development of international and national regulation concerning consent is outlined, along with its relationship to a variety of examples of unethical research.
Respect for the right of patients to give their informed consent to medical research should be understood in the context of broader, internationally recognised human rights.
www.blackwellpublishing.com /medicine/bmj/infoconsent/intro.asp   (2127 words)

Another version of the Moral Argument which is common with popular apologists, but not so common with professional theologians any more, is the idea that if people did not believe in a god, then they would not have any reason to be moral.
The argument continues by suggesting that the balance of justice must be achieved somewhere and at some time - and that since this does not occur here, then it must occur after we die.
The argument that relies upon scriptural miracles is simply a repackaging of the Argument from Miracles, and so suffers from all the same problems - and more, considering the age of the reports.
www.geocities.com /rightsman1/god_the_evidence.html?1064494458895   (8821 words)

What is common to all religious experience is the feelings or sensations it produces irrespective of belief, and it is precisely this experience that we can identify as a religious moment.
The argument from common consent is an appeal to authority and should not be taken at face value but analyzed and exposed for its faulty presumptions.
Even for Kierkegaard, Truth is not to be found in "the crowd." The argument from reward and providence places too much emphasis on the fantasy world of the supernatural and neglects the rewards of living in the present.
www.americanhumanist.org /hsfamily/rh/mills.html   (5770 words)

 IPFW Center for Academic Support and Advancement
May first discuss assumptions, values, or definitions the audience holds in common with the writer of the argument.
Similar to the delayed thesis argument but does not move on to any statement of author's claim.
A Rogerian argument may result in an agreement to disagree, but at least it will be an informed disagreement.
www.ipfw.edu /casa/WC/handouts/ArgumentativeEssays.html   (1437 words)

 The Seattle Times: Editorials & Opinion: Courting consent
Both sides agree the union needs their consent; the argument is over what counts.
The first is called "opt-out," because he is assumed to be in the group unless he goes out.
Common sense says they are out unless they opt in.
seattletimes.nwsource.com /html/editorialsopinion/2003278495_weaed28.html   (281 words)

 Teleological argument Summary
Common Consent Arguments for the Existence of God Numerous philosophers and theologians have appealed to the "common consent" of humankind (the consensus gentium) as support for certain doctrines.
Teleological Argument for the Existence of God The "Teleological Argument for the existence of God"; is a member of the classic triad of arguments, which is completed by the Ontological Argument and the Cosmological Argument.
The Teleological Argument, attributed to William Paley through his book Natural Theology (1802), is an a posteriori argument intended to prove the existence of God.
www.bookrags.com /Teleological_argument   (242 words)

 Teleological argument - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
While most of the classic forms of this argument are linked to monotheism, some versions of the argument may substitute for God a lesser demiurge, multiple Gods or Gods and Goddesses, or perhaps extraterrestrials as cause for natural phenomena, although reapplication of the argument might still imply an ultimate cause.
The Muslim philosopher Averroes developed teleologic arguments based on the thought of Plato and Aristotle and helped make their works available to other medieval scholars.
[F]rom this one argument, I cannot conclude anything more, except that it is probable that an intelligent and superior being has prepared and shaped matter with dexterity; I cannot conclude from this argument alone that this being has made the matter out of nothing or that he is infinite in any sense [i.e.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Teleological_argument   (3491 words)

 Argumentum ad populum - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An argumentum ad populum (Latin: "appeal to the people"), in logic, is a fallacious argument that concludes a proposition to be true because many or all people believe it; it alleges that "If many believe so, it is so.
, including appeal to belief, appeal to the majority, appeal to the people, argument by consensus, authority of the many, bandwagon fallacy, and tyranny of the majority, and in Latin by the names argumentum ad populum ("appeal to the people"), argumentum ad numerum ("appeal to the number"), and consensus gentium ("agreement of the clans").
It is also the basis of a number of social phenomena, including communal reinforcement and the bandwagon effect, and of the Chinese proverb "three men make a tiger".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Argument_from_common_consent   (1101 words)

 20 Arguments for the Existence of God - TheologyWeb Campus
An argument that there cann't be a point in history of non-existence.
The argument seems to imply that since the universe is constantly changing, that it needs to have something from the outside constantly causing change.
I could just as easily make the argument that since so much change in nature is caused by non-conscious objects—the acorn’s growth is cause by sun, water and soil—that the universe as a whole must also be caused by a non-conscious object.
theologyweb.com /forum/showthread.php?t=83824   (4603 words)

 25 Arguments for the Exsitence of God - SciForums.com
The aesthetic argument: "There is the music of Bach, therefore there must be a God." (3 ex-atheists were swayed by this argument; 2 are philosophy professors and 1 is a monk).
The metaphysical argument from the exsitence of beings whose essence does not contain existence, and which therefore need a cause for their existence, to the exsitence of a being whose exsitence is existence, and which therfore has no cause.
Although I agree that these arguments aren't good and it is lame that dogma doesn't even offer up his rebuttal...I feel the need to take up his cause a little bit(always the devils advocate i guess).
www.sciforums.com /showthread.php?t=7539   (4774 words)

 Green Left - Issues: Cancer treatment and informed consent
The argument that these treatments are scientifically valid is flawed.
The current double standard between formal clinical trials [where ethics committees require that patients be given a `plain language statement', as well as giving their signed consent] and the `usual' practice outside such trials is apparently narrowing.
In his conclusion he wrote, "Treatment of the most common adult tumours by cytotoxic chemotherapy is still disappointing.
www.greenleft.org.au /1996/216/15229   (817 words)

 Link Language is Common Sense
The argument advanced is that if everybody could be persuaded to use English as a link language, peace and prosperity would follow.
It is the language of common sense, profound and deep in its utter simplicity.
Truly common sense is the property of none and the heritage of all.
kataragama.org /link_language.htm   (1333 words)

 The Sources Of Law
However, as to Grotius, the focus of his examination of the law of nature was directed toward the law of nations, which in many ways depends on international agreements defining the relationships between nations.
The distinction, which appears in the books of Roman law, between an unchangeable law common to animals and man, which the Roman legal writers call the law of nature in a more restricted sense, and a law peculiar to man, which they frequently call the law of nations, is of hardly any value.
A common "solution" to the problem is to assert that the mind does not exist apart from the body and thoughts are merely chemical and electrical in nature.
www.lonang.com /foundation/1/f11.htm   (3484 words)

 Freedom Party International - Consent 21 - August 1994
Full coverage of the background details of this tragic miscarriage of justice have been published in past issues of FP's newsletter, Freedom Flyer (one of which was banned by the Board of Inquiry!), and is available to the reader here.
The following argument was presented by Metz on September 28, 1993 to Board of Inquiry chairperson Ajit John who, as a member of the Law Society for Upper Canada, was appointed to hear the case by the Human Rights Commission.
Clearly, it would be to the advantage of any complainant to fill in as many of the boxes as possible, irrespective of the particular circumstances leading to the complaint.
www.freedomparty.org /consent/cons21_1.htm   (6411 words)

 The Ontology of Religiosity: The Oceanic Feeling and the Value of the Lived Experience - JON MILLS, Psy. D., Ph. D.
Thus the ontological distinction between feeling and conceptuality is realized as a phenomenological one: while mediated belief may or may not augment religious feeling, the feeling itself is the proper locus of religious sentiment.
Faith or genuine belief should be a struggle to achieve and not merely accepted blindly due to a slothful intellect.
In fact, Kai Nielsen cogently shows the epistemological pitfalls to this claim and concludes that even if we could establish that a theistic God does exist, it does not mean we should follow his injunctions without serious critique.(24) We would still be morally obligated to establish and justify our own moral criteria.
evans-experientialism.freewebspace.com /mills_jon.htm   (6306 words)

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