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Topic: Aristotle

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  Aristotle's Ethics (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Aristotle says that unless we answer that question, we will be none the wiser—just as a student of medicine will have failed to master his subject if he can only say that the right medicines to administer are the ones that are prescribed by medical expertise, but has no standard other than this (1128b18-34).
Aristotle has already made it clear in his discussion of the ethical virtues that someone who is greatly honored by his community and commands large financial resources is in a position to exercise a higher order of ethical virtue than is someone who receives few honors and has little property.
Aristotle makes use of this claim when he proposes that in the ideal community each child should receive the same education, and that the responsibility for providing such an education should be taken out of the hands of private individuals and made a matter of common concern (1337a21-7).
plato.stanford.edu /entries/aristotle-ethics   (15790 words)

  Aristotle's Astronomy
Aristotle argued that the universe is spherical and finite.
In the case of the stars, Aristotle argued that they would have to be spherical, as this shape, which is the most perfect, allows them to retain their positions.
Aristotle, however, in addition to this, postulated a fifth element called aether, which he believed to be the main constituent of the celestial bodies.
www.perseus.tufts.edu /GreekScience/Students/Tom/AristotleAstro.html   (1024 words)

  Aristotle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aristotle was born at Stageira, a colony of Andros on the Macedonian peninsula of Chalcidice in 384 BC.
Aristotle was probably influenced by his father's medical knowledge; when he went to Athens at the age of 18, he was likely already trained in the investigation of natural phenomena.
Aristotle defines his philosophy in terms of essence, saying that philosophy is "the science of the universal essence of that which is actual".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Aristotle   (5053 words)

 Aristotle (384-322 BCE): Overview [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Aristotle's writings on the general subject of logic were grouped by the later Peripatetics under the name Organon, or instrument.
Aristotle defines the imagination as "the movement which results upon an actual sensation." In other words, it is the process by which an impression of the senses is pictured and retained before the mind, and is accordingly the basis of memory.
Aristotle notes that there is a purely rational part of the soul, the calculative, which is responsible for the human ability to contemplate, reason logically, and formulate scientific principles.
www.utm.edu /research/iep/a/aristotl.htm   (7036 words)

 Aristotle. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-07
Aristotle’s extant writings consist largely of his written versions of his lectures; some passages appear to be interpolations of notes made by his students; the texts were edited and given their present form by Andronicus of Rhodes in the 1st cent.
Aristotle believed that a form, with the exception of the Prime Mover, or God, had no separate existence, but rather was immanent in matter.
Aristotle believed that form caused matter to move and defined motion as the process by which the potentiality of matter (the thing itself) became the actuality of form (motion itself).
www.bartleby.com /65/ar/Aristotl.html   (778 words)

Although the surviving works of Aristotle probably represent only a fragment of the whole, they include his investigations of an amazing range of subjects, from logic, philosophy, and ethics to physics, biology, psychology, politics, and rhetoric.
Aristotle appears to have thought through his views as he wrote, returning to significant issues at different stages of his own development.
There he considered the natural desire to achieve happiness, described the operation of human volition and moral deliberation, developed a theory of each virtue as the mean between vicious extremes, discussed the value of three kinds of friendship, and defended his conception of an ideal life of intellectual pursuit.
www.philosophypages.com /ph/aris.htm   (779 words)

 Science and Human Values - Aristotle   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Aristotle was born in Stagira (in northern Greece), 384 B.C. He died in Chalcis (on the Aegean island of Euboea, now Ewoia), 322 B.C. Inland from Stagira was the semi-Greek kingdom of Macedon, with which Aristotle's family was closely connected.
Aristotle's lectures were collected into nearly 150 volumes and represent almost a one-man encyclopedia of the knowledge of the times, much of it representing the original thought and observation of Aristotle himself.
Thus Aristotle declared that the outermost shell of the cosmos is by necessity spherical, for it is made of divine substance and whatever is divine must be circular.
www.rit.edu /~flwstv/aristotle1.html   (5951 words)

Athens, and the outbreak occurred which led to the Lamian war, Aristotle was obliged to share in the general unpopularity of the Macedonians.
Aristotle's logical treatises, constituting what was later called the "Organon", contain the first systematic treatment of the laws of thought in relation to the acquisition of knowledge.
Mathematics was recognized by Aristotle as a division of philosophy, co-ordinate with physics and metaphysics, and is defined as the science of immovable being.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/01713a.htm   (5835 words)

 Aristotle -- Politics [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Aristotle adds that young men will usually act on the basis of their emotions, rather than according to reason, and since acting on practical knowledge requires the use of reason, young men are unequipped to study politics for this reason too.
Aristotle has already told us that if the regime is going to endure it must educate all the citizens in such a way that they support the kind of regime that it is and the principles that legitimate it.
Aristotle also reminds us of the importance of the middling element for maintaining the regime and making it long-lasting; instead of hostility between the oligarchs and democrats, whichever group has power should be certain always to behave benevolently and justly to the other group (1309b18).
www.iep.utm.edu /a/aris-pol.htm   (18373 words)

Aristotle was born in Stagira in north Greece, the son of Nichomachus, the court physician to the Macedonian royal family.
Though Aristotle's work in zoology was not without errors, it was the grandest biological synthesis of the time, and remained the ultimate authority for many centuries after his death.
The bloodless animals were classified as cephalopods (such as the octopus); crustaceans; insects (which included the spiders, scorpions, and centipedes, in addition to what we now define as insects); shelled animals (such as most molluscs and echinoderms); and "zoophytes," or "plant-animals," which supposedly resembled plants in their form -- such as most cnidarians.
www.ucmp.berkeley.edu /history/aristotle.html   (1068 words)

 Outline of Aristotle's Theory of Tragedy
Aristotle defines plot as “the arrangement of the incidents”: i.e., not the story itself but the way the incidents are presented to the audience, the structure of the play.
According to Aristotle, tragedies where the outcome depends on a tightly constructed cause-and-effect chain of actions are superior to those that depend primarily on the character and personality of the protagonist.
According to Aristotle, the worst kinds of plots are “‘episodic,’ in which the episodes or acts succeed one another without probable or necessary sequence”; the only thing that ties together the events in such a plot is the fact that they happen to the same person.
www.cnr.edu /home/bmcmanus/poetics.html   (1462 words)

 Aristotle - Now You Know
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www.aristotle.org   (197 words)

 Greek Medicine | Aristotle & Pseudo-Aristotle
At Plato's death, Aristotle was not chosen to be his successor as head of the Academy and he left Athens.
Aristotle’s Master-piece first appeared in England in the 1690s as a popular guide to human reproduction; it was later published in more than 100 editions.
Aristotle’s name was most likely used in order to add legitimacy to the work by claiming it had ancient, scientific sources.
www.nlm.nih.gov /hmd/greek/greek_aristotle.html   (387 words)

 Amazon.com: Aristotle: Books: David Ross   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Aristotle, originally published in 1923, is now re-issued with a new introduction by John L. Ackrill, which reviews developments in Aristotelian studies since Sir David Ross originally wrote his classic study.
Aristotle was born in 384 B.C. in the little town of Stagira, the modern Stavro, on the north-east coast of the peninsula of Chalcidice.
Aristotle will be helpful to students, teachers or lay readers interested in philosophy but struggling with some of the archaic attitudes presented in many translations of The Philosopher's work.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0415120683?v=glance   (1012 words)

 Aristotle - History for Kids!
Aristotle's father was Nicomachus, a doctor who lived near Macedon, in the north of Greece.
Aristotle was more interested in science than Socrates or Plato, maybe because his father was a doctor.
Aristotle was especially interested in biology, in classifying plants and animals in a way that would make sense.
www.historyforkids.org /learn/greeks/philosophy/aristotle.htm   (526 words)

 Island of Freedom - Aristotle
Aristotle was born in Stagira in northern Greece in 384 B.C. His father, Nicomachus, was a physician, under whose influence Aristotle developed his great observational talents.
Aristotle characterizes everything that exists into certain categories; substance, quality, quantity, relation, etc. Substance is prior to the other categories since substances exist as separate entities, while the other categories exist only as the qualities of substance.
Aristotle defines four kinds of causes; 1) material cause - what something is made of, 2) formal cause - what it is essentially, 3) efficient cause - what brought it into being, and 4) final cause - what its function is. The causes apply to things and not events.
www.island-of-freedom.com /ARISTOT.HTM   (1340 words)

 Aristotle Internet Access Service provider of dial-up and accelerated dial-up services nation wide low cost ISP
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Aristotle is now deploying the latest in wireless broadband technology in the Greater Little Rock area.
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 Aristotle (384-322 BC)
Aristotle's view of the world was more dogmatic than empirical.
Aristotle probably recorded ancient observations of the open star cluster M41 in Canis Major around 325 BC.
Aristotle is honored by the naming of a Moon Crater: Aristoteles (50.2N, 17.4E, 87.0 km; officially named 1935).
www.seds.org /messier/xtra/Bios/aristotle.html   (293 words)

 Aristotle bio of Ancient Philosopher 384-322 B.C.
Born at Stagira in Macedonia (in northern Greece), the son of Nicomachus, Aristotle was together with Plato the most influential philosopher of the western tradition.
On the death of Alexander in 325 anti-Macedonian feeling in Athens, caused Aristotle to retire to Chalcis where he died on the Aegean island of Euboea, now Ewoia in 322 B.C. Inland from Stagira was the semi-Greek kingdom of Macedon, with which Aristotle's family was closely connected.
At the age of 17 Aristotle traveled to Athens for a college education and after Plato returned from Syracuse, the young man joined Plato's Academy, where he studied assiduously.
www.briantaylor.com /aristotle.htm   (6152 words)

 Greek Philosophy: Aristotle
Aristotle resolved the question by categorizing knowledge based on their objects and the relative certainty with which you could know those objects.
Aristotle was the first major thinker to base his thought and science entirely on the idea that everything that moves or changes is caused to move or change by some other thing.
Aristotle called judging actions in this manner, "equity," and equity is the foundation of modern law and justice, and is absolutely critical in understanding foundational Christianity and its later permutations, such as the Protestant Reformation.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/GREECE/ARIST.HTM   (1339 words)

While Aristotle based his treatise upon the Greek poets with whose work he was acquainted, his general premises and his conclusions are in the main applicable to drama in general.
Although there was an abridged version of the Poetics extant in the late Middle Ages, it cannot properly be maintained to have made its appearance until 1498, when Georgio Valla published at Venice a Latin translation of it.
Aristotle Quotes - A collection of quotes attributed to the Greek philosopher and dramatic critic.
www.theatredatabase.com /ancient/aristotle_001.html   (413 words)

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