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Topic: Arousal

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In the News (Sat 25 May 19)

  Mental Equipment
Arousal was defined by Singer and Associates (1993) as a multidimensional construct that refers to an energizing function of the mind and body, varying on a continuum from low (deep sleep) to high (extreme excitement).
Arousal should be distinguished from anxiety and stress.
One of the oldest psychological theories on the relationship between arousal and performance is the "Inverted-U Hypothesis" or "Yerkes-Dodson Law." Simply stated, this theory suggests that optimal performance is achieved with increases in arousal until further increases in arousal lead to performance decrement.
www.tennisserver.com /mental-equipment/me_9_95.html   (817 words)

 The Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) Meter
The overall degree of arousal of the hemispheres, and indeed the whole brain, is shown by the readings of the GSR psychometer, which does not differentiate between the hemispheres, or between cortical and primitive brain responses.
Arousal of the cortex increases the conductivity of the skin and conversely, a drop in arousal causes a drop in skin conductivity.
Sexual arousal is a parasympathetic function and so is destroyed by tension, such as may be caused by anxiety or upset and the associated suppression of feelings and communications.
www.trans4mind.com /psychotechnics/gsr.html   (4383 words)

 Selective Attention and Arousal
From the Darwinian perspective, this arousal increase is necessary for survival.
Arousal here is interpreted as both the cognitive and the physiological reaction to the stimuli.
An optimal level of arousal allows information to be received by choosing the stimuli threshold necessary for recognition, while the selection filter of information relies on various aspects of our cognitive make and our experiences in choosing the stimuli we attend to.
www.csun.edu /~vcpsy00h/students/arousal.htm   (2064 words)

 Increasing Sexual Desire and Arousal
Arousal refers to the physiological response to sexual stimuli.
Physical manifestations of sexual arousal include vaginal lubrication and increased blood flow to the labia, clitoris and vagina.
One of the symptoms of decreased sexual arousal in women, is a reduced amount of vaginal lubrication.
realdivas.netfirms.com /sexdesire.html   (441 words)

 IPT Journal - "Misuse of Psychophysiological Arousal Measurement Data"
Out-of-context arousal measurement data are more and more being misused to determine the dangerousness of an individual relative to sentencing purposes, to assess dangerousness relative to parole and conditional release purposes, and to dictate probation requirements, such as whether or not a person may travel.
For example, a particular individual may respond with arousal to listening to a rape tape description equal to, or higher than, his response to a taped mutually consenting adult interaction; but does not respond with much arousal to cues relating to children, or to telephone calls, or peeping.
This index is computed by using the generally agreed upon formula by which the client's arousal responses to the different offense behaviors are divided by his or her arousal responses to the mutual adult situations.
www.ipt-forensics.com /journal/volume5/j5_1_5.htm   (2997 words)

 Arousal and the Menstrual Cycle:   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Arousal source ambiguity does not affect the results but there is some evidence to suggest that less ambiguous sources will give greater exaggerations on ratings of attraction.
I would predict a large difference at judgement because high arousal and conception risk women should be subconsciously misattributing their arousal state to the male and therefore will have increased baseline ratings due to their conception risk and increased attraction ratings due to their arousal state.
I would propose an explanation of my low risk, low arousal results by supposing that the low arousal state was not in fact a high enough arousal state to elicit any effect and that the instructions given during the experiment have had an unwanted effect on the results.
www.scienceatclifton.co.uk /clifton/2004/david.htm   (2157 words)

 eMJA: Arousal disorders in women: complaints and complexities   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Female sexual arousal disorders constitute a varied spectrum of difficulties, ranging from the total absence of genital or subjective pleasurable arousal to feelings of persistent genital arousal in the absence of sexual desire.
Arousal disorders can be associated with physical factors (eg, vaginal dryness) or psychological factors (eg, anxiety, distraction), or a combination of both.
On the other hand, she may be motivated to resist sexual arousal in order to thwart a partner, avoid flashbacks associated with past sexual abuse, or to resist feelings of loss of control associated with sexual abandonment.
www.mja.com.au /public/issues/178_12_160603/lei10725_fm-1.html   (1761 words)

 Coma Recovery Association, Inc. - Article - Explaining coma arousal therapy - Author - Jacqueline Baker, RN, ...
The theoretical underpinnings of coma arousal therapy lie in achieving wakefulness in the patient and capitalizing on the adaptability or plasticity of the brain.
Coma arousal therapy should commence as soon as possible after the development of coma and may start in the intensive care unit providing the person’s medical condition is stable.
The process of coma arousal may be likened to the process a baby goes through in developing an awareness of self and the environment.
www.comarecovery.org /comaarousal.shtm   (2997 words)

 A new definition of death based on the basic mechanisms of consciousness generation in human beings
Arousal depends on the integrity of physiological mechanisms that take their origin in the ascending reticular activation system (ARAS), "arising from nonspecific populations of neurons located in the tegmentum of the rostral pons and midbrain as well as the intralaminar nuclei of the thalamus and the posterior hypothalamus".10
Additional important pathways participating in arousal have been recently recognized.7 There are neurotransmitter systems that take origin in the brainstem, hypothalamus and basal forebrain, projecting monosynaptically to the cerebral cortex without relaying through the thalamus.
Arousal is preserved by the functionally unaltered brainstem and thalamus.
www.changesurfer.com /BD/Papers/Calixto1.html   (3477 words)

 A  Cartography of the Ecstatic and Meditative States   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Along the perception-hallucination continuum of increasing arousal of the sympathetic nervous system (ergotropic arousal), man--the self-referential system--perceptually-behaviorally (cortically) interprets the change (drug-induced or "natural") in his subcortical activity as creative, psychotic, and ecstatic experiences (2).
The frequency of saccadic movement is increased five to eight fold in response to the ergotropic arousal induced by moderate doses of mescaline, psilocybin, or LSD (D-lysergic acid diethylamide) (10).
During ergotropic and trophotropic arousal, "alterations in autonomic activity are not confined to the visceral organs, but induce changes in cortical activity" [W. Hess cited by Gellhorn(9)].
www.mimbres.com /holp/holpath/cartog.htm   (6914 words)

 Kundalini Warning! Investigation and Diagnosis of 76 Cases of Kundalini Arousal.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
And since the adverts promise you higher cosmic knowledge and expanded consciousness, it is natural that many people try these techniques, unfortunately —in many cases— without knowing anything at all about the slumbering powers in man, which it can be most dangerous to release.
Kundalini arousal and its effects are familiar things in the East, but it is not until recent years that people have noticed this force in the West, a force which can bring people to heavenly states, or down into a hell of sufferings.
The patients feel that they — while sitting in the waiting room — know the correct diagnose; Kundalini arousal, but when they come in to the doctor, they have to shift their world picture to the doctors' - and there the power of Kundalini does not exist.
kundalini-info.org /natverk.html   (1653 words)

 Philosophy of Arousal: "What I wish I had been told about sex when I was young"
In both type 1 and type 2 arousal, we may become embarrassed if we think that others are aware of our situation, particularly if the others think that we are in type 5 arousal.
Type 3 arousal occurs much less often and is harder to recognize; we are usually more involved in the other emotion.
When it comes to type 6 arousal, a great deal of cultural activities are put into both encouraging this type of arousal as well as discouraging it.
www.xenodochy.org /article/arouse.html   (1904 words)

 NEWSHE: Guests/Experts - Dr. Sandra Leiblum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
While the feelings of arousal may lead to a need to masturbate or engage in sexual activity with a partner to relieve the sensation of vaginal congestion, the arousal is only temporarily quelled with orgasm.
In the case reported by Riley, the feelings of continual sexual arousal generally disappeared within 24 hours after the onset of menses, and the patient reported normal sexual needs at other times of the month (ie, she did not actively search for sexual partners, and masturbated only once every 4 to 5 days).
She initially sought release from the arousal by initiating intercourse with her husband, but he had not been able to engage in coitus for the past 2 to 3 years due to a cardiac condition.
www.newshe.com /leiblum.shtml   (2782 words)

 Parasomnias - Arousal Disorders Information
Arousal disorders are parasomnia disorders presumed to be due to an abnormal arousal mechanism.
These arousals occur when a person is in a mixed state of being both asleep and awake, generally coming from the deepest stage of nondreaming sleep.
Because disorders of arousal are less common in adults, having an evaluation is important.
www.stanford.edu /~dement/para.html   (911 words)

 Intermittent hypoxia induces transient arousal delay in newborn mice -- Durand et al. 96 (3): 1216 -- Journal of ...
that impair the arousal response to hypoxia in newborns is intermittent
After 2 h of normoxia, arousal latencies in response to hypoxia were not significantly different in pups exposed to intermittent hypoxia or to normoxia.
Arrows and values indicate mean arousal responses to hypoxia and correspond to arousal latencies shown in Fig.
jap.physiology.org /cgi/content/full/96/3/1216   (4066 words)

 Sexual Arousal
Adequate estrogen and testosterone are necessary for the brain to sense arousal.
Electrical (arousal) nerve stimulation causes conversion of L-Arginine to Nitric Oxide.
Arousal is when the clitoris is engorged with blood to cause clitoral enlargement, clitoral rigidity (erection) and clitoral sensitivity.
www.lacremedamour.com /sexualarousal.htm   (107 words)

 Zestra Massage Oil May Help Women With Sexual Arousal Problems
Arousal disorder is one of the most common forms of female sexual dysfunction, and there are literally hundreds of over-the-counter products claiming to fix the problem.
The researchers looked at changes perceived in the level of arousal, desire, satisfaction with arousal, genital sensation, and ability to have an orgasm.
Women with FSAD reported satisfaction with sexual arousal less than one-third of the time while using the placebo oil, but 85% of the time with Zestra.
www.webmd.com /content/article/60/66946.htm   (795 words)

 Timmons & Hamilton: Drugs, Brains & Behavior -- Ch 8
One of the most important developments in the understanding of arousal was Moruzzi and Magoun's (1949) description of the reticular formation of the midbrain (it is called reticular formation because of the net-like anatomical complexity of the small neurons).
The idea that a brain area was responsible for arousal set the stage for the complementary notions that a brain area could be directly responsible for putting an animal to sleep, i.e., sleep may be an active process rather than a passive result of reduced sensory stimulation.
Transection at the level of the spinal cord had little or no effect on arousal, transection at a somewhat higher level resulted in permanent wakefulness (presumably because of separation from the active sleep centers), and transection at a still higher level led to permanent somnolence (presumably because of separation from centers for arousal).
www.rci.rutgers.edu /~lwh/drugs/chap08.htm   (7739 words)

 Arousal Management
There is a relation between the performance of a player and the level of arousal.
For each type of rugby skill there is a different optimum level of arousal (think of goal kicking, scrummaging, throw in the line-out).
A player should strive to get at optimum arousal level and should learn to control this.
www.rugbycoach.com /mental/inverted-u.htm   (513 words)

Sexual arousal is the process and state of an animal being ready for sexual intercourse.
Unlike most other animals, human beings of both sexes are potentially capable of sexual arousal throughout the year, and there is therefore no human "mating season".
In Arousal, Bader discusses the role of sexual fantasy as an unconscious problem solver and describes how his patients have come to understand the background, logic, and positive messages of their fantasies.
www.jahsonic.com /Arousal.html   (600 words)

 TIP: Concepts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The concept of arousal has been a major aspect of many learning theories and is closely related to other important concepts such as anxiety, attention, and motivation.
One of the most important findings with respect to arousal is the so-called Yerkes-Dodson law which predicts a U-shaped function between arousal (motivation) and performance.
He concludes that there are two types of arousal: a passive and general system that can raise or lower the overall level of attention, and a specific, compensatory system that allows attention to be focused on certain task or environmental stimuli.
tip.psychology.org /arousal.html   (250 words)

 Sex: The science of sexual arousal
Men and women experience sexual arousal very differently, not only physiologically but psychologically, according to researchers who are studying arousal using an array of new and refined methods.
But they are also giving researchers the means to explore basic questions about the nature of sexual arousal and how its different components--such as physiological arousal and subjective experience--are related to each other.
One of the key differences, he says, is that men with sexual arousal problems tend to be less aware of how aroused they are.
www.apa.org /monitor/apr03/arousal.html   (1052 words)

 Reducing Deviant Arousal in Juvenile: Sex Offenders Using Vicarious Sensitization Mark R. Weinrott, Michael Riggan & ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Nearly all conditioning methods used with sex offenders rely on scripts, audiotapes, or free fantasy to induce deviant arousal, that is, arousal to an illicit sex act.
Since vicarious sensitization was developed to reduce sexual arousal to children, three scales were of particular interest: nonaggressive sex young female, aggressive sex young female, and aggressive sex young male.
Changes in homosexual arousal were more difficult to interpret, owing to generally low baseline levels on phallometric and self-report measures, except those derived from graphic audiotapes.
www.northwestmedia.com /vs/report.html   (6319 words)

 Stress -- The Psychology of Stress Management
He claimed that, in addition to SNS arousal, other bodily systems such as the adrenal cortex and pituitary gland may be involved in a response to threat.
A basic relaxation technique such as Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) consciously helps muscles to relax, and, because muscle tension is one of the triggers of arousal, the PMR process, by decreasing muscle tension, essentially tells the body that the perceived danger is over and that systems can return to normal.
Even though woodworking may have its own inherent demands, it can be a major relief from the life-or-death decisions a person may have to make as a daily part of his or her job.
www.guidetopsychology.com /stress.htm   (3181 words)

 Zestra - Increasing Satisfaction, Desire, Arousal & Pleasure   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The only clinically-proven solution to help women regain their ease of sexual arousal by increasing sensitivity, warmth and sensation when applied directly to the clitoris, labia and vaginal opening with gentle massage.
It is however, intended to provide quality sexual experiences for women that result in greater arousal, orgasmic capability and more satisfying sex.
So, it's not just for women with arousal difficulties, it's also a fantastic recreational product for women, because it increases the frequency and intensity of orgasms and even makes vaginal orgasms easier to reach.
www.askzestra.com   (303 words)

 Inducing Altered States of Consciousness with binaural beat audio for altered states of consciousness mind altering ...
The extended reticular-thalamic activating system (ERTAS) is responsible for regulating generalized levels of arousal as well as individual explicit patterns of arousal (Newman 1997).
Because consciousness is a synthesis of both arousal and content, altered states of consciousness can be further inspired by changes in a percipient's social-psychological conditioning and cognitive skills.
Pink sound is "white noise" (like the hiss sound from a television after a station has stopped transmitting) equalized for human hearing with lower-frequency components amplified and higher-frequency components reduced to create a more pleasing natural sound.
brain.web-us.com /inducing.htm   (1923 words)

 Amazon.com: Arousal: Bodies and Pleasures: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Roth's approach is unique in that she concentrates on the causes and connections of arousal, which lead into insights on how American society defines sexuality.
Roth's purpose is to challenge readers to look at both the whys and the why nots of their own patterns of arousal, to be aware of the relationship between sex and violence with which we are all enculturated, and to move beyond guilt to enjoyment of all the varied pleasures of arousal.
Her prescription that releasing the Kundalini energies linked in yoga to creativity and arousal will trigger both a transformation of our sexual selves and a social revolution seems as vague and pointless as Madonna's exhortations that sex is a good thing.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/157131220X?v=glance   (916 words)

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