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Topic: Artaxerxes I

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In the News (Wed 26 Jun 19)

  Artaxerxes I of Persia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Artaxerxes I was king of the Persian Empire from 464 BC to 424 BC.
When Artaxerxes I took power, he began a new tradition of drawing off the Athenians by funding their enemies in Greece.
This indirectly caused the Athenians to move the treasury of the Delian League from the island of Delos to the Athenian acropolis.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Artaxerxes_I   (200 words)

 History of Iran: Artaxerxes (Artâkhshatra) Ardashir-e Derâz-Dast
Upon this, Artaxerxes, perceiving what was his wisest way of waging the war, sent Timocrates the Rhodian into Greece, with large sums of gold, commanding him by a free distribution of it to corrupt the leading men in the cities, and to excite a Greek war against Sparta.
But Artaxerxes gratified the Grecians in one thing in lieu of the many wherewith he plagued them, and that was by taking off Tisaphernes, their most hated and malicious enemy, whom he put to death; Parysatis adding her influence to the charges made against him.
In fine she persuaded him to marry her and declare her to be his lawful wife, overriding all the principles and the laws by which the Greeks hold themselves bound, and regarding himself as divinely appointed for a law to the Persians, and the supreme arbitrator of good and evil.
www.iranchamber.com /history/artaxerxes/artaxerxes.php   (6167 words)

 ARTAXERXES - LoveToKnow Article on ARTAXERXES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
He was the younger son of Xerxes, and was raised to throne in 465 by the vizier Artabanus, the murderer of his her.
ARTAXERXES II., surnamed Mnemon, the eldest son of w frius II~, whom he succeeded in the spring of 404.
In this war Artaxerxes is said h have distinguished himself personally (380 n.c.), but got into p ich difficulties in the wild country that he was glad when d iribazus succeeded in concluding a peace with the Cadusian P fieftains.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /A/AR/ARTAXERXES.htm   (2420 words)

 The Baldwin Project: Our Young Folks' Plutarch by Rosalie Kaufman
Artaxerxes, according to the custom of his country, went to a place called Pasargada, to be crowned by the priests in the temple of the goddess of war.
Artaxerxes was just on the point of going to the temple, when Tissaphernes, one of his highest officers, brought in a priest who had come to say that Cyrus was hidden in the sacred building, ready to kill his brother when he was changing his robe.
Artaxerxes showed Antalcidas special favors when he went to Persia, and continued to do so until the battle of Leuctra was fought; then the Spartans were again defeated, and lost their lofty position among the Greek nations.
www.mainlesson.com /display.php?author=kaufman&book=plutarch&story=artaxerxes   (1926 words)

 Artaxerxes - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
This Artaxerxes was the third son of Xerxes and was raised to the throne by Artabanus, the murderer of Xerxes.
Artaxerxes I died in 424 BC, and was succeeded by his son Xerxes II, and later by two other sons, Sogdianus and Ochus, the last of whom assumed the regnal name of Darius, whom the Greeks surnamed Nothus.
It seems more probable, however, that Artaxerxes I is the king referred to; and there is little doubt that the identification of the Artaxerxes of Ezra 4:7 with the pseudo-Smerdis would never have been thought of had it not been for the difficulty of explaining the reference to him in this place.
www.studylight.org /enc/isb/view.cgi?number=T775   (648 words)

 ARTAXERXES (I.-III.) - LoveToKnow Article on ARTAXERXES (I.-III.)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Artaxerxes used his Si atory with great cruelty; he plundered the Egyptian temples lo, A is said to have killed the Apis.
When Philip attacked D rinthus and Byzantium (340), Artaxerxes sent them support, w - which they were enabled to withstand the Macedonian.s; w iilips antagonists in Greece, Demosthenes and his party, C ped to get subsidies from the king, but were disappointed.
E The name Artaxerxes was adopted by Bessus when he proclaimed nself king after the assassination of Darius III.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /A/AR/ARTAXERXES_I_III_.htm   (2624 words)

 Cappuccino Magazine | Cappuccino | Iranian Weekly Magazine:

The reign of Artaxerxes II Ochus ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)

Artaxerxes’ punishment of Egypt was serious and included the destruction of the fortification in the Delta and around Memphis, as well as several temples.
Artaxerxes III was apparently buried in a tomb in Persepolis, where he had most likely never lived during his life time.
The successful rule of Artaxerxes III and his achievements in reinstating the power of the Persian Empire was almost entirely over turned by his murder and the pursuing chaos that accompanied it.
www.cappuccinomag.com /iranologyenglish/001555.html   (2381 words)

 Artaxerxes III of Persia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Artaxerxes III ruled Persia from 358 BC to 338 BC.
He was the son of Artaxerxes II and was succeeded by Arses of Persia (also known as Artaxerxes IV).
In 343 BC Artaxerxes III defeated Nectanebo II, driving him from Egypt, and made Egypt once again a Persian satrapy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Artaxerxes_III   (114 words)

 The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition: Artaxerxes II @ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Artaxerxes finally crushed Cyrus' rebellion at the battle of Cunaxa (401 BC), where Cyrus was killed.
Artaxerxes was ruled by the will of his wife and mother and relied heavily upon his officials; in addition, the satraps Pharnabazus and Tissaphernes had real ruling power.
The reign of Artaxerxes II also saw a revival of the cult of Mithra.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1E1:Artaxerx2&refid=ip_encyclopedia_hf   (269 words)

 The Decree of Artaxerxes.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The decree of Artaxerxes at Ezra 7:11-26 is important to many Christians as they date the issuance of the decree as the beginning point of the Seventy-Weeks Prophecy of Daniel (Daniel 9:25-26).
The weight of the evidence suggests that the decree of Artaxerxes I at Ezra 7:12-26 is not the one spoken of in Daniel 9:25.
The weight of the evidence suggests that the decree of Artaxerxes I at Nehemiah 1 is not the one spoken of in Daniel 9:25.
www.bibarch.com /Perspectives/5.1.htm   (7756 words)

 Artaxerxes - Plutarch's Lives - translated by John Dryden and revised by Arthur Hugh Clough, Book, etext
Artaxerxes scoured the seas, too, of the Lacedæmonians, Conon the Athenian and Pharnabazus being his admirals.
For the king did not persist long in his wrath with his mother, but was reconciled to her, and sent for her, being assured that she had wisdom and courage fit for royal power, and there being now no cause discernible but that they might converse together without suspicion or offense.
Artaxerxes, now being an old man, perceived that his sons were in controversy about his kingdom, and that they made parties among his favorites and peers.
whitewolf.newcastle.edu.au /words/authors/P/Plutarch/prose/plutachslives/artaxerxes.html   (6170 words)

 [No title]
Artaxerxes granted him large amounts of silver and gold to furnish the temple, and gave instruction that his treasurers on that side of the river should provide whatever was needed to beautify the Lord's house.
Artaxerxes consented, and sent with him letters for the governors of the region, authorizing the rebuilding project.
It mentioned only the building of the "house of God." But in the decree of Artaxerxes, recorded in Ezra 7, provision is made for the complete restoration of the Jewish state, including the right to appoint magistrates and judges, hold trials, and pass and execute sentence upon violators of their own national laws.
www.patmospapers.com /daniel/457.htm   (1899 words)

 Ancient Egypt: The last national dynasties: XXVIII to XXX
While Cyrus the Younger and Artaxerxes II were fighting over the Persian throne, Amyrtaios (404-399) organized a revolt in the marshes which spread to the whole delta.
The Spartan Antalkidas conducted the negotiations with Artaxerxes and by 386 Egypt was facing the Persians on her own.
Artaxerxes razed fortifications, desecrated temples and plundered the treasury.
nefertiti.iwebland.com /reassertionofsovereignty.htm   (1083 words)

 The Seventy Weeks Prophecy: Does it Lead to Jesus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Artaxerxes I Longimanus (464-424 BCE) issued a decree in 458 BCE during the seventh year of his reign (Harrison 1979:306) although this could have occurred a year later.
The weight of the evidence shows that the decree of Artaxerxes I, at Nehemiah 1, is not the one spoken of in Daniel 9:25.
Based on these data that whether Artaxerxes I issued a decree in 458 or 457 BCE is irrelevant with respect to Daniel 9 for the prophecy dealt with the Maccabeans not Jesus Christ.
www.bibarch.com /Perspectives/6.4C.htm   (3921 words)

 Battle of Cunaxa (401 BC) -- Late Achaemenid Persians in Civil War   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Artaxerxes commanded an Asiatic army of 6,000 cavalry and 30,000 foot with some scythed chariots.
Artaxerxes himself was in the centre opposite Cyrus and his bodyguard.
In the resulting melee, Artaxerxes was wounded but Cyrus and his bodyguards were cut off by superior numbers and killed.
www.fanaticus.org /DBA/battles/cunaxa.html   (505 words)

 Prophetic Technology
Xerxes' Assassination in 465 BC Xerxes, the father of Artaxerxes, was murdered by political aids in August, 465 BC.
Artaxerxes became king in August, 465 BC, which means we must consider lunar data from the years 461, 460 and 459 BC, as follows:
Moreover, this dated text confirms that King Artaxerxes ascended to the Persian throne in August, 465 BC.
www.harvardhouse.com /prophetictech/new/5thbc.htm   (1130 words)

 Artaxerxes II * People, Places, & Things * Greek Mythology: From the Iliad to the Fall of the Last Tyrant
Artaxerxes Memnon; the eldest son of king Darius II and Parysatis.
When Darius died, Artaxerxes became the king of Persia and ruled from 404 to 358 BCE; Artaxerxes was a suspicious man and was easily convinced that his younger brother, Kyrus (Cyrus), was plotting against him and trying to steal the throne.
Artaxerxes had Kyrus arrested for treason; their mother, Parysatis, intervened and Kyrus was allowed to go free; Kyrus never forgave the indignity his brother had heaped upon him and, if he had not been his brother’s enemy before his arrest, he was surely his enemy afterwards.
www.messagenet.com /myths/ppt/Artaxerxes_II_1.html   (368 words)

 Artaxerxes 3
Artaxerxes 3 is considered to have been both very efficient and extremely cruel.
He killed all close relatives in order to protect his throne, and 40,000 inhabitants of the Phoenician city of Sidon committed suicide rather than submit again to the kind of retaliations that Artaxerses had once imposed on them after they tried to break free from Persia a few years before.
Artaxerxes also took back control over Egypt, and destroyed much property and plundered its temples.
lexicorient.com /e.o/artaxerxes3.htm   (307 words)

 Artaxerxes 2
Artaxerxes 2's almost 50 years in power were marked by numerous tensions inside the empire, and no advances into new territory.
As a result, when Artaxerxes 2 died, Persia was no larger than when he had become king.
Artaxerxes came to exercise much impact on Zoroastrianism because he reintroduced cults of the older Iranian gods, Anahita and Mithra.
i-cias.com /e.o/artaxerxes2.htm   (254 words)

 The Year 457 B.C. and it's Importance
It was during Artaxerxes reign that the adversaries appealed to legislation to stop Israel, for they were "building a rebellious and evil city".
Artaxerxes had left the option of reversing his "Cessation command" open and now that rebellion was over he allowed the work to progress once again.
That means the seventh year of Artaxerxes started in the fall of 458 and ran through to the summer of 457.
dedication.www3.50megs.com /457.html   (2152 words)

 Artaxerxes I on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Artaxerxes is the Greek form of “Ardashir the Persian.” He succeeded his father, Xerxes I, in whose assassination he had no part.
The later weakness of the Persian Empire is commonly traced to the reign of Artaxerxes, and there were many uprisings in the provinces.
The fleet won a victory, but the treaty negotiated by Callias was generally favorable to Persia.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/A/Artaxerx1.asp   (375 words)

 Cappuccino Magazine | Cappuccino | Iranian Weekly Magazine: | Empire in Chaos   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Artaxerxes I (arta-xsaça) died sometimes between the December of 424 BCE and March 423 BCE.
Artaxerxes initially wanted to resolve the issue of his brother’s claim via peaceful negotiations, but these tactics failed, as did minor conflicts with Cyrus’ army by local rulers faithful to Artaxerxes.
We know that she preserved a large amount of influence on the court of Artaxerxes and with the help of eunuchs, who since the time of Xerxes I were important players on the courtly power struggles, managed to turn many fortunes in her own favour.
www.cappuccinomag.com /iranologyenglish/001534.html   (2310 words)

 Artexerxes Biography
Artaxerxes, a descendant of Sassan, from whom the family and empire are called Sassanian, was the Persian king who, in the year 226 A.D., declared his county independent of Parthia.
Despite his boastful message, he was far too wise a general to risk his new empire on the chances of a decisive Lattle between his raw troops and these splendidly armed and trained legions.
Artaxerxes certainly did not get all the territory he had so extravagantly claimed.
www.publicbookshelf.com /public_html/The_Story_of_the_Greatest_Nations_and_the_Worlds_Famous_Events_Vol_1/artexerxe_bag.html   (722 words)

 Ezra 4:7 In the days of Artaxerxes wrote Bishlam, Mithredath
In the days of Artaxerxes wrote Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of his companions, to Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the writing of the letter was written in the Syrian character, and set forth in the Syrian language.
And in the days of Artaxerxes wrote Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of their companions, unto Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the writing of the letter was written in the Syrian tongue, and interpreted in the Syrian tongue.
And in the days of Artaxerxes wrote Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabeel, and the rest of their companions to Artaxerxes king of Persia, and the writing of the letter was written in the Syrian language, and interpreted in the Syrian language.
bible.cc /ezra/4-7.htm   (329 words)

 Biblical Research Institute   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The decree of Cyrus in chapter 1 is the shortest, the decree of Darius in chapter 6 is of medium length, and the decree of Artaxerxes in chapter 7 is the longest and should, therefore, be accorded some measure of importance.
Artaxerxes honored this promise for some five years but eventually, at the pleading of the Queen Mother Amestris, he had Inarus impaled.
Because this was the decree which led to the commencement of the reconstruction of the city of Jerusalem, we have come to an absolute date for the specification for the prophecy of Daniel 9:25.
www.adventistbiblicalresearch.org /documents/Whendid70WksofDan9begin.htm   (8015 words)

Artaxerxes was in its time one of the most important and successful
Artaxerxes comes to Arbaces' cell and enables him to escape.
Artaxerxes spares his life but banishes him from the kingdom, and the
www.classicalopera.co.uk /Artaxerxes.html   (1180 words)

 What's my name   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Artaxerxes "is a compound, the first element of which, arta -- found in several Persian names -- is generally admitted to mean great; the latter part being the Zend Khshethro, king" (ibid., I:440).
Artaxerxes means "kingdom of justice," again clearly a throne name (idem).
Josephus calls the "Artaxerxes" of Ezra-Nehemiah "Xerxes," but says he reigned 28 years, which was not the case with the second Xerxes, who attacked Greece; he reigned only 21 years.
web.ics.purdue.edu /~dmcdougl/Name.html   (2328 words)

 Ezra 4:11 This is the copy of the letter that they sent
This is the copy of the letter that they sent to him: To Artaxerxes the king: Thy servants the men on this side the river, and so forth.
This is the copy of the letter that they sent unto him, even unto Artaxerxes the king; Thy servants the men on this side the river, and at such a time.
This is the copy of the letter that they sent to him, even to Artaxerxes the king: Thy servants the men on this side of the river, and at such a time.
bible.cc /ezra/4-11.htm   (246 words)

 Artaxerxes, Ardasir and Bahman - Questia Online Library
Artaxerxes ([Greek text omitted]) is the Greek rendering of the throne name of three Achaemenid monarchs, Artaxsaca, corresponding to the Old Iranian [Greek text omitted] ("he who reigns through Truth/Right Order").
Inasmuch as her insistence on the Zoroastrianism of the Achaemenids is not universally accepted, the religious policy of Artaxerxes II becomes crucial to her interpretation of the history of Zoroastrianism.
Although her argument is inevitably highly inferential, we should accept her conclusion that the cumulative force of our scattered evidence on the religious significance of Artaxerxes II's reign "makes it probable that the later 'Ardasirs' of the Zoroastrian community...
www.questia.com /PM.qst?a=o&d=5001377442   (281 words)

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