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Topic: Artemisia II of Caria

  Artemisia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Artemisia is the name of two ancient Anatolian rulers, often confused with one another:
Artemisia I of Caria, tyrant of Halicarnassus in the 5th century BC
Artemisia II of Caria, satrap of Caria in the 4th century BC
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Artemisia   (128 words)

Artemisia was a daughter of Hecatomnus, the founder of the Hecatomnid house that had ruled Caria since the beginning of the fourth century.
Artemisia is best known because she invited Greek artists to finish the Mausoleum, the sepulchral monument of her husband, which must have been her final resting place too.
Artemisia was succeeded by Idrieus and Ada, her brother and sister, who were, like Maussolus and Artemisia, husband and wife.
www.livius.org /he-hg/hecatomnids/artemisia.html   (331 words)

 Women in power 500- CE. 1
Artemisia alone of his commanders advised Xerxes against a naval battle with the Greeks but Xerxes, however, chose to follow the advice of his male advisors, and met the Greeks on the sea in the channel of Salamis on 20th September 480 BCE.
The daughter of Ptolemy II of Egypt, and her marriage in 252 to Antiochus II marked a temporary cessation in the wars between the Egyptian monarchs and the Seleucids.
War between Cleopatra II, her brother-husband and her daughter, 131-27, she was sole ruler in Egypt, 127 exile by daughter Cleopatra Thea of Syria, 124 reconciled with husband and daughter and ruled jointly with them.
www.guide2womenleaders.com /womeninpower/Womeninpower00000.htm   (4599 words)

 Caria   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Caria was surrounded by Lydia to the north, by Phrygia and Lycia to the east, and by the Aegean Sea to the south and west.
Artemisia I, queen of the Carians, distinguished herself at the battle of Salamis during Xerxes' invasion of Greece.
Mausollos was succeeded by his widow and sister, Artemisia II, who is best known for initiating construction of the Mausolleion (Mausoleum), a monument to honor her late husband, and one of the largest and most spectacular buildings in Hellenistic times, counted as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
www.faculty.fairfield.edu /rosivach/cl115/places/caria.htm   (474 words)

 ARTEMISIA (WIFE OF MAUSOLUS) - LoveToKnow Article on ARTEMISIA (WIFE OF MAUSOLUS)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
II (a gold ornament from Camirus) resents the Oriental goddess identified by the Greeks with temis.
When the lthociians regained their ~edom they built round this trophy so as to render it inacces- to ile, whence it was known as the A baton.
Above and behind the angle of bifurcan, however, a long slender artery, called the middle sacral, is ilonged downward in front of the sacrum to the end of the coccyx.
65.1911encyclopedia.org /A/AR/ARTEMISIA_WIFE_OF_MAUSOLUS_.htm   (1754 words)

 Arkhilokhos to Astyanax * People, Places, & Things * Greek Mythology: From the Iliad to the Fall of the Last Tyrant
A to Aegyptus Aello to Agesilaus I Agesilaus II to Akhaia Akhaian to Alkman Alkmene to Anaetius Anakeion to Apaturia Apeliotes to Argos Argus to Arkhidike Arkhilokhos to Astyanax Astydameia to Azov
Artemisia reasoned that if the Persians attacked with their army instead of their navy, the Greeks would surrender the island of Salamis and retreat to defend the cities of the Peloponnesian Peninsula; they could then be defeated in smaller groups; and
After her husband’s death Artemisia finished the massive tomb which her husband had started as his eternal resting place; his tomb became known as The Mausoleum of Halikarnassus (Halicarnassus) and was one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
www.messagenet.com /myths/ppt/_a1009.html   (3974 words)

He was succeeded first by his wife and sister, Artemisia II, who died three years after him; then by his brother Idneus who was married to his sister Ada; when Ada was widowed the brother Pixodarus sent her into exile.
B.C. Caria's fate was thus primarily determined by the power struggles between the Seleucids and the Prolemies.
For Caria the Empire was a period of stability and prosperity.
www.binlik.com /caria3.htm   (1373 words)

 Hecatomnids - WCD (Wiki Classical Dictionary)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Because in these years, the Achaemenid king Artaxerxes II Mnemon was involved in wars against the Cadusians and the Egyptians, the Hecatomnids were able to improve their position.
After the brief reign of Artemisia, Mausolus's brother Idrieus was satrap, and he was succeeded in 344 by his quarreling brother Pixodarus and sister Ada.
Pixodarus tried to ally himself to king Philip II of Macedon (the so-called Pixodarus affair), but in vain, and a Persian commander named Orontobates is known to have been in charge of the satrapy in the mid-330's.
www.ancientlibrary.com /wcd/Hecatomnids   (650 words)

 Anatolia: Shaw's Outline of Ancient History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Troy II represented a fairly highly developed culture, whose essential character was early Aegean and early Cycladic, as in Troy I.'The connection with the cultural centers of Asia minor and the east is clearly recognizable'.
Carians: Caria is the mountainous region of SW coastal Anatolia.
Mylasa- this was the capital of Caria except during the rule of the Hecatomnid dynasty of Halicarnassus.
www.juyayay.com /outline/anatolia   (9235 words)

 Artemisia II of Caria - TheBestLinks.com - Persia, TheBestLinks.com:Find or fix a stub, TheBestLinks.com:Perfect stub ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Artemisia II of Caria - TheBestLinks.com - Persia, TheBestLinks.com:Find or fix a stub, TheBestLinks.com:Perfect stub article, Mausolus,...
Artemisia II, Artemisia II of Caria, Persia, TheBestLinks.com:Find or fix a...
Artemisia II (3XX - 350 BCE) was the Persian queen of Caria between 353 and 350 BCE.
www.thebestlinks.com /Artemisia_II.html   (107 words)

 Ethics of Philip, Demosthenes, and Alexander by Sanderson Beck
Dionysius II succeeded his father Dionysius I as tyrant in Sicily in 367 BC by preventing Dion from arranging with his dying father that his half brothers Hipparinus and Nysaeus share power.
Jealous of the friendship between Plato and Dion, Dionysius II sent Dion into exile for writing a letter to Carthaginian commanders in Sicily even though he was their usual diplomatic contact; so Plato returned to Athens.
The supporters of Dionysius II were confined to the Ortygia citadel when Dion and the Syracusans took the garrison Epipolae and the fort of Euryalus, freeing the political prisoners.
www.san.beck.org /EC22-Alexander.html   (14797 words)

 Seven Wonders of the World - MSN Encarta
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, perhaps built by King Nebuchadnezzar II about 600 bc, were a mountainlike series of planted terraces.
The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus was a monumental marble tomb in Asia Minor built for King Mausolus of Caria, who died in 353 bc.
Queen Artemisia built the tomb in memory of Mausolus, her brother and husband, at Halicarnassus in what is now southwestern Turkey.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761568384   (818 words)

 Search Results for "Caria"
It was occupied by Greeks in the settlement of the E Aegean (c.1000 B.C.) and became one of the principal...
It was partly on the peninsula and partly on an island that had been created by cutting...
It was a magnificent white marble structure, considered by the ancients one of the Seven Wonders...
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/65search?query=Caria   (261 words)

 New Page 32   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
According to the writers of antiquity, Caria extended from the Menderes river in the west to the Dalaman creek in the east.
aussollos died in 353 B.C., after reigning over Caria from twentyfour years.The rule of the satrapy passed to Artemisia, his elder sister and wife (with the exception of Egyptian Pharaohs and Polynesian of Egyptian Pharaohs and Polynesian kings, marriage between brothers and sister is never seen in the ruling families of the world.
Artemisia’s other the claim to fame was the re-conquest of Rehodes.
idcs0100.lib.iup.edu /AncGreece/new_page_32.htm   (1437 words)

 wikien.info: Main_Page : A/AR/ART   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Artemisia was the name of two queens of Halicarnassus in the 5th century BC and 4th century BC.
The first Artemisia was the daughter of Lygdamis and was set up as the tyrant of Halicarnassus by the Persians, who were at t..
The compound (an sesquiterpene lactone) is isolated from the shrub Artemisia annua.
www.alanaditescili.net /browse.php?title=A/AR/ART   (11089 words)

 Bodrum - Kusadasi Guide - Area Profile
Artemisia's second achievement was the conquest of Rhodes.
Artemisia received the news of the fleet which was sent to her and she hid her forces in a secret harbor close to the main harbor.
Although her soldiers resisted against the forces of Alexander, he was able to penetrate the city walls and burn the city as a punishment.
www.kusadasi.net /around/bodrum2.htm   (232 words)

 Mausolus articles on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
BC, ruler of the ancient region of Caria.
Caria CARIA [Caria], ancient region of SW Asia Minor, S of the Maeander River, which separated it from Lydia.
Caria was a center of the Ionian revolt
www.encyclopedia.com /articles/30282.html   (257 words)

 Carian quenne Artemisia II MAusolos's wife
Artemisia II Most important mission of Artemisia was to finish monumental her husbands tomb which was later ranked as one of the seven wonders of the world.Artemisia who rule only two years also proved that she was wise and a fearless leader.
Artemisia applied a very clever stratagem, using Rhodian ships and clothes of captured Rhodian soldiers, she attracted the island of Rhodos and captured the city.
After her death, Halicarnasusu and Caria was ruled by Idrius and Ada who was exiled by her younger brother, Pixodoras to city of Alinda.
www.guidebodrum.com /artemisia_ii.htm   (255 words)

 FOCUS on CARIA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
He became part of the revolt against Artaxerxes Mnemon II and seized a large part of Lydia and some Hellenic islands.
Then, he declared Halicarnassus (Bodrum, a resort town of Turkey) as the capital of Caria and transferred the palace from Mylasa (Milas) to the new capital.
He declared himself as the king and invited the king of Persia to appoint an administrator to share the rule of the kingdom with himself.
www.focusmm.com /civcty/caria_00.htm   (379 words)

After the death of Maussolus, his wife and sister Artemisia had occupied the office from 353 tot 351, and after her death, her brother Idrieus became satrap.
Ada, however, was still popular, and when, in 334, the Macedonian king Alexander the Great approached Caria, she was reappointed as satrap by the future "king of Asia".
Building activity of Idrieus is attested in Halicarnassus, where he must have finished the Mausoleum, and at Labraunda, where he restored the temple of Zeus, added the southern and eastern entrances, and built the 'Doric house'.
www.livius.org /he-hg/hecatomnids/idrieus.html   (488 words)

 The Hecatomnid dynasty
She is best known for building a sepulchral monument for her dead husband, the ausoleum, which was considered to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
After the brief reign of Artemisia, Maussolus' brother Idrieus was satrap, and he was succeeded in 344 by his quarreling brother Pixodarus and sister Ada.
Pixodarus tried to ally himself to king Philip II of Macedonia, but in vain, and a Persian commander named Orontobates is known to have been in charge of the satrapy in the mid-330's.
www.livius.org /he-hg/hecatomnids/hecatomnids.html   (612 words)

 Rembrandt - Olga's Gallery
Artemisia was the wife of Masolus, the satrap of Caria in Asia Minor.
Artemisia symbolizes a widow’s devotion to her husband’s memory.
Sent to Athens in 367, he studied under Plato for twenty years, and then, in 342, was summoned by Philip of Macedonia to be the tutor to his son, the future Alexander the Great.
www.abcgallery.com /R/rembrandt/rembrandtbio.html   (1728 words)

 Ancient coinage of Caria
In Caria, properly so called,—that is to say, in the inland districts,— there was no coinage whatever before Alexander’s conquest; and, on the coast, Cnidus and Chersonesus, Idyma, Termera, Astyra, and perhaps Caunus, appear to have been the only mints before the commencement of the fine series of coins of the Hecatomnid dynasty.
Attuda, on the borderland of Caria and Phrygia, was situated on the northern slope of the Salbacus range.
Hidrieus, B.C. This dynast was the second son of Heca- tomnus, and on the death of Artemisia he succeeded to the Satrapy of Caria, marrying, at the same time, his young sister Ada.
www.snible.org /coins/hn/caria.html   (9514 words)

 Bodrum, Turkey
The modern town of Bodrum (formerly Budrum), in Caria, lies on the site of the important ancient city of Halikarnassos in a little bay (Bodrum Limani) on the southwest coast of Asia Minor opposite the Greek island of Kos (Turkish Istanköy Adasi).
The name Bodrum (= cellar or casemate) may be a corruption of the name of the Crusader castle of St Peter (Petronium), built by the Knights of St John, or it may refer to the arcading on the west side of the castle.
Under ancient Carian law women enjoyed great authority as the wives of their brothers, and when Mausolos died he was succeeded by his sister-wife Artemisia II (377-53 B.C.), who built the Mausoleion (Mausoleum), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, in his honor.
www.planetware.com /turkey/bodrum-tr-mg-bd.htm   (528 words)

 European Heads of State from BCE 1200
Her husband, Leo I was succeeded by their grandson Leo II (seven years old), who appointed his father Zeno as Co-Emperor with her support, but after Leo's death in November 474 she fought for power with Zeno.
After Dagobert's death her son, Chlodwig II was appointed king of Neutrasia and Burgundy and his older half-brother, Sigibert III king of Austrasia.
She was the wife of Offa II, the Saxon King of Mercia (757-96), and acquired notoriety as a tyrannical Queen.
www.guide2womenleaders.com /womeninpower/European-Queens.htm   (7011 words)

 WorldTravelGate.net® - The History of Bodrum, Turkey.
With the aim of enlarging the city, he had 6 of the 9 Leleg cities removed to this region, and he had the city surrounded with walls and had many palaces, theatres and temples built in the city.
The Mausoleum is Bodrums oldest antiquity and was built by Artemisia II in honour of her husband King Mausolos.
When Artemisia II died in the year 351 B.C., Idrius who was in turn succeeded by Ada, who was dethroned by her brother Pixodaros, succeeded her.
www.mideasttravelling.net /turkey/bodrum/bodrum_history.htm   (1488 words)

 Halicarnassus once was the capital of Caria
Mausolus transferred the capital of Mylasa, which from earliest times had been of particular importance to the Carians, to Halicarnassus which, as the new capital, he enlarged and enhanced lavishly.
He also resettled the two old Lelegian towns of Syangela and Myndus in new locations, enlarged them, and forced the citizens of the other Lelegian towns to move to Halicarnassus and the newly established cities.
Ceasar's assassination in the year 44 B.C. had grave consequences fro Caria, for his murderers, Brutus and Cassius came to Asia Minor intending to exploit the province of Asia and to raise new troops.
www.bodrumpages.com /English/caria.html   (1455 words)

 Webschooling   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
(5) The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus (circa 353 BC) was a monumental marble tomb for King Mausolus of Caria in Asia Minor.
It was this structure, said to have been 400 feet high, that came to be known as the Pharos of Alexandria.
Built for Ptolemy II of Egypt in about 280 BC, the lighthouse was severely damaged by an earthquake in AD 955 and disappeared completely by 1500.
www.webschooling.com /1010005231330.html   (721 words)

 About Turkey   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Its most brilliant period was around 353 BC, when it was the capital of the Satrap of Caria (in this century it was famous for its trade, sailing and boat building).
Artemisia, who was a warrior-woman, played a significant role in the protection of the Asian Union and she achieved fame by adopting a stance against Rhodes as the Admiral of the Carian fleet in 480 BC.
The Mausoleum is Bodrum's oldest antiquity and was built by Artemisia II in honor of her husband King Mausolos.
www.guidetoturkey.com /aboutturkey/cities_sites/48_mugla/bodrum_history.shtml   (883 words)

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