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Topic: Artillery

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In the News (Mon 22 Apr 19)

  The Civil War Artillery Page
Only about six percent of the soldiers in the American Civil War were enrolled in the artillery branch of the service, yet the artillery played a pivotal role in almost every major engagement of the War.
From the massed Union batteries at Stones River and Malvern Hill to the intrepid field work of Pelham's horse artillery at Fredericksburg, the big guns were always a factor, and often the decisive one.
Much of the focus is on the field artillery, which saw the most battle action during the War, but the growing Encyclopedia of Civil War Artillery provides examples of every type.
www.cwartillery.org /artillery.html   (353 words)

  Napoleonic Artillery
Even during the Revolution, the artillery arm continued to make its presence felt, and the fighting at Valmy and St.Roch were only two incidents which highlighted the continuing influence of the many trained artillerists and engineers in the face of terror and upheaval.
The presence of officers leading and coordinating massed artillery formations was one of several important factors in the superior performance of the French artillery arm at this time.
Artillery stationed on high ground was, if time allowed, placed behind makeshift redoubts and issued plenty of shotgun-like case rounds to use against enemy units as they toiled upslope.
www.wtj.com /articles/napart   (2878 words)

  Artillery, Artillerymen, and Artillery Legends
In 1901, the Artillery was divided into Coast and Field Artillery and the branch insignia was modified by the addition of a plain scarlet oval at the intersection of the cannons.
Artillery assigned to infantry support was called mounted artillery, a misnomer since all the cannoneers marched on foot.
During the Civil War, artillery had to adjust to a new role as long-distance support for the infantry or cavalry, a task that was facilitated in part by the application of rifling to cannons.
www.landscaper.net /artillery.htm   (6643 words)

  Artillery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Artillery could no longer be deployed in the battle line, the large crews and stocks of ammunition were vulnerable to rifle fire, but had to either become smaller, lighter, more mobile and stay with the troops or get much further away.
Modern artillery is distinguished by its large caliber, firing an explosive shell or rocket, and being of such a size and weight as to require a specialized mount for firing and transport.
An AuF1 of the French artillery detachement of the IFOR near Sarajevo in 1996.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Artillery   (3245 words)

 Artillery - LoveToKnow 1911
Mobile artillery is subdivided, again chiefly in respect of its employment, into horse and field batteries, heavy field or position artillery, field howitzers, mountain artillery and siege trains, adapted to every kind of terrain in which field troops may be employed, and work they may have to do.
Immobile artillery is used in fixed positions of all kinds, and above all in permanent fortifications; it cannot, therefore, be classified as above, inasmuch as the raison d'être, and consequently the armament of one fort or battery may be totally distinct from that of another.
The merits and the faults of the artillery had been made clear, and nowhere was the lesson taken to heart more than in France, where General Gribeauval, a French officer who had served in the war with the Austrian artillery, initiated reforms which in the end led to the artillery triumphs of the Napoleonic era.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Artillery   (14993 words)

 Nuclear artillery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A nuclear artillery shell is a limited-yield nuclear weapon delivered by cannon artillery.
Shortly after the development of the first atomic bombs the USA and the USSR began investigations into devices with limited yield that could be used in sub-strategic situations, even tactically.
Only one type of artillery round other than the W-48 was produced in large numbers, the W-33 for use in a 203 mm shell.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Nuclear_artillery   (824 words)

 Weapons of the American Revolution - Artillery
Artillery could fire up to 4 times per minute moving and faster when stationary, limited by the stamina of the crew and the available ammunition.
His book, "A Treatise of Artillery," had been published in 1756 and was the standard text of the day, and a pirate copy was published in Philadelphia in 1779, which became the handbook of the American artillerymen.
During the Revolution both the British and American artillery relied upon contract teamsters for movement, but for the British, with a limited amount of horseflesh available, and with contractors reluctant to ally themselves with the Redcoats, much of the transportation capacity had to be shipped across the Atlantic.
www.americanrevolution.org /artillery.html   (8216 words)

 Artillery   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Artillery was one the most widely used and effective weapons in the Canadian arsenal during WWI.
Jack Turner was part of the 2nd Canadian artillery division and many of his photographs were taken of artillerymen and their weaponry.
At the outset of the war, artillery was used as a mobile weapon but, as the war progressed and both sides became entrenched, it was increasingly used as a means of bombarding enemy trenches from fixed positions.
collections.ic.gc.ca /turner/ar_artillery.html   (365 words)

 Artillery Glossary
When the word ammunition is used in connection with artillery matters, the "fixed" ammunition comprises the loaded shells, cartridges, and carcasses; whereas the "unfixed" are the unfilled case-shot, grape-shot, and shell.
ARTILLERY CREW: Military personnel responsible for the maintenance, transportation, and operation of the various artillery pieces and the equipment and horses needed to properly support the battery.
Since the introduction of rifled artillery and armor-plated ships, the old smooth-bore guns, which formerly were used for coast-defense, have been superseded by the heavier rifled ordnance of the present day.
www.civilwarartillery.com /glossary/glossary.htm   (16590 words)

However, the Siege of Yorktown was primarily a battle of artillery, waged at long range and relatively void of direct troop confrontations.
The exact number of artillery pieces used by the British and the Allies during the siege is unknown.
The devastating power of Allied artillery proved decisive in the defeat of the of the British at Yorktown, a defeat which brought the end of hostilities in the Revolutionary War and the birth of a nation.
www.nps.gov /colo/Ythanout/artillery.html   (1213 words)

 Polish Light Artillery
The contribution of Polish culture and arms to our civilization is not well known, and the innovative role played by artillery in her armies is virtually a secret - our educational mission is to correct this (while having a great time!).
This is an army that had cutting edge field artillery technology next to arqubusiers in the infantry and horse-archers in the Tarter ulans.
The specific period on which we focus is from the Deluge 1653 to the raising of the siege of Vienna, 1683.
www.kismeta.com /diGrasse/PolishHorseArtillery.htm   (738 words)

 Vietnam Studies - Field Artillery 1954 - 1973
The requirement that artillery units obtain both political and military clearance was but one of many rules that the artillery was required to observe in engaging the enemy.
Artillery units were concerned not only with the safety of friendly forces and noncombatants on the ground but also with that of aircraft.
The liaison section was notified by artillery units in the area before firing and given the direction of the fire, the maximum ordinate of the trajectory, and the point of impact of the projectile.
www.landscaper.net /studies.htm   (2313 words)

 General information of artillery weapons and shells
All artillery shells don't have cartridge cases, instead the projectile and the propellant charge are loaded "separately", inserting first the projectile and then the propellant charge.
The artillery projectile (/ shell / round), that lands in the target, has many different ways to cause damage to the enemy in the target area.
The graph is based on the assumption that the point of impact is centered in the target area, and the area is covered with an optimum pattern.
www.winterwar.com /Weapons/artyinfo.htm   (2078 words)

 Real-life Artillery
The modern artillery piece is an incredibly lethal and (in the public eye) totally unappreciated piece of machinery.
Unlike aircraft, artillery is unaffected by cloud cover or similar visibility conditions; as long as the spotter can relay the target location, the act of aiming is performed through mathematical computation rather than visual target acquisition.
Artillery has an effective 100% duty cycle in the local combat area, unlike aircraft which cover large areas and must periodically return to base for refueling, maintenance, etc. Artillery is also much harder to detect than aircraft.
www.stardestroyer.net /Empire/Tech/Ground/Artillery.html   (1945 words)

 Military News Stories about Vietnam War Artillery
Under the command of Brigadier General Charles A. Symroski, the headquarters assumed responsibility for the artillery mission in MR II (then known as II Corps), and was redesignated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, I Field Force Vietnam Artillery, on 15 March 1966.
The artillery FO, wheter accompanying a squad, platoon, or company must know where both he and the enemy are to correctly direct the artillerymen to the enemy.
He must know the capabilities and limitations of field artillery, types of targets suitable for attack and the proper ammunition to be used for the desired effect.
www.landscaper.net /artystory.htm   (8419 words)

 History - Massachusetts Artillery
Artillery, District of Alexandria, Defenses of Washington, to February, 1863.
Artillery Brigade, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac and Army of the Shenandoah, to October, 1864.
Artillery, Grover's Division, Dept. of the Gulf, to January, 1863.
www.civilwararchive.com /Unreghst/unmaarty.htm   (5967 words)

 Diehard Music - Artillery   (Site not responding. Last check: )
During this period Artillery hung out and made friends with Metallica when Metallica visited Copenhagen to record Ride The Lightning and Master Of Puppets, and they gigged with some of the biggest names in thrash metal such as Destruction and Slayer just to name a few.
One of the bizarre highlights of Artillery's career occurred in 1989 when the cold war was still in full effect.
Roadrunner agreed to release the next Artillery album, and within that same year Artillery entered the Sweet Silence Studio in Copenhagen (where Metallica recorded both Ride The Lightning and Master Of Puppets) and recorded "By Inheritance" their finest album ever, and the first Artillery album to be backed by a major budget.
www.diehardmusic.com /band_artillery.html   (1551 words)

In the 4th century AD it appears that the arrow throwing machines were differentiated from stone throwing catapults by having the term ballistae apply only to them.
Both types of artillery were manned by men called ballistarii.
Artillery was reserved, instead, for a few specialist artillery legions and for defending fixed positions.
www.redrampant.com /roma/artillery.html   (442 words)

 Artillery; The Nine Mile Snipers
The Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery was granted the Battle Honour, by His Majesty King George VI, in January 1950 (it is not a Battle Honour for the engineers).
The Royal Regiment of Australian Artillery was granted the two mottos of The Royal Regiment of Artillery in 1950 by His Majesty King George VI: "UBIQUE" (Everywhere) and "QUO FAS ET GLORIA DUCUNT" (Where Right and Glory Lead).
The knife had a number of uses; the blade was for cutting loose horses which became entangled in the head and heel ropes of the picket lines, and the spike of the knife was used as a hoof pick, for the removal of stones from horses hooves.
www.diggerhistory.info /pages-army-today/arty.htm   (1763 words)

 Artillery Equipment page   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The artillery piece was basically the same as was used during the First World War, but with some modifications, such as pneumatic tyres and split-trail design to allow it to be towed behind a tractor unit, such a lorry or the Quad tractor and limber.
It was originally designed for use as pack artillery, with the barrel being of a two-piece 'screw-jack' assembly held together by a junction nut in the middle.
By the end of the war the Radars designed for observing artillery fire, ground surveillance and mortar locating were becoming very advanced in their designs and their successors are still in use today.
www.btinternet.com /~ian.a.paterson/equipartillery.htm   (5298 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for artillery   (Site not responding. Last check: )
artillery ARTILLERY [artillery] originally meant any large weaponry (including such ancient engines of war as catapults and battering rams) or war material, but later applied only to heavy firearms as opposed to small arms.
A 95,000-acre (38,445-hectare) field artillery and missile base, it is the home of the U.S. Army Artillery and Missile Center.
The cannonade of Valmy, a Franco-Prussian artillery skirmish, was fought near there on Sept. 20, 1792.
www.encyclopedia.com /articles/00781.html   (454 words)

The formidable firepower of the Roman army was achieved by hand thrown weapons (pila;slingshots), hand drawn longbows and composite bows, mechanical crossbows (arcuballistae), and winched bolt-shooting and stone-throwing catapults.
The Romans adopted the torsion artillery invented by Greek engineers - catapults powered by highly tensioned and twisted rope springs.Greek and Roman artillery is the best understood of all branches of ancient applied technology because of the remarkable survival of a collection of technical manuals written by engineers.
The Society's artillery officer, Moderatus, is engaged in long-term research on these texts and on the growing number of archaeological finds of catapult parts.
www.romanarmy.net /artillery.htm   (447 words)

 Korean People's Army - North Korea
In the 1980s, the mechanized infantry and armored and artillery forces were reorganized into new mechanized armored and artillery corps to implement the change in strategic thinking.
The North Korean artillery units, protected in covered trenches and underground bases, can deliver deep fire support without exposure while their multiple rocket launchers are capable of concentrating fire support.
Its artillery forces possessed over 8,300 of the 76.2 mm, 100 mm, 122 mm, 130 mm, 152 mm, and 170 mm howitzers and guns, over 2,700 of the 107 mm, 122 mm, 132 mm, 240 mm multiple rocket launchers, and more than 12,500 anti-aircraft guns.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/world/dprk/army.htm   (3243 words)

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