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Topic: Ashkenazim

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In the News (Sun 26 May 19)

Ashkenazim focused on Hebrew, Torah and especially Talmud.
While the Sephardim were generally wealthy, the Ashkenazim were poor peddlers, petty traders, artisans, diamond polishers, jewelry workers and silversmiths.
Ashkenazim outnumbered Sephardim everywhere except North Africa, Italy, the Middle East and parts of Asia.
www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org /jsource/Judaism/Ashkenazim.html   (1238 words)

 Can Sephardic Judaism be Reconstructed?
In that sector, a combination of factors has given the Ashkenazim almost an iron grip which only serves to increase the gap between the most energetic Jewish religious movements and the lives of most Jews and to weaken the relationship of Jews with the rest of the world.
Since the Ashkenazim had begun developing their institutions in Eretz Israel before 1860, while living in the midst of a Sephardic majority, their models were firmly implanted by the time the Sephardim began building their own institutions.
Ashkenazim came to dominate the institutions of the Chief Rabbinate, countrywide and local.
www.jcpa.org /dje/articles3/sephardic.htm   (4621 words)

 The Peace Encyclopedia: The Stockholm Syndrome   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Ashkenazim, Jews from the European Diaspora, seem to have evolved such a strategy of appeasement as a means to pacify their Christian overlords.
With the resurrection of the Jewish homeland, now behind the lines of the Arab empire, the Ashkenazim are faced with a different kind of oppression, one for which their Diaspora experience has ill-prepared them.
But the Ashkenazim are driven by a response to aggression molded by 100 generations of appeasement and self-indictment in order to placate those one feared - a response which is subconscious and instinctual, and not easily conquered.
www.yahoodi.com /peace/stockholm.html   (2424 words)

Because these Khazar (Ashkenazim) Jews merely chose Judaism, they are not, in the strictest sense, really Jews: at least not blood Jews.
The bottom line is that the Ashkenazim Jews' claim to Israel as their "birthright" place of origin is not correct.
But the Ashkenazim Jews are the most militant, have the most money and are able to manipulate the governments of the world.
www.cyberspaceorbit.com /khazar.html   (1207 words)

 The high intelligence of Jews.
The selective force was the restriction of Ashkenazim in medieval Europe to occupations that required more than usual mental agility, the researchers say in a paper that has been accepted by the Journal of Biosocial Science, published by Cambridge University Press in England.
Ashkenazim generally do well in IQ tests, scoring 12-15 points above the mean value of 100, and have contributed disproportionately to the intellectual and cultural life of the West, as the careers of Freud, Einstein and Mahler, pictured above, affirm.
In the case of Ashkenazim, Dr Cochran argues, this is not the case.
home.comcast.net /~neoeugenics/IQgenes.htm   (9770 words)

 Encyclopedia: Shulkhan Arukh
Secondly, it was not Karo's intention to write a code similar in form to Maimonides' work; he intended to give not merely the results of his investigations, but also the investigations themselves.
The importance of the minhag ("prevailing local custom") is also a point of dispute between Karo and Isserles: while Karo held fast to original authorities and material reasons, Isserles considered the minhag as an object of great importance, and not to be omitted in a codex.
This point, especially, induced Isserles to write his glosses to the Shulkhan Arukh, that the customs (minhagim) of the Ashkenazim might be recognized, and not be set aside through Karo's reputation.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Shulkhan-Arukh   (4618 words)

 Sephardic and Ashkenazic Passover / Pesach Differences
Since the destruction of the Second Temple, Ashkenazim have been forbidden to eat lamb meat, but some Sephardim permit lamb to be served as the feature dish at their Passover seder meals.
While the text in Passover haggadahs are basically identical for Sephardim and Ashkenazim, the flexibility and variety of Passover songs towards the end of the Passover seder is greater among the Sephardim when compared with the Ashkenazim.
For both Sephardim and Ashkenazim, the text and songs in the Passover Haggadah may be read and sung in the local language, or a mixture of the local vernacular and Hebrew, or a combination of the local language, Hebrew, and other languages.
www.angelfire.com /pa2/passover/sephardicandashkenazicpassover.html   (3129 words)

 RaceSci: History of Race in Science: In Media{ A New Look At Old Data May Discredit a Theory on Race   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
At least some of the diseases exist as a matter of chance, and not because their causative mutations confer a protective effect, according to a new analysis by Dr. Neil Risch of Stanford University and others.
Ashkenazim, the category to which most American Jews belong, come largely from Central and Eastern Europe, whereas Sephardim come from the Mideast.
Several quite rare genetic diseases are now known to be relatively more common among Ashkenazim, and geneticists have long wondered whether some of the mutations, or changes in DNA, that cause the diseases became common because they carried a hidden advantage.
www.racesci.org /in_media/ashkenazim_random.htm   (760 words)

 Mail-Jewish Volume 28 Number 85
On asking one of the older congregants the reason for this variation from standard Ashkenazi practice, I was informed that when the first Ashkenazim arrived in Amsterdam in the early 17th century there were not enough of them to form their own shul, so they davened with the Sephardim.
The matter was referred to a Rav in Venice (his name escapes me), who ruled that the Ashkenazim could continue using their own pronunciation on condition that they were careful to pronounce the 'Ayin the Sephardi way.
I suspect that the distinction was lost among Ashkenazim in everyday usage because of the influence of German and other Western languages that do not have the glottal click (as in 'alef) or the guttural (as in 'ayin or het).
www.ottmall.com /mj_ht_arch/v28/mj_v28i85.html   (1256 words)

 MyJewishLearning.com - Ideas & Belief: Jewish Genetic Diseases
Ashkenazim, who until some 40 years ago largely married within the group, carry a dozen recessive genetic anomalies in a relatively high frequency.
One in 40 Ashkenazim carries the mutation that causes Canavan’s disease, which ravages its victims with failed mental development, weakened muscles and inability to speak, and victims usually die by age 10.
About one in 100 Ashkenazim carry type A or B Niemann‑Pick disease, a crippling neurological disintegration that ends life well before the teens.
www.myjewishlearning.com /ideas_belief/bioethics/Overview_Genetic_Issues/Bioethics_GeneticDisease_Hadassah.htm   (961 words)

 The Virtual Jewish History Tour - Netherlands
The Ashkenazim in the Netherlands soon became superior to the Sephardim in numbers, but, with the exception of a few wealthy Ashkenazi families, they remained inferior socially and economically.
Nonetheless, Ashkenazim in the Netherlands did face less persecution than their brethren in the rest of Europe, and were definitely better off in that regard.
The Ashkenazim themselves were split into two kehillas, a German one and a Polish one, until 1673, when the municipal authority ordered them joined.
www.us-israel.org /jsource/vjw/netherlands.html   (3159 words)

 Israelis of European origin (Ashkenazim) have an average IQ of about the European nor - Stormfront White Nationalist ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
If the Ashkenazim jews living in Israel are representitive of their population world wide than their high IQ claim seems like another lie.
He notes that Israelis of European origin (Ashkenazim) have an average IQ of about the European norm (100) whereas Israelis from the Arab lands (Sephardim) have the quite low average IQ of 88.
White Lady, 1414141414 was not attempting to deny a degree of jewish overrepresentation in high-IQ sectors of the population: he merely differs from you on its manitude.
www.stormfront.org /forum/showthread.php?t=192333&page=1   (2609 words)

 OML - Exodus and Exile: The Spaces of Diaspora
Between 1000 and 1500, because of expulsions and migrations paralleling the spread of the German states into eastern Europe, the Ashkenazim spread across Poland and Hungary, as far south as the Danube in the Balkans and as far west as the Dnieper in present-day Russia and Ukraine.
Ashkenazim were welcomed by the tolerant Kingdom of Poland where their political autonomy was unparalled in comparison to other European countries.
To control this region with its concentrated population of Ashkenazim, the Russians created the Pale of Settlement (1825-1918) which extended from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Black Sea in the south [see 18].
www.usm.maine.edu /maps/exhibit10/10-04.html   (938 words)

 Assessing the Ashkenazic IQ
Ashkenazim have earned 27% of the Nobel Prizes awarded to Americans, 25% of ACM Turing Awards, and 26% of the Fields Medals.
Ashkenazim, however, have contributed impressively in areas not obviously dependent on verbal skills.
The fractions of Ashkenazim and non-Jewish Westerners among the winners, required by the method of thresholds, was computed assuming 13 million Ashkenazim and 1 billion non-Jewish whites.
www.lagriffedulion.f2s.com /ashkenaz.htm   (2755 words)

 Midrash Hanukkah Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Ashkenazim conclude the lighting with the hymn Mao'oz Sur.
Ashkenazim eat foods fried in oil, such as donuts and potato pancakes, in memory of the miracle of the cruse of oil.
Ashkenazim have the minhagh of giving Hanukkah money [and presents] to the children.
www.midrash.org /halakha/hanukkah.html   (1210 words)

 The Churva Synagogue in Jerusalem
The Ashkenazim were run out of town and their houses and property confiscated and divided up among the winners.
A second rebuilding by Ashkenazim was in the distant offing.
First, an honored rabbi was sent to the imperial capital in Istanbul to plead for the annulment of the law forbidding Ashkenazim to homestead in the Holy City.
www.jewishmag.com /4mag/israel/israel.htm   (1625 words)

 Rav-SIG: Infofile > Reference > Sefardim and Ashkenazim, Chassidim and Misnagdim
Like Jewish families in general, rabbinic families are to be found in both Sefardi and Ashkenazi communities, and the Ashkenazim were further divided according to their Chassidic or Misnagdic affiliation.
Nusakh of prayer and not the descent of the congregants from Ashkenazim or
Ashkenazim may pray according to Nusakh Ashkenaz if they are not of Chassidic affiliation or descent.
www.jewishgen.org /Rabbinic/infofiles/sefardim.htm   (353 words)

 MyJewishLearning.com - History & Community: Medieval Culture
Two great cultural sub-communities of Jews, Ashkenazim and Sephardim (their names date back to Biblical terminology), emerged during the Middle Ages.
Ashkenazim had moved through Italy to the Rhineland, where they were concentrated during the high Middle Ages, and would later migrate to Poland and central and eastern Europe.
Ashkenazim traditionally spoke Yiddish, a language that incorporates elements from Hebrew and German, although the language of their learned culture, largely religious, was Hebrew.
myjewishlearning.com /history_community/Medieval/MedievalCultureTO.htm   (546 words)

 Ashkenazic Passover / Pesach Customs and Traditions
Furthermore, Ashkenazim are forbidden to come in contact with or even have in their possession in their household any chametz.
Ashkenazim are also forbidden to eat kitniyot [generally speaking, kitniyot (plural form: "kitniyos") include small fleshless seeds of annual plants that an individual might ground into flour], and their derivatives in other products.
Despite these restrictions, Sephardim and Ashkenazim agree that having possession of kitniyos (but not consumption of kitniyos for most Ashkenazim and some Sephardim) is permitted during the Passover holiday.
www.angelfire.com /pa2/passover/ashkenazicpassovercustoms.html   (1840 words)

About one in 100 Ashkenazim carries type A or B Niemann-Pick disease, a crippling neurological disintegration that ends life well before the teens.
The genetic disorders carried by Sefardim differ from those of the Ashkenazim, but the situation is generally far less clear-cut.
The high-frequency genetic disorders specific to Ashkenazim are different from those of the surrounding populations [Poles, Germans],” Dr. Bach explains.
hadassah.org /news/content/per_hadassah/archive/2001/Jan01/medical.htm   (991 words)

 MyJewishLearning.com - Ideas & Belief: Jewish Genes and Anti-Semitism
But seeing to it that people of all religious and ethnic backgrounds develop clearer and less emotional ideas about genetics and its new role in our lives is eminently feasible--especially since education is something that we Jews know a lot about.
Highly inbred, bound by intense loyalty, often identifiable by names or culture, geographically concentrated, densely organized into countless voluntary associations, well educated, health conscious, and numerous enough to provide experimenters real statistical power, we are easy to reach and rally whenever scientists need volunteers.
Ashkenazim are over‑represented among the nation’s medical researchers.
www.myjewishlearning.com /ideas_belief/bioethics/Overview_Genetic_Issues/Genetic_Screening/Bioethics_AntiGene_Benderly.htm   (1063 words)

 Ashkenazim   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Ashkenazim and Sephardim: Their Relations, Differences, and Problems As Reflected in the Rabbinical Responsa (Library of Sephardic History and Thought)
Keter Shem Tob,: The rites and ceremonies and liturgical variants of the Sephardim of the east and west, and Ashkenazim.
Ashkenazim and Sephardim,: Their relation, differences, and problems as related in the Rabbinical Responsa,
ashkenazim.idoneos.com   (191 words)

 The Inhabitants of Jerusalem
Four belong to the Sephardim congregation, and one to the Ashkenazim, or rather to the Germans, since, when it was founded, the name of the Polish, Russian, or Galician Jews was not known.
At the time of the founding of this Synagogue it was limited to this single building; but at a later period, when the number of Jews increased, all the houses contiguous to it were incorporated with it, and all denominated the Synagogue of the Ashkenazim.
He was chosen as the chief of the Jerusalem Ashkenazim, and commenced to enlarge, adorn, and improve the Synagogue buildings, whence they were called the Synagogue of Rabbi Yehudah Hachasid.
www.jewish-history.com /Palestine/people.html   (1865 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Tensions went so far that the Ashkenazim were going to establish their own synagogue in Kaffa (modern Feodosia), at that time a main center of Jewish settlement in the Crimea.
Already in the middle of the nineteenth century, the number of Ashkenazim there exceeded the number of Krymchaks and at the end of the century the Jewish population of Crimea became predominantly Ashkenazi.
Their separateness from the Ashkenazim in terms of ethnic differentiation at the time should not be overestimated.
members.aol.com /askinazy/khazanov.html   (15688 words)

 The Early Histrory of the Ashkenazim
This community of Turco-Mongolian Ashkenazim, then was distinct in every element save that of the creed from the Jews previously known to the Western world, the Sephardhim.
Again, this is highly significant, especially in the context of what became of the Khazar Jews during the eleventh century onwards, when their kingdom began to fragment, and they began to disperse, suffering the same kind of trials and tribulations as had their Sephardhic counterparts as they went.
The study of the Khazars and of their contribution to the blood-stock of the Ashkenazim was a subject for nineteenth century scholarship, when it was not in any sense considered controversial.
salam.muslimsonline.com /~babri/khazar2.htm   (1281 words)

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