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Topic: Aspiration pneumonia


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In the News (Tue 18 Jun 19)

  
  Aspiration Pneumonia - Health EncyclopediaNews Story - KNBC | Los Angeles
Aspiration pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs and bronchial tubes due to breathing in a foreign material.
Aspiration pneumonia is caused by inhaling foreign material (usually food, liquids, vomit, or secretions from the mouth) into the lungs.
Aspiration of foreign material (often the stomach contents) into the lung can occur with disorders that affect normal swallowing or disorders of the esophagus (esophageal stricture, gastroesophageal reflux).
www.nbc4.tv /encyclopedia/6859430/detail.html   (649 words)

  
  Pneumonia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Pneumonia is a medical condition that describes a result of a variety of diseases in which the small, air-filled sacs in the lung responsible for absorbing oxygen from the atmosphere are flooded with fluid.
The symptoms of infectious pneumonia are the result of both the invasion of the lungs by microorganisms and the immune system's response to the infection.
In cases of viral pneumonia caused by influenza A or B, patients who are seen within 48 hours of the onset of symptoms may be treated with oseltamivir or zanamivir.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Pneumonia   (4241 words)

  
 Aspiration pneumonia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Aspiration pneumonia is a specific form of lung infection (pneumonia) that develops when oral or gastric contents (including food, saliva, or nasal secretions) enter the bronchial tree.
Aspiration pneumonia is often caused by an incompetent swallowing mechanism, such as occurs in some forms of neurological disease (a common cause being strokes) or while a person is intoxicated.
Whether aspiration pneumonia represents a true bacterial infection or a chemical inflammatory process remains the subject of significant controversy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Aspiration_pneumonia   (207 words)

  
 Prevention of Aspiration Pneumonia: A Research-Based Protocol
Aspiration is the introduction of a foreign substance into the lungs, but the mere instillation of foreign substance into the subglottic airway is not sufficient to produce disease.
Aspiration pneumonia is diagnosed clinically by noting its manifestations: a predisposition for aspiration; recovery of oropharyngeal, gastric or exogenous secretions from the pulmonary bed; and radiographic evidence of an infiltrative process, usually in a gravity-dependent section of the lung.
Risk factors associated with aspiration pneumonia are not clearly defined; although certain patient characteristics, such as altered level of consciousness, depressed cough and gag reflexes, gastrointestinal disorders, use of various breathing and feeding tubes, and increased age are associated with increased risk for aspiration pneumonia.
www.neurosy.org /disease/aspiration/pneu.shtml   (5784 words)

  
 Pneumonia (Bacterial, Viral) Causes, Symptoms and Treatment on MedicineNet.com
The "pneumonia vaccine" is given to prevent one specific type of pneumonia--the pneumonia caused by the Pneumococcus (Streptococcus pneumoniae) bacterium.
Pneumonia caused by Pneumococcus is the most common form of infection occurring outside of a hospital or institutional setting in the U.S. Pneumococcus infection is responsible for over 6,000 deaths per year in the U.S.--the highest number for any vaccine-preventable disease.
Pneumonia is an infection of one or both lungs which is usually caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
www.medicinenet.com /pneumonia/article.htm   (871 words)

  
 aspiration pneumonia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Aspiration pneumonia is a lung infection that occurs when a person accidentally inhales material from the nose, throat, or stomach.
Pneumonia, which is a lung infection, may form in one or both lungs.
Aspiration pneumonia is not a direct risk to family members or health care providers.
www.northmemorial.com /healthencyclopedia/content/3313.asp   (458 words)

  
 Lifespan's A - Z Health Information Library - Aspiration pneumonia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Aspiration pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs and bronchial tubes caused by inhaling foreign material (usually food, drink, vomit, or secretions from the mouth) into the lungs.
Aspiration of foreign material (often the stomach contents) into the lung can be a result of disorders that affect normal swallowing, disorders of the esophagus (esophageal stricture, gastroesophageal reflux), or decreased or absent gag reflex in unconscious or semi-conscious individuals.
The outcome depends on the severity of the pneumonia, the type of organism, the extent of lung involvement.
www.lifespan.org /adam/healthillustratedencyclopedia/1/000121.html   (482 words)

  
 Postgraduate Medicine: Aspiration pneumonia
Aspiration pneumonia most often occurs in the presence of impairment of protective upper and lower airway reflexes in patients who have a decreased level of consciousness or central nervous system disease.
Whether aspiration pneumonia develops after an episode of aspiration is determined by the volume of material aspirated, its character (eg, acidic versus neutral, liquid versus particulate, infected versus sterile), the frequency of aspiration episodes, and the adequacy of host defenses.
Patients with hospital-acquired aspiration pneumonia may be treated with cefepime hydrochloride (Maxipime) or ceftazidime plus clindamycin or metronidazole; a beta-lactam and beta-lactamase inhibitor combination such as ampicillin and sulbactam, piperacillin sodium and tazobactam sodium (Zosyn), or ticarcillin and clavulanate potassium (Timentin); or a newer fluoroquinolone.
www.postgradmed.com /issues/2003/03_03/j_johnson.htm   (3318 words)

  
 Aspiration Pneumonia: Current Concepts and Approach to Management
Aspiration of pathogens from a previously colonized oropharynx is the primary pathway by which organisms gain entrance to the lungs, and therefore, in a broad sense, most pneumonias, are aspiration-related.
While pneumonia is part of the infectious aspiration syndrome, other infectious syndromes can result, including lung abscess, necrotizing pneumonia, and empyema.

Because community-acquired aspiration pneumonia usually involves anaerobic bacteria, aspiration pneumonia should be viewed as part of a continuum that can progress to cavitation (lung abscess), or even empyema formation.

Antibiotic therapy for patients with aspiration pneumonia should be based on an assessment of severity of illness (severe or nonsevere infection; Table III), where the infection was acquired (community versus nosocomial), and the presence or absence of risk factors for gram-negative rod colonization.
www.medscape.com /content/1998/00/40/87/408725/408725.xml   (2628 words)

  
 Australian Prescriber - Aspiration pneumonia and pneumonitis
Aspiration of oropharyngeal or gastric contents is a common, but often unrecognised cause of pneumonia.
However, the term aspiration pneumonia is reserved for pneumonia arising when the size of the inoculum is large and/or host defences fail.
Aspiration of gastric contents can still occur and aspiration pneumonia remains a common cause of morbidity and death in patients fed this way.
www.australianprescriber.com /magazine/26/1/14/7   (2598 words)

  
 Is Aspiration Pneumonia Epidemic in Elderly Americans?
Aspiration pneumonia may have become a lethal and costly epidemic in elderly Americans, according to William B. Baine, MD, who presented a poster at the 39th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.
Among Medicare patients with a principal diagnosis of aspiration pneumonia, the three most common secondary diagnoses were volume depletion, congestive heart failure, and urinary tract infections.
The question is whether this increase in aspiration pneumonia arises from an actual increase in cases or is merely an apparent increase resulting from selection pressure for the "aspiration pneumonia" diagnostic code.
www.respiratoryreviews.com /novdec99/rr_novdec99_asppneu.html   (594 words)

  
 Aspiration Pneumonia: Introduction - The Merck Veterinary Manual
Aspiration pneumonia is a pulmonary infection characterized by inflammation and necrosis caused by inhalation of foreign material.
Disturbances of deglutition, as in anesthetized or comatose animals (eg, mature cattle under general anesthesia or cows in lateral recumbency), vagal paralysis, acute pharyngitis, abscesses or tumors of the pharyngeal region, esophageal diverticula, cleft palate, megaesophagus, or encephalitis, are frequent predisposing causes.
The pneumonia is usually in the anteroventral parts of the lung; it may be unilateral or bilateral and centers on airways.
www.merckvetmanual.com /mvm/htm/bc/120200.htm   (642 words)

  
 Coma Recovery Association, Inc. - Aspiration Pneumonia
Aspiration pneumonia is a common source of fever and breathing difficulties in patients still in a coma or at the lower levels of arousal.
This type of pneumonia is an irritation of the lungs caused by contents of the mouth entering the airways rather than the digestive pathway.
Prevention of aspiration pneumonia and its complications can most often be accomplished by feeding the patient in an appropriate upright position, even when on tube feedings, and maintaining the upright position for 30-45 minutes after completion of feeding.
www.comarecovery.org /artman/publish/AspirationPneumonia.shtml   (438 words)

  
 Preventing Pneumonia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
What the study showed was that 41 percent of the subjects who developed aspiration pneumonia were dependent on others to feed them and perform their oral care.
Patients fed by untrained staff or family were at increased risk for aspiration pneumonia because the quantity of material aspirated tended to increase.
The study concluded that aspiration pneumonia could not be predicted by one variable.
www.hillside-rehab.org /pneumonia.htm   (464 words)

  
 Case 28--Discussion
In this case, a diagnosis of recurrent aspiration pneumonia was not considered in this AIDS patient with a prolonged history of GERD until the foreign material was identified in the lung biopsy taken at the time of a previous episode of pneumonia.
In a study of postmortem lungs with diffuse aspiration bronchiolitis (DAB); that is, granulomatous bronchiolitis with foreign particles limited to the airways, an incidence of 31/4880 (0.64%) was found.
Thus, aspiration is a cause of wheeze in the elderly to be distinguished from the wheeze of asthma or panbronchiolitis [
pathhsw5m54.ucsf.edu /case28/discussion28.html   (1442 words)

  
 eMedicine - Pneumonia, Aspiration : Article by Anand Swaminathan, MD
Aspiration pneumonitis represents chemical damage to the tracheobronchial tree caused by acute, often witnessed, inhalation of regurgitated gastric contents in patients with an acute change in mental status.
Aspiration pneumonia is defined as the development of an infiltrate in a patient at increased risk of oropharyngeal aspiration.
Chest radiograph of a patient with aspiration pneumonia of the left lung after a benzodiazepine overdose - The patient was probably positioned to the left at the moment of aspiration.
www.emedicine.com /emerg/topic464.htm   (4037 words)

  
 Aspiration pneumonia -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Aspiration pneumonia is a specific form of (Respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants) pneumonia that develop when gastric contents, food, saliva, or nasal secretions are aspirated into the bronchial tree.
Depending on the acidity of the aspirate, a chemical pneumonitis develops, and bacterial pathogens (including (Click link for more info and facts about anaerobic bacteria) anaerobic bacteria) further add to the inflammation.
The right lower lobe of the (Either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood) lung is the commonest location of aspiration pneumonia.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/a/as/aspiration_pneumonia.htm   (142 words)

  
 SpeechPathology.com: how does oral care prevent aspiration pneumonia?
Pneumonia from aspiration is the result of ingestion of a very large load of bacteria into the lower respiratory system where the infestation overwhelms the weakened immune system protection.
First, for a patient to develop pneumonia from aspiration, he/she must be significantly ill-CVA, surgery, heart attack, etc. Any severe illness causes a stress response (via the hypothalamus) in the sick patient which lowers the body's immune system's ability to fight off bacteria.
Pneumonia does not occur by itself; it occurs as a result of the serious illness and usually 3 to 7 days after the medical event.
www.speechpathology.com /askexpert/display_question.asp?question_id=198   (677 words)

  
 Your Healthcare Primer for Long Term Care: Aspiration Pneumonia. UNM Health Sciences Center Continuum of Care (COC).
The risk of developing pneumonia rises when aspiration is frequent, the amount of material aspirated is large or acidic (such as stomach contents) or infected (as in periodontal/dental disease.) It is also more likely if solid material is aspirated.
Silent or recurrent aspiration may require more detective work including modified barium swallow study, videoflouroscopy (a swallowing study) and evaluation by a feeding specialist (usually an OT or SLP with special expertise in the area of feeding disorders) or team of specialists (such as at the SAFE feeding clinic).
Aspiration of small amounts of oral contents is common in all populations of people.
www.unmcoc.org /manual/pneumonia/aspiration   (962 words)

  
 What Causes Pneumonia?
Infective pneumonia: Inflammation and infection of the lungs and bronchial tubes that occurs when a bacteria (bacterial pneumonia) or virus (viral pneumonia) gets into the lungs and starts to reproduce.
Aspiration pneumonia: An inflammation of the lungs and bronchial tubes caused by inhaling vomit, mucous, or other bodily fluids.
The viruses and bacteria that cause pneumonia are contagious and are usually found in fluid from the mouth or nose of an infected person.
www.ehealthmd.com /library/pneumonia/PNM_causes.html   (457 words)

  
 * Aspiration pneumonia - (Disease): Definition
Aspiration pneumonia is another form of chemical pneumonia.
Aspiration pneumonia is caused when chemical irritants and bacteria from the mouth or stomach are inhaled into the lungs.
Aspiration pneumonia is the pathological consequence of the abnormal entry of fluids, particulate matter, or secretions in the lower airways...
en.mimi.hu /disease/aspiration_pneumonia.html   (314 words)

  
 aspiration pneumonia - General Practice Notebook   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Aspiration pneumonia is a lung infection resulting from the aspiration of organisms into the lower respiratory tract.
This contrasts with inhalation pneumonia which refers to the consequences of inhaling non-infected particulate matter, fluids and irritant gases.
Aspirated material will enter the lower lobes when the patient is standing.
www.gpnotebook.co.uk /cache/-1798307822.htm   (152 words)

  
 Aspiration Pneumonia in Kittens
Aspiration pneumonia is a frequently diagnosed lung disorder in young kittens, especially those that are orphaned.
Orphaned kittens fed milk replacers by the tube method are most at risk because they are frequently overfed, or the tube is passed into the trachea rather than the esophagus.
If the aspiration is due to a congenital malformation such as cleft palate, then surgical intervention to repair the defect may be needed.
www.peteducation.com /article.cfm?cls=1&articleid=234   (273 words)

  
 Aspiration Pneumonia
Aspiration is a condition where food, water, stomach acids and other foreign materials distillate into the lungs.
Aspiration pneumonia can become infected secondarily with bacteria and will require treatment with an antibiotic.
Aspiration Pneumonia symptoms manifest as cough, shortness of breath and wheezing which may be accompanied by fever.
www.targetwoman.com /athene/bronchoscopy   (744 words)

  
 ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA
Aspiration (as-pi-RAY-shun) pneumonia (noo-MOH-nyah) happens when a liquid or an object is inhaled into the lungs.
A common cause of aspiration pneumonia is inhaling (aspirating) acid or vomit from the stomach.
Pneumonia is even more dangerous for people over the age of 50, and people with immune system or other health problems.
www.healthtouch.com /bin/EContent_HT/cnoteShowLfts.asp?fname=07190&title=ASPIRATION+PNEUMONIA+&cid=HTHLTH   (1071 words)

  
 Chemical Pneumonia
Pneumonia usually is caused by a bacteria or virus.
In chemical pneumonia, inflammation of lung tissue is from poisons or toxins.
Aspiration pneumonia is another form of chemical pneumonia.
www.emedicinehealth.com /chemical_pneumonia/article_em.htm   (194 words)

  
 Preventing aspiration pneumonia in at-risk residents Nursing Homes - Find Articles
Aspiration pneumonia is an infection in the lungs commonly perceived to be caused by food or liquid that goes down the windpipe (trachea) into the lungs, rather than into the stomach.
The resident who is diagnosed with aspiration pneumonia is often referred to the Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP) for evaluation of a swallowing problem, or dysphagia, but this is just one of several risk factors for aspiration pneumonia.
Although tube feeding and NPO are established treatment regimens for individuals in whom aspiration of food and beverages has been identified, researchers reviewing this practice have found that people receiving tube feedings are as likely to develop pneumonia as those with moderate aspiration.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m3830/is_8_53/ai_n6180416   (755 words)

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