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Topic: Assembly of notables


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In the News (Sat 16 Feb 19)

  
  Arabi Pasha - LoveToKnow 1911
On the ist of February 1881 Arabi and two other Egyptian colonels, summoned before a court-martial for acts of disobedience, were rescued by their soldiers, and the khedive was forced to dismiss his then minister of war in favour of Mahmud Sami.
A military demonstration on the 8th of September 1881, led by Arabi, forced the khedive to increase the numbers and pay of the army, to substitute Sherif Pasha for Riaz Pasha as prime minister, and to convene an assembly of notables.
The assembly of notables claimed the right of voting the budget, and thus came into conflict with the foreign controllers who had been appointed to guard the interests of the bondholders in the management of the Egyptian finances.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Arabi_Pasha   (624 words)

  
 French Revolution - MSN Encarta
Brienne was also unable to win the support of the assembly, and in May 1787 it was dismissed.
The Estates-General was a consultative assembly composed of representatives from the three French estates, or legally defined social classes: clergy, nobility, and commoners.
Faced with stiffening resistance by the third estate and increasing willingness of deputies from the clergy and nobility to join the third estate in the National Assembly, the king suddenly changed course and agreed to a vote by head on June 27.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761557826_2/French_Revolution.html   (1249 words)

  
 USA: Thomas Jefferson, autobiography
The next day (13th.) the assembly pressed on the king to send away the troops, to permit the Bourgeoisie of Paris to arm for the preservation of order in the city, and offer to send a deputation from their body to tranquillize them; but their propositions were refused.
These events carried imperfectly to Versailles were the subject of two successive deputations from the assembly to the king, to both of which he gave dry and hard answers for nobody had as yet been permitted to inform him truly and fully of what had passed at Paris.
Omitting the less important figures of the procession, the king's carriage was in the center, on each side of it the assembly, in two ranks afoot, at their head the M. de la Fayette, as Commander-in-chief, on horseback, and Bourgeois guards before and behind.
odur.let.rug.nl /usa.990917/P/tj3/writings/bio/jefbio09.htm   (6741 words)

  
 JewishEncyclopedia.com - SANHEDRIN, FRENCH:
In order that this sanhedrin, reviving the old Sanhedrin of Jerusalem, might be vested with the same sacred character as that time-honored institution, it was to be constituted on a similar pattern: it was to be composed of seventy-one members—two-thirds of them rabbis and one-third laymen.
On Oct. 6, 1806, the Assembly of Notables issued a proclamation to all the Jewish communities of Europe, inviting them to send delegates to the sanhedrin, to convene on Oct. 20.
The Notables convened again on March 25, prepared an official report, and presented it on April 6, 1807; then the imperial commissioners declared the dissolution of the Assembly of Notables.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=231&letter=S   (934 words)

  
 Aristotle: Politics: Book 6
The good and the notables will then be satisfied, for they will not be governed by men who are their inferiors, and the persons elected will rule justly, because others will call them to account.
Besides, people of this class can readily come to the assembly, because they are continually moving about in the city and in the agora; whereas husbandmen are scattered over the country and do not meet, or equally feel the want of assembling together.
When in excess of this point, the constitution becomes disorderly, and the notables grow excited and impatient of the democracy, as in the insurrection at Cyrene; for no notice is taken of a little evil, but when it increases it strikes the eye.
www.constitution.org /ari/polit_06.htm   (4293 words)

  
 Bastille Day And The French Revolution
This was convincingly demonstrated in the Assembly of Notables in February 1787, a gathering of wise men that King Louis XVI called for and convened to help him solve economic problems afflicting France, particularly the lack of solvency.
This Assembly of Notables, in turn, advised the King to call the Estates General, the body which traditionally had the authority to raise taxes but which had not been summoned since 1614 during the reign of the popular king, Henry IV.
Before that notable event, however, the riots of the revolution spilling into the streets of France began not in Paris but in the streets of Grenoble, the actual cradle of the revolution, with the Day of Tiles (June 10, 1788).
www.neoliberalismo.com /bastille.htm   (1849 words)

  
 The French Revolution
Members of the National Assembly wanted the creation of a parliamentary system similar to what the British had, and they swore not to disperse until a constitution had been written and ratified (a swearing to be known as the Tennis Court Oath).
The National Assembly was from then forward to hold its meetings in Paris, and the king and queen, their children and a few servants, were to live in the royal family's old Paris palace, at Tuileries, less splendid than the palace at Versailles and more exposed to the public.
Accommodating public opinion and the Legislative Assembly, the king came to parliament in December and announced an ultimatum to the elector of Trier (in the German Rhineland) to put an end to hostile émigrés activity in his realm, to long applause from the delegates.
www.fsmitha.com /h3/h33-fr.html   (9252 words)

  
 French Revolution chronology
The National Assembly proclaims itself the Constituent National Assembly, with full authority and power to decree law; their primary task is to draw up and adopt a constitution.
The Legislative Assembly does nothing before August 10; true to their word, citizens-mostly sans-culottes-march towards the Tuileries, which is defended by a contingent of French soldiers and Swiss Guards.
An Executive Council of six ministers is elected by the Assembly to oversee the national election of representatives to the Convention.
www.unlv.edu /faculty/gbrown/hist462/resources/chrono.htm   (5200 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The assembly declared the illegality of previous imposts, voted them provisionally, as long as it continued to sit, and their cessation on its dissolution; it restored the confidence of capitalists by consolidating the public debt, and provided for the necessities of the people, by appointing a committee of subsistence.
The populace were restless and agitated; and the assembly desired to enlighten the throne with respect to its projects, and solicit the removal of the troops.
The press excited the public mind, the newspapers published the debates of the assembly, and enabled the public to be present, as it were, at its deliberations, and the questions mooted in its bosom were discussed in the open air, in the public squares.
www.outfo.org /literature/pg/etext06/8hfrr10.txt   (19227 words)

  
 Arabi Pasha, Alexandria, Egypt, 1882
He was born at or near the important town of Damanhour, thirty or forty miles from Alexandria, and belongs to the native Egyptian race, that which constitutes the bulk of the peasant population, or Fellaheen; his name, more properly written "Ourabi," has nothing to do with an Arab lineage.
They accept the obligation of the Egyptian public debt, as a, matter of national honour, although it was incurred for the private ends of a selfish and dishonest ruler, the late Khedive Ismail Pasha, without the consent of the nation.
At the beginning of the present year the Khedive and Sherif Pasha, according to promise, called together the Assembly of Notables—that is to say, of "Omde," elected for each district by the village mayors, "sheikh-el-beled," who are men of wealth holding an hereditary municipal office.
www.londonancestor.com /newspaper/1882/0722/arabi-pasha.htm   (705 words)

  
 Contents of III. THE CONSTITUTION OF THE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The Provincial assembly of the Dauphiné, which spearheaded the transformation of the Estates General into a national assembly, went even further and adopted a kind of converse of the last principle, such that delegates from each estate were elected by votes from members of all three estates.
In the French assembly, individual mandates were invoked by way of three instructions: to vote by order or by head, to refuse consent to a loan before the constitution had been adopted, and to support the royal veto.
In both cases, the question arose whether the assembly should proceed on the principle “one man, one vote” or “one group, one vote.” (In Philadelphia the question arose not only for the constituent assembly itself, but also--and mainly--for future legislatures.) The question was, as we shall see, resolved differently in the two countries.
www.law.upenn.edu /conlaw/issues/vol2/num2/elster/node4_ct.html   (4516 words)

  
 Chapter 6 Page 1
These proposals met with furious resistance both from a special Assembly of Notables and from the King's own law courts, particularly the Parlement of Paris.
In their objections, these bodies stressed the need to return to the tradition by which, in times past, the French people had consented to royal decrees through a representative body known as the Estates-General.
Although, as the documents make clear, the Third Estate was motivated by a sense of how unproductive and unfair noble privileges were, by swearing this oath they directly attacked the political basis of the monarchy.
chnm.gmu.edu /revolution/chap6a.html   (661 words)

  
 New Page 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The towns differed in their rules, customs, and constitutions, however they were very similar in that they had a general assembly, a council and an executor (Doyle 52).
This assembly would consist of royal nominees who were the “most enlightened persons of the Kingdom, to whom the King deigns to communicate his views with and whom he invites to apprise him of their reflexions.” (Doyle 97).
The creation of the Assembly had showed the people of France that the Monarchy had no confidence in its ability to function.
www.gettysburg.edu /academics/history/hist106web/site21/origins.htm   (1245 words)

  
 A Confederate Soldier in Egypt: Part I, Chapter XVI   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Rid of his opposition, the comptrollers threatened the Notables with the thunder of their wrath in case they dared to touch the budget, or even to mention it in their assembly.
Arabi with a large body of soldiers then surrounded the palace of the Khedive and demanded the dismissal of the ministry, the assembly of the Notables, and the restoration of the army to its former status.
The act of the comptrollers in ordering Tewfik to drive Arabi Pacha out of Cairo for fear he might influence the Notables in their legislation upon the pay of these officials was an acknowledgement that he was a great political leader, and it influenced the entire people of Egypt to consider him as such.
home.earthlink.net /~atomic_rom/soldier/csie1c16.htm   (3752 words)

  
 Godwin, "Political Justice," Book 5, Chap. 21
It would have been still worse, if it had been ordained that no measure should be considered as the measure of the assembly, unless it were adopted by the unanimous voice of all the corps: eleven persons might then, in voting a negative, have operated as a majority of one hundred and forty-four.
Perhaps no proceeding of this assembly should have the force of a general regulation till it had undergone five or six successive discussions in the assembly, or till the expiration of one month from the period of its being proposed.
It is the duty of the assembly to desire information without reserve for themselves and the public upon every subject of general importance, and it is the duty of ministers and others to communicate such information, though it should not be expressly desired.
www.english.upenn.edu /Projects/knarf/Godwin/pj521.html   (1386 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
On the contrary, it is necessarily by this that one must begin if one wishes to work solidly, it being more useful to lop off one part of the body of the State than to overburden it by extraordinary taxes to pay for damaging and useless expenses.
If the latter expedient is passed in the said Assembly of Notables, the King and the State will receive a prompt assistance so that at a stroke the King's affairs could be put back into good order, apart from avoiding the complaints that new edicts would bring about.
With regard to the clergy, which possesses one third of the wealth, it will not be overburdened in consenting to the alienation of a small parcel of its wealth to help prevent the fall of the monarchy.
www.le.ac.uk /hi/bon/resources/Govtsoc/doc21.html   (510 words)

  
 Peter Kropotkin on the Assassination of Alexander II
Thereupon Alexander II decided that a sort of deliberative assembly of delegates from the provinces should be called.
Always under the idea that he would share the fate of Louis XVI, he described this gathering as an assembly of notables, like the one convoked by Louis XVI before the National Assembly in 1789.
He is reported to have told her, "I have determined to summon an assembly of notables." However, this belated and half-hearted concession had not been made public, and on his way back to the Winter Palace he was killed.
www.shsu.edu /~his_ncp/Assass.html   (549 words)

  
 Assembly Facts, history, salaries
Ruth Doyle was the 4th generation of her family to serve in the Wisconsin Assembly, following in the footsteps of her father (Frank E. Bachhuber, 1933), grandfather (Andrew Bachhuber, 1885), and great-grandfather (Max Bachhuber, 1860, 1864 and 1875).
She was appointed by Governor Scott McCallum and confirmed by both the Assembly and Senate to fill the vacancy created when Governor Tommy Thompson resigned from office and Scott McCallum became Governor.
Margaret Farrow served in the Assembly from 1986-1989 and in the Senate from 1989-2001.
www.legis.state.wi.us /assembly/acc/assembly_facts.htm   (1995 words)

  
 The Lafayette Collection
In 1787 and 1788, Lafayette attended sessions of the Assembly of Notables, a convocation of the most important figures of each of the three Estates, called at this time to resolve pressing taxation issues.
To the Assembly Lafayette brought his call for the civil rights of Protestants (an Edict of Toleration was in fact enacted in November of 1787); he supported the doubling of the Third Estate's representation in government; and he boldly proposed a national assembly.
Lafayette presented the "Declaration de droits de l'homme et du citoyen" to the Assembly on July 11, 1789, and was chosen vice-president of the National Assembly on the eve of the Fall of the Bastille.
rmc.library.cornell.edu /FRENCHREV/Lafayette/bio.html   (1774 words)

  
 UCD US History: Twenty Significant Events in the French Revolution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Decrees by the Assembly reinforcing the Civil Constitution of the Clergy; oath-taking of the clergy
Letter from Pius VI to Cardinal de Lomenie objecting to his Nov. 25, 1790 letter claiming taking the Oath of the Clergy could be taken with excuse of lack of mental assent; Pius VI objected to the violation of canon law and the public scandal.
Constituent Assembly dissolved; its members are banned from the Legislative Assembly.
carbon.cudenver.edu /~rpekarek/frchrona.html   (1066 words)

  
 France Hotels, Paris Hotels and the France Travel Guide - France.com
To try to address this, the assembly "sanctioned the establishment of provincial assemblies, a regulation of the corn trade, the abolition of corvées, and a new stamp tax; it broke up on the 25th of May, 1787."
Paris was unanimous in its support for the assembly, close to insurrection, and, in Mignet's words, "intoxicated with liberty and enthusiasm." The press published the debates of the assembly; the political conversation spread beyond the Assembly itself into the public squares and halls of the capital.
The king had to share power with the elected Legislative Assembly (successor to the National Assembly), but he still retained his royal veto and the ability to pick ministers.
www.france.com /culture/display_item.cfm?id=154   (3443 words)

  
 frenchrevscans   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
For instance, Marie took a long while to produce a male heir, so many of the nobles claimed that Louis was impotent or she was barren, illustrating their disrespect for the royal family.
So in 1787 Calonne convened an “Assembly of Notables” (the higher-ranking aristocrats and clergy) to seek support for his plan.
About 140-150 people attended; however, the assembly of Notables would not hear of new taxes, and said that the only assembly which could consent to new taxes was something called the Estates General, a representative assembly which had not had a meeting since 1614.
www.d.umn.edu /~aroos/frenchrevscans.html   (1819 words)

  
 Rev Glossary
Assembly of Notables: Mostly aristocratic selection of most prominent members of various French provinces who likewise rose in reaction against the monarchy.
It was in charge of the war and general affairs of state in the Terror.
Constituent Assembly: 1789-1791 session of the National Assembly beginning with the declaration of the Third Estate that it was the National Assembly.
www.angelfire.com /ca6/frenchrevolution89/revglossary.html   (1608 words)

  
 The Project Gutenberg eBook of Beacon Lights of History, Volume IX, by John Lord
On the wretched failure of the Assembly of the Notables, the prime minister, Necker, advised the King to assemble the States-General,--the three orders of the State: the nobles, the clergy, and a representation of the people.
On the removal of the National Assembly to Paris, Mirabeau took a large house and lived ostentatiously and at great expense until he died, from which it is supposed that he received pensions from England, Spain, and even the French Court.
The spoliation of the clergy by the National Assembly was a great injustice, since it was not urged that the clergy had misused their wealth, or were neglectful of their duties, as the English monks were in the time of Henry VIII.
www.gutenberg.org /files/10640/10640-h/10640-h.htm   (16378 words)

  
 Sanhedrin   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
On Oct. 6, 1806, the Assembly of Notables issued a proclamation to all the Jewish communities of Europe, inviting them to send delegates to the sanhedrin, to convene on Oct. 20.
The first meeting was opened with a Hebrew prayer written by David Sinzheim; after the address of the president and of Furtado, chairman of the Assembly of Notables, it was adjourned.
The Notables convened again on March 25, prepared an official report, and presented it on April 6, 1807; then the imperial commissioners declared the dissolution of the Assembly of Notables.
www.worldhistory.com /wiki/S/Sanhedrin.htm   (2274 words)

  
 Chapter 6:
The provincial assemblies, eighteen of which Necker added to those already instituted by Turgot, leading in turn to the establishment of district and parish councils, were evidently brought to discuss the most difficult questions and to lay bare the hideous corruption of the unlimited power of royalty.
And it was in the midst of these difficulties that the minister Calonne convoked an Assembly of the Notables at Versailles for February 22, 1787.
Through that Assembly it was learned that the national debt had mounted up to sixteen hundred and forty-six millions--an appalling sum at that time--and that the annual deficit was increasing by one hundred and forty millions annually.
dwardmac.pitzer.edu /Anarchist_Archives/kropotkin/frenchrev/vi.html   (1390 words)

  
 A Moment in Time: The Assembly of Notables   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Instead, the king called an Assembly of Notables; a hand-picked body which he thought would rubber-stamp the reforms needed to straighten out the financial mess.
The Assembly of Notables opened at Versailles in February 1787.
While the Assembly of Notables did not resolve France's financial crisis, it did serve notice that there were serious problems in the French political structure and by failing to deal with France's bankruptcy, the ruling class simply deferred the crisis until the summer of 1789 when the flame of revolution swept all before it.
ehistory.osu.edu /world/amit/display.cfm?amit_id=1298   (341 words)

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