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Topic: Assimilation (linguistics)

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In the News (Sun 16 Jun 19)

  Assimilation (linguistics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Assimilation is a regular and frequent sound change process by which a phoneme changes to match an adjacent phoneme in a word.
A common example of assimilation is vowels being 'nasalized' before nasal consonants as it is difficult to change the shape of the mouth sufficiently quickly.
Assimilation may result in the neighbouring segments becoming identical, yielding a geminate consonant; this is complete assimilation.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Assimilation_(linguistics)   (262 words)

 Assimilation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Assimilation (linguistics), a linguistic process by which a sound becomes similar to an adjacent sound
Assimilation (biology), the conversion of nutrient into the fluid or solid substance of the body, by the processes of digestion and absorption
Assimilation (Star Trek), process used by the fictional Borg race to integrate a being into the collective structure
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Assimilation   (217 words)

Assimilation (linguistics) Assimilation is a process by which two different consonants in a word which are to be pronoun...
Evolutionary linguistics Evolutionary linguistics is the scientific study of the history of the origins of language and...
Exponent (linguistics) An exponent is a phonological manifestation of a morphosyntactic property.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /topics/linguistics.html   (660 words)

 Prof. Elizabeth C. Zsiga - Georgetown University - Research
Word-integrity and assimilation in Korean/English interlanguage (with HK Kim)
Syllables and Gestures in Florentine Vowel Assimilation (with Christina VillafaƱa, Georgetown University)
Assimilation and Neutralization in Korean/English Interlanguage (with H.K. Kim)
www.georgetown.edu /faculty/zsigae/zsigaresearch.html   (862 words)

 Assimilation - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Assimilation, from Latin assimilatio meaning "to render similar", is used to describe various phenomena:
In linguistics assimilation may also refer to the process of integrating a loanword, and if needed adapt it, into the system of the receiving language.
In economy, the absorption of a new issue by the public after all shares have been sold by the underwriting group.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Assimilate   (292 words)

 Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Sciences: Concentration in Linguistics
Linguists may study the structure or history of a single language, or language family in depth in an effort to discover the principles by which language is organized and the principles by which it changes.
Linguistic theory posits that language is a system governed by certain principles that relate sound and meaning; linguistics seeks to discover and formulate these principles.
Concentrators in linguistics may explore the field from a variety of perspectives and may study a number of different areas, which contribute to an understanding of the nature of languages and its place within human behavior.
www.cog.brown.edu /linguistics.html   (750 words)

 Cornell University Linguistics Department   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The pattern of performance across various nonnative contrasts forms the basis for the Perceptual Assimilation Model of cross-language speech perception I have developed with my students and colleagues, which posits that mature listeners' discrimination reflects their perception of phonetic-articulatory similarities between nonnative segments and native phonological contrasts.
In the second part of the talk an alternative, cognitive, approach to non-truth-conditional linguistic meaning will be explored, which has a natural place in the relevance-theoretic approach to communication and cognition.
Conceptual linguistic expressions map onto concepts that are the constituents of communicated assumptions (mental representations that could be given truth conditions).
ling.cornell.edu /moreabstracts02-03.html   (662 words)

 Definitions of Linguistic Terminology
A branch of linguistics dealing with the analysis, description, and classification of speech sounds, or segments.
The branch of linguistics concerned with the structural relationships between segments.
The assimilation - through fronting, backing, raising, or lowering - of a class of vowels to a set of segments in an immediately neighboring syllable.
sps.k12.mo.us /khs/linguistics/lingtrms.htm   (1286 words)

 Encyclopedia: Assimilation (linguistics)
Assimilation Coarticulation in phonetics refers to two different phenomena: the assimilation of the place of articulation of one speech sound to that of an adjacent speech sound.
I think there should be an article named "assimilation" with "assimilate" and "melting pot" pointing to it.
We can speak of 1) the assimilation of an individual through voluntary immigration or 2) the assimilation of an entire people by another one, typically in a position of power and numerical superiority.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Assimilation-(linguistics)   (885 words)

 HLW: Word Forms: Processes: Assimilation
The approximant [∂] preserves this opening, and in this sense it is an example of assimilation: the consonant takes on one of the features of the previous phone (in the case of /r/ it is the open state of the oral cavity following the tap itself).
Though we probably cannot call it assimilation because the oral cavity is open before and after the consonant and closed as the consonant is produced, this does appear to be a Speaker-oriented process.
These are not examples of assimilation: the /t/ in stop cannot be said to agree with the /s/ that precedes it or the /α/ that follows it any more than it would if it were aspirated.
www.indiana.edu /~hlw/PhonProcess/assimilation.html   (3809 words)

 Korean language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
It is sometimes placed by linguists in the Altaic language family, though others considered it to be a language isolate.
The possibility of a Korean-Japanese linguistic relationship is a delicate subject because of the complex historical relationship between the two countries.
The possibility of a Baekje-Japanese linguistic relationship has been studied, with Korean linguists pointing out similarities in phonology, including a general lack of consonant-final sounds.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Korean_language   (3326 words)

 Linguistics FAQ
Linguistics is also very new because Western science didn't put all this together into a useful discipline until about 200 years ago, and didn't invent many other useful ways to study other aspects of human language until the present century.
Linguistics is a bit unusual as a discipline because human language is so ubiquitous that it permeates everything in our experience.
In the College of Literature, Science, and the Arts of the University of Michigan, the Linguistics Department is housed administratively in the Division of Humanities, though its studies range far beyond that.
www-personal.umich.edu /~jlawler/lingfaq.html   (941 words)

 Stanford Linguistics Colloquium   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A more satisfactory account of restrictions on consonant harmony can be derived from the hypothesis that assimilation is strictly local, so intervening vowels are not transparent to consonant harmony, they undergo it.
Strict locality in assimilation implies that there is no transparency to assimilation, but there are a number of prima facie cases of consonant harmony for which this claim seems implausible, e.g.
It will be argued that these are not in fact cases of assimilation but result from a dispreference for similar but non-identical consonants within the morpheme or word.
www-linguistics.stanford.edu /colloq/1996/1996jan19.html   (407 words)

 Linguistics Colloquium
Although attempts have been made at explaining away some apparent cases of non-local assimilation as a mere illusion (in that the intervening so-called transparent segments are in fact phonetically affected after all), a significant residue still remains which cannot be reinterpreted in this way.
non-local assimilation, have their roots in the domain of speech planning (phonological encoding for speech encoding.
An advantage of this result is that some of the anomalous properties of the systems in question receive straightforward explanations, and the general typology of "true" consonant harmony phenomena becomes somewhat tidier.
www.sfu.ca /linguistics/events/colloquia/abs-hansson.htm   (295 words)

 [No title]
The application of the methods and results of linguistics to such areas as language teaching; national language policies; lexicography; translation; and language in politics, advertising, classrooms, courts, and the like.
Linguists’ have come up with varying numbers of “primes” for sign parameters (handshapes, locations, orientations, movements, holds, and nonmanual signals).
The area of linguistics that investigates the role of context in understanding meaning is called: [p 162] a.
www.lifeprint.com /aslv/linguisticsofaslquiz1-250.doc   (5087 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
According to this new proposal (Repetti1991), RS is the result of a reanalysis of syllable structure in thepassage from Latin to Italian: Latin vowel length was not completelylost, as is often claimed, but rather partially reinterpreted accordingto certain specific constraints on syllable structure.
Hierarchical language based on binaryoppositions, positions sportsmen as peacetime heroes in the publicsphere, and sportswomen as marginalised achievers who are forced toconsider the constructed beauty of their bodies as a priority overtheir athletic prowess.
Linguistic efficacy isfar from being the only or the most significant factor in theirselection and continuance.
www.linguistics.unimelb.edu.au /research/mplal/wpling16.html   (2068 words)

 Assimilation (linguistics)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Assimilation is a regular sound change process by which a phoneme changes to match an adjacent phoneme in a word.
If the phoneme changes to match the preceding phoneme, it is progressive assimilation.
The result of consonant assimilation is usually a geminate consonant.
pedia.newsfilter.co.uk /wikipedia/a/as/assimilation__linguistics_.html   (111 words)

Linguistic context is discourse that precedes a sentence to be interpreted and situational context is knowledge about the world.
Linguistic changes like sound shift is found in the history of all languages, as evidenced by the regular sound correspondences that exist between different stages of the same language, different dialects, and different languages.
Linguists identify regular sound correspondences using the comparative method among the cognates (words that developed from the same ancestral language) of related languages.
www.ielanguages.com /linguist.html   (8123 words)

 AcademicDB - Chomsky and Piaget: Assimilation and Accommodation.
This notion of the formation of image schemas is similar to Piaget's description of cognitive development proceeding through a process of accommodation and assimilation.
However, it differs in that the formation of image schemas is thought to require innately specified mechanisms of analysis, though the content, as Piaget would agree is not necessarily innately specified (Mandler, 1993).
Certain linguistic properties are thought to be innate because they appear universally and in the absence of corresponding experience (see Crain, 1991, for an overview).
www.academicdb.com /chomsky_piaget_assimilation_accommodation_9120   (459 words)

 Journal of General Psychology: Regular versus randomized sentences, nouns versus prepositions, and assimilation in ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Also, assimilation occurs for salience as well as for traditional types of parts, such as color, where assimilation is a context-produced increase in similarity.
Therefore, assimilation-in-salience theory holds that parts assimilate to their organization-produced high-in-salience group, thus increase in salience, and hence are retained better.
When this part belongs to a high-in-salience group, the part assimilates in salience to the group and thereby undergoes a large increase in salience.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m2405/is_2_126/ai_55084250   (1378 words)

 Prof. Elizabeth C. Zsiga - Georgetown University - Conferences
Word-integrity and assimilation in Korean/English interlanguage." Talk to be presented at the Boston University Conference on Language Development, Boston, MA (with Hyouk-Keun Kim).
“Syllables and gestures in Florentine vowel assimilation,” poster presented at the 8th Conference on Laboratory Phonology, New Haven, CT (with Christina VillafaƱa)
“Assimilation and neutralization in Korean/English interlanguage” poster presented at the 8th Conference on Laboratory Phonology, New Haven, CT (with Hyouk-Keun Kim)
www.georgetown.edu /faculty/zsigae/zsigaconfs.html   (198 words)

 NYU Department of Linguistics: Loanwords: Abstract
The phonological processes by which loanwords are assimilated into Japanese have been described by Itô and Mester (1993), Stanlaw (1992), and Sonoda (1975).
However, developing a model for loanword assimilation has been problematic, especially for models which view loans as a separate sublexicon with a phonology distinct from the native lexicon (Kiparsky 1982).
The assimilation of foreign segments or syllable structures not found in the native phonology causes Faithfulness constraints to move with respect to Markedness constraints.
www.nyu.edu /gsas/dept/lingu/people/graduate/cece/loan.htm   (570 words)

 Dyirbal in Assimilation
Linguistically they did this by talking their (slightly deviant) variety of YD within the group, and English (JE) with members of the other group (cf.
The (forced) cultural assimilation and the strong linguistic pressure of English as the exclusive official language have been decisive for the change and fall of Dyirbal.
The formal reduction occurs on all levels of linguistic description, ranging from the phonology by morphologic and syntactic reduction up to semantic and lexical phenomena, all of which can be regarded as indicators of the decay of Dyirbal in its traditional form.
www.linguist.de /Dyirbal/dyirbal-en.htm   (10014 words)

 Linguistics 450 - Study Questions and Exam Samples
Explain and exemplify the linguistic approaches of the Neogrammarians, Structuralists, and early Generativists as they relate to language change.
Explain the importance of writing in historical linguistics and thus in modern linguistics.
Discuss why actuation is such a challenge in the field of historical linguistics.
linguistics.byu.edu /classes/ling450ch/studyexam.html   (950 words)

 What's Happening: Linguistics Colloquia, Linguistics Dept., WCAS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
An important aspect of any assimilation process is the directionality pattern it displays, i.e.
In earlier derivational frameworks of generative phonology, directionality was a purely trivial matter to handle; it was simply stipulated directly in the phonological rule representing the assimilation process in question.
Most of these happen to be instances of consonant harmony, rather than of vowel harmony or local assimilation.
www.linguistics.northwestern.edu /happening/hansson.html   (471 words)

 What's Happening: Linguistics Colloquia, Linguistics Dept., WCAS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Indeed, loanword adaptations do not involve synchronic alternations, but rather consist of transformations that are applied only during the introduction of the loanwords.
I argue that these transformations are the result of the psychological process of perceptual assimilation, that maps foreign sound patterns onto the acoustically closest native ones.
I illustrate my proposal with data from perception experiments that, combined with phonetic analyses, show that loanword adaptations are the reflex of perceptual assimilation.
www.cas.northwestern.edu /linguistics/happening/peperkamp.html   (182 words)

 Assimilation (linguistics) - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Assimilation (linguistics) - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
This page was last modified 18:55, 6 December 2005.
This encyclopedia, history, geography and biography article about Assimilation (linguistics) contains research on
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Assimilation_%28linguistics%29   (260 words)

 OhioLINK ETD: Winters, Stephen
Some researchers have claimed that nasals are cross-linguistically more likely than stops to undergo place assimilaton because they have weaker perceptual cues to their place of articulation.
Re-interpreting the data from the previous perception experiments indicates the proportion of bursts in the two languages is not great enough to give stops a consistent perceptual advantage over nasals.
The results of this analysis suggest that cross-linguistic patterns in place assimilation are best understood as the product of various phonetic factors on the structure of phonology.
www.ohiolink.edu /etd/view.cgi?osu1054756426   (391 words)

 Publications   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In Studies in General Linguistics Presented to Bertil Malmberg by Students and Colleagues on the Occasion of his 65th Birthday, 173-179.
In R. Aulanko and A-M. Korpijaakko-Huuhka (eds), Proceedings of the Third Congress of the International Clinical Phonetics and Linguistics Association Helsinki 1993, 191-200.
The temporal coordination of articulator movements - coarticulation and assimilation.
www.ling.lu.se /persons/Sidney/pubs   (914 words)

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