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Topic: Assize courts

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In the News (Wed 20 Jun 18)

  Assize Court - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Courts of Assize, or Assizes, were periodic criminal courts held around England and Wales until 1972, when together with the Quarter Sessions they were abolished by the Courts Act 1971 and replaced by a single permanent Crown Court.
The Assizes heard the most serious cases, which were committed to it by the Quarter Sessions (local county courts held four times a year), while the more minor offences were dealt with summarily by Justices of the Peace in petty sessions (also known as magistrates' courts).
The Judicature Act of 1873, which created the Supreme Court of Judicature, transferred the jurisdiction of the commissions of assize (land disputes, etc.) to the High Court of Justice, and established District Registries of the High Court across the country, further diminishing the civil jurisdiction of the assizes.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Assize   (687 words)

 ASSIZE - LoveToKnow Article on ASSIZE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
By successive enact- on Ints, the civil jurisdiction of the justices of assize was extended, sit d the number of their sittings increased, till at last the necessity st~ repairing to Westminster for judgment in civil actions was as riost obviated to country litigants by an act, passed in.
kssizes, in the sense of ordinances or enactments of a court or incil of state, as the assize of bread and ale, the assize of trendon, the assize of arms, are important in early eeomic history.
These courts are not size courts, but are federal as distinguished from state courts, d have a special and limited jurisdiction.
19.1911encyclopedia.org /A/AS/ASSIZE.htm   (2345 words)

 AllRefer.com - Cyprus - The Criminal Justice System | Cypriot Information Resource
The courts exercising criminal jurisdiction in the Republic of Cyprus were district courts, assize courts, and the Supreme Court in its appellate functions.
District courts served as the courts of first instance for all but the most serious crimes; their jurisdiction was over any crime with a penalty of up to three years' imprisonment, a fine of up to C£500 (Cyprus pound--for value, see Glossary), or both.
Assize courts met three times a year in each judicial district and were each composed of three judges chosen from the district court.
reference.allrefer.com /country-guide-study/cyprus/cyprus165.html   (1174 words)

 Assize Court   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The commissions for London and Middlesex were replaced with a Central Criminal Court, serving the whole metropolis, and county court s were established around the country to hear many civil cases previously covered by nisi prius.
Federal Court of Australia The Court is a superior court of record and a court of law and equity.
Supreme Court of Illinois Includes news, information and resources for the Supreme Court, Appellate Court and Circuit Court of Illinois, including court documents, library, press releases, and administrative office of the Illinois Courts (AOIC).
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Assize_Court.html   (990 words)

 Court(s) of King's/Queen's Bench
Extending the appellate jurisdiction of the Court of the District of Quebec to the Commissioners' Court of the Magdalen Islands.
The Court was composed of one of the Justices of the Courts of King's Bench of the Districts of Quebec and Montreal, the Resident Judge of the District of Trois-Rivières, and the Provincial Judge of the District of St. Francis, and was held by all three of these, or the first two alone.
A Court of Queen's Bench was established for the District of Gaspé in the judicial reorganization of 1843.
www.hst.ulaval.ca /profs/dfyson/courtstr/K_bench.htm   (4162 words)

 Assize Court   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The Courts of Assize or Assizes were periodic criminal courts held around England and Wales until 1972 when together with the Quarter Sessions they were abolished by the Courts 1971 and replaced by a single permanent Crown Court.
The Assizes heard the most serious which were committed to it by the Sessions (local county courts held four times year) while the more minor offences were with summarily by Justices of the Peace in petty sessions (also known as magistrates' courts).
By the Assize of Clarendon of 1136 King Henry II established trial by jury by a assize of sixteen men in land disputes provided for itinerant justices to set up county courts.
www.freeglossary.com /Assize_court   (596 words)

 assize - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about assize   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Assize courts were introduced in England and Wales by Henry II, primarily to settle disputes over land ownership.
After the Statute of Westminster in 1285, judges were sent 'on circuit' to hear cases all round the country; the term remained in use in the UK for the courts held by judges of the High Court in each county.
They were abolished under the Courts Act of 1971, their civil jurisdiction taken over by the High Court, and their criminal jurisdiction by the Crown Court.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /assize   (237 words)

 The National Archives | NDAD | Lord Chancellor's Department
The criminal side of the assizes was generally presided over by High Court judges and staffed by clerks of assize; the civil side by the District Registrar, a judicial officer who usually combined his work with the post of registrar of one or more county courts.
The old courts of assize and quarter sessions were abolished, the quarter sessions and the criminal side of the assizes being replaced by a single Crown Court, which formed part of the Supreme Court of Judicature.
Records of the Royal Commission on Assizes and Quarter Sessions are in LCO 7; records relating to the administration of county courts 1788-1972 are in LCO 8; registered files of Circuit Administration Officers 1969-1992 are in LCO 30, LCO 37, LCO 38, LCO 40, LCO 45 and LCO 46.
www.ndad.nationalarchives.gov.uk /AH/8/detail.html   (3718 words)

 The Assize Courts - Small Street - 1982
The Assize Courts Hotel is built on the site of one of these splendid homes and indeed some of the first house is incorporated in its fabric.
Adjoining the Rooms are the Assize Courts themselves which, when they were built in 1867, were flanked by other seventeenth century town houses.
Although we no longer have Assizes as such, the building is now used by the Bristol Crown Court but more importantly its Law Library incorporates the remains of a thirteenth century house, the earliest example of domestic architecture in Bristol.
weldgen.tripod.com /bristolinns/id23.html   (754 words)

 Assizes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The assizes date back to the 12th century and by the middle of the 16th century they had developed six circuits under the control of the Clerk of the Assize.
The court normally met twice a year in each county in Lent and Summer, but by the middle of the 19th century a third Winter circuit was introduced to cope with the number of cases.
The Assize Courts were only abolished in 1971 when they were replaced by Crown Courts (in Manchester and Liverpool this had already occurred from 1956).
www.wolverhamptonarchives.dial.pipex.com /assizes.htm   (298 words)

 Somalia - Courts
The court of appeals for the southern region sat at Mogadishu, and the northern region's court of appeals sat at Hargeysa.
The ordinary division heard appeals of district court decisions and of decisions of the ordinary division of the regional courts, whereas the assize division was only for appeals from the regional assize courts.
The president of the Supreme Court decided whether a case was to be handled in plenary or ordinary session, on the basis of the importance of the matter being considered.
countrystudies.us /somalia/71.htm   (797 words)

 France: The search for justice : The effective impunity of law enforcement officers in cases of shootings, deaths in ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
A judicial inquiry was opened at the court of Bobigny, and the CNDS transmitted documentary evidence both to the public prosecutor and to the Minister of the Interior.
The decision of the Court of Assizes could not be appealed at the time, and given the attitude of the avocat général, it is unlikely that there would have been an appeal even with the change in the law to allow for appeals by prosecutors against acquittals.
The court argued that, although the sergeant was initially justified in drawing his weapon (the nature and conditions of the situation; the darkness, etc) any danger he may have faced had evaporated once he had placed himself on the left side of the vehicle, which had been immobilized.
web.amnesty.org /library/Index/ENGEUR210012005   (17020 words)

 The National Archives | Research, education and online exhibitions | Research guides | In-depth learning guides | Local ...
Courts were held several times a year in the county towns of England and Wales from the medieval period through to 1971.
Assize courts dealt with a wide variety of criminal and civil cases.
To make best use of the court records it may help to know in more detail about how the assize courts were run.
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk /pathways/localhistory/gallery4/assizes.htm   (682 words)

 Criminal Courts in the 19th Century
The principal court of the magistrates was Quarter Sessions, held in each county town, and known as the Epiphany, Lent (or Easter), Summer and Michaelmas Sessions.
Usually the Assize court was held in the county town, twice a year, the Spring or Lent and the Summer Assize.
Civil law courts are not dealt with here but it should be noted that the assizes also had civil jurisdiction and the magistrates dealt with a vast amount of administrative work.
www.schools.bedfordshire.gov.uk /gaol/ccourts.htm   (726 words)

 BIRMINGHAM - LoveToKnow Article on BIRMINGHAM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The administration of justice was performed from 1838 to 1884 by a court of quarter sessions, with a recorder, and a court of petty sessions.
In 1897 a new act was passed at the instance of the trustees, creating a court of 180 members, and removing the theological restriction.
The draft provided for the the incorporation of the university of Birmingham with faculties of science, arts, medicine and commerce, with power to grant degrees, and for its government by a court of governors (of which women may be members), a council and a senate.
73.1911encyclopedia.org /B/BI/BIRMINGHAM.htm   (6514 words)

 The National Archives | Research, education and online exhibitions | Research guides | In-depth learning guides | ...
Until the 16th century, manorial and other courts dealt with many minor offences but were gradually replaced by local magistrates empowered by commissions from the Crown to try felonies without a jury at petty sessions, and with a jury at county Quarter Sessions.
The most useful assize court records for family historians are the indictments, Crown Minute Books, depositions, reports of coroners' inquests and gaol calendars.
Indictment of Thomas Jones, alias Thomas Thomas, of the parish of Christchurch, in co. Monmouth, presented at the Lent Assizes held at Monmouth on 25 March 1826.
www.nationalarchives.gov.uk /pathways/familyhistory/gallery5/courts.htm   (846 words)

 [Islam-Online- Politic]
Jury in assize courts launched the reform of the system of justice in 1991 with the idea of making the courts and the magistrates independent, and installing trials.
Russia's 15,000 judges are henceforth appointed for life by the head of state and assize courts have existed in Russia's nine regions since 1989.
Pashin, who originated legislation on assize courts, was dismissed in 1998 for having committed "an administrative crime." His colleagues reinstated him after a campaign.
www.islamonline.net /IOL-english/dowalia/asia-2000-june-25/asia3.asp   (474 words)

 Part of the reconstructed Brecon Assize court of 1880 :: Gathering the Jewels
When an itinerant judge of the High Court arrived in Brecon there was a ceremonial opening of the Assize Court which entailed a procession through the streets from the judges' lodings in the Struet, with trumpeters and sometimes a band.
The Assize Courts and Quarter Session were abolished in 1971, and soon after, the building was handed over to the Museum.
The assizes courtroom was kept as a reminder of the legal dramas played out in the past and by 1998 the museum had mounted a vivid tableau in the old courtroom with recreated figures from 1880.
www.gtj.org.uk /en/item1/4173   (295 words)

 Medieval Sourcebook: Assize of Clarendon 1166
The Assize was also used to check the power the local magnates gained during Stephen's anarchy by taking power away from the local courts (and hence the local magnates), returning it to the crown.
And in the case of those who are arrested by the aforesaid oath of this assize no one is to have court or justice or chattels except the lord king in his court before his justices, and the lord king shall have all their chattels.
Also it is the king's will that all come to the county courts to make this oath, so that no one stay away on account of any immunity which he has or court or jurisdiction which he has held; but they are to come to make this oath.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/source/aclarendon.html   (781 words)

Although the Assize courts were abolished in the 1970s, the tradition carries on through the Crown Courts which require a High Court Judge, as opposed to a magistrate who normally deals with local crimes in the Magistrates Court.
Perhaps the connection of the school with Assize Sunday has something to do with the fact that the County Gaol was next door to College Green, exactly where the playground is now.
They had laid in their customary supply of pins, for it was the boys' pleasure, during the service on Assize Sunday, to stick pins into people's backs, and pin womens' clothes together; the density of the mob, permitting full scope to the delightful amusement, and preventing detection.
www.ksw.org.uk /school/judgesday   (1531 words)

 Ghosts, hauntings, spirits, poltergeists, supernatural, Derby, England, UK, United Kingdom.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
One of the tunnels used to link the old police lock-up in Lock-Up Yard to the Assize Courts which were at that time in the Guildhall.
Many prisoners have trudged along those dark, dank tunnels from the lock-up to the courts, where they were sentenced, and then trudged back into the lock-up to be then taken away to be executed, transported, or imprisoned.
She was arrested in Peartree Road, Derby, taken to the lock-up and eventually tried at the Assize Courts.
www.derbycity.com /ghosts/ghost-01.html   (311 words)

 assize --  Encyclopædia Britannica
During the Middle Ages the term was applied to certain court sessions held in the counties of England; it was also applied in France to special sessions of the Parlement of Paris (the High Court) that met in the provinces.
The ordinances were issued as instructions to six committees of three judges each, who were to visit the six circuits into which England was divided for the purpose.
The first part of the assize repeated the substance of some provisions of the Assize of...
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9009943?tocId=9009943   (701 words)

 MSN Encarta - Cyprus
Under reforms instituted in 1964, the legal system in the Greek Cypriot community is headed by a supreme court.
Lesser tribunals include assize courts and district courts.
A supreme court and subordinate courts have also been established in the Turkish sector.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761578820_5/Cyprus.html   (549 words)

 Printed Assize Calendars at Lincolnshire Archives, 1771-1971 - Lincolnshire County Council
Criminal and civil cases were referred upwards from the Quarter Sessions courts to the assizes, and were heard by royal justices.
Most assize records for England and Wales are kept at the National Archives (Public Record Office) in London.
As these were usually printed before the day of the assizes they may not include all the prisoners who were tried.
www.lincolnshire.gov.uk /section.asp?docId=29597&catId=6661   (540 words)

 Brewer, E. Cobham. Dictionary of Phrase & Fable. Nisi Prius.
A Nisi Case, a cause to be tried in the assize courts.
An action at one time could be tried only in the court where it was brought, but Magna Charta provided that certain cases, instead of being tried at Westminster in the superior courts, should be tried in their proper counties before judges of assize.
unless previously the justices of our lord the king come to hold their assizes at (the court of your own assize town).”
www.bartleby.com /81/12121.html   (184 words)

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