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Topic: Astrochemistry

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  BCP: Astrochemistry Research
So in these experiments, the Zeolite represents a proof of concept, used because it was readily available for laboratory work to disseminate the observational data – it can be shown from the literature that the when adsorbed at the surface of cation-doped amorphous silicates, CO stretching vibrations occur at identical frequencies to those in Zeolites.
So far, studies have concentrated on the chemistry and physics occurring on-top of, in the bulk of, and involving the icy mantles of interstellar dust grains.
If you would like more information on this work or astrochemistry in general, Helen can be found in room JA 6.24 (x3420, h-dot-fraser-at-phys-strath-ac-uk).
bcp.phys.strath.ac.uk /astro   (1478 words)

  Astrochemistry - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Astrochemistry is the study of the chemicals found in outer space, usually in molecular gas clouds, and their formation, interaction and destruction.
As such, it represents an overlap of the disciplines of astronomy and chemistry.
Astrochemistry overlaps strongly with astrophysics in characterizing the nuclear reactions which occur in stars, the consequences for stellar evolution, as well as stellar 'generations'.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Astrochemistry   (152 words)

 Astrochemistry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
But, compared with other must-have elements such as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, phosphorus is the least abundant on Earth, says Matthew Pasek of the University of Arizona in Tucson.
This science of astrochemistry proceeds by examining the spectra of objects in the sky for emissions or absorptions of radiation characteristic of different...
The ExoMars proposal is in collaboration with Pascale Ehrenfreund, associate professor of astrochemistry at the University of Leiden in The Netherlands.
hallencyclopedia.com /Astrochemistry   (357 words)

 Astrochemistry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Astrochemistry is the study of the chemicals found in outer space, usually in molecular gas cloud s, and their formation, interaction and destruction.
The Astrochemistry Laboratory Located in the Astrophysics Branch of the Space Sciences Division at NASA's Ames Research Center.
Specializes in the study of extraterrestrial materials and their analogs.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Astrochemistry.html   (177 words)

The study of the chemical interactions between the gas and dust of the interstellar medium.
Astrochemistry began with the observation of neutral hydrogen’s 21-centimeter line, which revealed an abundance of hydrogen between the stars.
Since that time, more than 130 types of interstellar molecule have been detected.
www.daviddarling.info /encyclopedia/A/astrochemistry.html   (396 words)

 Astrochemistry - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Solid State Astrochemistry (NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry)
Astrochemistry of Cosmic Phenomena (International Astronomical Union Symposia)
Rate Coefficients in Astrochemistry (Astrophysics and Space Science Library)
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /astrochemistry.htm   (182 words)

 - 0425175693 - Nick Kollerstrom   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Astrochemistry Proceedings of the 120th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union Held at Goa India December 3 - 7 1985 International Ast.
Astrochemistry proceedings of the 120th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union held at Goa India December 3 - 7 1985 !
Astrochemistry of Cosmic Phenomena Proceedings of the 150th Symposium of the International Astronomical Union Held at Campos Do Jordao Sao Paulo.
www.classicbookreview.com /040856astroanalysis_pisces_february_19_march_20.html   (80 words)

 Report of the Galactic Molecular Clouds and Astrochemistry Working Group
The major question in Astrochemistry and Molecular Clouds is how molecules and dust grains cycle from the circumstellar envelopes of dying stars through diffuse and dense interstellar clouds, and how they are affected by the formation of new stars.
The set-up is different from the 1990 report, where the Astrochemistry was largely organized by type of reaction, rather than type of astrophysical object.
The Clouds provide unique laboratories for investigating how astrochemistry and molecular cloud structures respond to different conditions of element abundances, stellar populations, external radiation field, mean pressure of the ISM, ambient large-scale gravitational potential, etc., in comparison with the quite different conditions in the Milky Way.
www.mma.nrao.edu /science/galactic/chem.html   (3549 words)

 Pacifichem 2005 Astrochemistry
The formation of molecules in extraterrestrial environments has fascinated scientists since the pioneering detection, of CH and CN in interstellar space.
This symposium focuses on the interdisciplinary field of astrochemistry, bringing together speakers from the fields of laboratory astrochemistry (dynamics, kinetics, and spectroscopy), astrochemical modeling (physicists), theoretical astrochemistry (computational chemists), and observational astrochemistry (astronomers).
By focusing on the interplay between observational data, kinetic modeling, and fundamental investigations of the details of specific molecular processes, we seek also to evaluate the emerging generalized concepts on the formation of astrochemically important molecules on the molecular level.
www.chem.hawaii.edu /Bil301/AstroPacifichem.html   (332 words)

 Solid State Astrochemistry of Star Forming Regions   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
One major aim of this workshop was to encourage this interdisciplinary approach, and we successfully introduced many established researchers from outside the field to astrochemistry.
The astronomers were also introduced to the current state-of-the art in laboratory and theoretical chemistry research on surfaces, and were given an appreciation of the limitations of current laboratory / computer technology, when applied to many of the astronomical data needs.
Both laboratory experiments and theoretical chemistry were highlighted as key routes to understanding the astrochemistry that underpins the chemical evolution of star forming regions.
www.lc.leidenuniv.nl /lc/web/2003/20030414/report.html   (1095 words)

 Astrochemistry | The Astrobiology Web | Your Online Guide to the Living Universe
Molecular Clouds in Galaxies This site at the European Southern Observatory (ESO) describes potential research into Giant Molecular Clouds (GMCs), which are the birthplaces of stars and how stars form and how they affect the interstellar medium and the chemical evolution of galactic disks.
Astrochemistry Laboratory, NASA Ames Research Center This laboratory specializes in the study of extraterrestrial materials and their analogs.
Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere This journal features papers regarding the origins of life with topics ranging from cometary sources of organics, the possible role of marine hydrothermal systems on the chemistry of the primitive earth, and the "RNA world".
www.astrobiology.com /astrochemistry.html   (727 words)

 SpaceRef - Astrobiology and Life Science - Astrochemistry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Astrochemistry Laboratory, NASA Ames Research Center - This laboratory specializes in the study of extraterrestrial materials and their analogs.
Life's Far-Flung Raw Materials - This article from the July 1999 issue of Scientific American explores the belief held by many astrochemists that "life may owe its start to complex organic molecules manufactured in the icy heart of an interstellar cloud".
- Astrochemistry is the study of chemistry in space.
www.spaceref.com /directory/astrobiology_and_life_science/astrochemistry   (503 words)

 CONK! Encyclopedia: Chemistry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Theoretical chemistry has large overlap with molecular physics.
Astrochemistry, Atmospheric chemistry, Chemical Engineering, Electrochemistry, Environmental chemistry, Geochemistry, History of chemistry, Materials science, Medicinal chemistry, Molecular Biology, Molecular genetics, Nuclear chemistry, Organometallic chemistry, Petrochemistry, Pharmacology, Photochemistry, Phytochemistry, Polymer chemistry, Supramolecular chemistry, Surface chemistry, and Thermochemistry.
Nomenclature refers to the system for naming chemical compounds.
conk.com /search/encyclopedia.cgi?q=Chemistry   (2005 words)

 Astrobiology: The Living Universe - Careers in Astrobiology
In fact, my experience has been that people who focus their learning on a particular sub-area tend not to have broad enough experience and scientific background to tackle new problems as they come along.
Astrochemistry isn’t astronomy, or physics, or chemistry - there are very few books or people concentrating on the subject exclusively.
Read the full interview with Dr. Scott Sandford, covering his role on the NASA STARDUST comet sample return mission and how the mission relates to our understanding of the origins of life.
www.ibiblio.org /astrobiology/index.php?page=astro02   (1005 words)

 C&EN: Latest News - Aloha To Space Chemistry
Douglas M. Hudgins, a space scientist in the astrochemistry laboratory at NASA Ames Research Center, agrees.
Industrial jobs in astrochemistry are hard to come by, NASA’s Hudgins says; even finding research funding is tough, he adds.
Yet Kaiser believes that principles of astrochemistry can easily be applied to industrial processes such as chemical vapor deposition and combustion.
pubs.acs.org /cen/news/8246/8246hawaii.html   (865 words)

 Astrochemistry   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
NASA Ames Research Center Astrochemistry Laboratory: This site give a good description of their astrochemistry research program and its implications for the origin of life on Earth with lots of references.
Some of the material is technical and many of the references are, but the level of technicality is not severe and there are enough non-technical references to overcome any problems in understanding the technical material.
The Astrobiology Web-Astrochemistry: A list of links to news articles and reports on astrochemistry, some of which are quite technical, plus links to research institutes that do research related to astrochemistry.
www.astro.utoronto.ca /~ast251/resources/astroChemistry.html   (136 words)

 Astrochemistry « Ruud Visser, Leiden Observatory
My name is Ruud Visser and I am a PhD student in the Astrochemistry Group of Prof.
A list of my publications in astrochemistry and computational chemistry is available on a separate page, including PDF copies of most works.
These are a series of talks relevant to the Astrochemistry Group, taking place in a setting that stimulates interaction between the speaker and the audience.
www.strw.leidenuniv.nl /~ruvisser/nmo/astrochem.php   (288 words)

 Stardust | JPL | NASA
Dr. Scott Sandford is a member of Ames' Astrophysics Branch and is a co-leader (with Louis J. Allamandola) of Ames' Astrochemistry Laboratory.
Dr, Sandford also does extensive work in the areas of laboratory astrophysics and astrochemistry, and infrared astronomy (ground-based and airborne).
He has used the combined techniques of infrared astronomy and laboratory astrophysics to identify a number of new molecular species in space, many of interest exobiology (for example, organic compounds in the diffuse ISM).
stardust.jpl.nasa.gov /news/bio_ssandford.html   (394 words)

 Interstellar Molecules-Evolutionary cycle
Interstellar space is a unique laboratory in which chemical processes can occur that are not normally found on Earth.
Astrochemistry, a highly interdisciplinary subject, links the macrocosm (galaxies, stars, planets) with the microcosm (basic chemical processes and spectroscopy).
Carbon plays a very important role also in Space Astrochemistry.
www.shantanurastogi.homestead.com /files/ismol.html   (542 words)

 NASA Astrochemistry
The Astrochemistry Laboratory is located in the Astrophysics Branch (SSA) of the Space Sciences Division at NASA's Ames Research Center, in Mountain View, CA.
We study extraterrestrial materials and are especially interested in the formation, distribution, and fate of organic compounds (comprised primarily of carbon, like those in living things) in space.
The scientists in the astrochemistry lab have been or are involved in recent missions such as Genesis and Stardust and have done observations from space telescopes such as the Hubble and Spitzer Space Telescopes.
www.astrochem.org   (357 words)

 Science with ALMA: Molecular Clouds & Astrochemistry
An interferometer is essential to resolve out contaminating extended emission, and the sight-lines are guaranteed to sample random (unperturbed) clouds, as the background sources are extragalactic.
Galactic molecular clouds and astrochemistry will of course be major targets for the ALMA.
It will be used to study the conditions at the start of cloud collapse near star-formation regions and the interactions of newly-born stars with nearby molecular clouds.
www.eso.org /alma/science/GMC.html   (157 words)

 NASA Astrochemistry
After completing my degree, I was awarded an NRC Postdoctoral Associateship in the Astrochemistry Lab Group at the NASA Ames Research Center to continue my research in molecular astrophysics.
In 1994, I returned to my home state of Michigan to accept a faculty position in the Chemistry Department at my undergraduate alma mater Adrian College - a small Liberal Arts college in southeastern Michigan.
I remained in that position until 1997 when the opportunity arose to return to NASA Ames and the Astrochemistry Laboratory as a Space Scientist.
www.astrochemistry.org /dougbio.html   (973 words)

 NAM 2002   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
I will briefly introduce the importance of astrochemistry in star formation studies and I will review some recent developments in the field.
Gas phase chemistry is of interest to the astronomer and astrophysicist both as the source of molecules which may be used as tracers of the processes leading up to star formation within dense interstellar clouds, and as a mechanism that may indeed be controlling aspects of star formation.
In the first place, laboratory spectroscopic measurements and theoretical calculations go hand in hand with astronomical detection of molecules, and estimation of their abundances.
www.star.bris.ac.uk /nam/abs_astrochemistry.html   (1872 words)

 IAU 34 - Astrochemistry
The Astrochemistry work group is one of the work groups of Division VI, Commission 34 of the International Astronomy Union (IAU).
The division also houses the Star formation and the Planetary nebulae working groups.
For full contact details of the members of the Astrochemistry work group click here.
www.strw.leidenuniv.nl /~iau34   (95 words)

 PSIgate - Physical Sciences Information Gateway: Search/Browse Results   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This is a comprehensive introduction to astrochemistry, with movies, images and links to other pages with similar content, for more information on specific topics within the text.
The Astrochemistry Branch of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center works on the chemistry of planetary atmospheres and stratospheres, cometary free radicals, interstellar and cometary grains and ices, meteorite magnetism, and the development of X-ray and gamma ray instrumentation.
The main topics are the chemistry of star formation, cosmic dust and the gas/surface interface, formation of H2 on dust grains and desorption processes.
www.psigate.ac.uk /roads/cgi-bin/psibrowse.pl?toplevel=chemistry&limit=0&subject=540a&name=Chemistry_of_materials_and_environments   (1575 words)

 astrochemistry - OneLook Dictionary Search
Tip: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "astrochemistry" is defined.
astrochemistry : Encarta® World English Dictionary, North American Edition [home, info]
astrochemistry : The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language [home, info]
www.onelook.com /?w=astrochemistry   (91 words)

The IAU General Assembly XXV, being held in Sydney, Australia, 13-26 July 2003 has several joint discussions and symposia relevant to astrochemistry.
She made us look for the important elements studied in astrochemistry, the concepts and the processes involved when you study astrochemistry, its importance to science, and how is it related to biology.
Applicants with theoretical experience in astrochemistry and/or an observational background in infrared spectroscopy are particularly encouraged to apply.
www.ajmarkwick.com /achemnet/general.php   (807 words)

 Postdoctoral Research Associate in Astrochemistry-THE UNIVERSITY OF TOLEDO   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Applications are invited for a Postdoctoral Research Associate position, to begin 1 July 2001, or as soon as possible thereafter.
Additional activities that may be of interest include working on laboratory experiments for extracting atomic and molecular oscillator strengths.
Candidates with strong interests in astrochemistry pertaining to star formation are encouraged to apply.
www.aas.org /jobreg/backissues/2001/may/no11919.html   (214 words)

 The School of Ageless Wisdom
In association with Astrochemistry we have a monthly publication called Cycles.
Cycles uses the astronomically determined dates of our Sun's alignment with zodiacal constellations and uses quotations from the Bailey and Agni books to help bring meaning to the changing energy patterns.
which explains Astrochemistry and shows the constellation changes and full moon service periods for the year.
www.unol.org /saw   (601 words)

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