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Topic: Atacama border dispute


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In the News (Thu 20 Jun 19)

  
  Atacama - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Atacama Desert is the driest desert on Earth (except perhaps for the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica) and is virtually sterile because it is blocked from moisture on both sides by the Andes mountains and by coastal mountains.
The driest part of the Atacama is between the coastal mountains and the Cordillera Domeyko, an area called the 'double rain shadow.' In this region, the Andes block moisture from the east, the Cordillera Domeyko block runoff from the Andes and the Coastal mountains block marine fog from the ocean.
The Atacama has rich deposits of copper and other minerals, and the world's largest natural supply of sodium nitrate, which was mined on a large scale until the early 1940s.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Atacama   (773 words)

  
 atacama   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Atacama desert of Chile is a virtually rainless plateau made up of salt basins (salars), sand, and lava flows, extending from the Andes mountains to the Pacific Ocean.
The Atacama Desert is the driest desert of the globe and it is virtually sterile because it is blocked from moisture on both sides by the Andes mountains and by coastal mountains.
The Pan-American Highway runs through the Atacama, and in the center of the desert, at an altitude of some 2000 meters, is the village of San Pedro.
www.yourencyclopedia.net /Atacama.html   (372 words)

  
 Atacama border dispute - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
FALSE borders between Peru, Bolivia and Chile before the 1879 War of the Pacific
The Atacama border dispute between Bolivia and Chile began in the 1800s over the Atacama corridor, a part of the Atacama Desert which now forms northern Chile.
Six years later, at the end of the war, Chile had adquired the Atacama corridor (now Atacama Region) as well as the province of Antofagasta (Antofagasta Region) and the Peruvian Tarapacá (Tarapacá Region), turning Bolivia into a landlocked state.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Atacama_border_dispute   (369 words)

  
 Read about Atacama at WorldVillage Encyclopedia. Research Atacama and learn about Atacama here!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Atacama desert of Chile is a virtually rainless plateau made up of salt basins (salares), sand, and lava flows, extending from the
The Atacama Desert is the driest desert on Earth (except perhaps for the
Antofagasta — a region in Chile which is part of the Atacama — is just 3mm per year, and there was a period of time where no rain fell there for 40 years.
encyclopedia.worldvillage.com /s/b/Atacama   (409 words)

  
 Atacama - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Atacama   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
San Pedro de Atacama, a small oasis town with Spanish-Indian architecture, in the northern desert of Chile.
The Voyage of the Beagle by Darwin, Charles View in context
This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Atacama   (302 words)

  
 WAR OF THE PACIFIC FACTS AND INFORMATION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The War of the Pacific grew out of a dispute between Chile and Bolivia over control of a part of the Atacama desert that lies between the 23rd and 26th parallels on the Pacific coast.
National borders in the region had not been clearly agreed until 1866; the two countries had negotiated a treatythat established the 24th parallel as their boundary, and entitled Bolivia and Chile to share in tax revenue on mineral exports out of the territory between the 23rd and 25th parallels.
Since it had a territorial dispute with Chile regarding the region of Patagonia, and was also wary of Chilean expansion, its entry in the war seemed possible and would have provided an advantage to the Allies.
www.orientalseason.com /af:War_of_the_Pacific   (3328 words)

  
 Resources on Atacama Desert academic institutions
The Atacama Desert of Chile is a sparsely populated virtually rainless plateau, running from the Pacific Ocean to the Andes Mountains.
The Atacama Desert: The Atacama Desert December 1997.
The Atacama Desert and the Road, Peru98: Except for the land around the river valleys, coastal Peru is a desert - an extension of the Atacama Desert of Northern Chile more than 1000 kms to the south.
mongabay.org /conservation/Atacama_Desert.htm   (1122 words)

  
 Boundary Disputes - Independence - History - Bolivia - South America: bolivia history, atacama desert, paraguay river, ...
One of the earliest disputes involved the ill-defined borders with Peru and Chile along the Pacific Coast in the region of the Atacama Desert.
A dispute with Brazil concerning the possession of the Acre region was settled in 1903.
The Paraguay-Bolivia boundary dispute arose over the Chaco Boreal, a low region to the north of the Pilcomayo River, to the west of the Paraguay River, and extending to the undisputed boundary of Bolivia.
www.countriesquest.com /south_america/bolivia/history/independence/boundary_disputes.htm   (523 words)

  
 Atacama - TheBestLinks.com - Andes, Bolivia, Chile, Church, ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Atacama, Andes, Bolivia, Chile, Church, Desert, Mineral, Paleolithic, Pacific...
The Atacama Desert is the driest desert of the globe (except perhaps for some dry valleys in Antartica) and it is virtually sterile because it is blocked from moisture on both sides by the Andes mountains and by coastal mountains.
The Pan-American Highway runs through the Atacama, and in the center of the desert, at an altitude of some 2000 meters, is the village of San Pedro de Atacama.
www.thebestlinks.com /Atacama.html   (414 words)

  
 iqexpand.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
This mummy of a girl is from the Atacama Desert.
N orthern Chile is a land of extreme contrast, where two uniquely Andean environments, the Altiplano and the Atacama Desert, combine with unpredictable and...
The Atacama Desert is the driest desert on Earth (except perhaps for the McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica) and is virtually sterile because it is blocked from moisture on both sides by the Andes...
atacama_desert.iqexpand.com   (603 words)

  
 Disputes-international. The World Factbook. 2003
Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Denmark, Iceland, and the UK (Ireland and the UK have signed a boundary agreement in the Rockall area); dispute with Denmark over the Faroe Islands' fisheries median line boundary within 200 NM; disputes with Denmark, the UK, and Ireland over the Faroe Islands continental shelf boundary outside 200 NM India
Territorial disputes may evolve from historical and/or cultural animosities, or they may be brought on by resource competition.
The tragic aspect of international discord is the impact on the sustenance and welfare of populations caught in the conflict.
www.bartleby.com /151/fields/131.html   (3414 words)

  
 Blogger: Email Post to a Friend
The village of San Pedro de Atacama, located at 2,450 meters above sea level, near the north side of the great salt deposit of Atacama (the biggest of the country), is perhaps one of the places in Chile which offers the widest number of attractions.
San Pedro de Atacama is a village in the Atacama desert of northern Chile, bordering the Altiplano (high plain) region and the Bolivian border.
San Pedro de Atacama's church is recent, having been erected by the Spanish in 1577, but archeological evidence indicates that the San Pedro area was the center of a Paleolithic civilization that built rock fortresses on the steep mountains encircling the valley.
www.blogger.com /email-post.g?blogID=3974018&postID=200355549   (1124 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Search View - Chile
Chile, republic, south-western South America, bordered on the north by Peru, on the east by Bolivia and Argentina, and on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean.
In December 1998, Argentina and Chile signed a treaty ending their last border dispute in the Andes mountains, establishing a frontier in a region known as the Campos de Hielo Ice Fields.
Political pronouncements in November included the settlement of the last border dispute with Peru, which dated from the War of the Pacific, and the government's intention to remove landmines from the regions bordering Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru.
uk.encarta.msn.com /text_761572974__1/Chile.html   (6769 words)

  
 Tumacacori Highlands dispute | Arizona Daily Star ®
TUBAC - No one disputes that the Tumacacori Highlands are a rugged piece of country, offering visitors a scenic glimpse into Arizona's past.
He should know: Lowell, recipient of an honorary degree from the University of Arizona in 2000, is regarded by many as the most prolific ore finder of the 20th century.
Just one of his finds in Chile's Atacama Desert is estimated to have $240 billion in copper deposits.
www.azstarnet.com /sn/printDS/13615   (1286 words)

  
 Peru
It fought a naval war against Spain 1864–66, and in the Pacific War against Chile 1879–83 over the nitrate fields of the Atacama Desert, Peru was defeated and lost three provinces (one, Tacna, was returned 1929).
Other boundary disputes were settled by arbitration 1902 with Bolivia, 1927 with Colombia, and 1942 with Ecuador.
In February 1995 a long-standing border dispute with Ecuador, which had earlier erupted into armed military clashes, was resolved when the two countries signed a truce.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0019840.html   (2362 words)

  
 Peru: History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The border dispute with Chile was settled only in 1929.
A boundary dispute with Colombia was settled in 1932 by the withdrawal of Peru from a large area in the Amazon plain.
A boundary dispute with Ecuador was settled after a short war in favor of Peru (1942), but the dispute was revived in 1981.
www.ddg.com /LIS/aurelia/perhis.htm   (603 words)

  
 Archived conservation news articles on Atacama Desert
At the height of its glory in the 15th century, the Inca Empire stretched 2,500 miles from modern-day Colombia to northern Chile and from the Atacama Desert to...
Chile's Atacama desert, which runs for about 1,000km north to south and stretches across 240km at its widest point, is a land of contrasts.
AS the sun began to set on the Atacama desert in northern Chile, the dusty red rock at the base of the volcanoes grew deeper in colour.
conservation.mongabay.com /files/Atacama_Desert.htm   (2812 words)

  
 Land disputes around the world   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Two sections of boundary of BRAZIL with URUGUAY are in dispute - Arroio Invernada (Arroyo de la Invernada) area of the Rio Quarai (Rio Cuareim) and the islands at the confluence of the Rio Quarai and the Uruguay River.
ROMANIA is also in disputes with UKRAINE over the continental shelf of the Black Sea under which significant gas and oil deposits may exist; they agreed in 1997 to two-year negotiating period, after which either party can refer dispute to the International Court of Justice.
KYRGYZSTAN is in territorial dispute with TAJIKISTAN on the boundary in Isfara Valley area.
www.didyouknow.cd /story/disputes.htm   (1255 words)

  
 United States and the Bolivian Sea Coast - Chapter 4
Earlier we saw that the Atacama region belonged to the La Plata Viceroyship and it was under the jurisdiction of the Potosí administration, under the Charcas Audience.
When Upper Peru became independent and formed the Republic of Bolivia, her first border disagreement was with the Argentinean Confederation on the, status of Atacama and on the Tarija situation.
With the international situation very tense, the presidents of Chile and Argentina decided in 1898 to come to a conciliatory agreement in which part of the border dispute would be subject to arbitration by his British majesty, and the zone of the Atacama's Puna would be discussed at a conference in Buenos Aires.
www.boliviaweb.com /mar/sea/chapter4.htm   (5899 words)

  
 PERU FOR LESS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
A treaty was signed with Ecuador in 1998, peacefully resolving a contentious 57-year-old border dispute, paving the way for increased foreign investment in both countries.
Peru is in western South America and shares borders with Chile (to the south), Bolivia (southeast), Brazil (northeast), Colombia (north) and Ecuador (northwest).
There are overland border crossings between Peru and Bolivia at Desaguadero and nearby Yunguyo on the shores of Lake Titicaca; between Peru and Chile at Tacna; and between Peru and Ecuador at Tumbes.
www.peruforless.com /perufacts.htm   (2738 words)

  
 Peru - HISTORY
Leguía's popularity was further eroded as a result of a border dispute between Peru and Colombia involving territory in the rubber-tapping region between the Río Caquetá and the northern watershed of the Río Napo.
After a disputed election in 1936, in which Haya de la Torre was prevented from running and which Benavides nullified with the reluctant consent of Congress, Benavides remained in power and extended his term until 1939.
The severe internal social and political strife, not to mention the deteriorating economic conditions, manifested in the Shining Path insurgency may have contributed in 1981 to a flareup of the border dispute with Ecuador in the disputed Marañón region.
www.mongabay.com /reference/country_studies/peru/HISTORY.html   (17009 words)

  
 South-Central   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Border disputes with Guatemala led to British troops being stationed in the country, known as Belize from 1973, and in 1980 the UN called for full independence which was granted in 1981 with Price as Prime Minister although Britain continued to help defend the border and train troops.
In the presidential elections of 1989, the PN candidate, Rafael Callejas was victorious and during his government the border dispute with El Salvador which had lasted for a century, was ettled, with Honduras gaining two thirds of the territory in question.
Further boundary disputes were settled by arbitration with Bolivia 1902, Colombia 1927 and Ecuador 1942, and Chile returned Tacna province in 1929.
www.gaminggeeks.org /Resources/KateMonk/America/South-Central/South.htm   (7991 words)

  
 introduction   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Leguía's popularity was further eroded as a result of a border dispute between Peru and Colombia involving territory in the region between the Río Caquetá and the northern watershed of the Río Napo.
Benavides managed to settle the thorny Letícia dispute peacefully, with assistance from the League of Nations, when a Protocol of Peace, Friendship, and Cooperation was signed in May 1934.
He was soon confronted with a border conflict with Ecuador that led to a brief war in 1941.
www.boletindenewyork.com /briefhistory.htm   (5158 words)

  
 Bolivian Studies Association - Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
At the same time, the context of the dispute is changing as Bolivia, Chile, and Peru look for ways to promote economic development in the tripoint region where their borders meet.
With a call for trinational development of the disputed territory, the approach of Peru reflected a renewed emphasis in Lima on Andean cooperation and development; and at the same time, it highlighted the trilateral character of the dispute.
The context of the dispute changed considerably after 1842 when the discovery of guano, sodium nitrate, and other minerals in the disputed zone raised serious issues of economic development as well as regional hegemony.
www.bolivianstudies.org /eng1/journal/2001_07.htm   (15194 words)

  
 The world's top atacama border dispute websites   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Atacama Desert is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the West and mountains on the West.
The mountains led to it being controlled by Chile, but when nitrates and copper were discovered there, it was also claimed by Bolivia.
There hasn’t been very much dispute over the borders, except for the Chaco War, when Bolivia attempted to gain land from Paraguay that would connect them to the Pacific Ocean.
dirs.org /wiki-article-tab.cfm/atacama_border_dispute   (342 words)

  
 CIA - The World Factbook -- Field Listing - Disputes - international   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Guatemalan squatters continue to settle in the largely uninhabited rain forests of Belize's border region; OAS is attempting to revive the 2002 failed Differendum that created a small adjustment to land boundary, a Guatemalan maritime corridor in Caribbean, joint ecological park for disputed Sapodilla Cays, and substantial US-UK financial package
two villages are in dispute along the border with Benin; Benin accuses Burkina Faso of moving boundary pillars; Burkina Faso border regions remain a staging area for Liberia and Cote d'Ivoire rebels and an asylum for refugees caught in local fighting; the Ivoirian Government accuses Burkina Faso of sheltering Ivoirian rebels
Iceland disputes the Faroe Islands' fisheries median line; Iceland, the UK, and Ireland dispute Denmark's claim that the Faroe Islands' continental shelf extends beyond 200 nm; Faroese continue to study proposals for full independence; uncontested sovereignty dispute with Canada over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Ellesmere Island and Greenland
www.cia.gov /cia/publications/factbook/fields/2070.html   (2273 words)

  
 Untitled Document
The paramilitary forces under the control of the Ministry of Interior are the Gendarmeria (border police) and the Prefectura Naval (coast guard).
A strong proponent of enhanced regional stability in South America, Argentina has revitalized its relationship with Brazil; settled lingering border disputes with Chile; served with the U.S., Brazil, and Chile as one of the four guarantors of the Ecurador-Peru peace process; and restored diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom.
Relations with Chile, strained since Bolivia's defeat in the War of the Pacific (1879-83) and its loss of the coastal province of Atacama, were severed from 1962 to 1975 in a dispute over the use of the waters of the Lauca River.
www.shsu.edu /~his_ncp/labn.html   (20887 words)

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