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Topic: Atatürk

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In the News (Mon 19 Aug 19)

 Kemal Atatürk - free-definition
Atatürk was still generally popular with the mass of the Turkish people when he died in 1938 of complications due to cirrhosis of the liver, a consequence of his heavy drinking, smoking and tiring studies over many years.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk ( March 12, 1881- November 10, 1938), Turkish soldier and statesman, was the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey.
Atatürk gave Turkey a new prestige in the international field by his achievements in both military and political fields, crowned in July 1936 by the restoration of Turkish sovereignty over the Straits under the Montreux Convention. /Kemal-Atat%C3%BCrk.html

 kemal: Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Turkish.
15 years, until his death in 1938, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk introduced.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (1881-1938) the founder of the. /kemal.html

 MSN Encarta - Multimedia - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Known by his nickname Kemal, which means perfection, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk founded the Republic of Turkey, independent of Ottoman rule, in 1923.
Atatürk initiated expansive reforms, such as abolishing polygamy and granting new rights for women.
MSN Encarta - Multimedia - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk /media_461515440/Mustafa_Kemal_Atat%C3%BCrk.html

 MSN Encarta - Search Results - Atatürk Mustafa Kemal
Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal (1881-1938), Turkish soldier, nationalist leader, and statesman, who founded the republic of Turkey and was its first...
Turkish policy progressed in 1938 along the lines laid out fifteen years ago by Mustafa Kemal.
The foreign policy of Turkey was based, as it has been constantly since... /Atat%FCrk_Mustafa_Kemal.html

 Kemal Atatürk - netlexikon
Zum Todestag Mustafa Kemals wird in der Türkei eine Trauerminute eingelegt, zu der landesweit Sirenen erklingen.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk von Halil Gülbeyaz für EUR 28,00
Kemal Atatürk von Bernd Rill für EUR 7,50 /Kemal-Ataturk.html

 Ataturk : The Biography of the founder of Modern Turkey, Overlook TP, Andrew Mango
Mustafa Kemal, known to the world as Ataturk, the "father of the Turks", is one of the more important figures in 20th-century history overall and an essential figure in an appreciation of the Middle East.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was virtually unknown until 1919, when he took the lead in thwarting the victorious Allies' plan to partition the Turkish core of the Ottoman Empire.
In this major new biography of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and the first to appear in English based on Turkish sources, Andrew Mango strips away the myth, to show the complexities of one of the most visionary, influential, and enigmatic statesmen of the century. /bookstore/item_158567334X.html

 History of Turkey - free-definition
The climax of this movement is the proposal of the Sun Language Theory by Mustafa Kemal himself.
The history of modern Turkey begins with the foundation of the republic on October 29, 1923 (the Republic was declared on January 20, 1921), from the Turkish remnants of the Ottoman Empire, with Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) as its first president.
Mustafa Kemal himself is given the name Atatürk (Father Turk) and all others are banned from using this name. /History-of-Turkey.html

 Articles - Hatay
In 1936, it became the subject of a complaint to the League of Nations by the Turkish government under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk concerning alleged mistreatment of the area's Turkish populations.
Atatürk demanded that it become part of Turkey, claiming that the majority of its inhabitants were Turks.
The sanjak was given autonomy in 1937 in an arrangement brokered by the League. /articles/Hatay

 Atatürk International Airport - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Atatürk International Airport in Istanbul, Turkey is an international airport that was named after the father of modern Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
Atatürk International Airport is a large international airport, with two terminals, one domestic and one international.
The Elections for the Board of Trustees of the Wikimedia Foundation are complete. /wiki/Atatürk_International_Airport

 Articles - Ismet Inönü
Mustafa Ismet Inönü ( 1884 - December 25, 1973) was a Turkish soldier, statesman and the second President of Turkey.
After the death of Atatürk his was the only name to replace him and he was elected as the second President of the Republic of Turkey.
In 1950 his party lost the general election and presided over the peaceful transfer of power to the Democratic Party. /articles/Ismet_Inonu

 Articles - Turkey
November 10, 1938 The founder Mustafa Kemal Atatürk dies in Istanbul from cirrhosis of the liver.
The Republic of Turkey was created in 1923 by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, a pragmatic leader who reformed Turkey into a modern, secular, and western-oriented republic.
On October 29th 1923 The Republic of Turkey was proclaimed and Mustafa Kemal, later taking the last name Atatürk (meaning father of Turks), would be her first president. /articles/Turkey?mySession=357b2dc01dfa1fe9a25936bf2b696a5e

 Fall of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Thus the new state of Turkey was proclaimed on January 20, 1921 and Mustafa Kemal, who took on the name Atatürk, became its first president.
The Turkish people refused to accept this arrangement, however, and under Mustafa Kemal the remnants of the Young Turk movement formed a government in Ankara and created an army.
The coup failed to destroy the new government, mainly due to the skill of an unknown Adjutant-Major named Mustafa Kemal. /wiki/Fall_of_the_Ottoman_Empire
Mustafa Kemal, who understood that a political result could not be reached against the occupying powers which were oppressing the Istanbul Government, decided to go to Anatolia and carry on his struggle from there.
Mustafa Kemal, who joined the Ottoman Army as a captain on 11 January 1905, proved his military talents on almost every front during the First World War.
When the Entente Powers officially occupied Istanbul and disbanded the Parliament on 16 March, Mustafa Kemal declared that the overeignty and life of the Ottoman Empire, which had lasted for six centuries, was ended. /Turkey/1_3_1_c.cfm

 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk - by the Rep. of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk - by Osman E. Moral
Mustafa Kemal AtatŸrk (1881-forever) - by AtatŸrk Society of America /cu/tsa/ata/ata.html

 Mr. Somers' Dictators Assignment TeacherWeb Update Kamal Ataturk
ATATÜRK: Creator of Modern Turkey Topics: Atatürk's Life, National Liberator, Founder of the Republic, Legal Transformation, Social Reforms, Economic Growth, The New Language, Women's Rights, Strides in Education, Culture and the Arts, Peace at Home, Peace in the World, UNESCO, Resolution on the Atatürk Centennial.
English translations of the classified documents referred to by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk during his speech at the remembrance of the birth of the Republic of Turkey at the national convention of the People's Party of the Republic, held in Ankara (Oct. 15-20, 1927).
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's Oration to the Turkish Youth /ON/ClarksonSecondarySchool/Dictators/uwqr5.stm

 Mustafa Kemal Ataturk is jewish
Mustafa Kemal's secret is no doubt one that it would prefer to continue to be kept.
Ben-Avi describes two meetings with Mustafa Kemal, who had not yet taken the name of Ataturk, 'Father of the Turks.' Both were conducted in French, were largely devoted to Ottoman politics, and were doused with large amounts of arrack.
"Mustafa Kemal was born to the family of a minor customs clerk in Salonika and lost his father when he was young. /m_457482/mpage_1/key_/tm.htm#465152

 ARCHERS DIRECT HOLIDAYS & TRAVEL - Coach Tours, Coach Holidays, Escorted Touring, Cruises, Breaks & Resorts
Kemal Atatürk supervised the construction of Ankara, a capital to replace Istanbul, in this hitherto underpopulated region during the 1920s and 1930s.
Defeated and discredited, the Ottoman dynasty was overthrown in 1923 by a revolutionary movement led by Mustafa Kemal - better known as Ataturk - who established a single-party republic and laid the foundations of modern Turkey.
Atatürk’s successor, Ismet Inönü, kept Turkey out of World War II (except for the last four months) and introduced multi-party politics. /countryinfo.php?countryid=tur

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, President of Turkey ( 1923 - 1938). /1930

 Articles - Battle of Gallipoli
The landing was only lightly opposed by scattered Turkish units until Mustafa Kemal, commanding the 19th Division and perceiving the threat posed by the landings, rushed reinforcements to the area in what became a race for the high ground.
At Cape Helles, on the tip of the peninsula, and along the Aegean coast, was the 9th Division and, in reserve at Gaba Tepe in the middle of the peninsula was the 19th Division, under the command of Mustafa Kemal.
On the Turkish side, the meteoric rise of Mustafa Kemal began at Gallipoli. /articles/Battle_of_Gallipoli

 General Business Portal
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Founder of modern Turkey - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk is the founder of todays Republic of Turkey from the remanants of the Ottoman Empire.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk - Turkish Republic - Recounting of the Turkish founder's accomplishments.
The Electronic Passport to Kemal Ataturk - Kemal Ataturk was a Turkish leader who unified his nation, forced colonial powers to leave, and modernized Turkish society. /cgi-bin/links/,_Mustafa_Kemal

 DVD Booty - Hermann Göring Movies
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Emperor Franz Josef, Hermann Göring, Kaiser Wilhelm II, King Ferdi... /stars/hermann-göring

 Home Page
The foundation of the city of Erzurum, which is the greatest city of Eastern Anatolia is assumed to be at the date of 4900 B.C. The region including Erzurum was dominated by various tribes and nations as Urartu, Kimmers, the Scythians, Meds, Persians, Parphts, Romans, Sassanids, Arabs, Seljuks, Byzantine, Mongols and Ilkhanids.
1919: Mustafa Kemal forms the Turkish nationalist congress, a forerunner to the Turkish republic.

 Encyclopedia of beverages, cocktails and juices
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk : ( October 29, 1923 - November 10, 1938)
Mustafa Abdülhalik Renda : ( November 10, 1938- November 11, 1938)
For a list of rulers of the predecessor Ottoman Empire, see Osmanli. /cocktails_and_longdrinks.php?title=President_of_Turkey

 T1msn Encarta - Multimedia - Mustafá Kemal Atatürk
Mustafá Kemal Atatürk fundó la República de Turquía, independiente del gobierno otomano, en 1923.
T1msn Encarta - Multimedia - Mustafá Kemal Atatürk /media_461515440/Mustaf%C3%A1_Kemal_Atat%C3%BCrk.html

 Sivas - Current News & Information
Parliament is also planning to hold ceremonies to celebrate important anniversaries, such as the Erzurum and Sivas congresses and Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's... /2005-02/Sivas.html

 General Business Portal
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk - Atatürk'ün fotoğraflarından oluşan bir galeri. /cgi-bin/links/

 Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, Ataturk, Atatürk
He achieved this through a co-ordinated series of sweeping reforms, all directed towards the creation in Turkey of a western-style democracy.
The philosophy behind Ataturk's reforms is now known as Kemalism.
In February 1937 he had the following six principles written into Article Two of the Constitution of the Turkish Republic: /istanbulportal/Mustafa_Kemal_Ataturk.aspx

A simple example from the historical relationship between Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey, and the Turkish people illustrates the effect leaders can have on their group members’ subjective feeling of shared sameness.
Thus, when Atatürk wanted to establish a new secular Turkish republic, the fez had to be extirpated.
By the time Atatürk returned to Ankara nine days later, he had destroyed the fez as an appropriate symbol of Turkishness (Volkan and Itzkowitz, 1984). /internet/csmhi/Vol13Volkan.cfm

 Articles - Turkish language
Turkish is written using a modified version of the Latin alphabet, which was introduced in 1928 by Kemal Atatürk as part of his efforts to modernize Turkey.
After Atatürk founded the Republic of Turkey, he established the "Turkish Language Foundation" ( Türk Dil Kurumu, TDK), whose task was to replace Arabic and Persian origin words with their new Turkish counterparts.
A famous quotation and motto of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk : "Yurtta sulh, cihanda sulh." - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, which is translated as "peace at home, peace in the world." This quote by Atatürk is expressed in the new language as "Yurtta barış, dünyada barış." /articles/Turkish_language?mySession=d495a283294798c762...

 Thessaloniki Travel Directory - Destinations, Hotels, Airline Tickets and more...
Besides the Turks, who had been in occupation for close on five centuries (and even Mustafa Kemal Pascha, today known as Kemal Atatürk was born here), there were Slavs, Albabians and the largest European Jewish community of the period.
In World War II when all but a fraction were deported to the concentration camps, in the worst atrocity committed in the Balkans. /europe/greece/thessaloniki/internetcafes.php

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