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Topic: Athenian Acropolis

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  Acropolis of Athens - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Acropolis of Athens, seen from the hill of the Pnyx to the west.
The Acropolis and the Propylaea in an 1846 painting by Leo von Klenze.
At the center of the Acropolis is the Parthenon or Temple of Athena Parthenos (Athena the Virgin).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Athenian_Acropolis   (1739 words)

 The Athenian Acropolis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The acropolis is a feature of Greek culture which reaches back as far as Mycenaean times when it was a fortress as well as a site for temples.
Initially, the Athenians decided to leave the ruins on the acropolis as a reminder of the barbarism of the Persians.
Although the Parthenon is the most famous building on the Athenian acropolis, it originally included an impressive entrance, a concert hall, libraries, freestanding sculpture throughout the site, and several other temples (among them, the Temple to Athena Nike).
www.bluffton.edu /~humanities/art/grk/archtctr/acroplis.htm   (283 words)

 Map of the Acropolis of Athens
This sanctuary, built in a crack of the cliff on the northern side of the Acropolis, was dedicated to Aglaurus, one of the daughters of Cecrops, the first king of Athens (see Herodotus' Histories, VIII, 53).
The propyla of the Acropolis were built by Pericles as part of his plans to enhance the site and constituted the doorway to the flat top of the sacred rock.
This street leading from the agora to the theater of Dionysus by the eastern side of the Acropolis, owed its name to the fact that monuments and tripods erected in memory of their victories at the theater by wealthy citizens selected as choirmasters (chorègoi) were lining up on its sides.
plato-dialogues.org /tools/acropol.htm   (1105 words)

 The Acropolis of Athens   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
During Perikles' Golden Age, ancient Greek civilization was represented in an ideal way on the hill and some of the architectural masterpieces of the period were erected on its ground.
The monuments on the Acropolis reflect the successive phases of the city's history.
The monumental gateway of the Acropolis was designed by the architect Mnesikles and constructed in 437-432 B.C. It comprises a central building and two lateral wings.
www.culture.gr /2/21/211/21101a/e211aa01.html   (906 words)

 Greek Architecture 2 - Crystalinks
The Acropolis, a fortified citadel built atop a massive limestone hill, dominates the city of Athens, Greece.
The meeting of the gods signifies Athenian religious beliefs and if the temple was to be worshipped their may have been hope of creating favour with the gods which would have been necessary to 5th Century Athenians during the current political climate.
This was not the only piece of sculpture which depicts a sign the Athenians want to conclude the long battle with Sparta, in the cellar of the temple is a statue of Athena as Nike Apterus, the goddess without wings.
www.crystalinks.com /greekarchitect2.html   (1937 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 1999.07.17
In terms of mythology, H. concentrates on those stories that are particularly significant for the Acropolis and which recur time and time again in the iconography of its monuments: the birth of the goddess, the gigantomachy, her contest with Poseidon, and the birth and fostering of Erechthonios/Erechtheus.
Chapter 7 is devoted to the early Classical Acropolis, with a thoughtful discussion of just what may have remained standing after the Persian sack, and of why the Athenians chose not to rebuild (the Oath of Plateia, or economic considerations), and a review of the extant sculptural dedications.
The End of the Ancient Acropolis (Chapter 13) recounts the depredations of the Herulians and of Alaric's Visigoths in the 3rd and 4th centuries, and the late Roman destruction of the Parthenon and its subsequent repair, which turned it into a very different structure from what it had been.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/1999/1999-07-17.html   (2664 words)

 Gate to Greece: Erechtheion, Athenian Acropolis (Akropolis)
In an inscribed public document of 409/8 BCE calls it the "temple having the old statue (of Athena)"; it is presumably due to the fact that the old cult statue of Athena was moved here, as the old temple of Athena was burnt by fire in 406 BCE.
In another document of Athenian financial officer and in the writing of Strabo, it is the Temple of (Athena) Polias and The Old Temple.
The statues were substituted by the replicas, and the original ones are housed in the Acropolis Archaeological Museum.
www.mesogeia.net /athens/places/acropolis/erechtheion_en.html   (516 words)

 The Parthenon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The Temple of Athena Parthenos, the Parthenon,now a ruin lying atop the Acropolis of Athens, is the testament in stone to that claim.
To honor her patronage of weaving, every four years, at the climax of the Panathenaic Festival, Athenian women presented a special garment called a peplos to the ancient wooden cult statue of her at a temple on the Acropolis.
An animal sacrifice was held on the altar to the east of the Parthenon's entrance and the old cult statue of Athena, in the Erechtheion, received her new peplos.
www.bergen.org /AAST/Projects/Architecture/Parthenon/parthenon1.html   (4169 words)

 The Acropolis of Athens, Attractions of Ancient Greece
It seems that the Acropolis might have been spared of the violent destruction of other Mycenaean palaces, as there are no signs of fire or other large-scale destruction in what few artefacts of that time survive.
The word "Acropolis", though Greek in origin and associated primarily with Greek cities (Athens, Argos, Thebes, and Corinth with its Acrocorinth), may be applied generically to all such citadels (Rome, Jerusalem, Celtic Bratislava, many in Asia Minor, or even Castle Hill at Edinburgh).
The most famous example of the kind is the Acropolis of Athens, which, by reason of its historical associations and the famous buildings erected upon it, is generally known without qualification as simply "The Acropolis".
www.magicaljourneys.com /Greece/greece-interest-athens-acropolis.html   (1765 words)

 The Greeks - The Buildings of the Acropolis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The winding rocky path that led up to the Acropolis was surrounded by numerous small shrines, including one to the god Pan, who had appeared to the runner Phidippides before the battle of Marathon.
It housed both a treasury and a sanctuary to Athena, in which was placed a fantastic 12-meter high ivory and gold statue of the goddess Athena, called the Athena Parthenos.
It contained shrines and sites whose origin stretched back to Mycenean times, and it was here, according to Ancient Greek mythology, that the goddess Athena had defeated the sea-god Poseidon in her battle to win possession of the city.
www.pbs.org /empires/thegreeks/background/28b_p1.html   (253 words)

 The Golden Age of Pericles
His first objectives were to rebuild the temple complex of the Acropolis which had been destroyed by the Persians, and to link Athens to its lifeline, the port of Piraeus, with fortified walls designed to withstand any future siege.
The best-known acropolis is that of Athens, upon which the ancient Greeks built one of the finest groups of temples in the ancient world.
The only wholly Ionic building on the Acropolis, it was designed by the architect Callicrates in a delicate style, with four columns on the front and on the rear porches.
home.att.net /~tersip/aegean2.html   (1036 words)

 The Acropolis
The Propylaia is the entrance to the Acropolis and was used to prepare worshipers before entering the gates to the temples within.
The temple's placement is to represent the guarding of the entrance of the Acropolis, or the Propylaia.
The Acropolis' glory is all due to the impeccable designing created by the greek architrects of that time.
www.freeessays.cc /db/5/avk30.shtml   (1525 words)

 Attica , Athens , The Acropolis - GREECE
he rock of the Acropolis rises up in the middle of the Athenian basin, 156 m, above the sea level, with a length of 300m.
During the period 495-480 B.C. the Athenians began to build, on the site of the present-day Parthenon, a marble six-columned Doric temple which was never completed.
Its sterobate and its foundation and a section of its upper structure were later incorporated by Pericles into the the Parthenon.
www.travel-greece.com /attica/info/acropoli.html   (394 words)

 The Athenian Acropolis (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.unc.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
Under the leadership of Pericles, the Acropolis was rebuilt using money pilfered from the Delian League which Athens had formed as a united front against future Persian aggression but used for its own self-interest.
Below the Acropolis was the Agora, the market which was the economic center of Athens.
To complete the picture, on the other side of the Acropolis from the Agora an amphitheater was built where plays of many of the famous Greek dramatists (Sophocles, Aristophanes, etc) would have been first performed.
www.angelfire.com.cob-web.org:8888 /ca2/kushana/Acropolis.html   (830 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2002.05.02
The reactions to the Acropolis of travelers from Cyriacus of Ancona through Stuart and Revett are described, and this discussion segues into an extremely informative section on the influence of the Classical buildings on the Acropolis upon Neoclassical architecture throughout Europe and in the United States (12-36).
S and H explain the Archaic statue dedications on the Acropolis primarily in social and political terms as a "safe" means of competitive display on the part of Athenian aristocratic families.
The discussion of the Acropolis korai that follows substantially restates Lambert Schneider's position that they were intended by the aristocratic men who dedicated them to represent not particular women or girls but rather a generalized, "überindividuelle" embodiment of the values of the old Athenian aristocracy (72-88).
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2002/2002-05-02.html   (1287 words)

Athenian accomplishments in art, architecture, politics, philosophy, literature, and drama are well known.
Moreover, since the ancient Athenians tended to record important public decrees on stone slabs displayed for all to see, we also have some of the actual records of the working of the Athenian state, including, for example, the building accounts of the Parthenon.
It was one of the rare occasions whe n Athenian men were allowed to carry weapons in the streets, perhaps an indication of how old the festival was.
www.emich.edu /abroad/staff/Benita/Athens.html   (7045 words)

 The Quest 2001: Parthenon
The decision by the Athenians in 454 BC to move the League treasury from the Panhellenic sanctuary at Delos to the Athenian acropolis points in the same direction.
But the piety of this undertaking should not be underestimated; the Persians had sacked the temples on the Athenian acropolis in 480, and rebuilding them fulfilled, in Bury's words, the Athenians' "debt of gratitude to heaven for the defeat of the Mede."
The Parthenon is a Doric peripteral temple, which means that it consists of a rectangular floor plan with a series of low steps on every side, and a colonnade (8 x 17) of Doric columns extending around the periphery of the entire structure.
www.beavermedgrp.com /challenge/wonder-parthenon.htm   (404 words)

 The Acropolis of Athens, Attiki (Hellas - GR)
The Acropolis of Athens, Attiki (Hellas - GR)
The buildings of the Acropolis of Athens reached their perfection in the 5th century BC, at a time when the three major disciplines of human activity - science, art and philosophy - were at their peak.
The sculptures of the buildings on the Acropolis of Athens represent key events and concepts of Greek history and mythology, being an integral part of the definitive monument of the ancient Greek civilisation.
www.acropolisofathens.gr /l_epsilon.html   (393 words)

 Athens/Acropolis - Wikitravel
The Athenian Acropolis is the ancient "high city" of Athens, a prominent plateaued rock perched high above the modern city with commanding views and an amazing array of ancient architecture, mostly from the Classical period of Ancient Greece, the most famous of which is the Parthenon.
The Acropolis is accessed from either Dionysiou Areopagitou Street, or through the Plaka district (Theorias Street leads to the entrance), or, finally, from Petralona, ascending Apostolou Pavlou Street.
Following European regulations, disabled access to the Acropolis can be gained by means of special paths and a purpose-built lift on the north face of the hill.
wikitravel.org /en/Athens/Acropolis   (504 words)

 [No title]
Archaeological evidence suggests that the Acropolis was so well protected that it appears to have sheltered the only Mycenaean city that survived the otherwise universal destruction which marked the end of the bronze age in Greece.
Not surprisingly, because of its importance to the city, the Acropolis was among the earliest areas to be fortified.
The shift from defensive alliance to Athenian hegemony was made entirely clear in 454 with the transferal of the league's treasury from the island of Delos to Athens.
www.reed.edu /~mkerr/papers/Parth95.html   (6743 words)

According to the tradition the parents of Erichthonius were Hephaestus, the god of fire and smithies and Gaia, the goddess of the earth.
She brought him within a closed basket into the sanctuary of the Athenian Acropolis and insisted to her priestesses - Aglauros, Herse and Pandrosos, the daughters of the first Athenian king Cecrops - not to open the basket.
Erichthonius as a young boy is sitting in his chest on the rocks of Acropolis, while two snakes are guarding him and his basket is nearby.
www.pantheon.org /articles/e/erichthonius.html   (595 words)

 The Ancient City of Athens:
Another monumental temple was built towards the end of the 6th century, and yet another was begun after the Athenian victory over the Persians at Marathon in 490 B.C. However, the Acropolis was captured and destroyed by the Persians 10 years later (in 480 B.C.).
The Acropolis once again became an important citadel, and the western appoach was strengthened by a new gateway (the so-called Beulé Gate, named after an early archaeologist).
Hurwit, J. The Athenian Acropolis: History, Mythology, and Archaeology from the Neolithic Era to the Present, Cambridge 1999.
www.stoa.org /athens/sites/acropolis.html   (855 words)

 Detail Page
The best-known acropolis is at Athens, where a magnificent collection of temples and monuments, built in the second half of the 400s
The Athenian acropolis is a limestone-and-schist formation, rising about 300 feet above the lower town.
Archaeology reveals that the acropolis' upper sides were first enclosed in a man-made wall ca.
www.fofweb.com /Onfiles/Ancient/AncientDetail.asp?iPin=GRE0009   (479 words)

 Sacred Places: Athenian Acropolis, Greece
The Acropolis (from the Greek acros, meaning high or upper and polis, meaning ''city) of Athens is a steep-sided hill supporting several temples, precincts, and other buildings.
The principal temple on the Acropolis is the Parthenon, designed by the architects Iktinus and Kallikrates.
The Erechtheum is on the northern side of the Acropolis, opposite the Parthenon.
witcombe.sbc.edu /sacredplaces/acropolis.html   (700 words)

 Dr. J's Illustrated Athenian Acropolis (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.unc.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
View of the West entrance to the Acropolis through the Beule Gate, through which visitors descend from the Acropolis today.
Since the door is off-center, some scholars believe that couches lined the walls, offering a place of rest to those who came to offer sacrifices at the temples on the Acropolis or just to mingle with their countrymen.
East wall of the North wing of the Propylaia, damaged during the Venetian assault on the Acropolis in 1687.
lilt.ilstu.edu.cob-web.org:8888 /drjclassics/sites/acropolis/propylaia.shtm   (898 words)

 Athenian Acropolis - Picture - MSN Encarta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The Acropolis is a fortified limestone hill overlooking the city of Athens, Greece.
Beginning in the early 5th century bc the Greeks built a series of temples there, including the Parthenon, a temple dedicated to Athena, the Greek goddess of Wisdom.
Parthenon; Acropolis; Athens (Greece); Greek Art and Architecture; Greece
encarta.msn.com /media_461562041/Athenian_Acropolis.html   (50 words)

 Hellas - Greece: Panoramic & Aerial Photos of Greece - mapas grecia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-13)
The Athenian citizens were proud of their cultural identity, and conscious of the historical magnitude of their ideas.
Democracy, arguably the epitome of the Athenian way of thinking, was at center stage while the Parthenon was built.
This was a direct democracy where every citizen had a voice in the common issues through the Assembly that met on the Pnyx hill next to the Acropolis forty times per year to decide on all matters of policy, domestic or foreign.
www.hellas.net /index.php?category=1110   (937 words)

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