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Topic: Athenian Empire

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  Athenian democracy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Athenian democracy was a democratic government in the city-state Athens and its surrounding lands in Attica, Greece; usually considered to have lasted from the late-6th to the late-4th century BC.
Athenian democracy was based on selection of officials by lot, and decisions in other cases by majority rule.
Athenian citizens had to be legitimately descended from citizens—after the reforms of Pericles from both parents, excluding children of Athenian men and foreign women (450 BC)—or had to gain approval through an elaborate procedure, in which any citizen had a veto, which was very rarely carried through.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Athenian_democracy   (1773 words)

 Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An empire (also known technically, abstractly or disparagingly as an imperium, and with powers known among Romans as "imperium") comprises a set of regions locally ruled by governors, viceroys or client kings in the name of an emperor.
For many centuries, the term "Empire" in the West applied exclusively to states which considered themselves to be successors to the Roman Empire, such as the Byzantine Empire, the Holy Roman Empire, or, later, the Russian Empire ruled from the "Third Rome" (Moscow).
The Mongol Empire was governed by kurultai, and there was freedom of religion, tax exemption and extensive trade routes that were nurtured by the Khan.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Empire   (1206 words)

 Encyclopedia: Athenian Empire
In some other respects the Athenians were not the old popular rulers they had been at first; and if they had more than their fair share of service, it was correspondingly easy for them to reduce any that tried to leave the confederacy.
The Delian League was never formally turned into the Athenian Empire; but by the start of the Peloponnesian War, only Chios and Lesbos were left to contribute ships, and these states were by now far too weak to secede without support.
The Athenian Empire was very stable, and only 27 years of war, aided by the Persians and internal strife, were able to defeat it.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Athenian-Empire   (1415 words)

 Athens: Empire and Democracy
The Athenians and those Greeks worried about the Persian threat, largely the Greeks of the islands in the Aegean Sea and the cities on the coast of Ionia, formed an alliance that came to be known as the Delian League, because the league's funds were stored on the island of Delos.
Now it was crystal clear that the Athenians were in charge of a empire, not merely the leading city in an alliance of equals.
The Athenians did not recognize any distinction between the courts and politics: it was all part of their democratic system.
www.siu.edu /~dfll/classics/Johnson/HTML/L16.html   (2126 words)

Land-based empires (such as Russia or the Soviet Union) tend to the monolithic; sea-borne empires (the Athenian or British empires provide examples) may feature looser structures and more scattered territories.
For many centuries, the term "Empire" applied exclusively to states which considered themselves to be successors to the Roman Empire, such as the Byzantine Empire, the Holy Roman Empire, or the Russian Empire.
Many ancient empires maintained control of their subject peoples by controlling the supply of a vital resource, usually water; historians refer to such régimes as "hydraulic empires." The introduction of a common religion also often strengthened empires, as occurred (pace Edward Gibbon) with the adoption of Christianity under Constantine I of the Roman Empire.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/e/em/empire.html   (888 words)

 c. The Rise of the Athenian Empire. 2001. The Encyclopedia of World History
Unable to defend their city, the Athenians fled and the Persians occupied Attica and destroyed Athens.
The allied Greek fleet laid siege to Sestos, a Persian stronghold in the Thracian Chersonese.
The Spartans returned home in the fall, but the Athenians and Ionians succeeded in reducing Sestos during the winter.
www.bartleby.com /67/189.html   (774 words)

 Fall of the Athenian Emipre
, the Persian fleet was defeated by an Athenian/allied fleet at
revenue of the Athenian Empire at the start of the war was sufficient to maintain a standing fleet of 83 triremes, assuming no other state costs, such as maintaining a land army.
Athenian population by the end of the war was, of course, reduced even further.
www.freebuck.com /articles/elliott/030113bankruptcies1.htm   (2548 words)

 Athenian Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Athenian Rowdies Local Athenian boy Ariston gets into a spot of legal trouble with bullies in this everyday life portrait of ancient Greece from History House, with bibliography.
Hannibal's Empire Earth Empire Earth details, including information on the units, buildings and epochs with downloads of the demo and patch.
An empire can be ruled by an emperor or an empress if it is a monarchy, or a dictator-president if it is a totalitarian regime.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Athenian_Empire.html   (404 words)

 The Athenian Empire Through Inscriptions
If there are no Athenian governors, the magistrates of the respective cities shall carry out the provisions of the decree; and if they act contrary to the decree, a prosecution for disfranchisement shall be instituted at Athens against such magistrates.
The Athenians shall choose four men to send to the cities to give receipts for the tribute delivered, and to exact the undelivered tribute from those falling short: two men shall sail on swift triremes to the cities in the Islands and Ionia, and two to the cities in Hellespont and Thrace.
Athenians shall swear an oath so that all dealings of Athens with Rhegion may forever be in good faith, without fraud, and open, swearing as follows: "We will be faithful, just, strong and treaty-abiding allies to Rhegion forever, and we will lend aid if any need arises...
titus--3.tltc.ttu.edu /forsythe/aei.htm   (2385 words)

 Athenian Empire
Pausanias was perhaps encouraging the Helots to revolt, and the Athenians did not care to have a Spartan in command: it is no surprise that he was killed by the Spartans and history calls him a Medising traitor.
Pericles was the son of the Alcmaeonid Agariste, and Xanthippus, the Athenian commander at Mycale.
The empire was a self-propelling device in terms of economy and military.
www.uvm.edu /~jbailly/courses/clas21/notes/athenianempire.html   (1927 words)

 9-AthenianEmpire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Funds for this purpose were obtained from the allied contributions (i.e., she had to expand the number of citizens and to find ways to support their participation as 'fighters/voters').
A footnote to history: Athens lost the war and lost her empire, nonetheless, she retained and continued to develop the radical democracy out of her own commercial resources.
Athenian society: 186,000 Athenian citizens of which ca 4,000 in upper two classes, 100,000 in middle and 65,000 thetes.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~klio/gr/9-AthEmpire.htm   (876 words)

 Learn more about Athenian Democracy in the online encyclopedia.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Athenian Democracy was a democratic government in the city-state Athens and its surrounding lands in Attica, Greece; usually considered to have lasted from the early-6th to the mid-4th century BC.
Following the reforms of Pericles, all Athenian positions except the chief of military officials, the strategos, gained selection by lottery and received payment so that any Athenian citizen could take part in office.
Citizens had to claim descent from citizens - after the reforms of Pericles from both parents, excluding children of Athenian men and foreign women (450 BC) - or had to gain approval through an elaborate procedure, in which any citizen had a veto, which was very rarely carried through.
www.onlineencyclopedia.org /a/at/athenian_democracy.html   (644 words)

 The Athenian Empire
At its height in the 440s B.C., the Athenian Empire was composed of 172 tribute-paying states.
The enormous wealth entering Athens from subject states financed the flourishing of democratic institutions, literature, art, and architecture that came to be known as the golden age of Athens.
In society and government, lower-class Athenians were able to improve their social position by obtaining land in the subject states.
www.gogreece.com /learn/history/athenian_empire.html   (296 words)

 Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2001.06.13
The Athenian Empire is designed for the use of students of ancient history, in the first place those in British schools and universities.
This is as it should be, since quite frankly the history of the Athenian Empire and the Peleponnesian War is essentially a construction of Thucydides.
The Athenian Empire is not an ancient history textbook or a narrative history like, for instance, Donald Kagan's The Archidamian War (missing from the bibliography), but rather a resource.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /bmcr/2001/2001-06-13.html   (1881 words)

 Athenian Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The Athenians had used the Delian League for their advantage in which they abused the power of the League in order to create an Athenian Empire.
This allowed the Athenians justification for having more influence in league matters because they were the ones that had placed their people in wars to ensure the safety of the League, therefore Athens should have more control in the League.
Second, the Athenians were "first among equals." This meant that even though Athens had one vote in the League assembly like everyone else, they could sway the vote in their interest because they were the most powerful and influential of the members in the League.
www.ualberta.ca /~mmanzano/empire.html   (898 words)

 Athenian Empire Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
It was during this time that some claim that the Athenian Empire arose.
The Persians followed up their victory by sending a fleet to re-establish their control over Cyprus, and 200 ships were sent out to counter them under Cimon, who returned from ostracism in 451 BC.
The Second Athenian Empire, a maritime self-defense league, was founded in 377 BC and was led by Athens; but Athens would never recover the full extent of her power, and her enemies were now far stronger and more varied.
www.stardustmemories.com /search/encyclopedia/Athenian_Empire   (1532 words)

 Classical Greece - Golden Age of the Athenian Empire
The empire was built because Persia was still somewhat of a threat.
Pericles brought the Athenians inside the walls of the city, and Pericles sent the navy to attack Sparta.
Athenian General Demosthenes warned of the danger, but the fighting city-states wouldn't unite.
members.tripod.com /%7Emr_sedivy/greece4.html   (533 words)

 From The Delian League To The Athenian Empire
The Athenians clearly had their eyes set on natural resources in Thrace, and when they started to dispute the Thasian possession of a gold mine, the Thasians grew worried, and threatened to withdraw from the league.
Athens' eagerness to build an empire, and the fact that its amazing, often rash, vigour which was caused by its being a democracy, are shown in the decision to send a vast fleet of 200 triremes to aid an Egyptian revolt against the Persian empire.
Athenian cleruchies (colonies) were set up at strategic points throughout Greece, the Mediterranean and even the Black sea, where Athens maintained a good relationship with Cimmerians as it grew more and more dependent on the import of grain from this tribe.
www.bigissueground.com /history/ash-athenianempire.shtml   (3481 words)

 Ancient Greece: The Age of Pericles: The Athenian Empire
They had agreed to recognize the Athenian Empire in exchange for Athens giving up claims to continental territories; however, it was becoming apparent that even without the continental territory, the Athenians were a major threat to Sparta and its influence.
Ephialtes was the Athenian leader who had finally divested the Areopagus of all its power; Athens was now solely governed by the council and the democratic Assembly.
Although he was eventually ostracized by the Athenians (he later returned), he dominated the democratic government of Athens with his formidable capacity to speak and to persuade.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/GREECE/ATHEMP.HTM   (1186 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
As it was led by Athens, it is sometimes perjoratively referred to as the Athenian Empire.
The assessment due from each state was assigned by Aristides the Just, leader of the Athenians; some members were assessed ships, others money.
After some thought, they recinded this order, and only put to death the leading 1000 ringleaders of the revolt, and redistributed the land of the entire island to Athenian shareholders, who were sent out to reside on Lesbos.
www.informationgenius.com /encyclopedia/d/de/delian_league.html   (1265 words)

 MYSTERIOUS WORLD: Spring 2003: Ah Osiria! Part I: The Athenian Empire
This vast, fertile valley punctuated by large, freshwater lakes that sat at the heart of the Osirian Empire was, in the dim memory of human history, largely submerged by a sudden, catastrophic deluge that most equate with the Great Flood mentioned in the Bible.
The gods of the Athenians were Hephaestus, the god of fire, crafts, and the forge, and Athena, goddess of war, as well as of the city, handicrafts, and agriculture.
The Athenians had successfully repelled the Atlantean assault upon Osiria, though the rest of their allies who had lived in the region — the proto-Egyptians and the rest of the antediluvian peoples — had failed them.
www.mysteriousworld.com /Journal/2003/Spring/Osiria   (7853 words)

 Eder,_Aristocrats_and_the _Coming_of_the_Athenian_Democracy
The Athenians were well aware of the advantages and disadvantages of various constitutions; they discussed in theory their respective merits for the well-being of the city (Raaflaub 1989), and in practice they were ready in desperate times (e.g., in 411 B.C.) to sacrifice democracy in order to be rescued by an oligarchy.
In Athenian history these criteria were met for the first time at the end of the fifth century B.C. By codifying the law and constitutional procedures and by creating or applying more strictly various legal instruments of self-control, the demos created the most durable form of constitution since the time of Solon.
An Athenian who became involved in conflict was expected to lay claim to a non-militant attitude: he was supposed to give short shrift to the demands of honour, play down his desire for revenge, and relinquish the right to punish an aggressor to the civic authorities," that is, the courts (1995: 43).
www.tu-berlin.de /fb1/AGiW/Hospitium/Eder.htm   (17049 words)

 Athenian Empire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
In 454 BC, suppossedly due to an increase in Persian and pirate activity, the Athenians moved the treasury of the League from Delos to Athens, further consolidating their control over the League.
It is unclear if the League (or the Athenians) signed a peace treaty with the Persians, but Cyprus was simply too far from Athens and too close to the centers of Persian power to be taken and held by the Athenians.
The Lacedaemonians marhced against the Athenians, in part to delay the building of these walls, but were brought to battle at Tanagra.
brandt.kurowski.net /projects/lsa/wiki/view.cgi?doc=425   (1131 words)

Athenian prosperity and security, however, had come to depend on the empire, and the Athenians were determined to defend it at any cost.” (Pg.
The Athenian Empire “had many friends among the lower classes and the democratic politicians in the subject cities.” But, many saw it “more and more as a tyranny.” However, since the Athenians believed that their “prosperity and security” depended on the empire, they were “determined to defend it at any cost.” (Kagan, pg.
But, since citizens of subject city-states of the Athenian empire were not allowed to participate in Athenian democracy, most people living in those city-states objected to the rule of Athens.
faculty.uml.edu /awalters/43.106/plagiartxt.html   (855 words)

 Thucydides' Peloponnesian War
Herodotus reports that when Darius was informed of the Athenian involvement in the burning of a Persian city, he shot an arrow into the air while saying: "Zeus, allow me to punish the Athenians" and ordered one of his servants to say three times everytime he dined: "Master, remember the Athenians" (5.105).
Through the machinations of the wise Athenian leader Themistocles, the Greeks were forced to engage the Persians on the bay of Salamis (see Salamis #3) just off the coast of Attica, and in the ensuing battle defeated Xerxes's fleet.
The Spartans welcomed the Athenian acceptance of this responsibility because they were not eager for a long-term involvement in eastern affairs and were, at that time, on good terms with the Athenians.
depthome.brooklyn.cuny.edu /classics/dunkle/studyguide/thucydes.htm   (5139 words)

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