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Topic: Athenian archon

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  EASYTRAVELLER.NET Travel related links pages easytraveller.gr
Solon divided Athenian citizens into four property classes which established each class?s political privileges and established the Council of 400, 100 member from each of the four Athenian heriditary tribes, along with the nine archons to administer the state.
493                        Themistocles an archon of Athens Miltiades flees to Athens from Thrace
Athenians and Boeotians were defeated by Sparta under Agesilaus II at the battle of Coronea
www.easytraveller.gr /grhist.html   (4953 words)

  Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Archon
Originally in Athens there were three archons: the archon eponymos (so called because the year was named after him), who was the chief officer of the state; the archon basileus, who was primarily connected with sacred rites;...
In Athens, nine archons divided state duties: the archon eponymous headed the boule and Ecclesia, the polemarch commanded troops and presided over legal cases involving foreigners, the archon...
He was one of the 10 generals who commanded the Athenians at the battle of Marathon (490 BC) and in the next year became chief archon.
www.encyclopedia.com /SearchResults.aspx?Q=Archon   (815 words)

It was silver from these mines that allowed the Athenians to build their dominant fleet in the early fifth century and also to issue their famous coins called “owls.” Return to text.
The Athenians did not use a number to designate a given year as we do, but referred to a year by the name of the man who was the eponymous archon in that twelve month period.
Then the archons are asked whether they have a cult of Apollo of Ancestry and Zeus of the Courtyard, and where the sanctuaries of these are; whether they have family tombs, and where these are; whether they treat their parents well; whether they pay their taxes; whether they have performed their military service.
depthome.brooklyn.cuny.edu /classics/dunkle/athnlife/politics.htm   (3685 words)

  Archon of Athens - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The archon was the chief magistrate in many Greek cities, but in Athens there were three archons, the archon eponymous, the polemarch (replaced in 501 BC by ten strategoi), and the archon basileus (the ceremonial remnant of the Athenian monarchy).
The archon eponymous was the chief archon, and presided over meetings of the Boule and Ecclesia, the ancient Athenian assemblies.
The archon eponymous remained the titular head of state even under the democracy, though with much reduced political importance.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Archons_of_Athens   (630 words)

 Archon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
2 Archons of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople
During this period Archon Eponymous was the chief magistrate, the Polemarch was the head of the armed forces, and the Archon Basileus was responsible for the civic religious arrangements.
In the Dungeons and Dragons multiverse, archons are an angelic race indigenous to Mount Celestia.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Archon   (698 words)

 Table of Contents and Excerpt, Morgan, Popular Tyranny
This means that the Athenian polis reinvents the hero of myth as the antitype of polis values, the tyrant, who both emerges from and controls the polis.
She suggests that the Athenians might positively assess themselves as tyrannical in the following ways: "they possessed and spent 'tyrant-scale' wealth, they had economic power greater than any others and used it to express and strengthen their political power, and they were free, unaccountable to anyone but themselves".
This is not to dispute that the dominant Athenian ideology of tyranny was negative, but to recognize that a complete account of a culture must acknowledge the gap between ideology and practice, or rather, the co-existence of several competing ideologies.
www.utexas.edu /utpress/excerpts/exmorpou.html   (7095 words)

These stemma demonstrate not only the longevity of Athenian aristocratic families, but the influence of regional tyrannies and the attempts they made to extend influence on neighboring cities, such as Athens, while constructing networks of tyrannical marriages and "guest friendships" (hospitality).
Athenian ambassadors sent to demand his extradition were advised by the satrap to take him back as their ruler.
The Athenian faction of Cleisthenes eventually was persuaded by conservatives to allow Spartan forces and allied conservatives to leave peacefully.
web.ics.purdue.edu /~rauhn/athens_tyranny.htm   (2937 words)

 ATHENS: Alcmaeonidae
For, in fact, the Athenians also have a festival in honor of Zeus Meilichios, the Diasia, as it is called, a very great festival celebrated outside the city, at which all the people offer sacrifices, many making offerings peculiar to the country instead of victims.
And the Athenians, when they were aware of it, came in a body from the fields against them and sitting down before the Akropolis laid siege to it.
Kylon, an Athenian, married a Megarian wife, the daughter of Theagenes, wishing to be a tyrannos; he received an oracle, to set his hand upon the City on the great festival of Zeus.
www.csun.edu /~hcfll004/alkmaionidai.html   (2176 words)

 Detail Page   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Athenians invaded Boeotia and defeated the Boeotians at the battle of Oenophyta.
Athenians conquered the island of Melos, enslaving its population.
Athenians and Boeotians were defeated by Sparta under Agesilaus II at the battle of Coronea.
www.fofweb.com /Onfiles/Ancient/AncientDetail.asp?iPin=gre009   (3385 words)

 History 310: Athenian Treaties 433/2
These treaties, dated by archon year to 433/2 B.C., are cut in letter forms used after 440 B.C., but the prescripts are erased and recut.
Athenian alliances with the strategic Ionian cities of Rhegium in Italy and Leontini in Sicily must have been regarded as a hostile action against Syracuse, the leading colony and friend of Corinth in the West.
The oath shall be sworn by the Athenians as follows: “As allies we shall be to the Leontinians forever guileless and reliable.
www.tulane.edu /~august/H310/readings/Athenian_Treaties.htm   (558 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The kingship was not abolished, but the archon assumed most of the duties associated with governmental operations.
Originally, the archon was appointed for life, but around 750 B.C., the appointment was limited to 10 years, and finally, in 683-2, it was changed again to appointment for a one-year term.
Following the Athenian surrender in 404, the size of the council was again reduced to the Thirty.
www.periclespress.com /athens2m.html   (479 words)

 Athenian Democracy
Later Athenians portrayed the Areopagus as a benevolent guardian of laws and supervisor of morals that was destroyed by revolutionary radicals.
The archons' roles were vastly reduced: Ephialtes stripped them of the role of handing down judgements (the jury did that).
Athenian government had various sources of revenues, including the mines as laurium, public lands, and taxes.
www.uvm.edu /~jbailly/courses/clas21/notes/atheniandemocracy.html   (2583 words)

 Center for Hellenic Studies - Athenian Law: Lectures, Kapparis
Athenian authors of the classical period imagined a mythical past where women were subject to similar restrictions in their legal standing and social roles as in their own timeframe.
Those women resemble Athenian wives, concubines, mothers, sisters, or daughters in their roles and, despite a wide variation of temperament and degrees of conformity with established rules, obey or disobey the same social conventions as 5th or 4th century Athenian women.
Athenian housewives were financially dependent upon their husbands, unless they were widowed with young children.
www.chs.harvard.edu /discussion_series.sec/athenian_law.ssp/athenian_law_lectures_2.pg   (4625 words)

 Aristotle: The Athenian Constitution: Book 8: Parts 57 -- 64
The latter are elected in the Assembly by open vote, two from the general body of Athenians, one from the Eumolpidae, and one from the Ceryces.
The Archon requisitions it from the owners of the farms on which the sacred olives grow, at the rate of three-quarters of a pint from each plant.
When, then, the Archon has collected the oil for his year of office, he hands it over to the Treasurers to preserve in the Acropolis, and he may not take his seat in the Areopagus until he has paid over to the Treasurers the full amount.
www.constitution.org /ari/athen_08.htm   (2046 words)

 [No title]
No alteration, however, was made in the method of election of the nine Archons, except that five years after the death of Ephialtes it was decided that the candidates to be submitted to the lot for that office might be selected from the Zeugitae as well as from the higher classes.
On this stone the Archons stand, and swear to execute their office uprightly and according to the laws, and not to receive presents in respect of the performance of their duties, or, if they do, to dedicate a golden statue.
The Archon also has the care of orphans and wards of state, and of women who, on the death of their husbands, declare themselves to be with child; and he has power to inflict a fine on those who offend against the persons under his charge, or to bring the case before the law-courts.
www.psr.keele.ac.uk /docs/athens.asc   (18810 words)

 Archon - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Archon, elected official similar to a magistrate, found in many states in ancient Greece during the Classical period.
Hadrian was born January 24, 76, either in Italica, near Seville, or in Rome.
- Athenian magistrate: in ancient Greece, one of the nine chief Athenian magistrates
uk.encarta.msn.com /Archon.html   (104 words)

 Timeline of Ancient Greece - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hippomenes, archon of Athens,who killed his daughter's adulterer by yoking him up to his chariot and then locks his daughter up with a horse until she dies.
The reign of the Heraklids over Lydia is ended when Candaules, known as Myrsilus to the Greeks, is murdered by Gyges because of his wife’s anger.
Any Athenian citizen can be elected to office if they meet the requirements.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Timeline_of_Ancient_Greece   (1265 words)

 History of Greece: Athenian Democracy
The key to Athenian democracy was Cleithenes redrawing of the social-political landscape of Athens and Attica.
Archons were chosen by the Areopagus, the council of elders of the city, who were those who had previously been archons.
When viewed in the context of its time the Athenian democracy was an amazing achievement which introduced the concept of equal rights and the notion of accountability by routinely investigating officials and creating a system where no person or group could become too powerful.
www.ahistoryofgreece.com /athens-democracy.htm   (1159 words)

 Lecture 6: The Athenian Origins of Direct Democracy
In his role as archon, Solon cancelled all agricultural debts and announced that all slaves were free.
Led by Cleomenes I, the Spartans marched into Athenian territory in 510 B.C. Hippias was deposed and fled to Persia.
Under Pericles, ATHENIAN DEMOCRACY came to mean the equality of justice and the equality of opportunity.
www.historyguide.org /ancient/lecture6b.html   (2724 words)

 Athenian Properties, LLC | Philadelphia PA   (Site not responding. Last check: )
She joined Athenian Properties in 2004, and is currently leading a multi-disciplinary team to redesign and rebuild Building 120 in the Philadelphia Navy Yard as the Philadelphia Sound Stage.
Her work at Athenian has included supervising significant base building and tenant work at 833 Chestnut Street, including GSA tenants and a major masonry restoration project, and serving as project manager for the school District of Philadelphia K-8 conversion construction with the Driscoll/Don Todd JV.
As the senior property manager at Athenian, she is responsible for the management of the 750,000 sf 833 Chestnut Street along with other properties.
athenianprop.com /team.html   (1727 words)

 Solon, Univ. of Saskatchewan
[An Athenian would not refer to a particular year as the Romans did (or as we do) by reference to some event in the past, but by naming the eponymous archon for the year in question.] [FN 1] In addition to their monopoly over the chief magistracies, the aristocracy controlled the *Council of the Areopagus.
The archons oversaw the running of specific courts but, unlike a modern judge, did not make rulings or instruct the juries: their duties were solely administrative.
The relatively late date of the office of eponymous archon is reflected in religious matters: the archon basileus had authority over all of the older religious festivals; festivals of relatively recent date, however, were under the jurisdiction of the eponymous archon.
homepage.usask.ca /~jrp638/CourseNotes/SolonNotes.html   (6562 words)

 Center for Hellenic Studies - Athenian Law: Lectures, BlackwellB
The Athenians thought that they mythological hero Theseus was their first king, and they attributed to him the birth of the Athenian state.
It was common for Athenians, for the next 200 years, to describe subsequent legal innovations in terms of their fidelity to the "Solonian Constitution" (whether or not those innovations remotely resembled the laws of Solon).
According to the Constitution of the Athenians attributed traditionally to Aristotle, Solon himself was from an aristocratic family, while his personal wealth put him in the middle-class of Athenians, and his sympathy for the injustices against the poor made him a champion of the people generally.
www.chs.harvard.edu /discussion_series.sec/athenian_law.ssp/athenian_law_lectures_5.pg   (5659 words)

 Boule   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Boule, or the Council of the Four Hundred, was a council set up by the Athenian archon Solon in 594 BC.
The 500 men were chosen from Athenian citizens in the ecclesia over the age of 30, and served for one year.
The leaders of the Boule (the prytany) consisted of 50 men chosen from among the 500, and a new prytany was chosen every month.
bopedia.com /en/wikipedia/b/bo/boule.html   (211 words)

 The Avalon Project : Athenian Constitution : Part 1
The last of the three offices was that of the Archon, which most authorities state to have come into existence in the time of Medon.
The various magistracies, namely, the nine Archons, the Treasurers, the Commissioners for Public Contracts (Poletae), the Eleven, and Clerks (Colacretae), he assigned to the Pentacosiomedimni, the Knights, and the Zeugitae, giving offices to each class in proportion to the value of their rateable property.
Such was Solon's legislation with respect to the nine Archons; whereas in early times the Council of Areopagus summoned suitable persons according to its own judgement and appointed them for the year to the several offices.
www.yale.edu /lawweb/avalon/medieval/athe1.htm   (2406 words)

 Archon - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Archon, elected official akin to a magistrate, found in many Greek states of the classical period.
In Athens, for example, there were nine archons...
- Athenian magistrate: in ancient Greece, one of the nine chief Athenian magistrates
encarta.msn.com /Archon.html   (62 words)

 The Internet Classics Archive | The Athenian Constitution by Aristotle
The various magistracies, namely, the nine Archons, the Treasurers, the Commissioners for Public Contracts (Poletae), the Eleven, and Clerks (Colacretae), he assigned to the Pentacosiomedimni, the Knights, and the Zeugitae, giving offices to each class in proportion to the value of their rateable property.
It is clear from this that the Archon was at the time the magistrate who possessed the greatest power, since it is always in connexion with this office that conflicts are seen to arise.
Hitherto, however, he had escaped; for the Athenians, with the usual leniency of the democracy, allowed all the partisans of the tyrants, who had not joined in their evil deeds in the time of the troubles to remain in the city; and the chief and leader of these was Hipparchus.
classics.mit.edu /Aristotle/athenian_const.1.1.html   (6480 words)

So long as the fortune of the war continued even, the Athenians preserved the democracy; but after the disaster in Sicily, when the Lacedaemonians had gained the upper hand through their alliance with the king of Persia, they were compelled to abolish the democracy and establish in its place the constitution of the Four Hundred.
The Archon requisitions it from the owners of the farms on which the sacred olives grow, at the rate of three-quarters of a pint from each plant.
The juries for the law-courts are chosen by lot by the nine Archons, each for their own tribe, and by the clerk to the Thesmothetae for the tenth.
www.fortunecity.com /victorian/durer/192/books/athenian.htm   (18975 words)

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