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Topic: Atlas missile

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  Missile silo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Atlas was fueled in the silo and then had to be raised to the surface for launch.
The missile silo was the brainchild of the British, who were seeking a suitable housing for their Blue Streak missile.
Although only one missile silo was built in Britain, at RAF Spadeadam, the idea of the underground rocket bunker was adopted by the US.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Missile_silo   (517 words)

 Cape Canaveral Rocket and Missile Programs:
Atlas was intended to be revealed by its code name "Model 7" but in fact the name Atlas had appeared in Aviation Week magazine as early as March 8, 1954.
The Atlas was given its final numerical designation of Weapons System-107A (WS-107A), calling for a missile capable of carrying a nuclear payload 6,000 to 9,000 miles with a circular error of not more than ten miles.
The Atlas "cradle" which delivered the missile from the factory to the launch pad was built by Goodyear Aircraft Corporation.
www.spaceline.org /rocketsum/atlas-program.html   (2501 words)

 SM-65 Atlas - United States Nuclear Forces
Atlas 4-B, the second in the series B test flights, was launched successfully on 2 August 1958.
The first operational version of the Atlas, the "D" model, was a one and one-half stage, liquid-fueled, rocket-powered (360,000 pounds of thrust) ICBM equipped with radio-inertial guidance and a nuclear warhead.
The Atlas F missiles also were deployed in "hard" silo-lift launchers which stored the missiles vertically in underground, blast-protected silos and used elevators to raise the missiles to ground level for launch.
www.fas.org /nuke/guide/usa/icbm/sm-65.htm   (643 words)

Atlas G was 81 inches longer than its predecessor It also incorporated a booster thrust increase of 7,500 pounds leading to a vehicle liftoff thrust of 438,000 pounds.
Atlas E is a stage-and-a-half, liquid-fueled rocket consisting of a cluster of three Rocketdyne MA-3 engines (two boosters and one sustainer) and two small vernier engines.
Atlas IIA is capable of lifting payloads in the 6,500-pound class to a geosynchronous transfer orbit.
www.fas.org /spp/military/program/launch/atlas.htm   (4696 words)

 Missile Silo Bachelor Pad, Oplin, Texas
The designation recognizes the importance of the Atlas Intercontinental Convair Ballistic Missile as a historic weapon of mass destruction.
One cluster is near Abilene, Texas, where the 578th SMS, based at Dyess Air Force Base, operated 12 Atlas F missile bases from 1961-1965.
We peer down into the Atlas missile silo -- we'd heard Bruce managed to open one of the multi-ton, 3-ft.thick blast doors in 2002 for the first time in decades.
www.roadsideamerica.com /attract/TXOPLmissile.html   (1140 words)

 Spaceflight :Atlas
Cutbacks in the national defense budget triggered a corresponding reduction in missile development funding and, in June 1947, the USAAF canceled Convair's research contract; however, the company was permitted to spend its remaining funds to finish constructing three missile test vehicles and continue investigating missile guidance and nosecone concepts.
The basic Atlas vehicle, remarkably unchanged almost 50 years after its inception, is a 1½ stage liquid-propellant launch vehicle consisting of a booster section and a sustainer section, a unique configuration that enables the missile to launch itself into orbit.
Atlas model D, E, and F ICBMs, outfitted with nuclear warheads, were deployed at Air Force bases throughout the United States, stored vertically in underground silos and raised by elevators to an above-ground position for launch.
www.centennialofflight.gov /essay/SPACEFLIGHT/Atlas/SP10.htm   (1696 words)

 SM-65 Atlas - United States Nuclear Forces
The hallmark of the Atlas deployment schedule was urgency; escalating tensions with the Soviet Union sent the Air Force scrambling to deploy the missiles as rapidly as possible.
As a missile was completed it was lifted gently by overhead cranes and placed on a sixty-four-foot trailer which stayed with the missile until it was erected in firing position.
At the two later Atlas D sites, a second at F.E. Warren AFB, and at Offutt AFB, Nebraska, the missiles were based in a 3 x 3 configuration: three launchers and one combined guidance control/launch facility constituted a launch complex, and three complexes comprised a squadron.
www.globalsecurity.org /wmd/systems/sm-65.htm   (3532 words)

 Atlas D
An Atlas investigation board was convened to study the cause of the Mercury-Atlas 3 (MA-3) mission launch vehicle failure.
Overall, the flight was highly successful: the Atlas booster performed well and demonstrated that it was ready for the manned flight, the spacecraft systems operated well, and the Mercury global tracking network and telemetry operated in an excellent manner and was ready to support manned orbital flight.
An Atlas D launch vehicle lifted a Project Fire spacecraft from Cape Kennedy in the first test of the heat that would be encountered by a spacecraft reentering the atmosphere at lunar-return velocity.
www.astronautix.com /lvs/atlasd.htm   (7409 words)

 Atlas Missile - Strategic Air Command - Nuclear Warhead
The Atlas Missile was the first operational intercontinental ballistic missile in America's nuclear arsenal and the beginning of the United States Space Program.
The book Atlas Missile states that the program was the most expensive and comprehensive engineering feat in history - at least up to that time.
The lessons learned with Atlas were later applied to the Titan, Minuteman and Saturn, which made the moon landing.
www.strategic-air-command.com /missiles/Atlas/Atlas_Missile_Home_Page.htm   (161 words)

 Atlas missile fanciers go ballistic in abandoned silo
The old missile silo was one of a dozen dug around the Abilene area during the height of the Cold War.
But while missiles were in place in 1961, the entire system was deemed hopelessly obsolete by 1965.
The missiles were quietly removed and other uses for the silos sought.
www.texnews.com /1998/1999/brazos/bill0204.html   (1137 words)

The base also served to protect the missile from a possible sneak attack from the Soviets in an era when we were much less capable of detecting an incoming threat in time to retaliate.
The Atlas missile itself was replaced by superior rockets, and thus the missile base became obsolete along with the missiles they were designed to hold.
The Atlas system paved the way for later, improved missile systems, and surprisingly, a direct descendant of the Atlas is used to this day to launch satellites.
www.kansasphototour.com /atlas.htm   (755 words)

 Air Force
I was assigned to the 576 SMS (Strategic Missile Squadron) and was a Missile Mechanic on the SM-65 D, E and F Series missiles.
The 576 Strategic Missile Squadron was in existence from April 1958 to April 1966.
Within the silo the missile and its support system were supported by a steel framework called the crib, which hung from the walls of the silo on four sets of huge springs.
www.drwilliams.org /iDoc/Web-178.htm   (2868 words)

 Cape Canaveral Rocket and Missile Programs: Atlas D
The Atlas D was nearly identical to the Atlas C, although the two booster engines were uprated to provide a combined thrust of 367,000 pounds at liftoff, compared to 330,000 pounds for the Atlas C. The thrust of the sustainer engine and vernier engines remained the same.
The first operational Atlas D missiles were intended to be launched from a vertical storage position on surface-level gantry-serviced launch pads.
The missile could be raised then fueled for a quick launch, which could typically be accomplished in as little as 15 minutes.
www.spaceline.org /rocketsum/atlas-d.html   (493 words)

 FEW Museum: Atlas (SM-65)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The huge tanks, which constituted 80 percent of the missile’s mass, were built from thin sheets of stainless steel, ranging between 0.1 and 0.4 inches thick.
The thorough redesign cut the size of the missile almost in half: the weight decreased from 440,000 to 240,000 pounds and the number of engines was reduced from five to three.
The missile launch and service building was a 105- by 100-foot structure with a central bay in which the missile was stored horizontally.
www.pawnee.com /fewmuseum/atlas.htm   (3104 words)

 Atlas A
Because limited funding allowed only to pursue the most promising missile projects, and long-range ballistic missiles were deemed to be too far in the future, MX-774 was cancelled in June 1947.
Atlas was again destroyed by command signal at three minutes into flight following a failure in the booster fuel system.
USAF Atlas A ICBM was successfully flown from Cape Canaveral, Fla., to the impact area some 600 miles away.
www.astronautix.com /lvs/atlasa.htm   (1369 words)

 ATLAS E MISSILE SITE HOME CONVERSION   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
It is believed that if a threat response caused a launching of USA minuteman and/or peacekeeper missiles, the missiles in our three-state area would be launched and gone before the enemy’s missiles could reach here.
The Atlas E missile site construction required 1,062,000 cubic yards of earth moving, 139,000 cubic yards of reinforced concrete and 27,840 tons of structural steel.
The Atlas E structure is more desirable than the Atlas D or F for converting into a home because it is two large buildings connected by a 120' tunnel.
www.megavision.net /missilehome/marketing.htm   (1120 words)

 577th Strategic Missile Squadron   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
During the Cuban Missile Crisis, all operational 577th sites were at a high level of alert and were ready to launch the Atlas missile should it have become necessary.
The 577th was an Atlas F unit which meant the missile was housed in a "silo launcher" style complex.
The Atlas rocket was also used by NASA during the early days of manned space travel and was the booster used to put John Glenn into Earth orbit.
www.577sms.com   (459 words)

 548th SMS Home Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
During the Cuban Missile Crisis, all 548th sites were at a high level of alert and were ready to launch the Atlas missile should it have become necessary.
The 548th was an Atlas E unit which meant the missile was housed in a "coffin launcher" style complex.
The Atlas E was equipped with a Mark IV re-entry vehicle developed by General Electric and carried a type W-38 warhead which had a yield of approximately 4 megatons of TNT.
www.548sms.com   (469 words)

 Atlas Missile Silo Home Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
It is dedicated to the Atlas series of silos which were constructed in the early 1960's and remained in service until 1965.
Because of the emergence of space and missile technology during the mid and late 1950's, the Atlas project eventually became the number one priority in the entire country as it attained "national priority" status.
One of the Atlas E complexes located in Kansas was turned into a high school by the district it was given to.
www.atlasmissilesilo.com   (755 words)

 Convair B-65 Atlas - US Air Force Museum Bomber Virtual Aircraft Gallery   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
While on alert duty, the Atlas missile was maintained in the fully raised (above ground) position since it could not be launched from its underground silo.
The USAF Museum has an Atlas missile in storage awaiting the construction of the indoor Missile Mall addition to the proposed Cold War Hangar.
Atlas ICBM Launch Complex (Drawing) - Note, the Atlas missile was housed in an underground silo, but had to be elevated to the surface before launch.
www.wpafb.af.mil /museum/research/bombers/b5/b5-49.htm   (623 words)

 556th SMS Home Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
During the Cuban Missile Crisis, all 556th sites were at a high level of alert and were ready to launch the Atlas missile should it have become necessary.
The 556th was an Atlas F unit which meant the missile was housed in a "silo launcher" style complex.
As the missile was lifted out of the silo the Liquid Oxygen fuel was added after which it would then be made ready for launch.
www.556sms.com   (443 words)

 704th Strategic Missile Wing
On July 1, 1957, the 704th Strategic Missile Wing was activated to oversee activities of specific missile training squadrons scheduled to be activated in the coming months.
The first Atlas launcher to be completed (576A-1) was accepted from the contractor by the 1st Missile Division on October 16, 1958.
Initially, the squadron’s Atlas D missiles were deployed at complexes 576A and 576B.
www.globalsecurity.org /wmd/agency/704mw.htm   (366 words)

 Convair CGM/HGM-16 Atlas
Because the all-inertial guidance system did away with the necessity to launch the missile close to the launch control center of the base, the Atlas E was deployed in widely dispersed patterns.
This resulted in the SM-65F Atlas F missile, which was essentially an SM-65E with a modified fueling system to accomodate the new silo launcher.
Atlas family (D is shown with Mk.4 RV of E/F) The Atlas was used as a space launch vehicle since the very beginning of the program, and Atlas developments are still used in this role in the 21st century.
www.designation-systems.net /dusrm/m-16.html   (1634 words)

 Atlas ICBM Historical Society's Home Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The ATLAS was a one and a half stage, liquid-fueled rocket capable of launching low-orbit payloads.
The ATLAS ICBM propelled the rapid escalation of nuclear arms that characterized the Cold War, while it simultaneously propelled the struggling American space program through its early years.
Six Atlas F complexes were constructed in the United States in 1961 to supplement the Atlas D and E sites already in operation, but considered easy targets for the developing Russian ICBM forces.
www.atlasicbm.com   (310 words)

 Atlas ICBM History Website
The Atlas was Americas First Operational ICBM System.
During the Cuban Missile Crisis over 90 Atlas missiles stood guard.
This website is dedicated to the history of the Atlas ICBM and the Cold Warriors that operated it.
www.geocities.com /atlas_missile   (63 words)

 Atlas-F Sites = Missile Silo The 20th Century Castles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
aranac, NY - Back in the late 1950's and early 1960's when the Cold War was hot, the U.S. government built hundreds of Atlas-F missile silos (for 18 Million each in 1961) to prepare the country for an attack that never came.
But now, thanks to two entrepreneurial cousins, Bruce Francisco and Gregory Gibbons, one of these silos located in beautiful Adirondack State Park near Lake Placid is finding new life as a $2.3 million luxury home with its own private airport.
Surely one of the most unique real estate properties you could own, the missile silo home sits on 105 acres of manicured grounds, forest and trails.
www.missilebases.com /new   (344 words)

 Atlas Missile Tours   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Now, you have the unique opportunity to tour in person - and legally - an Atlas "F" missile site on these privately arranged tours.
The site offers a rare glimpse into the past and is a monument to a dangerous and perilous era.
See how a former missile base is currently being used and what plans are being made for the future.
www.geocities.com /atlasmissiletours   (70 words)

 Abandoned Missile Base VR Tour   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
This presentation will take you on a full tour of a decommissioned, abandoned underground missile complex.
The site was opened many years ago by explorers and vandals, and in fact the technology therein was nearly obsolete by the time the bases were completed in 1963, so there's little "secret" about it beyond the location of these sites, which we will not reveal here.
www.triggur.org /silo   (248 words)

 Missile Site Coordinates
This is owned/run by Edward Peden who owns an Atlas E site (#6) near Dover, Kansas, where he lives and manufactures ultralight aircraft.
See also the Association of Air Force Missileers at http://www.afmissileers.org for a more complete list of museums and other information including stories by missileers.
Here is a fascinating sound clip from an Air Force training film that describes how missile guidance systems work (it's a 1.1 Meg.wav file, so you may need to be patient depending on your connection speed).
w3.uwyo.edu /~jimkirk/sites.html   (1707 words)

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