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Topic: Atman (Buddhism)

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  Atman (Buddhism) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Buddhism, the misplaced or inappropriate belief in ātman is the prime consequence of ignorance, – itself the cause of all misery - the foundation of saṃsāra itself.
Atman is a Sanskrit word (Pali: Attan), translated as 'Self', however, due to some similarities with western soul, it is also sometimes translated as "soul".
With the doctrine of anatta (Pāli; Sanskrit: anātman) Buddhism maintains that the concept of ātman is unnecessary and counterproductive as an explanatory device for analyzing action, causality, karma, and reincarnation in a Buddhist context.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Atman_(Buddhism)   (1648 words)

 Is Anatta the Central Doctrine of Buddhism
One way is to assert that the fundamental basis of existence, including atman, is flux or fluid and that all things are illusory, not in the sense of being unreal, but of being dependent upon other things and upon a basic emptiness or formlessness.
Buddhism is entirely rooted upon that type of shrewd analysis of the nature of embodied existence; unless we come to that view there is no basis for any of the rest of Buddhist doctrines.
The basis of Buddhism is that existence is, in fact, fundamentally unsatisfactory because it is so shot through with suffering, change, loss and impermanence and thus finding some secure refuge and 'pleasant abode' in such a changing and insecure universe is very, very difficult.
www.homeoint.org /morrell/buddhism/anatta.htm   (1402 words)

 E-sangha, Buddhist Forum and Buddhism Forum -> Atman Is Brahman
Atman is also a pointing tool to where one find's the nature of thing's, through study of the self.
Atman is Brahman, therefore Atman is nothing inharently self existent, it is merely a pointing tool for the sake of seeker's of the Truth.
Atman has to do with the phenomenon of clinging to the notion of a self, however it may be defined.
www.lioncity.net /buddhism/index.php?showtopic=6975   (9654 words)

 The Atman of Vedanta and the Sunyata of Buddhism
Advaita Vedanta and Buddhism are at loggerheads with one another on the metaphysical issue of the self or soul.
Atman is consciousness absolutely purged of all factual specificities---everything that consciousness accumulates during its involvement with the empirical world or Samsara.
Transcendence from the life of a Jiva to that of Atman requires that the self render itself into emptiness (Sunyata) as far as the perspectival subjectivity of the former mode of life is concerned.
www.thaiexotictreasures.com /atman_of_vedanta_and_the_sunyata.html   (3590 words)

Buddhism, like any other spiritual thought system, is such an extensive subject that we would not pretend to be able to offer complete information on it here.
Buddhism has the characteristics of what would be expected in a cosmic religion for the future: it transcends a personal God, avoids dogmas and theology; it covers both the natural and spiritual, and it is based on a religious sense aspiring from the experience of all things, natural and spiritual, as a meaningful unity.
Buddhism became so fragmented that barely one hundred years after the death of Siddhartha, a council of Buddhists was called to straighten out the differences.
www.iloveulove.com /spirituality/buddhist/buddhism.htm   (3638 words)

Buddhism, known as The Way, is not a religion in the Western meaning, but was the teaching of Siddartha Gautama of the Sakya clan, commonly known as Buddha or the Buddha.
Buddhism might have remained an insignificant Indian sect, live so many of it rivals, until it shattered itself apart, but in the third century BC Emperor Ashoka, distraught over the carnage of his latest war, rejected violence as a means of ruling and turned to Buddhism.
Meanwhile Buddhism became firmly established abroad, Buddhism was to grow vigorously in other soils, in a prolixity of philosophies, forms of mysticism, creative arts, literature, and doctrinal schools, some of which had great purity while others were heavily burdened with folklore, superstition, and magic.
www.themystica.com /mystica/articles/b/buddhism.html   (1276 words)

One of the key elements in Theravada Buddhism is the denial of a self (atman).
Paradoxically, Buddhism confers reality to this ultimate stage of moving toward extinction, and the only proof of it, as expected, is the mystical experiences one has on the way toward it.
Buddhism can be followed best by monks, in retreat, away from any kind of social involvement.
www.al-emaan.org /buddhism.htm   (2749 words)

 Buddhism Glossary
First, in Mahayana Buddhism, he is considered to be the manifestation of Amitabha Buddha, the founder of the Pure Land school of Buddhism, and is often represented at Amitabha's right hand.
In Tibeten Buddhism, or Vajrayana Buddhism, this is the symbol of the male and female sexual union--usually a union of a god or a bodhisattva and his consort--which represents the completeness of the cosmos.
A branch of Mahayana Buddhism which was brought to China (where it was called Chan) in 520 CE by Bodhidarma and arrived in Japan in the twelfth century.
uwacadweb.uwyo.edu /religionet/er/buddhism/BGLOSSRY.HTM   (4126 words)

 Dylan Bragg
Buddhism teaches that there is no soul because the concept of soul is not compatible with its teachings.
Buddhism does not allow the existence of an eternal, unchanging, universal soul that remains essentially the same throughout the course of many reincarnations.
According to Narada Thera’s Buddhism in a Nutshell,[1] this energy is kamma or karma, and it is karma alone that passes from one being to another.
gladstone.uoregon.edu /~dbragg1/buddhism.htm   (979 words)

 Partners: BUDDHISM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Buddhism today is divided into two major branches known to their respective followers as Theravada, the Way of the Elders, and Mahayana, the Great Vehicle.
Buddhism was first introduced into Tibet through the influence of foreign wives of the king, beginning in the 7th century AD.
Although Buddhism in India largely died out between the 8th and 12th centuries AD, resurgence on a small scale was sparked by the conversion of 3.5 million former members of the untouchable caste, under the leadership of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, beginning in 1956.
sangha.net /buddhism.htm   (4718 words)

 Atman in Sunyata and the Sunyata of Atman [Buddha's World]
Whereas the former school of thought is credited with the belief in the existence of the Atman or the soul as the core reality of the human individual, the latter school is famous for the theory of Anatman or denial of the existence of any self or soul substance.
The perplexity is that both an anti-realist (Buddhism) and a realist (Vedanta) about the self are nonetheless convergent on the idea of the possibility of ultimate, self-transformative liberation.
When Buddhism and Vedanta are thus juxtaposed in a comparative perspective, the two systems present themselves in the form of a mutually exclusive relation.
www.katinkahesselink.net /tibet/atmsun.htm   (3551 words)

 Define atman: hinduism atman brahman soul consciousness
Atman in Hinduism is that core of life in absence of which the existence of the body itself gets negated.
The prime reason why utmost significance is attached to atman alone bares the fact that the physical existence of a body is only as long as we have the senses and the mind.
Atman soul is the Essence of all living beings including insects, plants, trees and animals.
www.godrealized.com /define_atman.html   (1654 words)

 BUDDHISM IN THE WEST   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
In Buddhism many of these people are finding an ancient tradition which is capable of satisfying their spiritual necessities, while at the same time, is fully applicable to current scientific and philosophical understandings.
While one may disagree with her presentation and interpretation of Buddhism (for instance her understanding of the doctrine of annihilation - IU, 1.290), as well as the details of her vision of a Universal Brotherhood of Humanity, Madame Blavatsky did much to spread knowledge of the Buddhadharma and her contributions must be acknowledged.
The impact of D.T. Suzuki on Buddhism in the West is often likened to the significance of Aristotle and Plato (ZM 9; S 34).
www.thechurchforall.org /BuddhismintheWest.htm   (3893 words)

 ideas ~ metaxu buddhism
Buddhism has many heavens, but they are not to be thought of as final resting places, but as symbols.
In tantric Buddhism, a symbol of the cervix.
The Buddhism of the country of Tibet, consisting of Mahayana Buddhism and elements of the old Bön relgion of Tibet, and of Tibetan Culture.
metaxu.to /buddhism/ideas.php   (5581 words)

 RELIGIONS : Buddhism
In the 12 Elder schools of Buddhism, of which the Theravâda is the only one surviving today, "nirvâna" is a place of salvation, the "abode of immortality", a supramundane ("lokotttara"), not spatially localizable, different mode of existence.
The encounter with death and pain is necessary and to radically and irreversibly alleviate this is the sole purpose of the core of Buddhism, i.e.
Because Buddhism is an orthopraxis explained as an orthodoxy, religious tolerance is as extended as possible.
www.sofiatopia.org /equiaeon/buddha.htm   (3439 words)

 E-sangha, Buddhist Forum and Buddhism Forum -> Atman...or Eternal Soul...?
Buddhism denies the existence of an unchanging or eternal soul created by a God or emanating from a Divine Essence (Paramatma).
Buddhism does not totally deny the existence of a personality in an empirical sense.
For someone who is new to Buddhism, it is quite confusing to be told that things are empty of an independent, inherent nature and yet someone else introduces the idea of Buddha Nature to him.
www.lioncity.net /buddhism/index.php?showtopic=134   (4245 words)

 [No title]
In Buddhism as well as in Hinduism, life in a corporeal body is viewed negatively, as the source of all suffering.
In Buddhism, this means abandoning the false sense of self so that the bundle of memories and impulses disintegrates, leaving nothing to reincarnate and hence nothing to experience pain.
The notion of heaven-worlds was also developed in these forms of Buddhism, heaven-worlds where the earnest devotee would find her- or himself after death, and where she or he could continue the quest for enlightenment, less hindered by the demands of this world.
www.forf.org /news/2004/buddhism.html   (1655 words)

 Buddhism Glossary
First, in Mahayana Buddhism, he is considered to be the manifestation of Amitabha Buddha, the founder of the Pure Land school of Buddhism.
He discusses all the things that differentiate Mahayana Buddhism from Theravada, such as the idea of a bodhisattva, in particular the bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara, the merit of the people who venerate the Lotus Sutra, and the key to nirvana and Buddhahood.
In Zen Buddhism, the practice of extended periods of medition, usually in a group in a meeting hall.
www.barricksinsurance.com /buddhist_glossery.html   (2850 words)

 The Four Virtues Of The Buddha: Breaking Out Of The Lesser Self
Atman, in this sense, may be viewed as self in pursuit of selfish desire.
From the viewpoint of Mahayana Buddhism, therefore, true self, eternity, happiness and purity are called the four virtues of the Buddha.
The four virtues of the Buddha, from the standpoint of the Daishonin’s Buddhism, describe the ideal characteristics of human beings whose view of self is not hindered in any way by selfish ego.
www.sgi-usa.org /buddhism/buddhismtoday/bc001.htm   (1028 words)

 Re : ARTICLE : About Hinduism and Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Buddhism believes that nothing transmigrates from one birth to another since there is no such thing as the Atman.
In Buddhism, a person who experiences nirvana is also freed from the law of Karma.
That is why he may be saying that both the Atman and the world are unreal (there is no I nor you nor the world in that state).
www.hindunet.org /srh_home/1996_8/msg00064.html   (1197 words)

 Differences between Hinduism and Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
Buddhism, unlike Hinduism, is unclear on the nature of maya.
Buddhism preaches equal love for all people based upon the "delicate thread of life [that] joins all objects and beings in the universe" (Ikeda, 29).
Later cosmologies developed within Buddhism allow for the existence of gods and devils, but those creatures are merely souls reborn and serving out their karma before dying and becoming some other life form.
www.buddhistinformation.com /differences_between_hinduism_and.htm   (1442 words)

 Manas: Religions paths of India, Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-17)
The Buddha and Mahavira, the founder of Jainism, alike stressed the importance of ahimsa or non-violence, and the increasing turn towards vegetarianism among Indians after the sixth century BCE can be attributed to the influence of Buddhist and Jaina teachings.
he fundamental precepts of Buddhism are, in the first instance, associated with the teachings of the Buddha, though the history of Buddhism embraces, as one can well imagine, the ‘institutionalization’ of the religion into specific schools of thought.
Hinayana Buddhism had developed the idea of the arhat (saint), and the Buddha was seen not merely, or even, as a savior as much as an example.
www.sscnet.ucla.edu /southasia/Religions/paths/Buddhism.html   (944 words)

 Vedanta and Buddhism A Comparative Study
The Vedanta tries to establish an Atman as the basis of everything, whilst Buddhism maintains that everything in the empirical world is only a stream of passing Dharmas (impersonal and evanescent processes) which therefore has to be characterized as Anatta, i.e., being without a persisting self, without independent existence.
The follower of Pali Buddhism, however, hopes by complete abandoning of all corporeality, all sensations, all perceptions, all volitions, and acts of consciousness, to realize a state of bliss which is entirely different from all that exists in the Samsara.
For it is the basic idea of the entire system that all dharmas are devoid of Atman, and without cogent reasons we cannot assume that the Buddha himself has thought something different from that which since more than two thousand years, his followers have considered to be the quintessence of their doctrine.
hinduwebsite.com /buddhism/essays/vedantaand_buddhism.asp   (3021 words)

 The Buddhist doctrine of «self» (from Theravada to Tathagatagarbha)
In its classical form preserved in the Pali Theravada tradition it proclaims the absence of substantial eternal «self»;, or atman as empirical phenomenon replacing it by five skanhas, or groups of elements (dharma) which may be understood as elementary and ever-changing psycho-physical states as well as units of description of these states.
Another school of the Mahayana Buddhism, Yogacara (Vijnanavada) was very interested in the problem of the sources of the empirical forms of consciousness (the sarvastivadins and sautrantikas were engaged only in the analysis of the psychical experience as such though the roots of the Yogacara approach may be found in the ideas of early mahisasakas).
Certainly, alaya-vijnana of Asanga and Vasubandhu is not atman at all but the attention to the problem of substratum of consciousness was a key to the development of some kind of the Buddhist ontology / metaphysics restoring the idea of atman in the purely Buddhist context.
www.kheper.net /topics/Buddhism/doctrine_of_self.html   (623 words)

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