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Topic: Atomic Age

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In the News (Wed 17 Jul 19)

  Atomic Age - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Atomic Age was a phrase used for a time in the 1950s in which it was believed that all power sources in the future would be atomic in nature.
The atomic bomb ("A-bomb") would render all conventional explosives redundant and nuclear power plants would do the same for power sources such as coal and oil.
As such, the label of the "Atomic Age" now connotes either a sense of nostalgia or naïveté, depending on whom you ask.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Atomic_Age   (315 words)

 Dawn of the Atomic Age
Geology and astronomy seemed in serious conflict since the apparent age of the geologic record could not be reconciled with the only power source for the Sun then conceivable, gravitational contraction, which would exhaust itself in mere millions of years.
Evidence began to accumulate that there were two principal contributors to the mass of the atom and the nucleus, one that was positively charged (later called the proton), and one that was neutral (the neutron).
The possibility of "atomic energy" as a source of human controlled power thus came into existence as a concept, but without any known means of bringing it about - even in theory.
nuclearweaponarchive.org /Usa/Med/Dawnage.html   (1440 words)

 The "Atomic Age" of Time Standards   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
In 1949, NIST built the first atomic clock, which was based on ammonia.
The first practical cesium atomic frequency standard was built at the National Physical Laboratory in England in 1955, and in collaboration with the U.S. Naval Observatory (USNO), the frequency of the cesium reference was established or measured relative to astronomical time.
Other kinds of atomic clocks have also been developed for various applications; those based on hydrogen offer exceptional stability, for example, and those based on microwave absorption in rubidium vapor are more compact, lower in cost, and require less power.
physics.nist.gov /GenInt/Time/atomic.html   (560 words)

 The First Atomic Age
The Atomic Age was not stopped by protesters, mismanagement, technical hurdles, economic hurdles, or heavy regulations.
The true reason that atomic power has not yet fulfilled its promise is that the industry was established and operated as a socialist enterprise.
About the same time that the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 became law, the USS Nautilus reported that she was "Underway on nuclear power." Her performance during the subsequent demonstration period made headlines.
www.atomicengines.com /Atomic_Socialism.html   (2984 words)

 Open Directory - Society: History: By Time Period: Twentieth Century: Atomic Age   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
America Faces the Atomic Age: 1946 - The A-bomb and atomic testing were entirely new phenomena in history and there was a variety of opinion about the tests and the weapon.
The Atomic Age: A Brief Overview - An overview of the Manhattan Project, the use of the bomb, the development of the Cold War and the physics of nuclear weapons.
Nuclear Age Timeline - Nuclear Age Timeline, The timeline traces the nuclear age from the discovery of x-rays and radioactivity to the explosion of the first atomic bomb through the cold war to its thaw and the cleanup of the nuclear weapons complex.
dmoz.org /Society/History/By_Time_Period/Twentieth_Century/Atomic_Age   (3592 words)

 Nebraska's Ties to the Atomic Age
Life in the atomic age was really a legacy of the war.
The planes that dropped the first atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were built in Omaha.
Hundreds of airplanes with atomic bombs were stationed at Offutt during the Cold War under the command of SAC (the Strategic Air Command).
www.nebraskastudies.org /0900/stories/0901_0102.html   (496 words)

 Encyclopedia Galactica - At - Human (Anglic) Revised 351st Edition
The atomic weight given on the periodic table is the average of isotopic masses found in a typical terrestrial sample of the element.
The period in terragen Old Earth history initiated by the discovery of radiation and atomic structure, and later, by nuclear weapons and atomic energy as a military, political, and industrial factor.
The atomic age was replaced by the information age (which is arbitrarily dated at the origination of the terran World Wide Web) but nuclear weapons continued to remain a threat for many centuries to come
www.orionsarm.com /eg/a/At.html   (1168 words)

 Albert Einstein and the Atomic Bomb
Einstein's greatest role in the invention of the atomic bomb was signing a letter to President Franklin Roosevelt urging that the bomb be built.
Research still proceeded slowly, because the invention of the atomic bomb seemed distant and unlikely, rather than a weapon that might be used in the current war.
The atomic bombings of Japan occurred three months after the surrender of Germany, whose potential for creating a Nazi a-bomb had led Einstein to push for the development of an a-bomb for the Allies.
www.doug-long.com /einstein.htm   (999 words)

 atomicarchive.com: Exploring the History, Science, and Consequences of the Atomic Bomb
A comprehensive section chronicling the race for the atomic bomb, from the discovery of nuclear fission to the Trinity Test.
This section explores the major events of this period including; the development of the hydrogen bomb, the nuclear arms race, détente, nuclear proliferation and the nuclear world after the end of the Cold War.
Hiroshima-remembered.com is a new website bringing together a large collection of information about the only use of atomic weapons in warfare.
www.atomicarchive.com   (451 words)

 Trinity - Birth of the Atomic Age
Development and construction of the atomic bomb was the most closely guarded secret in scientific history.
This was a culmination of centuries of step-by-step advances in the scientific quest to learn about the inner workings of the atom.
Long before the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the United States in late 1941 established a secret program, which came to be known as the Manhattan Project, to develop an atomic bomb, a powerful explosive nuclear weapon.
www.vce.com /trinity_birth.html   (520 words)

 Atomic Heritage Foundation: The Manhattan Project and the Atomic Age   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
Because of the post-war shortage of available uranium, the Atomic Energy Commission wanted to test whether a reactor could "breed" more fuel than it consumed while still serving as a source of power.
Their success provided the foundation for the nation's atomic energy program, leading the Atomic Energy Commission to invest in an expansive reactor development program over the next two decades.
In just twelve years of operation, the reactor achieved many firsts: it was the first breeder reactor, the first to generate usable quantities of electricity from atomic energy, the first to use liquid-metal as a coolant, and the first plutonium-fueled reactor.
www.atomicheritage.org /ebr1.htm   (480 words)

 Atomic Culture
The guns and bombs, the rockets and the warships, all are symbols of human failure.
On August 6 and 9, 1945, the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed by the first atomic bombs used in warfare.
Documents on the decision to use the atomic bomb are reproduced here in full-text form.
www.geocities.com /Athens/Oracle/9487/atomic.htm   (353 words)

 History and individuals of the Atomic Age
The Atomic Age, one of history's most important events, took centuries to arrive, as events in science and international affairs evolved.The Atomic Theory, a cornerstone of modern science, was proposed by an early Greek thinker, Democritus.
Convinced that it was essential for the Americans to develop an atomic bomb before the Germans did, Einstein wrote to the President.
The Atomic Theory, a cornerstone of modern science, was proposed by an early Greek thinker, Democritus.
www.atomicmuseum.com /tour/atomicage.cfm   (557 words)

 The Atomic Age   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
The Manhattan Project was formed to secretly build the atomic bomb before the Germans.
At 5:30 am, July 16, 1945, scientists from Los Alamos, watching from observation bunkers 10,000 yards away, exploded an atomic device with a plutonium core, releasing a blast equivalent to 18,600 tons of TNT.
France joins the atomic club by testing a device in the Sahara desert, a plutonium implosion bomb.
www.raptureready.com /rap31c.html   (756 words)

 Fallout: Art and Design in the Atomic Age
The tendency toward organic forms in the Atomic Age was, to a degree, a reaction to the geometric forms of the previous period.
The tempered optimism of the postwar years fed into the ebb and flow of stylistic movements, and there was some thought that designers had perhaps gone too far in their focus on the machine.
The new organic aesthetic of the Atomic Age 21 was the offshoot of a number of earlier movements such as surrealism and vitalism.
www.neh.gov /news/humanities/2001-07/atomicage.html   (1480 words)

 USNews.com: Culture: An eyewitness to the birth of the atomic age
Dean had unwittingly witnessed the birth of the atomic age, the culmination of a secret government project to build a superweapon and help end World War II.
Robert Oppenheimer, head of the Manhattan project, had selected an area of the White Sands bombing range in New Mexcio because it was uninhabited and miles from civilization, or at least from populated areas, in a swath of desert known as Jornada del Muerto, the journey of death.
The residents who witnessed the explosion knew something was amiss with the statement, but it was only after atomic bombs were unleashed on Japan on Aug. 6 and 9, 1945, that the truth of what happened on that July morning was made public.
www.usnews.com /usnews/culture/articles/050803/3ideas.htm   (466 words)

 Living in the Atomic Age in Nebraska
The first atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, ended World War II and created a new, more nervous age.
The Atomic Age was also a time of great social change and scientific advances.
The Atomic Age brought many advances in medicine that helped people live longer lives.
www.nebraskastudies.org /0900/stories/0901_0101.html   (799 words)

 CNN Cold War - The Atomic Age: From fission to fallout
But the arrival of the Atomic Age, and the brutal evidence of just how effective this new weapon was, tainted the ensuing peace.
Those weapons require an implosion-type atomic blast to create the heat and pressure needed to fuse the nuclei of two hydrogen isotopes, deuterium and tritium.
For such a fusion reaction to succeed, the fission explosion of the atomic bomb must generate temperatures equal to -- or greater than -- those found at the sun's core.
www.cnn.com /SPECIALS/cold.war/experience/the.bomb/history.science   (785 words)

 Digital History
It was during the Potsdam negotiations that President Harry Truman learned that American scientists had tested the first atomic bomb.
President Truman’s defenders argue that the bombs ended the war quickly, avoiding the necessity of a costly invasion and the probable loss of tens of thousands of Americans lives and hundreds of thousands of Japanese lives.
The unleashing of nuclear power during World War II generated hope of a cheap and abundant source of energy, but it also produced anxiety among large numbers of people in the United States and around the world.
www.digitalhistory.uh.edu /resource_guides/content.cfm?tpc=26   (258 words)

 Concurrent Programming Enters Atomic Age
They let a programmer mark ‘atomic' blocks of code, which the computer then executes as single, indivisible updates to the process' memory state.
Atomicity eliminates the need for synchronization to implement mutual exclusion, since the statements in the atomic block execute in a consistent, unchanging state and their side effects are seen by other statements all at once."
The concept of using atomic blocks is hardly new.
research.microsoft.com /displayArticle.aspx?id=1313   (1307 words)

 Google Directory - Society > History > By Time Period > Twentieth Century > Atomic Age   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
An examination of the effect of the atomic age on popular culture in America.
Nuclear Age Timeline, The timeline traces the nuclear age from the discovery of x-rays and radioactivity to the explosion of the first atomic bomb through the cold war to its thaw and the cleanup of the nuclear weapons complex.
The A-bomb and atomic testing were entirely new phenomena in history and there was a variety of opinion about the tests and the weapon.
www.gooogle.com /Top/Society/History/By_Time_Period/Twentieth_Century/Atomic_Age   (2899 words)

 From Revolution to Reconstruction: Outlines: American History (1990): Chapter Eight: The atomic age (2/22)
At the end of World War II most Americans envisioned that the wartime cooperation between the Soviet Union and the Western democracies would continue in the building of a secure and peaceful world.
Meanwhile, recognizing that the spread of atomic weapons could endanger the very existence of mankind, the United States sought international agreement on control of the atom bomb.
In June 1946, U.S. delegate to the United Nations Bernard Baruch presented a proposal to its Atomic Energy Commission calling for the outlawing of atomic weapons and the international control of all atomic materials.
odur.let.rug.nl /~usa/H/1990/ch8_p2.htm   (566 words)

 Living Under a Mushroom Cloud, a collection at the Museum at the Wisconsin Historical Society
They were pleased that American-developed atomic bombs had ended World War II, but afraid of that power being turned against them.
Increased interest in civil defense and atomic blast survivability was one manifestation of the concern over atomic energy's destructive power.
At the same time, Americans were bombarded with positive images of atomic energy, some fantastic and some realistic, which promoted an optimistic view of the future.
www.wisconsinhistory.org /museum/atomic   (240 words)

 Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and Nuclear Weapons - Links
Why the atomic bomb wasn't necessary to end the war - Essay by Janet Bloomfield, Chair of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (Britain).
Technology Review, August 1995 issue - The Atomic Age At 50 - Excerpts from a special issue of Technology Review in which 21 experts reflected on Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and the nuclear age.
Nagasaki Nightmare - A collection of drawings by atomic bomb survivors and photographs of the bomb aftermath, to commemorate the 50th anniversary.
www.dannen.com /moreinfo.html   (1121 words)

 Amazon.com: Adventures in the Atomic Age : From Watts to Washington: Books: Glenn T. Seaborg,Eric Seaborg   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
He also chaired the Atomic Energy Commission, was chancellor of the University of California at Berkeley and was a professor whenever there was a lull in his career.
It can be simply a history of the atomic age for he was there at the very beginning.
To have an element named for you while you are still alive is the rarest of honors and Adventures In The Atomic Age: From Watts To Washington by Glenn T. Seaborg is the story of a life worthy of that honor.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0374299919?v=glance   (2016 words)

 ATOMIC OFFICIAL WEBSITE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-11)
ATOMIC infuses metal anthems with infectious rock hooks delivered with speed and intensity, being one of the few bands out there with marketability and a commercial sound - as well as an underground appeal.
ATOMIC is bound to take their music to the next level.
Driven by ambition, they plan to take their raw, visceral music and deliver it to the masses in an attempt to put fun and positivity back into the heavy music scene.
www.atomicband.com   (317 words)

 Comic book stores leap into Atomic age
Atomic Comics in Chandler is a comic books store and much more.
The tiny, hard-to-find comic book store of the past has been replaced by a bright, spacious and hip retailer in a prime location.
Malve, who began reading comic books at age 8, said old favorite comics about figures such as Batman and Superman have taken a big jump in sales in the past year.
www.azcentral.com /community/gilbert/articles/0702cr-comics02Z6.html   (556 words)

 Atomic Age Classics, Volume 3: A-Bombs, Fallout & Nuclear War - Documentaries Classic Movies on DVD - Alpha Video : ...
By dropping the atomic bombs to hasten the end of the Second World War, the United States publicly demonstrated the awesome power of atomic energy and ushered in the fearsome Atomic Age.
As the new century renews atomic anxieties, it is interesting and also somewhat disturbing to look back on how earlier generations expressed both the optimistic and pessimistic views of their impending nuclear future.
Through the camera lens, we are taken back to the 50s and 60s, which was the heyday of films that dealt with fallout, how to survive nuclear war, and other, more positive uses of nuclear power.
www.olderwomen.oldies.com /product-view/4902D.html   (641 words)

These early documents chronicle the beginnings of the atomic age.
The United States in late 1941 established a secret program, which came to be known as the Manhattan Project, to develop an atomic bomb, a powerful explosive nuclear weapon.
Even before the first atomic explosion occurred, there were efforts to control the spread and development of nuclear weapons.
www.radiochemistry.org /history/index.shtml   (672 words)

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