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# Topic: Attic numerals

 Decimal - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography It is the most widely used numeral system, perhaps because a human usually has four fingers and a thumb on each hand, giving a total of ten digits on both hands. Decimal notation is the writing of numbers in the base-ten numeral system, which uses various symbols (called digits) for ten distinct values (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 9) to represent numbers. The symbols for the digits in common use around the globe today are called Arabic numerals by Europeans and Indian numerals by Arabs, the two groups' terms both referring to the culture from which they learned the system. www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Decimal   (1484 words)

 Math Lair - Greek Attic Numerals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21) The Attic (or Herodianic) system of numerals was the first system used in ancient Greece. There is no "standard" way of writing fractions with this numeral system, as this system was typically not used for representing fractions. Attic numbers were replaced by the Ionic number system between 100 B.C. and 50 A.D. More Greek mathematical history. www.stormloader.com /ajy/attic.html   (224 words)

 numeral - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21) The symbol is a member of a family of marks, such as letters, figures, or words, which alone or in a group represent the members of a numeration system. The earliest numerals were undoubtedly marks used to make a tally of a count of a number of acts or objects, one mark per object. The numerals are made up of three symbols: zero (egg shape), one (a dot), and five (a horizontal bar). www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-numeral.html   (1038 words)

 Attic numerals - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Attic numerals were used by ancient Greeks, possibly from the 7th century BC. They are also known as acrophonic numerals because all of the symbols used (except for 1) derive from the first letters of the words for 'five', 'ten', 'hundred', 'thousand' and 'ten thousand'. The use of Η for 100 reflects the early date of this numbering system: Η (Eta) in the early Attic alphabet represented h whereas in classical Greek it came to be used for ē, and the spiritus asper was invented to represent h. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Attic_numerals   (228 words)

 Greek Numbers and Arithmetic The earliest numerical notation used by the Greeks was the Attic system. By the Alexandrian Age, the Greek Attic system of enumeration was being replaced by the Ionian or alphabetic numerals. The numerator was written with an overbar, the denominator with the diacritical mark. www.math.tamu.edu /~dallen/history/gr_count/gr_count.html   (383 words)

 Introduction to Arithmetic: Numbers and History of Numbers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21) The numerical notation for small numbers was quite simple; one was represented by a short, straight, vertical stroke, or wedge, two to nine by two to nine short strokes, 10 by an angle, and 100 by a short vertical wedge followed by a short horizontal wedge (see Diagram 4). These numerals were often combined with the symbol for 5 to create numerals for numbers such as 15, 50, 500, and 5000. The cumbersome Roman numerals were inadequate for writing out the large and complicated numbers used in astronomy and, increasingly, in other branches of science, and the invention in the early 17th century of logarithms finally ended their use. www.geocities.com /mathfair2002/school/arit/arithm1.htm   (3743 words)

 Numerals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21) The Milesian numeric system has the same basis as the Hebrew: 9 letters are assigned to each of the units 1-9, 9 letters to the tens 10-90, and 9 letters to the hundreds 100-900. As a result, the numeric versions of the characters drifted away from their original natures—aided by the fact that the numerals got uncial and thence lowercase versions as they were incorporated into the mediaeval development of the Greek script, whereas the archaic letters remained frozen on stone, and forgotten by the scribes. The identification of the Ionic letter with the numeral is conjectural, and Jeffery herself titles the letter "sampi" in scare-quotes, because she does not believe that was the original name of the letter. ptolemy.tlg.uci.edu /~opoudjis/unicode/numerals.html   (3758 words)

 Supplemental ventilation apparatus for manufactured housing - Patent 4633768   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21) In the present invention, an attic exhaust fan is used to draw air through the attic space from a remote inlet and thereby apply the negative attic air pressure through ceiling openings or crevices. For such attic ventilation, I provide an electric fan 60, powered by conventional wiring, not shown, and mounted at the interior side of an attic exhaust vent 61 which is equipped with a rain cap 62. Since the attic exhaust fan 60 is useful under conditions when the furnace blower 35 is not operating, it is preferably actuated by conventional attic ventilation controls, independently of the blower 35. www.freepatentsonline.com /4633768.html   (2371 words)

 Math Lair - Roman Numerals   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21) Roman numerals are similar in principle to the Greek Attic numerals. In Europe, the next major appearance of Arabic numerals is in 1202, in Fibonacci's book Liber Abaci where they are used alongside Roman numerals. Even still, Roman numerals were still used widely through the rest of the medieval period, and were sometimes preferred to Arabic numbers for their reasonable security against fraud when stating sums of money. www.stormloader.com /ajy/roman.html   (470 words)

 Greek numerals - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.cs.columbia.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21) Starting in the 4th century BC, the Attic numerals were replaced with a quasi-decimal alphabetic system, sometimes called the Ionic numeral system. The alphabetic system operates on the additive principle in which the numeric values of the letters are added together to form the total. In his text The Sand Reckoner the natural philosopher Archimedes proposed advanced ways to name very high numbers, such as the number of grains of sand on a beach, and the number of grains of sand on all the beaches on all the worlds in the universe. en.wikipedia.org.cob-web.org:8888 /wiki/Greek_numerals   (753 words)

 Units: Roman and "Arabic" Numerals The modern system of numeration is based on place value, with the same symbol, such as 4, taking on different meaning (4, 40, 400, etc.) depending on its location within the representation of the number. The Hindu-Arabic numeration system was known in Europe by 1000, but at first it didn't make much of a dent in the use of Roman numerals. The numerals actually used in Arabic script, the true Arabic numerals, are of different forms; see Islamicity.com for a more complete discussion. www.unc.edu /~rowlett/units/roman.html   (1003 words)

 Astral Planes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21) Numerals not covered by initials due to ambiguity were handled by ligatures: 50 (πεντήκοντα) was formed as a delta nested inside a pi (5 tens). This means that there was a case for and against including those characters in any proposal: their typography distinguishes them from the letters, but conceptually they are the same letter, and the distinction is modern editorial, not inherent in the inscription. Acrophonic Greek Numerical notation was proposed by the TLG in June 2003, and included in Unicode 4.1, March 2005, in the block Ancient Greek Numbers, www.tlg.uci.edu /~opoudjis/unicode/unicode_astral.html   (2708 words)

 SIX HUNDRED SIXTY-SIX BUT NOT 666 Against the Numerical Representation 666 Perhaps the most famous (or infamous) number in the entire Bible is the strange number six hundred sixty-six, the number of one of the beasts in the thirteenth chapter of the Book of Revelation. Summary This study has attempted to argue against using the anachronistic numerical representation 666 for the number of the beast in Rev 13:18 because such a representation could not have been made for many centuries after the Book of Revelation was written. Although the numbers for the areas were written in Arabic numerals, the labels beside the names of the regions used Greek letters: alpha, beta, etc. Interestingly, at the sixth location the two greek letters (sigma) and (tau) were used, obviously from the old stigma. answering-islam.org.uk /Religions/Numerics/six.html   (4762 words)

 Attic Greek Numerals > Jesus8880 The ancient Greeks were the first people to invent alphabetic numerals about 850 BC. This system of numeration is called Attic because it was widely used by the Athenian Greeks in the province of Attica. The numerals are called "acrophonic" (akro meaning "topmost" and phone meaning "voice") because the initial sound of each letter-numeral had the same initial sound of the first letter of the Greek word that stood for the number in question. www.jesus8880.com /chapters/gematria/greek-numerals.htm   (156 words)

 Hardware Glossary,Builder Hardware Glossary,Building Hardware Glossary,Builders Hardware Glossary Attic access - An opening that is placed in the drywalled ceiling of a home providing access to the attic. For example, foundation walls are sometimes "blocked" in order for mechanical pipes to pass through the wall, to install a crawl space door, and to depress the concrete at a garage door location. This is when a utility company (telephone, gas, electric, cable TV, sewer and water, etc) comes to the job site and locates and spray paints the ground and/or installs little flags to show where their service is located underground. www.hardwaremarketplace.com /glossary.html   (4228 words)

 Broken Ink s96F   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21) Stat looked carefully across the attic for signs that it would be safe to bring her in there. Looking quickly she saw the water rise out of the bucket and douse the rope, and in that instance the boy was gone from her side and was rolling end-over-end down the hill, an avalanche of skin and muscle. She teetered on that brink, like a high wire walker becoming dizzy at the numerous faces that peered and gasped, but could not balance the scales that had been tipped by the pail of water in her hand. www.usca.edu /brokenink/s96/f.html   (2143 words)

 Ancient coinage of Attica Among the earliest of the numerous imitations of the Athenian coins of the old style the most remarkable is the recently published obol attributed by Babelon (Corolla Numismatica, 1906, p. That this period is a year is proved by the numeral letters that are placed on the amphora beneath the owl. The material for study at present available is insufficient to warrant us in arranging these numerous issues in chronological order, or in discriminating between those which were struck at Athens and those which may have been struck by the Athenians in Delos or in connexion with the Eleusinian Festivals. www.snible.org /coins/hn/attica.html   (8666 words)

 TrustWatch Search The earliest numerical notation used by the Greeks was the Attic Greek numerals are a system of representing numbers using letters of the Greek alphabet. Acrophonic numerals, which were never used as ordinals, were used to denote cardinal... www.trustwatch.com /search?q=Greek+Numerals   (234 words)

 [No title] The use of Roman numerals on the collar beam (lower timber) and the rafter means that these beams were most likely cut and shaped where it was convenient for the carpenter. I found these numerals in order all down the front or main part of the attic from south to north perhaps indicating that this part of the attic was all built at the same time. There would be no reason for lath and plaster in an attic; so these boards could have hung vertically on a wall in another part of the house. www.wellesley.edu /Library/Libstaff/burthouse1.html   (963 words)

 numeral — FactMonster.com Their notation included advanced features such as positional notation and they had a symbol for zero before A.D. The numerals are made up of three symbols: zero (egg shape), one (a dot), and five (a horizontal bar). numeration - numeration, in mathematics, process of designating Numbers according to any particular system; the... Numerical Prefixes - Numerical Prefixes A prefix is a syllable at the beginning of a word. www.factmonster.com /ce6/sci/A0836175.html   (959 words)

 Dummies::Nostradamus and His Methods: Breaking Down the Predictions This attic became the retreat where he studied his favorite topics, read, and pursued his interest in astrology. The most common way to note which of the 942 quatrains is being referenced is to identify them by both the century and the quatrain number. Century numbers are typically in Roman numerals, and the quatrain number follows after a dash. www.dummies.com /WileyCDA/DummiesArticle/id-3258.html   (687 words)

 Celtic Attic: Celts facts and fiction - The Calendar There are many questions arising as to what calendrical practice was used by the Celtic people. This calendar is represented by the surviving fragments of a great bronze plate, the Coligny Calendar, which originally measured 5 feet by 3-1/2 feet. This plate, found in eastern France, was engraved in the Gaulish language (similar to Welsh) in Roman-style letters and numerals. www.celticattic.com /contact_us/the_celts/the_calendar.htm   (647 words)

 Preservation Arts High School Curriculum The attic features a full wall with 40 slightly jutting pilasters (attached columns that are rectangular rather than round) with Corinthian capitals that divide 80 panels. On the attic story, 240 wooden poles were affixed to support the velarium, or canvas awning, which would protect the crowd from the unbearable heat of the Roman sun. One of the most common uses of Roman numerals today is on cornerstones showing the date of a building's construction. web.njit.edu /~delano/colosseum.htm   (3408 words)

 numeral. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 B.C. the ancient Egyptians began to use a demotic (a simplified cursive style of hieroglyphics) system of numerals based on a decimal system. B.C. the Greeks borrowed the Egyptian demotic numeral system and devised an alphabetic decimal system. A.D. The numerals are made up of three symbols: zero (egg shape), one (a dot), and five (a horizontal bar). www.bartleby.com /65/nu/numeral.html   (943 words)

 The State Hermitage Museum: Exhibitions It adorns the central pediment, which is topped by a finial in the shape of the imperial crown. Wherever you are on Palace Square, you have a good view of the dark face of the clock with gilded hands and Roman numerals. In the late 1830s a special wooden clock house was built with a shaft for the weights and a flagstaff was set up on the roof of the palace for the raising of the imperial standard. www.hermitagemuseum.org /html_En/12/2005/hm12_3_5_5_0.html   (136 words)

 math cats attic What is the math term for the numeral 1 with a hundred zeros after it? What is the name of the first number of an ordered pair of coordinates which locates a point on a plane? What is the name for a system of numbers using only two numerals, usually 0 and 1, to express all numbers? www.mathcats.com /attic/terminology.html   (430 words)

 Etruscan numerals - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Etruscan numerals were used by the ancient Etruscans. The system was adapted from the Greek Attic numerals and formed the inspiration for the later Roman numerals. An interesting aspect of the Etruscan numeral system is that some numbers, like in the Roman system, are represented as partial subtractions. en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Etruscan_numerals   (306 words)

 Home Showcase: Home fires burn at historic treasure   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21) Beams in the attic still are marked with Roman numerals used for marrying the pieces together and the home has no ridge board for support, all indications of late 18th century post-and-beam construction. Pine and plaster walls seem to have been added in the 1950s, according to a former tenant who told the Zuraws he rented a room in the house when the interior was fitted with stone walls and heated through fireplaces. As a result, the first-floor powder room includes a door to the basement, while the upstairs bathroom was built around the attic entrance. www.post-gazette.com /pg/04249/372489.stm   (854 words)

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