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Topic: Attitude (psychology)

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In the News (Mon 24 Jun 19)

  Psychology Today: relationships+%26+%28behavior+|+attitude+|+personality%29
With time, a bit of elbow grease, and an understanding of your own character strengths, you can become friendlier, more caring, and less stressed by life....
Psychology Today's Diagnosis Dictionary, definitive resource for psychological terms and info, Schizoid Personality Disorder...
Psychology Today's Diagnosis Dictionary, definitive resource for psychological terms and info, Avoidant Personality Disorder...
www.psychologytoday.com /search/search.cgi?np=1&q=relationships+%26+(behavior%20%7C%20attitude%20%7C%20personality)   (153 words)

  Attitude (psychology) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Attitudes are positive or negative views of an "attitude object": i.e., a person, behaviour, or event.
For example, A person may have a positive attitude towards blood donation but may not necessarily go to a blood bank to donate his blood.
There is also considerable research emerging on "implicit" attitudes, which are attitudes which people are not consciously aware of, but which have real effects as identified through sophisticated experiments using people's response times to stimuli (how quickly they can make judgments about them).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Attitude_(psychology)   (600 words)

 The Way into Phenomenological Transcendental Philosophy from Psychology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Psychology failed, however, because, even in its primal establishment as a new kind of [science] alongside the new natural science, it failed to inquire after what was essentially the only genuine sense of its task as the universal science of psychic being.
In psychology the natural, naïve attitude has the result that the human self-objectifications of transcendental intersubjectivity, which belong with essential necessity to the makeup of the constituted world pre-given to me and to us, inevitably have a horizon of transcendentally functioning intentionalities which are not accessible to reflection, not even psychological-scientific reflection.
Psychology in the tension between the (objectivistic-philosophical) idea of science and empirical procedure: the incompatibility of the two directions of psychological inquiry (the psychophysical and that of "psychology based on inner experience").
www.marxists.org /reference/subject/philosophy/works/ge/husserl2.htm   (8058 words)

 Anselm Strauss: The Concept of Attitude in Social Psychology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Study of attitudes as attitudes, i.e., the "nature" of attitudes-would be expected to yield knowledge concerning such problems as: how attitudes are formed, how they are changed, how they disappear, how they are related to personal organization, and how they influence behavior subsequent to their formation.
Attitudes, it is true, are used to "explain" behavior in the same sense that common sense explains behavior-"His attitude of curiosity prompted him to go to the window"-but this is not genuine causal explanation as the older sciences know it.
Attitude research is divorced from attitude theory as is evidence by lack of reliance upon attitude theory by investigators and lack of effective guidance of research by the body of theory.
spartan.ac.brocku.ca /~lward/sup/Strauss_1945.html   (3761 words)

 Daniel D. Droba: The Nature of Attitude   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
The nature of attitude will be treated under several headings as follows: the use of the term, the composition of attitude, the development of attitude, the object of reference, types of attitudes, relation of attitude to other phenomena, and attitude in its relation to behavior.
If hunger is an attitude, sex is also an attitude, and all other physiological drives, such as the desire to be in a temperature similar to the temperature of the body and to withdraw from a painful stimulus.
Attitudes of single individuals are called "individual attitudes," and attitudes of groups are named "group attitudes." He points out that the group attitudes are collective phenomena and not mere summations.
spartan.ac.brocku.ca /~lward/Droba/Droba_1933a.html   (5913 words)

 Social Cognition, Emotions, and the Psychology of Writing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
than experimental, attitudes, as general and enduring orientations to and evaluations of the world, were popularized by social scientists in the early decades of the twentieth century.
It is uncertain whether or not the affective component of attitude actually came to inhabit a social world by default or by active pursuit of its advocates.
It stands to reason then that cognitive psychology would view emotion in two principal ways: as a dysfunctional response to experience that needed treatment and was therefore a clinical matter, or as part of the softer of the psychological subspecialties.
jac.gsu.edu /jac/11.2/Articles/11.htm   (4568 words)

 Psychology 584 Course Syllabus   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Beyond surveying relevant attitude research and theorizing, the primary goal of this course to encourage critical and integrative thought.
Attitude versus actions: The relationship of verbal and overt behavioral responses to attitude objects.
Attitudes and the prediction of behavior: A meta-analysis of the empirical literature.
www.personal.psu.edu /users/t/k/tkv1/psychology_584_course_syllabus.htm   (1788 words)

 psychology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Nowadays in medical psychology main problem is to fix effects, obtained from the psycotherapical work and to identify the effect endurance in time.
The dissertations were ranked in terms of code of the branch of Psychology and age to document the preferences and interest of scholars at the turbulent time period, 1992-1998[table 1].
The investigation showed that there are obvious differences between the citations in psychology and medicine; Psychological Medicine and the rest of Psychology-thus the necessity of tabulating citations in Psychological Medicine in terms of language, age and type of document.
social.iatp.org.ge /axal/psychology.htm   (5770 words)

 sociology - Social psychology
Social psychology is the study of the nature and causes of human social behavior.
Psychological Social Psychology is also very similar to personality psychology because personality psychology looks at how the personality in people is developed, and how our attitudes and values are influenced and affected.
Social psychology involves the empirical study of social behavior and psychological processes associated with social cognition, social behavior, and groups.
www.aboutsociology.com /sociology/Social_psychology   (2688 words)

 Johannes Kottonau and Claudia Pahl-Wostl: Simulating political attitudes and voting behavior
According to the dominant effects of strong attitudes on behaviour (Bargh, Chaiken, Govender and Pratto 1992, Bassili 1995, Fazio and Zanna 1978, Fazio and Williams 1986, Jonas, Broemer and Diehl 2000, Krosnick 1988), the involvement, the ambivalence, and the extremity of a citizen's attitude are modeled as the determinants of participation in the election.
The continuous revision of the attitude in the light of new evidence is a core element of the on-line relationship between memory and judgement (Hastie and Park 1986).
The other individual citizen characteristics (the speed of memory decay, the probability of beginning an attitude exchange and the weight of interpersonal communication, the level of the confirmation bias, the accessibility threshold, and the sharpness of this threshold) are uniformly distributed within the ranges presented in the Appendix.
jasss.soc.surrey.ac.uk /7/4/6.html   (11639 words)

 TIP: Concepts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Attitudes are usually defined as a disposition or tendency to respond positively or negatively towards a certain thing (idea, object, person, situation).
Attitude change is especially relevant to management and sales training.
The learning of new attitudes is no different in nature than any other verbal or motor skill, except that opinions relate to a single proposition whereas other skills involve a series of propositions.
tip.psychology.org /attitude.html   (455 words)

 Is it possible to be a 'rational' consumer? Psychology at AhISee - the site for Insight
Such a listing could continue indefinitely as enormous quantities of work have been undertaken on attitude change; however, having seen what sorts of factors are at work, let's examine some of the psychological processes that are (intended to be) induced.
Attitude and behavioural change generally (if we exclude the problematic 'subliminal' claims) requires attention to be given to the stimulus.
On the one hand, the changing of attitudes is undoubtedly a complex area, with no simple set of causal rules.
www.ahisee.com /content/rationaladessay.html   (2424 words)

 Sports Psychology
Sport and exercise psychology is the scientific study of the psychological factors that are associated with participation and performance in sport, exercise, and other types of physical activity.
Sport psychologists are interested in two main areas: (a) helping athletes use psychological principles to achieve optimal mental health and to improve performance (performance enhancement) and (b) understanding how participation in sport, exercise, and physical activity affects an individual's psychological development, health, and well-being throughout the life span.
Sports Psychology with Karlene Sugarman, M.A. These pages will help explain what Sports Psychology is, tell how to get started in the field, and offer some practical skills to help athletes, professionals, coaches--anyone--achieve peak performance in their endeavors.
www.psychology.org /links/Environment_Behavior_Relationships/Sports   (736 words)

 Careers in Health Psychology
Health psychologists are also interested in patients' personality or attitude to see if it has a positive or negative effect on their health.
Health psychology contributes to our understanding of health and illness through patients' adjustment to serious illnesses, their health beliefs, which influences their behavior, their mind and body connection, and finally the psychosocial factors that can reinforce healthy behaviors and prevent negative ones.
She has an extremely negative attitude and feels as though there is no hope for a future.
www.wcupa.edu /_ACADEMICS/sch_cas.psy/Career_Paths/Health/Career02.htm   (2077 words)

 Amazon.co.uk: Psychology of Attitude Change and Social Influence (McGraw-Hill Series in Social Psychology): Books: ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
This text, part of the McGraw-Hill Series in Social Psychology, is for the student with no prior background in social psychology.
Written by Philip Zimbardo and Michael Leippe, outstanding researchers in the field, the text covers the relationships existing between social influence, attitude change and human behavior.
Through the use of current, real-life situations, the authors illustrate the principles of behavior and attitude change at the same time that they foster critical thinking skills on the part of the reader.
www.amazon.co.uk /Psychology-Attitude-Change-Influence-McGraw-Hill/dp/0070728771   (385 words)

 [No title]
To provide students with an opportunity to conceptualize an empirical study that is applicable to their substantive interest area and suitable to meet graduate degree requirements in the program, or to explore and utilize this literature through other projects that meet their needs.
In this course, consistent with our program concentration in applied social psychology, we will focus on those aspects of belief and attitude most subject to manipulation and change through intentional efforts at education and persuasion in the public sphere.
A proposal for an empirical study either examining a theoretical problem in persuasion, attitude and/or behavior change, or applying research perspectives and literature from this class to issues in health, environmental, or organizational psychology.
lamar.colostate.edu /~slaterjt/persuade2.html   (2002 words)

 Amazon.ca: Attitude Is Everything REV Ed: 10 Life-Changing Steps to Turning Attitude Into Action: Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Harrell weaves his personal stories into the book, such as turning the disappointment of not being drafted by the NBA after college (which he had fully expected) into skillfully landing a job with IBM, even though he didn't have the qualifications and they weren't hiring at that time.
In each section, he discusses an attitude concept, illustrates it with anecdotes, and teaches specific strategies for integrating it into your life--all in an easygoing, friendly, and motivating style.
For example, the "Your Attitude Tool Kit" chapter opens with Harrell being notified in junior high school that he had to go to speech therapy for his stuttering, as he had for six years, and using affirmations to cure his stuttering on the spot.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0060779721   (872 words)

 UT Psychology Faculty: Michael Olson
With respect to attitude formation and change, we have recently developed a conditioning paradigm that allows us to study how people come to evaluate objects in their environment either positively or negatively without their conscious awareness.
We’ve already demonstrated that attitudes can develop without such awareness (that is, subliminal persuasion) and we’re currently addressing questions regarding when evaluative conditioning occurs: for which kinds of people, and under what boundary conditions.
Using this paradigm, we’re investigating how racial attitudes, motivation to control prejudiced reactions, and contextual factors affect verbal and nonverbal behavior in interactions between Blacks and Whites.
psychology.utk.edu /people/olson.html   (437 words)

 Definitions: Persuasion, Compliance, Propaganda, Brain Washing, & Social Psychology
Beliefs are things known or believed to be true, as opposed to attitudes, which are evaluations of objects that we think about.
Beliefs are important precursors to both attitudes and behavior, but are often used or created after the fact to defend attitudes and behaviors we already own.
Social Psychology is the science that studies individual beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors in settings where other people are present (or merely implied or imagined--which makes the definition pretty broad).
www.workingpsychology.com /definit.html   (1260 words)

 Conformity (psychology) -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
This article is about Conformity in the context of psychology.
Conformity is the degree to which members of a group will change their behavior, views and attitudes to fit the views of the group.
Muzafer Sherif`s light dot experiment, which measured to what extent a participant, when asked to solve a difficult problem, would compare - and adapt - his answer to that of his fellow participants (a kind of conformity called informational social influence);
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Conformity_(psychology)   (391 words)

 PsyBlog | Psychology Blog: Turnaround in Chinese attitude to psychology
Psychology Blog: Turnaround in Chinese attitude to psychology
All this has now changed as China has begun to embrace the very western discipline of psychology.
But I suspect, as do many Chinese psychologists, that it will require the development of a particularly Eastern type of psychology for it to be accepted.
www.spring.org.uk /2004/09/turnaround-in-chinese-attitude-to.htm   (107 words)

 Dr Christopher Alan Lewis - University of Ulster - Psychology of Religion Research
Attitude toward Christianity among secondary school pupils in Northern Ireland: Erosion of denominational differences.
Assessing attitude toward Christianity adolescents in the Czech Republic: The Francis Scale.
Maltby, J. and Lewis, C. The reliability and validity of a short scale of attitude towards Christianity among U.S.A., English, Republic of Ireland, and Northern Ireland adults.
www.infm.ulst.ac.uk /~chris/Religio.htm   (2296 words)

 Jon Krosnick
Krosnick, J. A., and Schuman, H. Attitude intensity, importance, and certainty and susceptibility to response effects.
Krosnick, J. The role of attitude importance in social evaluation: A study of policy preferences, presidential candidate evaluations, and voting behavior.
Anand, S., and Krosnick, J. The impact of attitudes toward foreign policy goals on public preferences among presidential candidates: A study of issue publics and the attentive public in the 2000 U.S. Presidential election.
www.stanford.edu /group/polisci/faculty/krosnick.html   (3793 words)

 Philip G. Zimbardo, Michael R. Leippe: Psychology of Attitude Change and Social Influence - Print
Social influence is at the heart of many pressing societal issues-promotion of healthful lifestyles, the raising of environmental consciousness, the effects of censorship, "image-processing" in politics, and ultrasophisticated advertising and marketing.
With lively examples from current events and popular culture, this book pulls together a wide range of research and theory about the psychology of attitudes, persuasion, and social influence.
To integrate the vast amount of material they use the recurring theme of "attitude systems," in which attitudes, cognitions, behaviors, and intentions can be affected by external agents of influence as well as influenced internally by each other.
www.temple.edu /tempress/titles/881_reg_print.html   (582 words)

 Chisman (1976) Attitude psychology and the study of public opinion
Chisman (1976) Attitude psychology and the study of public opinion
Attitude psychology and the study of public opinion
To view the the latter's ratings, click on Chapters/Papers/Articles in the STATISTICS box, select a publication from the list that appears, and then click on either Quality or Interest in that publication's STATISTICS box.
www.getcited.org /?PUB=101671005&showStat=Ratings   (92 words)

 Amazon.com: Attitude is Everything: Books: Jeff Keller   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-09)
Jeff Keller, President of Attitude is Everything, Inc, is a speaker, seminar leader and writer in the area of motivation and human potential.
Attitude is Everything covers three basic areas: thinking, speaking, and acting in ways that support your success.
Keller rightly says, "...there's more to success than just having a great attitude." He also shows you how to apply that great attitude as a catalyst to your success.
www.amazon.com /Attitude-Everything-Jeff-Keller/dp/1891279017   (1628 words)

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