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Topic: Auguste Mariette

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In the News (Wed 21 Aug 19)

  Auguste Mariette   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Auguste Mariette was a Frenchman who was sent to Egypt by the Louvre Museum to collect Coptic manuscripts.
During an excavation in 1859, Mariette discovered the burial of Queen Aahotep near the entrance to the Valley of Kings at Thebes.
Mariette, wanting to remain on good terms with the Khedive, followed him in a faster boat, caught up to him, and boarded the Mudir’s boat and forced him to hand over the jewelry which he then took to the Khedive.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/information/biography/klmno/mariette_auguste.html   (480 words)

 Encyclopedia: Auguste Mariette   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
The French scholar and archaeologist Auguste Ferdinand Francois Mariette (February 11, 1821 - January 19, 1881) was the foremost Egyptologist of his generation, and the founder of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
When Auguste Mariette, the celebrated founder of modern archaeological excavations and preserver of Egypt's monuments, made his remarkable discovery of the rock- hewn tombs of the sacred Apis bulls at Saqqara in 1851, his activities were watched over by Egyptian government officials.
Mariette listed his requirements, which Said accepted, and in 1858 the French scholar was appointed to a position that today would amount to that of director- general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Auguste-Mariette   (1674 words)

 Great archaeology: Auguste Mariette
During a stay in Saqqara, in October of the same year, he notices near a pyramid in big steps, a sphinx that emerges from the sand and that seems to be exactly the same as the other fifteen ones that the archaeologist had seen in a collection in Alexandria and in Cairo.
For Mariette everything is clear: that sphinx as the ones seen in Alexandria and in Cairo belong to a path that leads to the Serapis temple, called Serapeum, described by Strabone.
Mariette finds twenty-four sarcophaguses and he discovers that only two are intact while all the others have been ravaged; instead the steles don’t miss, and there are thousands of them.
www.anticoegitto.net /mariettee.htm   (486 words)

MARIETTE, AUGUSTE FERDINAND FRANCOIS (1821-1881), French Egyptologist, was born on the 11th of February 1821 at Boulogne, where his father was town clerk.
Meanwhile his cousin Nestor LHte, the friend and fellow-traveller of Champollion, died, and upon Mariette devolved the task of sorting the papers of the deceased savant.
Mariette was raised successively to the rank of bey and pasha in his own service.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /M/MA/MARIETTE_AUGUSTE_FERDINAND_FRANCOIS.htm   (2535 words)

 AllRefer.com - Auguste Edouard Mariette (Archaeology, Biography) - Encyclopedia
Auguste Edouard Mariette[OgUst´ AdwAr´ mAryet´] Pronunciation Key, 1821–81, French Egyptologist.
In 1858 he returned to Egypt to serve as its first director of antiquities, receiving the title of bey and later of pasha.
Often called the father of Egyptian archaeology, Mariette founded (1863) at Bulak (now part of Cairo) the Egyptian national museum.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/M/Mariette.html   (229 words)

 Auguste Mariette - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A statue of Auguste Mariette of his home city of Boulogne-sur-Mer.
The French scholar and archaeologist Auguste Ferdinand François Mariette (February 11, 1821 – January 19, 1881) was the foremost Egyptologist of his generation, and the founder of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
Born at Boulogne-sur-Mer, Mariette proved to be a talented draftsman and designer, and he supplemented his salary as a teacher at Douai by giving private lessons and writing on historical and archaeological subjects for local periodicals.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Auguste_Mariette   (501 words)

 Al-Ahram Weekly | Heritage | A man with a mission   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Mariette did control many of the most important sites and, as is clear from the exhibition at Lille entitled "Goddesses -- Tombs -- The World of Egypt", not all the objects Mariette excavated in Egypt ended up in the first Egyptian Museum of antiquities in Bulaq.
Mariette's greatest achievement was developing a worldwide conscience about the destruction, expropriation, and proper care and conservation of Egyptian antiquities.
Auguste Mariette expressed the wish that his body should lie near the artefacts he struggled all his life to collect, protect and place on show.
weekly.ahram.org.eg /2004/705/he1.htm   (1614 words)

 Education Source Book   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
All communications with Paris were cut off and Mariette, who had traveled to Paris to supervise the preparations, was stuck there with the designs, costumes and properties.
Mariette used funds intended for the purchase of manuscripts to hire diggers and, without even asking for permission, started to excavate.
Mariette gave his permission for any changes that du Locle might find necessary and added, “Aïda is a Egyptian name.
www.sdopera.org /mktg05.nsf/3d9d34cbebec8008882569de00162c21/92583b3ca58a922188256a0c008188a3!OpenDocument   (1702 words)

 Jon SOLOMON The Rosetta Stone, Ptolemaic Aetos, and Aida
Mariette, whose cousin worked with Champollion, like any linguistically oriented Egyptologist of his day, was certainly thoroughly familiar with the text of the Rosetta Stone.
In Diodorus Siculus' description of Egypt [1.19], a source Mariette consulted for its passages describing the Serapeum, the name Aetus is equated with the Nile and all of Egypt, which thereby not only gives Aida an additional imprimatur of authenticity but also transforms her into a historical symbol for the entire Nile region.
The title of Mariette's original scenario was not "Aida" but "La fiancée du Nil," and the name of the "King of Egypt" was intentionally left historically unspecified, as were the names of Radames, Ramfis, and Amneris, rendering the entire tale without historical specificity and therefore open for a more allegorical interpretation.
www.apaclassics.org /AnnualMeeting/05mtg/abstracts/SOLOMON.html   (757 words)

In 1851 Auguste Mariette found a lion-bodied sphinx with the head of a king, part of an ancient processional route described by the Greek geographer Strabo in the 1st century AD.
Mariette uncovered over a hundred more sphinxes during his preliminary excavations and eventually, on 12 November 1851, he entered the catacombs beneath the Serapeum temple in an explosion of great public excitement.
The underground chambers first entered by Mariette consisted of a long gallery containing niches with votive stelae and large side-chambers containing 24 huge granite sarcophagi in the form of single blocks of stone, each weighing between 60 and 80 tonnes.
www.aldokkan.com /geography/serapeum.htm   (1577 words)

 Al-Ahram Weekly | Heritage | The museum's founding father   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
The French Egyptologist François Auguste Mariette, celebrated forefather of modern archaeological excavation, spent his career calling for the construction of a suitable museum that would do credit to the display of Egypt's great heritage.
Mariette's first exposure to ancient Egyptian history was as a six-year-old in 1827.
Mariette's three greatest achievements were the creation of the first National Antiquities Service; the formation of the first national museum in Boulaq, and the development of a firstly Egyptian, then world- wide conscience about the destruction, expropriation, and proper care and conservation of antiquities.
weekly.ahram.org.eg /2002/600/hr3.htm   (588 words)

 Read about Auguste Mariette at WorldVillage Encyclopedia. Research Auguste Mariette and learn about Auguste Mariette ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Born at Boulogne, Mariette proved to be a talented draftsman and designer, and he supplemented his salary as a teacher at
Champollion, died, and the task of sorting his papers filled Mariette with a passion for Egyptology.
Sphinx down to the bare rock, and in the process discovered the famous granite and alabaster monument, the "Temple of the Sphinx".
encyclopedia.worldvillage.com /s/b/Auguste_Mariette   (478 words)

 Abydos: Mariette   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
"In 1842, Auguste Mariette, a Frenchman, was a professor at the Collège de Boulogne when he was asked to sort the notes and papers of his cousin, Nestor l'Hôte; he had been Champollion's sketch artist and had just died.
Mariette, married and a father, decided to give up his secure job in Boulogne and embark on an Egyptian adventure.
In his enthusiasm, Mariette had forgotten that he was in Egypt, and that the finds did not belong to France.
www.bergerfoundation.ch /Abydos/english/mariette.html   (512 words)

 Cornerstones   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Though Ismail was politically close to the leaders of both England and France, his country’s eventual bankruptcy caused concern, especially for those financially invested in the Canal, and an Anglo-French alliance took control of Egypt’s finances and government, forcing the Khedive from power in 1879.
Although Ismail would eventually elevate his loyal employee Auguste Mariette to the honor of pasha, the Egyptologist’s only compensation for the story of Aida was his regular salary.
Mariette certainly knew this work, as the text had been set by 32 composers, including Giovanni Paisiello and Stefano Pavesi, since its debut in 1756.
www.operaworld.com /cornerstones/Aida/aidaafter.htm   (798 words)

 LaFamille - pafg02 - Generated by Personal Ancestral File
Pierre Auguste Théophile Mariette [Parents] was born on 7 Mar 1865 in Gouy-Saint-André (Pas-de-Calais).
Ernest Théophile (Panesse) Mariette was born on 20 Sep 1897.
Lucie Blanche Alfreda Mariette was born on 20 Jul 1902 in Domvast.
www3.sympatico.ca /sangin/home/lafamille/pafg02.htm   (288 words)

 Egypt: Antiquity Politics and the Kamose Find
Auguste Mariette, one of the best known early explorers of Egypt, but sometime of dubious fame in light of some of his methods, was ordered to precede the prince's visit and dig for antiquities.
Nevertheless, Mariette, who certainly is not renowned among modern Egyptologists, was a shrewd man. He provided Said Pasha with a sampling of the artifacts, including those small items found at Dra Abu'l-Naga, so that they might be sent to the prince.
This would assure Mariette the support of the French prince and Said Pasha in his quest to be placed in control of all Egypt's antiquities, which he later was.
www.touregypt.net /featurestories/kamose.htm   (647 words)

 NPR's At the Opera
Auguste-Edouard Mariette was a Frenchman who is generally credited with writing the story behind Aida.
Mariette's discoveries in Egypt were considered the most important ever made up to that time.
Legend has it that Mariette wrote a short story about a star-crossed romance and had it published by a sort of vanity press.
www.npr.org /programs/attheopera/archives/010127.ato.html   (649 words)

 Auguste Mariette - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Auguste Mariette - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
This encyclopedia, history, geography and biography article about Auguste Mariette contains research on
Auguste Mariette, External links, Egyptologists, 1821 births and 1881 deaths.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Auguste-%C9douard_Mariette   (513 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Gaston Maspero
It was not until his second year at the Ecole Normale in 1867 that Maspero met with an Egyptologist in the person of Auguste Mariette who was then in Paris as commissioner for the Egyptian section of the exhibition.
Mariette gave him two newly discovered hieroglyphic texts of considerable difficulty to study, and self-taught, the young scholar produced translations of then in less than a fortnight, a great feat in those days when Egyptology was still almost in its infancy.
He held this post till June 1886; in these five years he had organized the mission, and his labors for the Bulak museum and for archaeology had been early rewarded by the discovery of the great cache of royal mummies at Deir el-Bahri in July 1881.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Gaston_Maspero   (566 words)

By the middle of the 19th century, the country's monuments were effectively "under siege" with much that had survived for thousands of years literally lost overnight, and mostly for personal gain.
François Auguste Mariette was exploring beneath the paving of Khafre's valley temple when he discovered a pit containing several statues of the 4th Dynasty ruler.
Giza, the Valley temple of the Pyramid of Khafre.
www.egyptologyonline.com /great_discoveries.htm   (1262 words)

 Mariette: Abydos: Description des fouilles exécutées sur 'emplacement de cette ville. Tome 1, 2 + 3. Leinen.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Auguste Mariette (Boulogne 1821 - Kairo 1881), Gründer und erster Direktor des ägyptischen Nationalmuseums und der ägyptischen Altertümerverwaltung, leitete die Ausgrabungen an den wichtigsten Ruinenstätten Ägyptens.
Auguste Mariette (Boulogne 1821 - Cairo 1881), founder and first director of the Egyptian National Museum and the Egyptian administration of antiquities, led the excavations at the most important ruins in Egypt.
Mariette stresses that the graves and temples of town, partly as a result of their geographic situation above the ground, were plundered early.
www.atleest.com /en-us/p_746.html   (349 words)

 Mariette Auguste Mariette. 1821 - 1881. Auguste Mariette Was A Frenchman Sent To Egypt By The Louvre Mus
Auguste Mariette was a Frenchman sent to Egypt by the Louvre Museum to.
Mariette in Ecstasy, Ron Hansen God and enters a convent entranced me. Mariette is in her own mind not devout enough, not pure I haven't read Mariette for years, but its images and language.
Mariette will help you understand and work out the situation you are living at the moment.
www.99hosted.com /names3221.html   (462 words)

 Serapeum at Saqqara (Greater Cairo & Surroundings) ... youregypt.com
The galleries were discovered by Auguste Mariette in 1850.
Mariette found also in the cemetery the famous statue of the "squatting scribe." When he first entered the catacomb, he found the lids of sarcophagi tilted away and they were stripped of their contents.
It is believed that prince Khaemweset, son of Ramesses II, was the one who began construction of the catacombs.
youregypt.com /eguide/destinations/greatercairo/surroundings/saqqara/serapeum   (181 words)

 Auguste Mariette --  Encyclopædia Britannica
Mariette joined the Egyptian department of the Louvre in 1849 and in the following year traveled to Egypt to obtain ancient manuscripts.
More results on "Auguste Mariette" when you join.
Belgian statesman Auguste Beernaert served concurrently as prime minister and finance minister of Belgium from 1884 to 1894.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9050923   (645 words)

 OperaWorld.com's Opera Insights: Aida   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
In the late 1800s, the French archeologist Auguste Mariette began writing a short "scenario" based on his archeology expeditions in Egypt.
Credited with uncovering the Sphinx, Mariette was considered the foremost expert on ancient Egypt, and his fictitious story about an Ethiopian slave girl and her secret Egyptian lover landed in the hands of the Egyptian ruler at the time, the Khedive Ismail.
Although Mariette, the Khedive, Verdi, and Ghislanzoni were from different countries and varying fields, they did not work in strict isolation.
www.operaworld.com /special/aida.shtml   (737 words)

 Southport Press: Original Sources in Exploration, 2003 book catalog p.3: The Nile: Ancient Egypt and Nubia
Mariette was a young teacher in Boulogne when he received papers from an expedition by Champollion to Egypt.
Fascinated by the translation of hieroglyphs, Mariette moved to Paris to study Egyptology.
Later appointed director of ancient monuments in Egypt and curator of the newly created Egyptian Museum in Cairo, he began the monumental task of conserving the antiquties of Egypt, curtailing the rampant exportation of objects.
www.athenapub.com /southportx3.htm   (713 words)

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