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Topic: Australian 2nd Division (World War I)


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 The World at War
In these the early stages of the war, there was no particular worry about home defence and Australians believed the 2nd AIF (Australian Imperial Force) would be deployed in exactly the same manner as the 1st AIF in World War 1: that is as Great Britain saw fit.
Australian soldiers of the 9th Division and one brigade of the 7th Division held out at Tobruk for 5 months against the opposition of Rommel and the Afrika Korps.
The period from September 1939 (the Beginning of World War 2 in Europe) until February 1942 (the fall of Singapore) is one of the most revolutionary in Australia’s history.
worldatwar.net /article/australiaswar

  
 World War 2; a Category index
The 2nd AIF was, therefore, raised in a similar fashion to the 1st- from former soldiers, civilians and volunteers from militia units.
From October 1944 onwards the 3rd Division and two independent brigades were moved to the Solomons, the 5th Division was allotted to New Britain and the 6th Division to Aitape, while the 8th Brigade continued its operations in the Madang-Sepik River area.
Australian losses for the whole period of the El Alamein operations from 7 July were 5809, including 1225 dead, 3638 wounded and 946 taken prisoner.
www.diggerhistory.info /pages-conflicts-periods/ww2/0-ww2-cat-index.htm

  
 Australian Army - Enpsychlopedia
Australian soldiers have been involved in a number of minor and major conflicts throughout its history, but only in World War II did Australian territory come under direct attack.
The first Australian division to see action on the Western Front was the 5th Division which was thrown unprepared into the futile Battle of Fromelles, a "diversion" to the Battle of the Somme that cost the division 5,500 casualties for no gain.
Australian units were also responsible for the last phase of amphibious assaults during the Pacific War: the attacks on Japanese-occupied Borneo, including Tarakan, Brunei, British Borneo, Balikpapan and other targets in Sarawak.
www.grohol.com /psypsych/Australian_Army

  
 Trenches on the Web - Special: ANZAC Memories
The 1st Infantry Division and the 1st Light Horse Brigade were to be enlisted, readied and dispatched overseas in approximately six weeks from the time war was declared.
It was divided, and for the rest of the war the Australians would fight in two widely separated theatres: France and the Middle East.
Beginning with the diversionary attack at Fromelles by the 5th Division in which they suffered 5,533 casualties in a single twenty-four hour period, the Australians were fed in to successive attacks in which enormous casualties were sustained for minimal gains in ground.
www.worldwar1.com /sfanzac.htm

  
 Australian Army 1939-41
This was the 1st Australian Armoured Division formed on 1 July 1941 and consisting initially of 1st and 2nd Australian Armoured Brigades.
The Australian Army recruited seven Garrison Battalions (1st-7th) from veterans of the First World War in October,1939 and by January,1940 there were eight such battalions with a strength of 4,967 men.
The 6th Australian Infantry Division was reflective in miniature of the population of Australia in its recruitment.
home.adelphia.net /~dryan67/orders/aust.html

  
 First World War.com - Who's Who - Godfrey Irving
Posted to the Suez Canal to replace 1st and 2nd Division (posted to France), the Australian 4th and 5th Divisions set off on 27 March 1916, marching in difficult conditions, not least due to inadequate clothing and high temperatures.
Godfrey George Howy Irving (1867-1937) served with Australian forces during the First World War, including a period as temporary command of 5th Division.
With the outbreak of the First World War Irving was handed an appointment in late May 1915 as Chief of the General Staff with responsibility for administering the expansion of Australia's military training facilities.
www.firstworldwar.com /bio/irving.htm

  
 Battle of Buna - Part 3 of The 32nd 'Red Arrow' Infantry Division in World War II
The forces on the Division’s right flank (1st and 3rd Battalions of the 128th, a detachment of 1st Battalion of the 126th and one Australian independent company) were now designated 'Warren Force' and commanded by BG Hanford McNider.
The 32nd Division's early difficulties, like most American units early in the war, were seriously affected by the fact that America had a very small standing military before World War II.
The 32nd Infantry Division and the Australian 7th Division were to attack abreast, the 32nd Division on the right.
www.32nd-division.org /history/ww2/32ww2-3.html

  
 Dad's War: Finding and Telling Your Father's World War II Story, by Wesley Johnston
Institute for World War II and the Human Experience : This is a university-backed effort to to preserve the experiences of the common soldier, sailor, marine who went to war.
World War II Troop Ship Crossings : I began this work, which is now being beautifully enhanced and maintained by Shayne Wallesch.
World War II Veterans telling their own story
members.aol.com /dadswar

  
 Second World War Books: Books by Subject
Fragment of Victory: The 92nd Infantry Division in World War II.
Sharpshooters at War: The 3rd, the 4th, and the 3rd/4th CLY.
Vanguard of the Crusade: The 101st Airborne Division in World War II.
www.sonic.net /~bstone/bib/bib157000.shtml

  
 WWII Page
He was a member of the 3rd Armored Division, the Spearhead that drove into the heart of Nazi Germany.
who were, or would become, famous who fought in World War II.
World War II - Prisoners of War - Stalag Luft I
www.geocities.com /ResearchTriangle/Facility/3991/ww2history.htm

  
 Australian - definition of Australian by the Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia.
Moreover, in the infancy of the first Australian settlement, the emigrants were several times saved from starvation by the benevolent biscuit of the whale-ship luckily dropping an anchor in their waters.
Australian - of or relating to or characteristic of Australia or its inhabitants; "Australian deserts"; "Australian aborigines"
Paul and Amsterdam and Cape Otway on the Australian coast.
www.tfd.com /Australian

  
 Australian Military Units - Second World War
Currently, only a limited number of profiles of Second World War units are available, but more will be progressively added in coming weeks and months.
A crew of 463 Squadron, RAAF pose beneath their Lancaster bomber.
www.awm.gov.au /units/ww2.asp

  
 Embassy of France in Australia - About France fact sheets
This is the Australian monument of World War I in France, inaugurated in 1938, twenty years after the Australian victory at Villers-Bretonneux on April 25, 1918 (by coincidence exactly three years after the landing at Gallipoli).
Dedicated to the memory of the 2nd Australian Division, it is remarkable for its plaques, one representing Australians attacking in the trenches, the other portraying diggers in shorts trying to drag a cannon through the mud.
You will visit the unique Australian War Museum above the village school, and discover its specifically Australian collection of World War I memorabilia: photos, uniforms, posters, weaponry, historical texts, as well as films and other items, many of them donated by the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.
www.ambafrance-au.org /aboutfrance/pages/somme2.en.htm

  
 ANZAC Corps
This force was named the Second Australian Imperial Force (2nd AIF) and its component Battalions were also numbered "2" (for example, 2/9th) in deference to the units that had fought previously during World War One.
The 1st Australian Division, part of the new AIF, and a second combined New Zealand and Australian Division, eventually landed in Egypt in December 1914 and began preparing for war against Turkey.
During World War One an Australian force was raised to serve overseas in aid of the British war effort after promises that Australia would help to preserve the security of the British Empire "to the last man and the last shilling".
anzac.mdsnews.com /History

  
 Australian and New Zealand Army Corps - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Australian 2nd Division began to arrive from Australia in August 1915 and some battalions saw action on Gallipoli in the final months of the campaign.
Within Australasia the Anzacs came to stand not just for the troops in World War I, but for Australian and New Zealand soldiers in time of war more generally.
Australian and New Zealand Divisions were involved in a number of engagements during the Battle of the Somme (1916) while components of British corps but it was only during the
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Anzac

  
 Trenches on the Web - Special: ANZAC Memories
Beginning with the diversionary attack at Fromelles by the 5th Division in which they suffered 5,533 casualties in a single twenty-four hour period, the Australians were fed in to successive attacks in which enormous casualties were sustained for minimal gains in ground.
The Australian divisions made successful assaults at Polygon Wood, Menin Road and Broodseinde Ridge amongst others, but at a cost of a further 38,000 casualties.
Pulled out of the line for rest and refitting at the beginning of 1918, the Australians missed the opening stages of the great German offensive which began in March and which was designed to win the war before the Americans arrived in sufficient strength to put the matter beyond doubt.
www.worldwar1.com /sfanzac.htm

  
 Australian 2nd Division
In 1921, the 2nd Division name was revived and was assigned to an Australian Citizens Military Forces (reserve) unit, elements of which served in the South West Pacific theatre during World War Two.
The name 2nd Division has been used for two different units of the Australian Army.
In 1915, a 2nd Division was formed as part of the First Australian Imperial Force.
encyclopedia.codeboy.net /wikipedia/a/au/australian_2nd_division.html

  
 Australian Army 1939-41
The 22nd Australian Infantry Brigade was the first unit of this division sent overseas when it was despatched to Malaya on 2 February 1941.
The numbers 1 to 48 also perpetuated the numbers of battalions of the 1st AIF, but since brigade organization changed from four battalions to three battalions per brigade, there was no 34-39, 41-42 or 44-47 battalions in the 2nd AIF.
The Australian Army recruited seven Garrison Battalions (1st-7th) from veterans of the First World War in October,1939 and by January,1940 there were eight such battalions with a strength of 4,967 men.
users.adelphia.net /~dryan67/orders/aust.html

  
 Australian Army 1939-41
This was the 1st Australian Armoured Division formed on 1 July 1941 and consisting initially of 1st and 2nd Australian Armoured Brigades.
This force was entitled the Second Australian Imperial Force or 2nd AIF and was modeled after the First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) that was raised during the first world war.
The Australian Army recruited seven Garrison Battalions (1st-7th) from veterans of the First World War in October,1939 and by January,1940 there were eight such battalions with a strength of 4,967 men.
home.adelphia.net /~dryan67/orders/aust.html

  
 Australian Army 1939-41
This force was entitled the Second Australian Imperial Force or 2nd AIF and was modeled after the First Australian Imperial Force (1st AIF) that was raised during the first world war.
This was the 1st Australian Armoured Division formed on 1 July 1941 and consisting initially of 1st and 2nd Australian Armoured Brigades.
The Australian Army recruited seven Garrison Battalions (1st-7th) from veterans of the First World War in October,1939 and by January,1940 there were eight such battalions with a strength of 4,967 men.
home.adelphia.net /~dryan67/orders/aust.html

  
 Australian 2nd Division (World War I)
Australian 2nd Division (World War I) The Australian 2nd Division was formed from reinforcements training in Egypt on July 10, 1915 as part of the Australian Imperial Force to fight in World War One.
Australian 2nd Division (World War I) Main Page
After the war ended and the AIF was demobilised, the 2nd Division name was revived and assigned to an Australian Citizens Military Forces (reserve) unit.
encyclopedia.codeboy.net /wikipedia/a/au/australian_2nd_division__world_war_i_.html

  
 List of Australian divisions in World War II - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Second Australian Imperial Force (AIF) divisions to see active service in their entirety.
The 3rd and 5th Divisions saw active service in their entirety, as did elements of some other Militia divisions.
Elements of the 1st Armoured Division, an AIF unit, also saw action.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/List_of_Australian_divisions_in_WWII

  
 CIAOPS World Guides - WWI Australian Battlefields
The Australian 5th Division objectives were the Peronne Bridges and Peronne, while the Australian 2nd Divisions was the bridgehead at Halle then Mont St Quentin and finally the Australian 3rd Division was to capture the high ground north east of Clery, then Bouchavesnes spur.
Australian 1st Division now ordered south to strengthen the Australian Corps.
Australian troops were relieved by troops from the British 8th Division as previously arranged, from Villers-Bretonneux to the flank of the French at Hangard in the south.
www.ciaops.com /guides/battle/page3.htm

  
 Personal Service Records (First World War) [Australian War Memorial]
Personal Service Records (First World War) [Australian War Memorial]
Australian involvement in war and conflict - First World War 1914-1918
First World War reference, history, uniforms, discussion groups.
www.awm.gov.au /encyclopedia/ww1service.htm

  
 Dictionary of Australian Biography Sa-Sp
In January 1939 as president of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science which met at Canberra, he chose as the subject of his address, "The History of Australian Science", and in February he was appointed a trustee of the public library, museums and national gallery of Victoria.
In his own name and under the pseudonym of "Don Delaney" Sandes was the author of several short popular novels, which were published between 1910 and 1917 and are listed in Miller's Australian Literature.
The Chinese pottery and porcelain it is true belongs mostly to the later dynasties, but it must be remembered that much of the work of the great T'ang period was practically unprocurable when Salting was collecting.
www.gutenberg.net.au /dictbiog/0-dict-biogSa-Sp.html

  
 Dad's War: Finding and Telling Your Father's World War II Story, by Wesley Johnston
AUSTRALIAN INVOLVEMENT IN WAR AND CONFLICT: SECOND WORLD WAR 1939 - 1945 : This is part of the Australian War Memorial web site, which also contains the online database of the Roll of Honour of Australians killed in wars.
The Walter Washington Train Memorial Page : Linda Frisina's page on her Dad's experiences with 96th Division, 382 Infantry, 2nd Battalion, Company F, wounded in combat at Leyte in the Philippines in October 1944.
So you need to find out what Division his discharge unit (usually Battalion or Regiment) was in.
members.aol.com /dadswar

  
 2nd Division
A Regular Division stationed at London (4th (Guards) Brigade) and Aldershot (5th and 6th Brigades) prior to the outbreak of the war.
(Transferred to the Guards Division on 19 Aug 1915 and was renumbered to the 1st (Guards) Brigade.)
Served in France and Flanders until the Armistice.
www.warpath.orbat.com /divs/2_div.htm

  
 First World War.com - Who's Who - Godfrey Irving
Posted to the Suez Canal to replace 1st and 2nd Division (posted to France), the Australian 4th and 5th Divisions set off on 27 March 1916, marching in difficult conditions, not least due to inadequate clothing and high temperatures.
Godfrey George Howy Irving (1867-1937) served with Australian forces during the First World War, including a period as temporary command of 5th Division.
With the outbreak of the First World War Irving was handed an appointment in late May 1915 as Chief of the General Staff with responsibility for administering the expansion of Australia's military training facilities.
www.firstworldwar.com /bio/irving.htm

  
 Office of Australian War Graves - France Memorials
The 2nd Division relieved the survivors of the 1st Division.
The 1st, 3rd, 4th and 5th Divisional Memorials are of a similar design being in the shape of an obelisk with a bronze plaque recording each Division's battle honours.
Entirely under Australian planning and command, the victory established the pattern for allied operations for the remainder of the war on the Western Front.
www.dva.gov.au /commem/oawg/france.htm

  
 CIAOPS World Guides - WWI Australian Battlefields
The Australian 5th Division objectives were the Peronne Bridges and Peronne, while the Australian 2nd Divisions was the bridgehead at Halle then Mont St Quentin and finally the Australian 3rd Division was to capture the high ground north east of Clery, then Bouchavesnes spur.
The 2nd Division battalions to assault Mont St Quentin were the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th all from NSW.
The 9th Brigade of the Australian 3rd Division and the British 18th Division, which were holding the northern sector, are eventually driven back to the outskirts of Villers-Bretonneux.
www.ciaops.com /guides/battle/page3.htm

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