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Topic: Australopithecus garhi


In the News (Mon 24 Nov 14)

  
  Australopithecus garhi: a new-found link?
Australopithecus anamensis, 3.9 to 4.1 ma, from Kanapoi and Allia Bay, Lake Turkana district, northwestern Kenya.
The type specimen of Australopithecus garhi is a partial cranium; from nearby sites, and perhaps belonging to the same species or perhaps not, come several postcranial bones including a partial skeletons, a fragment of a second cranium, and two mandibles (one fairly complete).
garhi is ancestral to Homo, either there was a rapid change in maxillary morphology in the intervening 200,000 years, or else the Bouri specimen is a late survivor of its species.
www.talkorigins.org /faqs/homs/garhi_cg.html   (2034 words)

  
  Australopithecus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The gracile australopithecines (members of the genus Australopithecus) (Latin australis "of the south", Greek pithekos "ape") are a group of extinct hominids that are closely related to humans.
Australopithecus afarensis and Australopithecus africanus are among the most famous of the extinct hominids.
However, Australopithecus garhi does appear to have been the most advanced of the line with its presumably older stone tool artifacts than the earliest genus homo member known so far Homo habilis.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Australopithecus   (1214 words)

  
 Australopithecus garhi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Australopithecus garhi is a gracile australopithecine species whose fossils were discovered in 1996 by a research team led by Ethiopian paleontologist Berhane Asfaw and including Tim White, an American paleontologist researcher.
garhi, although more advanced than any other australopithecine, was only a competitor species to the species ancestral to Homo and therefore not a human ancestor.
garhi fossils such as BOU-VP-12/130 are somewhat distinctive from traits typically seen in Australopithecus afarensis and Australopithecus africanus.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Australopithecus_garhi   (497 words)

  
 Australopithecus Skull - Picture - MSN Encarta
This Australopithecus skull was unearthed in East Africa and is dated at about 3 million years old.
Australopithecus is first known to have lived at about 4 million years ago in what is now northern Kenya, and became extinct about 2 million years ago.
Four species of Australopithecus are known to have existed, Australopithecus anamensis, Australopithecus afarensis, Australopithecus africanus, and a species discovered in Ethiopia in the 1990s, named Australopithecus garhi.
uk.encarta.msn.com /media_121628235/Australopithecus_Skull.html   (79 words)

  
 Australopithecus garhi
garhi remains is the size of the postcanine dentition, which is at or beyond the nonrobust australopithecine or A.
Based on tooth size, the garhi material seems to fit well with schemes that see either one or both of africanus and afarensis as a direct human descendent, as the canine-to-premolar/molar size ratios are comparable to both species and early Homo.
The researchers discuss the idea that garhi represents a direct ancestor of modern humans that is derived from africanus which is likely derived itself from afarensis.
www.archaeologyinfo.com /australopithecusgarhi.htm   (595 words)

  
 Hominid Chronology
Australopithecus afarensis continued to roam a mixed habitat of savannah and woodland beside lakes and floodplains, foraging for fruit, seeds and nuts and maybe even some meat.
As Australopithecus afarensis and bahrelghazali disappeared, the first hominid to replace them was Australopithecus africanus, a direct descendant of afarensis, which lasted until 2.4 million years ago.
Garhi was probably the direct ancestor of both Homo rudolfensis and Homo habilis, but vitally, it is not yet certain if Homo rudolfensis was the ancestor of later Homo species, or if Homo habilis was.
www.history.kessler-web.co.uk /FeaturesAfrica/HominidChronology2.htm   (1822 words)

  
 Australopithecus garhi: Tutte le informazioni su Australopithecus garhi su Encyclopedia.it   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Australopithecus garhi: Tutte le informazioni su Australopithecus garhi su Encyclopedia.it
Nella zona del fiume Awash nel deserto Afar, in Etiopia, dov'erano già stati scoperti i resti dell' Australopithecus afarensis, sono stati scoperti dei resti fossili risalenti a 2,5 milioni di anni fa.
garhi" non fosse più alto di un metro e quarantacinque centimetri.
www.encyclopedia.it /a/au/australopithecus_garhi.html   (264 words)

  
 Horizon Ethiopia Tour & Travel - Archeology
A skeleton of an older human ancestor Australopithecus Afarensis was discovered in 1974 in the Afar region.
Garhi means 'surprise' in the Afar language - a language spoken in the internationally acclaimed archeological site.
The species discovered by the team is descended from Australopithecus Afarensis and is a candidate ancestor for early Homo.
www.horizontourset.com /arc.htm   (288 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Australopithecus garhi
Australopithecus garhi is a gracile australopithecine species whose fossils were discovered in 1996 by a research team led by Ethiopian paleontologist Berhane Asfaw and including Tim White, an American paleontologist researcher.
garhi, although more advanced than any other australopithecine, was only a competitor species to the species ancestral to Homo and therefore not a human ancestor.
garhi fossils such as BOU-VP-12/130 are somewhat distinctive from traits typically seen in Australopithecus afarensis and Australopithecus africanus.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Australopithecus_garhi   (456 words)

  
 Paranthropus
Paranthropus is an extinct genus of bipedal hominid that is probably descended from the Australopithecine hominids (Australopithecus).
All species of Paranthropus were bipedal, and many lived during a time when species of the genus Homo (which were possibly descended from Australopithecus or more likely from Kenyanthropus), were prevalent.
There is even evidence that some species of Paranthropus were using tools similar to that used in the lower paleolithic era, known as the Oldowan technology, though they were not quite as advanced as those used by Homo habilis.
www.ufaqs.com /wiki/en/pa/Paranthropus.htm   (648 words)

  
 Omnipelagos.com ~ article "Australopithecus"
Until recently, the footprints have generally been classified as Australopithicine because that had been the only form of pre-human known to have existed in that region at that time; however, some scholars have considered reassigning them to a yet unidentified very early species of the genus Homo.
The fossil record seems to indicate that Australopithecus is the common ancestor of the distinct group of hominids, now called Paranthropus (the "robust australopithecines"), and most likely the genus Homo which includes modern humans.
The morphology of Australopithecus upsets what scientists previously believed, namely, that large complex brains came first and was followed by bipedalism.
www.omnipelagos.com /entry?n=australopithecus   (1028 words)

  
 Australopithecus garhi - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Australopithecus garhi is a recently discovered fossil that was initially believed to be a human ancestor species and the final missing link between the Australopithecus genus and Homo.
Tim White was the scientist to find the first of the key A.
garhi fossils in 1996 near the village of Bouri, located in the Afar region of Ethiopia.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Australopithecus_garhi   (128 words)

  
 Australopithecus Garhi - Web Catalog   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
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butab.com /australopithecus-garhi.html   (1446 words)

  
 Australopithecus garhi: A New Species of Early Hominid from Ethiopia
However, Australopithecus garhi lacks derived characters of the robust early human lineage, leaving it as a sister taxon to the gracile forms.
garhi material shows human-like ratios for femur to humerus length (but see OH 62!) while retaining ape-like proportions for the length of the forearm to the upper arm (the brachial index).
The link between Australopithecus garhi and the tool use is still unproved, but it is interesting to note that tool use may precede increase in brain size in early human evolution.
www.mnh.si.edu /anthro/humanorigins/whatshot/1999/wh1999-1.htm   (543 words)

  
 aust.htm
Australopithecus, Homo) which is always capitalized, and a species name (e.g.
Australopithecus afarensis and africanus, and the other species above, are known as gracile australopithecines, because of their relatively lighter build, especially in the skull and teeth.
Australopithecus aethiopicus, robustus and boisei are known as robust australopithecines, because their skulls in particular are more heavily built.
www.missouri.edu /~anthmark/courses/mah/factfiles/australopithecus.htm   (1745 words)

  
 ABC News, "New Human Ancestor?," April 22, 1999   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
garhi is only 27 cubic inches, less than a third of the 85-cubic-inch braincase of humans.
garhi falls on the direct lineage leading to modern humans, or lies on an extinct branch.
garhi is for now just another branch on that bush—one that just may be a root of all humanity.
www.stephenjaygould.org /ctrl/news/file016.html   (983 words)

  
 Australopithicines   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
garhi remains is the size of the postcanine dentition, which is at or beyond the nonrobust australopithecine or A.
Based on tooth size, the garhi material seems to fit well with schemes that see either one or both of africanus and afarensis as a direct human descendent, as the canine-to-premolar/molar size ratios are comparable to both species and early Homo.
The researchers discuss the idea that garhi represents a direct ancestor of modern humans that is derived from africanus which is likely derived itself from afarensis.
fhss.byu.edu /anthro/faculty/Nielsen/Australopithicines_2002_files/slide0019.htm   (515 words)

  
 Team discovers new species of hominid
Faculty members from Case Western Reserve University's School of Medicine are members of a research team which discovered a new species of human ancestor called "Australopithecus garhi." Researchers found the 2.5 million-year-old fossils in the Bouri region of the Afar Desert of Ethiopia.
Researchers chose "garhi" because the anatomy of this species was a surprise to them.
A striking characteristic of "A. garhi" is the unique combination of a small brain and very large and unusually proportioned teeth.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/1999-06/CWRU-Tdns-180699.php   (541 words)

  
 Australopithecus garhi   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Australopithecus garhi is a gracile australopithecine species whose fossils were recently discovered between 1996 and 1998 by a research team led by Ethiopian paleontologist Berhane Asfaw and including Tim White, an American paleontologist researcher.
The hominin remains were initially believed to be a human ancestor species and the final missing link between the Australopithecus genus and Homo (Man).
garhi fossils such as BOU-VP-12/1 are somewhat distinctive from traits typically seen in Australopithecus afarensis and Australopithecus africanus.
www.abcworld.net /Australopithecus_garhi.html   (461 words)

  
 Australopithecus garhi   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
garhi was discovered in the arid washes of Etheipia's Awash desert in April 1999.
Ineed, the name of this new hominid, Australopithecus garhi, means 'surprise' in the local Etheopian dialect, reflecting its status as an enigma in the field.
garhi, with its large teeth and small brain, seems to straddle the line between the gracile and robust Austrolopithicine lineages, perhaps descending from A.
id-archserve.ucsb.edu /Anth3/Courseware/Hominids/05_A_garhi.html   (198 words)

  
 New species of hominid   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Researchers chose garhi because the anatomy of this species was a surprise to them.
garhi is the unique combination of a small brain and very large and unusually proportioned teeth.
garhi is markedly different from its short-legged immediate ancestor from 3.6 million to 2.9 million years ago -- Australopithecus afarensis, popularly known as "Lucy".
www.cwru.edu /pubaff/univcomm/rel-archive/team.htm   (545 words)

  
 Australopithecus garhi - seine Rolle in der Evolution des Menschen
Australopithecus garhi unterscheidet sich von früheren Australopithecinen durch die Kombination seiner Merkmale, z.B. die extreme Größe der Zähne, besonders der hinteren, und einer primitiven Schädel-Morphologie.
Australopithecus anamensis, afarensis, africanus und garhi sind wegen ihres relativ leichten Baus, speziell bei Schädel und Zähne, als grazile Australopitecinen bekannt.
Australopithecus garhi könnte bereits ein Dasein gefristet haben, das sich nur wenig von demjenigen der Vertreter der altsteinzeitlichen Olduvai-Kultur im ostafrikanischen Tansania unterschieden hat.
www.willighp.de /evo/thema/arten/garhi.php   (670 words)

  
 A catalogue of hominid species
Believed by most paleoanthropologists to by an ancestor of modern humans, but there is disagreement as to whether the various forms of Australopithecus represent a single lineage or a number of parallel species.
Australopithecus garhi is dated to between 2.5 and 2.3 m.y.a., exhibits a mixture of gracile and robust features, and was found in association with stone tools.
Australopithecus africanus is dated to between 3 and 2.3 m.y.a.
www.cartage.org.lb /en/themes/Sciences/Paleontology/Paleozoology/FossilHominids/Humankind/Humankind.htm   (1187 words)

  
 aust.htm
Australopithecus, Homo) which is always capitalized, and a species name (e.g.
Australopithecus afarensis and africanus, and the other species above, are known as gracile australopithecines, because of their relatively lighter build, especially in the skull and teeth.
Australopithecus aethiopicus, robustus and boisei are known as robust australopithecines, because their skulls in particular are more heavily built.
web.missouri.edu /~flinnm/courses/mah/factfiles/australopithecus.htm   (1745 words)

  
 De Australopitheken
Australopithecus, of zuidelijke mensaap, was een naam die door Raymond Dart gegeven werd aan een klein schedeltje dat hij had gevonden in een grote bak met fossielen uit de leisteengroeve van Taung.
Op de kaart is te zien dat veel van de fossielen uit oost Afrika komen, het is dan ook verleidelijk te denken dat daar ons Eden lag.
Australopithecus garhi, zoals hij genoemd werd, maakte bijna zeker gebruik van stenen werktuigen.
www.sesha.net /eden/Australopitheken.asp   (257 words)

  
 How Humans Evolved   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The meaning of the word Australopithecus is "southern ape," which harkens back to the name given to the original specimen.
The general morphology of this hominid is similar to the other australopithecines, though A. garhi has a sagittal crest and the canines are generally larger.
These specimens have been traditionally attributed to Homo habilis, although recent investigators have alleged that the specimens should be assigned to the genus Australopithecus, because they are more similar to the australopithecines than they are to any other fossils that are classed in the genus Homo.
www2.wwnorton.com /college/anthro/evolve3/chapters/ch11/index.htm   (1808 words)

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