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Topic: Austria Hungary


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In the News (Wed 17 Apr 19)

  
 Austria-Hungary - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Though Hungary's leaders showed on the whole less willingness than their German Austrian counterparts to share power with their subject minorities, they granted (it is argued) a large measure of autonomy to the kingdom of Croatia in 1868, parallelling to some extent their own accommodation within the Empire the previous year.
In Austria and Hungary, separate republics were declared at the end of the war in November.
A monarchist revival in Hungary after a short-lived communist revolution and the Romanian intervention of 1919 resulted in the restoration of the Hungarian monarchy (March 1920), with the royal powers entrusted to a regent, the naval hero Admiral Miklós Horthy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Austria-Hungary   (3263 words)

  
 Austria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Religious freedom was declared a constitutional right as early as 1867 and Austria-Hungary was home of numerous religions beside Roman Catholicism such as Greek, Serbian, Romanian, Russian, and Bulgarian Orthodox Christians, Jews, Muslims (Austria neighboured the Ottoman empire for centuries), Mormons and both Calvinists and Lutheran Protestants.
It borders Germany and the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia and Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.
Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy consisting of nine federal states and is one of two European countries that have declared their everlasting neutrality, the other being Switzerland.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Austria   (3230 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Austria-Hungary
Austria and Hungary were united as a result of the compromise (known in German as the Ausgleich) of March 1867.
It was established in 1867 under Francis Joseph I, the emperor of Austria and king of Hungary.
The people of Austria and the non-Magyar peoples of Hungary were not consulted.
ca.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761579967/Austria-Hungary.html   (1382 words)

  
 AUSTRIA-HUNGARY - LoveToKnow Article on AUSTRIA-HUNGARY
This had been originally organized in a series of departments: Aulic chanceries for Austria, for Hungary and Transylvania, a general Aulic chamber for finance, domains, mines, trade, post, andc., an Aulic council of war, a general directory of accounts, and a chancery of the household, court and state.
Austria proper was The policy left to his eldest son Maximilian, Tirol to the archduke of Ford!- Ferdinand; and Styria with Carinthia and Carniola nand and to the archduke Charles.
Austria and Spain were thus divided, and, in spite of the efforts of the archduke Charles in the Spanish Succession War, were never again united, for at the battle of Mohflcs, on the 28th of August 1526, Suleiman the Mohacs.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /A/AU/AUSTRIA_HUNGARY.htm   (20402 words)

  
 HUNGARY - LoveToKnow Article on HUNGARY
The Orthodox Eastern Church in Hungary is subject to the authority of the metropolitan of Carlowitz and the archbishop of Nagyszebcn (Hermannstadt); under the former arc the bishops of Bflcs, Btida, Temesvr, Versecz and Pakrcz, and under the latter the bishops of Arad and Karflnsebes.
The greatest elevations are in the Ttra mountains of the north of Hungary proper, in the east and south of Transylvania (the Transylvanian Alps) and in the eastern portion of the Banat.
Hungary is one of the greatest wine-producing countries in Europe, anti the quality of some of the vintages, especially that of Tokaj, is unsurpassed.
3.1911encyclopedia.org /H/HU/HUNGARY.htm   (19543 words)

  
 Comparison of Austria and Hungary
Austria was the fourth largest source of DFI in Hungary, comprising 11 percent of the total amount invested in the 1990s, according to the Ministry of Economic Affairs.
Hungary’s unemployment has decreased since it began its transition to the market economy, and is lower than the unemployment rates of EU member states such as France and Germany.
Austria’s population is comprised of an ethnically German majority with minority Slovene, Hungarian and Slovak groups.
econc10.bu.edu /economic_systems/Country_comparisons/Austria_Hungary.htm   (6383 words)

  
 Austria-Hungary
Though Hungary's leaders were on the whole willing than their German Austrian counterparts to power with their subject minorities they granted large measure of autonomy to the kingdom Croatia in 1868 parallelling to some extent their own within the Empire the previous year.
Economic growth was around Vienna the Austrian lands (areas of Austria) the Alpine lands and the Bohemian In the later years of the nineteenth rapid economic growth spread to the central plain and the Carpathian lands.
The "Lands" of the Transleithanian half the Empire were the Kingdoms of Hungary and of Croatia and Slavonia and the State of Rijeka.
www.freeglossary.com /Austro_-_Hungary   (2659 words)

  
 Modern History Sourcebook: Count von Beust: Memoirs of the Ausgleich, 1867
The Emperor of Austria is King of Hungary; my idea was that he should revive in his person the Constitution of which he and his ancestors have been the heads.
Of Austria's large Slav population, the Poles have a natural craving for independence after having enjoyed and heroically fought for it for centuries; while the other nationalities are likely at a moment of dangerous crisis to develop pro-Russian tendencies.
Hungary] has a pedigree of centuries; and its constitutional principle was asserted in the earliest times.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/mod/1867beust.html   (706 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Austria-Hungary
His actions brought an end to Austria-Hungary and to the Habsburg monarchy.
Negotiations in Hungary for the renewal of the compromise, which had to be approved every 10 years, dragged on from 1897 to 1906 without resolution.
In Hungary, the long-repressed critics of the compromise, mainly the non-Magyar peoples who resented the rule of the Magyars, could no longer be silenced.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761579967_2/Austria-Hungary.html   (1375 words)

  
 Austria
Austria, shorn of Hungary, was proclaimed a republic in 1918, and the monarchy was dissolved in 1919.
Margaret of Austria - Margaret of Austria, 1480–1530, Hapsburg princess, regent of the Netherlands; daughter of...
Anne of Austria - Anne of Austria, 1601–66, queen of France, daughter of King Philip III of Spain.
www.infoplease.com /ipa/A0107301.html   (1069 words)

  
 The Doomed Empire -The creation of Austria and Hungary
With Austria and Hungary united, but still retaining their own individual constitutional structures, it was inevitable that the subjugated peoples within the borders of the Empire, particularly in Eastern Europe, would start agitating for similar independence, imitating the arrangement between Austria and Hungary.
Austria also maintained a very high degree of racial homogeneity through all these events - the major factor contributing to her ability to survive.
The continual instability within Austria provided the opportunity for which the Austrian-born Hitler had been searching: in 1938, German troops entered Austria and the country was annexed to Germany under a regional government set up by the Austrian Nazi Party, with the region becoming known under its original name, the Ostmark.
www.white-history.com /hwr39ii.htm   (1891 words)

  
 AUSTRIA - HUNGARY
Austria began as a frontier land of Charlemagne's empire and rose to be the chief German state, ruling many neighboring peoples.
Austria's rise to power began with the Babenberg dynasty, which began when Leopold I became Margrave of Austria in 976.
As far as Austria was concerned, the powers accepted the Pragmatic Sanction; and Frederick the Great ratified the election of Maria Theresa's consort, Francis I of Lorraine, as Holy Roman emperor.
horsecare.stablemade.com /_articles/austria-hungary.htm   (1194 words)

  
 Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The reorganization of Austria and Hungary was made possible by the Ausgleich [compromise] of 1867, a constitutional compromise between Hungarian aspirations for independence and Emperor Francis Joseph’s desire for a strong, centralized empire as a source of power after Austria’s defeat in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866.
Czech regiments deserted wholesale from the beginning; Italy and Romania, eying their respective minorities in Austria and Hungary, joined the Allies; Croats and Slovenes, won by Serbian propaganda, joined (1917) in agreement with the Serbs to found a South Slavic state (see Yugoslavia).
Cisleithania [Lat.,=the land on this side of the Leitha River] comprised Austria proper, Bohemia, Moravia, Austrian Silesia, Slovenia, and Austrian Poland; it was to be ruled by the Hapsburg monarchs in their capacity as emperors of Austria.
www.bartleby.com /65/au/AustroHu.html   (957 words)

  
 Istria on the Internet - Heraldy - Austria-Hungary
The unity of the monarchy was expressed in the common head of the state, who bore the title Emperor of Austria and Apostolic King of Hungary, and in the common administration of a series of affairs, which affected both halves of the Dual Monarchy.
The former Kingdom of Hungary was the Eastern part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire.
In 1748 it was joined with the Duchy Parma and Piacenza, and became part of Austria together with Parma and Piacenza in 1847.
www.istrianet.org /istria/heraldry/austria-hungary   (4057 words)

  
 Austria-Hungary
Austria is a small country in central Europe.
Austria is a major cultural center in Europe.
Franz Schubert, from Austria, wrote the beautiful "Ave Maria." Another Austrian, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, is maybe the most famous classical musician of them all.
www.edhelper.com /ReadingComprehension_35_265.html   (330 words)

  
 selling Austrian (Kingdom, Empire, Austro-Hungary, k.u.k.) orders, medals,militaria, badges and insignia. WW1, WW2.
Inscribed to obverse: Franciscus Iosephus I D.G. Austriae Imperator.
Bronze gilt, issued to non-commissioned officers of eleven foreign regiments.
anm.50megs.com /anm/Austria.html   (821 words)

  
 Austria-Hungary. The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000.
A former dual monarchy of central Europe consisting of Austria, Hungary, Bohemia, and parts of Poland, Romania, Slovenia, Croatia, and Italy.
www.bartleby.com /61/0/A0530000.html   (103 words)

  
 Austria Hungary Reprint Maps
Samuel Dunn's map of "Hungary and Transylvania, with Croatia and Sclavonia, Moldavia and Valakia", issued in 1774, is a must for the researcher with central or eastern European connections.
Useful for locating small mountain towns and villages in southern Austria and the northern mountain regions of former Yugoslavia.
[R 20] Hungary: The Hohe Tatra - Zips Magura Region: Details the area northwest of the towns of Poprad and Kesmark to the vicinity of Zakopane, Javorina and Zdjar circa 1885.
www.jonathansheppardbooks.com /JSBMaps/AustriaHungary.htm   (592 words)

  
 Austria-Hungary and the LFT
This squad was the first dedicated fighter squad organized in the service and was put under the command of Austria's leading ace, Godwin Brumowski.
This constraint can be demonstrated by production numbers: During the war Austria produced approximately 5000 airframes and 4000 engines.
He was eventually driven from his former domains and passed away in Portugal in 1922, still refusing to give up his claims of Austro-Hungarian sovereignty.
www.swwisa.net /kuklft   (770 words)

  
 Austro-Hungarian Empire
The version I'm familiar with was the joint naval ensign which has crowned shields for Austria (red-white-red) and Hungary (traditional Hungarian arms) on the white stripe(s).
Both shields overlie the lower red stripe and are more curved (and not as more often depicted almost horizontal edges with protruding points in the middle), and the Hungary ancient shield does not have any golden outline as the Austrian one has.
Note that the flag is in the ratio 1:2, the second coat of arms is Hungary Ancient only (barry Gules and Argent) topped with the crown of St. Stephen.
flagspot.net /flags/ah.html   (1676 words)

  
 Austria in 1914
Austria and Hungary shared the same currency but other state functions rested with the national governments.
Union between Austria and Hungary took place in 1867.
Overall political authority was held by Emperor Franz Josef.
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk /FWWinAustria.htm   (334 words)

  
 Hungary
Mar 1241 - 1243 Mongol occupation in eastern Hungary.
Jul 1849- Aug 1849 Russian intervention on behalf of Austria.
Full style of rulers: There is no extended form of the style (at least after 1528) that does not begin with the imperial style (Holy Roman Empire to 1806, Austria from 1804).
www.worldstatesmen.org /Hungary.htm   (3860 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Elisabeth: The Princess Bride, Austria-Hungary, 1853 (The Royal Diaries): Books: Barry Denenberg
At 16, Elisabeth, her mother, and her 18-year-old sister, Helene, travel to the royal palace of Austria in hopes that Helene might gain the the attention and marriage proposal of Emperor Franz Joseph.
A free and impetuous spirit, Elisabeth was chosen at the tender age of fifteen (over her older sister) to be the wife of Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria.
Empress, consort of Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0439266440?v=glance   (1722 words)

  
 FEEFHS MAP ROOM-Austro-Hungarian Maps
Austria - 304K - Austria, Styria and Tyrol
Eastern Hungary - Transylvania*- 139K Eastern Hungary
Banat- 155K - Central Hungary - Banat Region*
feefhs.org /maps/ah/mapiah.html   (108 words)

  
 Austria
Triest ceded to Italy; and Austria is forbidden
The word Kaisertum was deliberately chosen not to imply Kaiserreich Österreich (Empire of Austria).
Reichskommissar for Reunification of Austria with the German Reich
www.worldstatesmen.org /Austria.html   (2104 words)

  
 Austria , Austro-Hungarian Monarchy-- Primary Documents
Documenting not only the history of the cloisters themselves, but developments in church, state and society in Austria since the Early Middle Ages.
Austrian constitution, including articles 23a-23f regarding the relationship of Austria to the European Union.
Including essays of important economic thinkers from Austria, England, France, Germany, Italy, and other countries.
www.lib.byu.edu /~rdh/eurodocs/austria.html   (540 words)

  
 The July Crisis: Austria-Hungary
Within these limits, which she had imposed upon herself, she must, however, insist that the controversy with Serbia should be carried through as a question directly concerning Austria- Hungary and this State [viz., Serbia].
From the beginning, the [Austro-Hungarian] Government met the apprehensions of the [European] Powers with the assurance that the Monarchy would not go beyond what was necessary for the protection of her own interests, and did not propose any annexation of territory.
The request made by Russia for an extension of the time given to Serbia for answering our demands would have given the [Serbian] Government an opportunity for new subterfuges and for further procrastination, and would have opened the door to the interference of single Powers in the interests of Serbia.
web.jjay.cuny.edu /~jobrien/reference/ob83.html   (1051 words)

  
 Solving Problems Through Force! Leadership of the Empire of Austria-Hungary During World War One
Why the dictator of Austria was hated enough to be assassinated.
What he did for a job in the Crimea after fleeing the mess in Hungary.
This is the big one: Orders of Battle for the Dunajec Offensive, May 1915.
www.geocities.com /veldes1   (538 words)

  
 Austria Hungary's Map
The Austrians brought in Germans and Slavs to settle the newly freed territory, destroying Hungary's ethnic...
Compare US demands on Afghanistan with Austria- Hungary's demands on Serbia after the assassination...
Austria-Hungary in 1914 from Magyar Elektronikus Konyvtar (161 k) Ethnographic Map of Hungary 1910 from Magyar Electronicus Konyvtar (83 k) Hungary's...
www.travel-tropical.info /austria/3/austria-hungary's-map.html   (335 words)

  
 Austria : Country Studies - Federal Research Division, Library of Congress
The Holy Roman Empire and the Duchy of Austria
Austria : Country Studies - Federal Research Division, Library of Congress
lcweb2.loc.gov /frd/cs/attoc.html   (223 words)

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