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Topic: Austronesian languages


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  Austronesian languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Austronesian languages are a language family widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific (with a few members spoken on continental Asia).
Austronesian is one of the largest language families in the world, both in terms of number of languages (1268 according to Ethnologue) and in terms of the geographical extent of the homelands of its languages (from Madagascar to Easter Island).
On this island the deepest divisions in Austronesian are found, among the families of the native Formosan languages; none of the mainland languages have survived.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Austronesian_languages   (910 words)

  
 Austronesian Languages - ninemsn Encarta
The 237 Western Oceanic languages are spoken in Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and Indonesia.
In general, the Austronesian languages use affixes (suffixes, infixes, prefixes) attached to base words to modify the meaning or to indicate the function of the word in the sentence.
Austronesian languages are written either in the Roman alphabet or in their own unique alphabets based on Indian and Arabic scripts.
au.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761553922/Austronesian_Languages.html   (645 words)

  
 UH Press Journals: Oceanic Linguistics: Cumulative Index, vols. 1-40 (1962-2001)
Austronesian: Occam and the Proto-Austronesian "diphthongs." By Adrian Clynes.
Austronesian: On the Proto-Austronesian "diphthongs." By Adrian Clynes.
Morobe: Austronesian languages of the Morobe District, Papua New Guinea.
www.uhpress.hawaii.edu /journals/ol/OL1-40.html   (7223 words)

  
 The Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) Language Family
Austronesian is one of the largest language families in the world, both in terms of the number of languages (1244) and in terms of its geographical extent.
Austronesian languages are spoken by approximately 300 million people in Madagascar, the Malay Peninsula, Indonesia and New Guinea, the Philippines, Taiwan, the Melanesian, Micronesian, and Polynesian islands, and New Zealand.
These languages are widely spoken and understood as native or as second languages in their respective countries.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/june/austronesianLanguageFamily.html   (704 words)

  
 Oceanic subgroups
The Oceanic languages are members of the Austronesian language family, a language family which, until the advent of European exploration and settlement of the 'New World', had spread out across a considerably larger proportion of the earth than had any other language family.
Austronesian languages are spoken from Madagascar in the west to Easter Island in the east, and from Taiwan and Hawaii in the north to New Zealand in the south.
He maintains that speakers of languages outside the Western Oceanic group migrated from the area in which POC was spoken, and that the languages of the Western Oceanic group evolved by a process of dialect differentiation from that point on.
www.tlg.uci.edu /~opoudjis/Work/Oceanic_guide.html   (5840 words)

  
 Austronesian Vocabulary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
It started as a traders' lingua franca, combining words from the various local languages (which were pretty similar, being closely related members of one or two branches of the Austronesian family) and Dutch, Portuguese, English, Arabic, et cetera, and getting rid of most of the grammar.
It is spoken as a second language all across Indonesia, though Javanese (the language of Java) has the most native speakers.
It is the Austronesian language that was spoken in Manila when the Philippines gained their independence from Spain; as the language of the capital it became the national standard.
www.gbarto.com /languages/austronesian.html   (790 words)

  
 Austronesian articles on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Austronesian AUSTRONESIAN [Austronesian], name sometimes used for the Malayo-Polynesian languages.
Malayo-Polynesian languages MALAYO-POLYNESIAN LANGUAGES [Malayo-Polynesian languages], sometimes also called Austronesian languages, family of languages estimated at from 300 to 500 tongues and understood by approximately 300 million people in Madagascar; the Malay Peninsula; Indonesia and New Guinea; the Philippines;
Of the fewer than 10,000 people who speak Hawaiian, only a few hundred are native speakers, but the language is taught in some Hawaiian schools and remains important as a symbol of ethnic identity.
www.encyclopedia.com /articles/00927.html   (203 words)

  
 Numbers in Over 5000 Languages
Their ears may not be attuned to the language; or there may be dialectal variation, or even sound change.
There is nothing inherent in the language variety to tell us what it is. Linguists sometimes use "language" to refer to a mutually intelligible group of dialects (but note that intelligibility can be partial).
For non-African languages, a macron indicates length and is indicated :.
www.zompist.com /numbers.shtml   (926 words)

  
 Austronesian languages -   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Peter Bellwood (July 1991). "The Austronesian Dispersal and the Origin of Languages".
Robert Blust (1985). "The Austronesian Homeland: A Linguistic Perspective".
Malcolm Ross and Andrew Pawley (1993). "Austronesian historical linguistics and culture history".
psychcentral.com /psypsych/Austronesian   (1051 words)

  
 Austronesian Languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
(Austronesian means "southern islands" in Greek.) This massive language family boasts over 1,000 languages, making it the largest family in the world.
Surprisingly, Malagasy, the official language of the nation of Madagascar, is part of the Austronesian family, despite its location thousands of miles away from core area of Austronesian speakers.
Anthropologists believe that Austronesian speakers began migrating from their homeland in Southeast Asia about 3,000 or 4,000 years ago, and went on to settle almost all of the Pacific islands.
www.concentric.net /~chanska/home/austro.html   (251 words)

  
 Austronesian Basic Vocabulary Database: Main
These languages all belong to the Austronesian language family, which is the largest family in the world.
These words correspond to basic items of vocabulary, such as simple verbs like 'to walk', or 'to fly', the names of body parts like hand or mouth, colors like red, numbers (1, 2, 3, 4) and kinship terms such as Mother, Father and Person.
We only have between 32.25% and 38.7% of all of the Austronesian languages represented in this database, and would love to expand this number.
language.psy.auckland.ac.nz /austronesian   (397 words)

  
 Ethnologue report for Vanuatu
Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, West Santo Nearly extinct.
Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Malekula Interior, Malekula Central Nearly extinct.
Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, North and Central Vanuatu, Northeast Vanuatu-Banks Islands, East Vanuatu Nearly extinct.
www.ethnologue.com /show_country.asp?name=Vanuatu   (2583 words)

  
 Grammatical Hispanisms in Amerindian and Austronesian Languages
Irrespective of the differences of their individual genetic, areal, and typological affiliation, many languages spoken in Middle America, South America, in the Philippines and Marianas share a set of lexemes and grammemes borrowed from Spanish either during the age-long colonial rule of Spain or, at least for what concerns the Americas, also in post-colonial times.
(M) and their distribution over the languages of my Middle American sub-sample with decreasing frequency from top to bottom for the number of languages in which the borrowed item has been attested and from left to right for the number of borro-wings attested in individual languages.
On top of that, there is, in (9), an implication requiring that if a language has borrowed a preposition from Spanish, then it always also has borrowed conjunctions and discourse par-ticles from Spanish, whereas the reverse does not hold good.
www.vjf.cnrs.fr /celia/FichExt/Am/A_21_09.htm   (805 words)

  
 Austronesian Languages - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Austronesian Languages - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Austronesian Languages, (formerly also referred to as Malayo-Polynesian languages), one of the world's largest language families, both in terms of...
Papuan Languages, group of language families consisting of over 800 indigenous languages found from east Indonesia to the west Solomon Islands,...
uk.encarta.msn.com /Austronesian_Languages.html   (102 words)

  
 What do you know about Austronesian languages? | Antimoon Forum
Between the 7th and 15th centuries, Austronesian speakers were quite active in the iron, ivory and leopard skin trades; even the African slave trade.
However, Australoasiatic, Austronesian and a few others all seem to be part of a larger Malayo-Polynesian superfamily as evidenced in their words for 'eye' e.g.
I have read an essay which said that Javanese, Sundanese, Balinese, and Madurese are the most developed languages Among Austronesian languages, because they have "Level" in their structure.
www.antimoon.com /forum/t60.htm   (913 words)

  
 workshop
A number of Western Austronesian languages have more than one construction for clauses with two-place verbs.
Firstly, is the difference between the various constructions in Western Austronesian of the same type as the difference between active voice and passive voice in European languages?
The second part of the workshop will consist of brief presentations of data from some Austronesian languages, which will provide the basis for a further discussion of the issues mentioned above.
www.sultry.arts.usyd.edu.au /LFG98/austro/workshop.htm   (495 words)

  
 North West Solomonic materials
Austronesian is the most widely spoken language family in geographic terms after Indo-European (which, let's face it, is spoken everywhere).
Austronesian languages are spoken from Taiwan in the north to New Zealand in the south, from Madagascar in the west to Easter Island in the east.
Within that range it encompasses all the languages of Polynesia and Micronesia, island and coastal Melanesia, and the Philippines, as well as most of the languages of Malaysia and Indonesia, and several languages in Taiwan, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand and China.
www.surrey.ac.uk /lcts/bill.palmer/NWS_site   (400 words)

  
 Ethnologue report for Brunei
The number of languages listed for Brunei is 17.
East of Tutong 1 and east to the coast, west of Seria, a few villages near the Sarawak border.
Brunei is in the capital, Brunei-Muara District, and the coastal strip.
www.ethnologue.com /show_country.asp?name=Brunei   (324 words)

  
 HRELP - Peter Austin
Austin, Peter 2006 ‘Data and language documentation’ in Jost Gippert, Nikolaus Himmelmann and Ulrike Mosel (eds.) Fundamentals of Language Documentation.
Austin, Peter and Luise Hercus 2004 ‘The Yarli languages’ in Claire Bowern and Harold Koch (eds) Subgrouping and Australian Languages, 227-244.
Austin, Peter K. 1997 'Causatives and applicatives in Australian Aboriginal languages' in Kazuto Matsumura and Toru Hayashi (eds.) The dative and related phenomena, 165-225.
www.hrelp.org /aboutus/staff/index.php?cd=pa   (574 words)

  
 Austronesian languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Family of languages spoken in Malaysia, the Indonesian archipelago, parts of the region that was formerly Indochina, Taiwan, Madagascar, Melanesia, and Polynesia (excluding Australia and most of New Guinea).
The group contains some 500 distinct languages, including Malay in Malaysia, Bahasa in Indonesia, Fijian, Hawaiian, and Maori.
There are 1,200 Austronesian languages and, according to US research published in February 2000, nine of the ten subgroups are found only in Taiwan.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0033988.html   (230 words)

  
 Samoan Sensation - Fa'a Samoa - Language - Comparison of Austronesian Languages
Below is a table showing the numbers 1 to 10 in a selection of Austronesian languages.
These have been collected from various online dictionaries and web pages and we are reasonably happy with the veracity of all, bar the entry for Nauru.
For a comparison of a larger vocabulary, in a selected number of languages take a look at Terrio Echavez's 100 Malayo-Polynesian words.
www.samoa.co.uk /austronesian_languages.html   (101 words)

  
 WM's Austronesian & other Indo-Pacific Links   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Languages and Cultures of: South East Asia and the Islands
Oceanic Linguistics · Journal of Pidgin and Creole Languages · Bull.Inst.Ethn.Acad.Sinica gopher · Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area (Vols.
Holton, Gary, "Annotated Bibliography of Language and Language Use in North and Central Maluku"
w3.rz-berlin.mpg.de /~wm/wm3.html   (2149 words)

  
 Languages > Oceanic & Austronesian Languages > Arrernte > Australian Books
Languages > Oceanic and Austronesian Languages > Arrernte > Australian Books
Australian Books > Languages > Oceanic and Austronesian Languages
Prices subject to change to be advised on confirmation of order.
www.netstore.com.au /books/2P.shtml   (206 words)

  
 Find in a Library: Tonality in Austronesian languages
Southeast Asia -- Languages -- Accents and accentuation.
To find this item in a library, enter a postal code, state, province, or country in the field above.
WorldCat is provided by OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. on behalf of its member libraries.
worldcatlibraries.org /wcpa/ow/ced8cabf1e437f98a19afeb4da09e526.html   (67 words)

  
 ClayGate 496-499 : African, North & South American native & Austronesian languages
The Dewey Decimal Classification is © 1996-2006 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Incorporated.
Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority : VCE Indonesian Second Language
The Georgian Language : an outline grammatical description
library.bendigo.latrobe.edu.au /irs/webcat/496.htm   (270 words)

  
 Voice And Grammatical Functions in Austronesian Languages - SHOP.COM
Voice And Grammatical Functions in Austronesian Languages - SHOP.COM
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