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Topic: Autism


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In the News (Mon 22 Jul 19)

  
  NIMH · Autism · Complete Publication
The autism spectrum disorders can often be reliably detected by the age of 3 years, and in some cases as early as 18 months.
Changes in the criteria used to diagnose autism, along with increased recognition of the disorder by professionals and the public may all be contributing factors.
The modified checklist for autism in toddlers: an initial study investigating the early detection of autism and pervasive developmental disorders.
www.nimh.nih.gov /health/publications/autism/complete-publication.shtml   (9447 words)

  
  Autism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Autism is classified as a neurodevelopmental disorder that manifests itself in markedly abnormal social interaction, communication ability, patterns of interests, and patterns of behavior.
Autism presents in a wide degree, from those who are nearly dysfunctional and apparently mentally handicapped to those whose symptoms are mild or remedied enough to appear unexceptional ("normal") to others.
Autism Awareness Year was led by the British Institute of Brain Injured Children, Disabilities Trust, National Autistic Society, Autism London and 800 organizations in the United Kingdom.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Autism   (6264 words)

  
 Autism
Even though more than 60 percent of adults with autism continue to need care throughout their lives, some programs are beginning to demonstrate that with appropriate support, many people with autism can be trained to do meaningful work and participate in the life of the community.
Autism is found in every country and region of the world, and in families of all racial, ethnic, religious, and economic backgrounds.
Autism is a brain disorder that typically affects a person's ability to communicate, form relationships with others, and respond appropriately to the environment.
www.athealth.com /Consumer/disorders/Autism.html   (12019 words)

  
 Autism
Autism is a developmental disorder that some people are born with — it's not something you can catch or pass along to someone else.
Autism is not treated with surgery or medicine (although some people with autism may take medicine to improve certain symptoms, like aggressive behavior or attention problems).
Some teens with autism are passive and withdrawn, whereas others are overactive and may have tantrums or act aggressively when they are frustrated; it's important to realize that this is part of the disorder.
kidshealth.org /teen/school_jobs/school/autism.html   (1354 words)

  
 Autism
Autism is a complex developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life, although it is sometimes diagnosed much later.
Autism is a spectrum that encompasses a wide range of behavior.
Second, children with the regressive form of autism (a type of autism that develops after a period of normal development) tend to start to show symptoms around the time the MMR vaccine is given.
www.umm.edu /ency/article/001526.htm   (579 words)

  
 Autism
The idea that autism was the earliest form of schizophrenia reflected an awareness of the severity of both conditions, the then-current extremely broad views of schizophrenia, and Kanner's use of the word autism, which had previously been used to describe the self-centered quality of thinking in schizophrenia, not a relative absence of social relatedness.
Autism is associated with various kinds of neurobiological symptoms, which range from the persistence of unusual reflexes, the high rates of seizure disorder in persons with autism (25 percent in most cases), and increased frequency of the condition in identical twins.
Many individuals with autism exhibit mental retardation on the basis of their full-scale (or averaged) IQ score; however, unlike most people with primary mental retardation, those with autism often have marked scatter in their development, so that some aspects of the IQ, particularly nonverbal skills, may be within the normal range.
info.med.yale.edu /chldstdy/autism/autism.html   (374 words)

  
 Autism
In discussing this association it is important to remember that autism is defined behaviorally using the criteria of the DSM IV manual which include lack of social reciprocity or responsiveness, abnormal use of language and communication, and a restricted repertoire of activities and interests.
Autism is a heterogenous disorder which means that there are several known causes of autism including phenylketonuria (PKU), tuberous sclerosis and 15q duplications.
Autism is strongly genetic and it is likely that the inheritance of multiple genes predisposing an individual to autism is necessary in many cases for the full behavioral syndrome to be manifested.
www.fragilex.org /html/autism.htm   (955 words)

  
 Autism Research at the Duke Center for Human Genetics
Autism is a complex genetic disorder thought to be caused by one or more genes, either acting alone or together with other factors.
By studying many different families in which more than one member has autism, or a variant of autism such as Asperger’s syndrome or PDD, we have seen that in a number of families the "gene" is passed through the father to a male child with autism.
Serotonin is of interest to autism researchers because some individuals with autism have consistently been found to have high levels of serotonin in their blood stream platelets.
www.autism-pdd.net /research.html   (1784 words)

  
 Autism - NeurologyChannel
Autism, also called infantile autism or autistic disorder, is a lifelong disorder that causes abnormal neurological development.
Autism is usually diagnosed by the age of 3.
Autism affects 1 to 2 out of every 1000 people and as many as 1.5 million adults and children in the United States have some form of the disorder.
www.neurologychannel.com /autism   (471 words)

  
 Autism
Kids can be mildly affected by autism, so that they only have a little trouble in life, or they can be very affected, so that they need a lot of help.
Autism affects two to six out of every 1,000 kids, but no one knows what causes it.
There is no cure for autism, but doctors, therapists, and special teachers can help kids with autism overcome or adjust to many difficulties.
kidshealth.org /kid/health_problems/brain/autism.html   (1072 words)

  
 Autism
Autism is a severe disorder of brain function marked by problems with social contact, intelligence and language, together with ritualistic or compulsive behavior and bizarre responses to the environment.
Autism is a lifelong disorder that interferes with the ability to understand what is seen, heard, and touched.
Autism usually is evident in the first three years of life, although in some children it's hard to tell when the problem develops.
www.healthatoz.com /healthatoz/Atoz/ency/autism.jsp   (2015 words)

  
 Autism
Although the diagnosis of autism may not be made until a child reaches preschool or school age, the signs and symptoms of autism may be apparent by the time the child is aged 12-18 months, and the behavioral characteristics of autism are almost always evident by the time the child is aged 3 years.
Autism persists throughout the person's lifetime, although many people are able to learn to control and modify their behavior to some extent.
Autism is classified by the American Psychiatric Association as one of a group of disorders known as the pervasive development disorders (PDD).
www.emedicinehealth.com /autism/article_em.htm   (632 words)

  
 Autism FAQ - Definition of Autism
AUTISM is a severely incapacitating lifelong developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life.
Autism occurs by itself or in association with other disorders which affect the function of the brain such as viral infections, metabolic disturbances, and epilepsy.
It is important to distinguish autism from retardation or mental disorders since diagnostic confusion may result in referral to inappropriate and ineffective treatment techniques.
www.autism-resources.com /autismfaq-defi.html   (479 words)

  
 Children and Adolescents with Autism, National Mental Health Information Center
Autism prevents children and adolescents from interacting normally with other people and affects almost every aspect of their social and psychological development.
Several studies suggest that autism might be caused by a combination of biological or environmental factors, or both, including viral exposure before birth, a problem with the immune system, or genetics.
Some studies have found that the brains of people with autism may function differently from those that are considered "normal." Research suggests that an abnormal slowing down of brain development before birth may cause autism.
www.mentalhealth.samhsa.gov /publications/allpubs/CA-0009/default.asp   (964 words)

  
 Autism
Autism is a brain disorder that is associated with a range of developmental problems, mainly in communication and social interaction.
A recent increase in the number of autism cases in the United States may be the result of improved diagnosis and changes in diagnostic criteria.
If your child has autism, he or she may develop normally for the first few months — or years — of life and then later become less responsive to other people, including you.
www.cnn.com /HEALTH/library/DS/00348.html   (1476 words)

  
 Autism
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in social relating, language, and by the presence of repetitive and stereotyped behaviors.
This report is an update of the 1999 Autism Report and provides information on the population on persons with Autistic Spectrum Disorder served by the California Department of Developmental Services through 2002.
The DDS Autism Spectrum Disorder Initiative was created in response to the increasing numbers of persons diagnosed with autism served by the Department of Developmental Services.
www.dds.ca.gov /autism/autism_main.cfm   (276 words)

  
 Family Village / Autism
The Autism Research Institute is primarily devoted to conducting research, and to disseminating the results of research, on methods of preventing, diagnosing and treating autism and other severe behavioral disorders of childhood.
Cure Autism Now is an organization of parents, physicians, and researchers, dedicated to promoting and funding research with direct clinical implications for treatment and a cure for autism.
The founders of the National Alliance for Autism Research hoped that this organization would be exactly what its name suggests-- a nationwide alliance of families, researchers and others concerned with autism united in their efforts to fund and accelerate autism research.
www.familyvillage.wisc.edu /lib_autm.htm   (719 words)

  
 Disability Info: Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Fact Sheet (FS1)
Usually evident by age three, autism and PDD are neurological disorders that affect a child’s ability to communicate, understand language, play, and relate to others.
The causes of autism and PDD are unknown.
Children with autism and PDD are eligible for an educational program appropriate to their individual needs.
www.nichcy.org /pubs/factshe/fs1txt.htm   (1824 words)

  
 Autism
The recent "explosion" of news regarding autism may be a hopeful sign that this serious health condition in children is finally getting the attention it deserves.
as a cause of autism in one family), the true genetic cause in the majority of patients with autism is unlikely.
Children with autism are likely not retarded, they are simply isolated and insulated from the environment that they consider (and continuously experience) as unpleasant and hostile.
www.webpediatrics.com /autism.html   (2436 words)

  
 Autism - Healthy Kids and Pediatrics - health and medical information produced by doctors
Autism is a developmental disorder that is characterized by impaired development in communication, social interaction, and behavior.
Autism is classified as a Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD), which is part of a broad spectrum of developmental disorders affecting young children and adults--the Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD).
Additionally, autism can be found in association with other disorders such as mental retardation and certain medical conditions.
www.medicinenet.com /autism/article.htm   (288 words)

  
 Autism Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Autism (sometimes called “classical autism”) is the most common condition in a group of developmental disorders known as the autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).
Autism varies widely in its severity and symptoms and may go unrecognized, especially in mildly affected children or when more debilitating handicaps mask it.
The ideal treatment plan coordinates therapies and interventions that target the core symptoms of autism: impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and obsessive or repetitive routines and interests.
www.ninds.nih.gov /disorders/autism/autism.htm   (588 words)

  
 National Mental Health Association Fact Sheet: The Autistic Child   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Autism is one of the mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders that appears in early childhood.
Parents who suspect autism in their child should ask their family doctor or pediatrician to refer them to a child and adolescent psychiatrist, who can accurately diagnose the autism and the degree of severity, and determine the appropriate educational measures.
An important resource for parents is the Autism Society of America, a mutual aid group founded in 1965, which provides information and referral services and supports initiatives in research, education, and treatment.
www.nmha.org /infoctr/factsheets/73.cfm   (701 words)

  
 CBC News In Depth: Autism
Autism was first described in the early 1940s by two doctors who were working independently of each other.
Both used the word autism — from the Greek word for self — to describe the children they treated who seemed enclosed in their own solitary worlds.
Autism Spectrum Disorder is a neurological condition that causes developmental disability.
www.cbc.ca /news/background/autism   (2314 words)

  
 Autism Homepage
The current eligibility criteria for autism under state law is found at PI 11.36 (8), Wis. Admin.
The IEP is based on the individual needs of a particular student and the placement for the child is developed to implement the IEP in the least restrictive environment.
Children with the impairment of autism frequently present unique challenges to teachers and support staff responsible for meeting the child's educational needs.
dpi.wi.gov /sped/autism.html   (182 words)

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