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Topic: Automaton


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In the News (Mon 25 Mar 19)

  
  Automaton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Automaton, from the Greek automatos, “acting of one’s own will, self-moving,” is more often used to describe non-electronic moving machines, especially those that have been made to resemble human or animal actions, such as the jacks on old public striking clocks, or the cuckoo and any other animated figures on a cuckoo clock.
The Jesuit Athanasius Kircher produced many automatons to create jesuit shows, including a statue which spoke and listened via a speaking tube, a perpetual motion machine, or a cat piano which would drive spikes into the tails of cats which yowled to specified pitches, although he is not known to have actually constructed the instrument.
In 1769, a chess-playing automaton called the Turk, created by Wolfgang von Kempelen, made the rounds of the courts of Europe, but in fact was a famous hoax, operated from inside by a hidden human operator.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Automaton   (1481 words)

  
 The Turk - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Turk was a famous hoax which purported to be a chess-playing automaton first constructed and unveiled in 1769 by Wolfgang von Kempelen (1734-1804).
However, the cabinet was a cleverly constructed illusion that allowed a chess master to hide inside and operate the mannequin.
While The Turk was not a true automaton, its 'successor' El Ajedrecista was.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Mechanical_Turk   (1100 words)

  
 PlanetMath: automaton   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
An automaton is a general term for any formal model of computation.
Any context-free language may be represented by a pushdown automaton, and any regular language can be represented by a deterministic or non-deterministic finite automaton.
This is version 4 of automaton, born on 2002-02-23, modified 2002-05-24.
planetmath.org /encyclopedia/Automaton.html   (358 words)

  
 Automaton - IcehouseOrg   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This Automaton consists of a small red giving it one additional fire power, a medium blue giving it 2 additional armor and a large yellow giving it a continuous movement of 2 with bursts of 3.
When all players are finished,the Automatons are revealed and placed at a mutually agreed upon starting point (corners of the chess board are good starting points).
Also the game does not have to be played on a chessboard (that is just a convenient board that most people have around) what would be even better, IMHO would be to have a large trasparent sheet marked of in squares that you could use to overlay a map of some sort.
icehousegames.org /wiki?title=Automaton   (982 words)

  
 Stochastic Learning Automaton
Abstractly, a learning automaton can be considered to be an object that can choose from a finite number of actions.
A corresponding feedback is sent to the automaton based on which the next action is chosen.
Initially at n=1 one of the actions is chosen by the automaton at random with a given probability.
www.ee.iastate.edu /~mouli/node5.html   (503 words)

  
 : Package ioa.automaton   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Abstraction for a correspondence between a transition in one automaton and a program (some sequence of transitions) in another.
Abstraction for an invariant of an I/O automaton.
Abstraction for a schedule block in a primitive automaton, for nondeterminism resolution.
theory.lcs.mit.edu /~mjt/IOA_Toolkit/ioa/automaton/package-summary.html   (202 words)

  
 The Chess Automatons by Bill Wall
Automatons are machines that plays or appears to play chess.
The first automaton was the Turk from Bratislava.
The article was entitled "An attempt to analyze the automaton chess-player of M. Kempelen." It was published anonymously.
www.geocities.com /SiliconValley/Lab/7378/automat.htm   (2023 words)

  
 ANTHROBOT.COM --- ROSS-HIME DESIGNS INC.
This automaton was a precursor to mobile robots and was perhaps the earliest "computer" in western civilization.
The programmable automaton as depicted in the Codex Atlanticus consists of a square mortised and dovetailed wooden frame approximately 20 by 20 inches (50.8 cm by 50.8 cm).
The automaton is wound by a corner cog in a clockwise motion overcoming the greater resistant of the biased escapement arbalests.
www.anthrobot.com /press/article_leo_programmable.html   (7310 words)

  
 A deoxyribozyme-based molecular automaton - Nature Biotechnology
We considered that the construction of an automaton playing this game would be an appropriate challenge for deoxyribozyme circuits and turned our attention to encoding it in its simplest form: the automaton plays first and the first response of the human opponent is limited to a specific corner or a specific side move.
Thus, the first automaton move is into the center (square 5), and the first move of the human opponent is either into square 1 (corner move) or into square 4 (side move).
Consequently, the human is left without a draw strategy and the automaton perfectly executes a series of moves that culminate with a three-in-a-row regardless of the human's moves.
www.nature.com /nbt/journal/v21/n9/full/nbt862.html   (4269 words)

  
 The Automaton Editor
On the top is a detachable tool bar (the section with the four iconic buttons), and on the bottom is the canvas where the automaton is drawn.
A finite state automaton's transition editor will have a single field representing what characters are read from the input.
A pushdown automaton's transition editor will have three fields, the first to define what characters to read from input, the second to define what characters to pop from the stack, and the third to define what characters to push.
www.cs.duke.edu /csed/jflap/new/DOCS/gui.editor.EditorPane.html   (567 words)

  
 Theory of Computation
The automaton instruction book is the set of rules by which the automaton changes its state.
That an automaton may operate on a finite set of input data and end in a discernible final state motivates us to view the automaton as a mapping between the set of input symbols and its final state.
Based upon the automaton's current state and input symbol, the transition function dictates what state the automaton should next be in.
www.theory.org /complexity/cdpt/html/node3.html   (1966 words)

  
 Does a Rock Implement Every Finite-State Automaton?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
I will later argue that this account is not quite right, but it captures the central facet of the notion of implementation: the requirement that in order for a physical system to implement a formal automaton, causal relations among states of a physical system must mirror formal relations among states of the automaton.
He argues that a finite-state automaton with input and output is realized by every physical system with the right input/output dependencies.
Thus we obtain that the assumption that something is a "realization" of a given automaton description (possesses a specified "functional organization") is equivalent to the statement that it behaves as if it had that description.
consc.net /papers/rock.html   (10357 words)

  
 Louis Perew's Automaton
If the body could be made to move at certain angles the aim of the automaton could be directed by an operator concealed and protected from harm.
It was known as the United States Automaton Company, the main offices of which were situated in Buffalo, New York State.
Now, however, that the automaton is a finished work - satisfactory in every way to the inventor and to those associated with him - he has permitted inspection.
www.bigredhair.com /automaton   (1960 words)

  
 www.myspace.com/automatonmusic
After several punk bands, moves back and forth from nebraska, living in olympia, etc James, Chris and Pat all returned to Seattle to form Automaton in 1996.
After 3 records and bunch of touring Automaton disbanded in 2002.
Automaton is James van Leuven(drums), Chris Duryee(bass) and Pat Kearney(guitar and vocals).
www.myspace.com /automatonmusic   (285 words)

  
 Automaton - Snowboarding Saves Lives!
He is leading the Automaton insurgence in his hometown of Helsinki.
In other Automaton news, Agents Shawn Griswold and Joe Polillo are holding it down at HCSC this summer, building jumps and such.
Dustin is on the road promoting all the activities and events he has a hand in, which is a lot.
www.automatonsnowboard.com   (362 words)

  
 automaton on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Activist or automaton: the institutional need to reach a middle ground in American jurisprudence.(Is...
A fabulous automaton, "The Bird Trainer," relies on inter...
'Automaton' death driver; Diabetic who killed a woman in crash avoids jail sentence.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/X/X-automato.asp   (210 words)

  
 Automaton Adventure Series   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Automaton Adventure Series is here to wake your lazy ass up.
Automaton Adventure Series isn't afraid to bend a note or warp a tuning scale until it screams: anything goes in their carefully crafted blend of art and noise.
Automaton Adventure Series mixes subtle and clever samples and trumpet flourishes in with the m?lange of guitar, drums, and bass.
www.epitonic.com /artists/automatonadventureseries.html   (309 words)

  
 Automaton Chessplayer by Ambrose Bierce from Moxon's Master at Technovelgy.com
Automaton Chessplayer by Ambrose Bierce from Moxon's Master at Technovelgy.com
However, the real genius behind the automaton chess player was an assistant concealed inside the cabinet.
The first references to chess-playing computers by scientists were made by Konrad Zuse in the early 1940's and by Alan Turing in 1945.
www.technovelgy.com /ct/content.asp?Bnum=571   (920 words)

  
 Automaton Wars in Java
Automaton Wars is NOT COPYRIGHTED and is NOT distributed under the GNU General Public Licence.
On 14th September 1997, a bug was fixed in Automaton Wars which had been making it easier to beat "not so thick".
Due to not updating file permissions properly when ANT upgraded their webserver, the Hall of Fame was not accepting new entries throughout November and December 1998.
www.chaos.org.uk /~pdh/java/autowars.htm   (514 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Copying Machines: Taking Notes for the Automaton: Books: Catherine Liu   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Anxieties about fixing the absolute difference between the human being and the mechanical replica of the human being, the automaton, are as old as the first appearance of the machine itself.
Exploring these anxieties and the efforts they prompted, this book opens a window on one of the most significant, if subtle, ideological battles waged on behalf of the human against the machine since the Enlightenment-one that continues in the wake of technological and conceptual progress today.
A sustained examination of the automaton as early modern machine and as a curious ancestor of the twentieth-century robot, Copying Machines offers extended readings of mechanistic images in the eighteenth century through the prism of twentieth-century commentary.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/081663503X?v=glance   (578 words)

  
 ongoing · XML Automaton
Some of its transitions were labeled with named “events” that would provoke the parser to do something if, for example, it had just recognized a start tag or whatever.
This made the automaton easier to write, and in fact, to keep the class files small, the character-class transitions persisted into the Java form, and the real DFA was built at startup time.
That Automaton · What happened was, Rick Jelliffe, who is a Good Person, was looking for a FSM for XML and I eventually noticed, and so I sent him mine.
www.tbray.org /ongoing/When/200x/2006/04/18/XML-Grammar   (1220 words)

  
 Automaton Simulator   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Automaton Simulator allows you to draw and simulate a variety of theoretical machines, including:
To simulate a string on the automaton, choose the Simulate button (pictured as a green arrow) and type the letters.
If you enjoy Automaton Simulator, you might also want to check out Logisim (a similar program for designing and simulating logic circuits), Grammar Editor (for exploring context-free grammars), and Lambda Calculator, demonstrating the lambda calculus.
ozark.hendrix.edu /~burch/proj/autosim   (112 words)

  
 Mindless Automaton: FAQ   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Mindless Automaton is a virtual tabletop on which you can play card games against other people over a network.
It was designed to simulate Magic: The Gathering® by Wizards of the Coast, but it could be expanded to simulate other games.
Mindless Automaton is far and away the best Magic® card ever printed.
mindless.sourceforge.net /faq.html   (634 words)

  
 Simple Cellular Automaton
A cellular automaton is a mathematical object that consists of (usually) an infinite regular grid of cells, each of which may be in a finite number of states and a set of transition rules, according to which the cells change their states simultaneously in discrete time steps.
The applet below implements a simple cellular automaton that may obey one of 5 rules that are represented graphically in the diagram.
The latter transitions according to the number of live cells among those present (the marked cell itself and the neighbors that appear in the diagram.)
www.cut-the-knot.org /Curriculum/Algebra/SimpleAutomaton.shtml   (1521 words)

  
 automata | MetaFilter
April 14, 2003 10:28 PM Automaton \Au*tom"a*ton\, n.; pl. L.
And let's not forget the great chess-playing automaton, one of the greatest frauds in history.
If you're interested in that automaton (and the wide-ranging social/cultural/technological influence it welded) you must read the turk.
www.metafilter.com /mefi/25114   (695 words)

  
 Automaton Dominion Products   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
That's where we, Automaton Dominion Products, and our team of experts, come in.
We can provide you with all the services and parts you need for world domination at competitive prices.
Automaton Dominion Products - Bringing you the finest in robot armies since 1892
www.iamlost.com /features/adp/index.shtml   (161 words)

  
 Automaton   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
An automaton is a finite state input/output device.
The device has a finite (though possibly very large) set of internal states.
The internal states, inputs and outputs of an automaton have no inherent meaning.
home.btclick.com /scimah/automaton.htm   (151 words)

  
 Cyclic Space Cellular Automaton
This is a non interactive implementation of a cellular automaton pattern generator.
Watch the pattern evolves into demons (the term demon refers to: a stable pattern of spirals).
This type of cellular automaton was developed by David Griffeath (University of Wisconsin).
www.permadi.com /java/cautom   (266 words)

  
 Image Deformations on a 2-Dimensional Cellular Automaton   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Abstract: Given two fl/white images, the problem of topological matching is to decide if it is possible to deform one image into the other.
There each clerk is a small linear cellular automata (embedded in a 2-dimensional cellular automaton), while here each clerk is 2-dimensional, formed by using a space-filling curve for the entire cellular automaton.
In the paper the curve is called a proximity ordering, but a more common term would be a Hilbert space-filling curve.
www.eecs.umich.edu /~qstout/abs/STOC83.html   (367 words)

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