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Topic: Autonomous cities


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In the News (Mon 18 Mar 19)

  
  Autonomous entity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An autonomous (subnational) entity is a subnational entity that has a certain amount of autonomy.
Typically an autonomous entity contains a national minority which is different from the national majority, or is geographically distinct.
Another large city that is currently pressing for autonomy is Rosario, in the Santa Fe Province.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Autonomous_region   (511 words)

  
 federation - Article and Reference from OnPedia.com
The difference between a federation and this kind of unitary state is that in a unitary state the autonomous status of self-governing regions exists at the sufferance of the central government, and may be unilaterally revoked.
While it is common for a federation to be brought into being by agreement between a number of formally independent states, in a unitary state self-governing regions are often created through a process of devolution, where a formerly centralised state agrees to grant autonomy to a region that was previously entirely subordinate.
For the Spanish parliament to revoke the autonomy of regions such as Catalonia or the Basque Country, or for the United Kingdom government to unilaterally abolish the legislatures of Wales or Scotland, would be a near political impossibility.
www.onpedia.com /encyclopedia/federation   (2594 words)

  
 Administrative Division System   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures and autonomous counties are all ethnic autonomous areas.
Some of these are industrial cities that burgeoned along with the construction of key state projects, some are port cities with favorable conditions for the opening-up, and some are famous historical and cultural cities.
In the course of city planning, China implements the principle of "strictly controlling the size of large cities, developing medium-sized cities rationally and developing small cities actively." Medium-sized cities with populations of less than 500,000 and small cities with populations of less than 200,000 grew rapidly from the 1980s.
www.chinatravelhub.com /news/c002.htm   (867 words)

  
 Leon Krier: "The City Within the City".
The true grandeur of a city depends on the intelligence of its physical and social organization, on the familiarity of its public spaces, the beauty of its monuments and finally, on the wisdom with which one knows how to exploit the beauties and the accidents of nature to the greatest advantage of all its citizens.
The old city becomes the heart of too-large a body, and under the combined pressures of building speculation and the growing tertiary sectors, it slowly disintegrates, with the population in the center dropping.
The city is the ideal state, the mean between the tyranny of the village and the tyranny of the metropolis.
zakuski.utsa.edu /krier/city.html   (2894 words)

  
 PRC Organization Law for Local People’s Congresses and Local Governments at All Levels   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Provincial, autonomous regional, and municipal people’s congresses, based on the particular conditions and real needs of their administrative divisions, and premised on conflicts in their various constitutions, laws, and administrative legislation, can draw up and promulgate local legislation, to be reported for the record to the NPC Standing Committee and the State Council.
The standing committees of people’s congresses of counties, autonomous counties, municipalities not divided into districts, and districts administered by municipalities are to be composed of a chairman, several vice chairmen, and several members, elected from among the representatives to that people’s congress.
In a county, autonomous county, or a district directly administered by a municipality, the regular meetings of the people’s government shall consist of the county chief and deputy chiefs, the mayor and vice mayors, or the district chief and deputy chiefs, as the case may be.
www.cartercenter.org /viewdoc.asp?docID=468&submenu=news   (6639 words)

  
 [No title]
Cities are usually (but not necessarily or by definition) sexually integrated (monastic conurbations qualify, but are infrequent) and of fixed location (but Sarai and Kibuga qualify).
Cities are then herein the first defining criterion of a civilization, or rather of "civilization." The second criterion, which allows us to distinguish a plurality of societies as "civilizations," is that of internal politico-military interaction, and external politico-military isolation.
If it was a city AD 1200 (Chandler) or 1100 (Adamu) and had not even peaceful political relations with Chadland prior to the struggle with Bornu in the 15th century, or with the Middle Niger prior to the struggle with Songhay in the 16th, then a Hausaland civilization (or perhaps a Nigerian civilization--cf.
www.etext.org /Politics/World.Systems/papers/wilkinson_david/spatio-temporal_boundaries_african_civilizations   (16119 words)

  
 Autonomous communities of Spain - Simple English Wikipedia
Autonomous means it has power over things in that community.
Here is a list of the autonomous communities, with their capital cities (the place where the government has its offices):
Their governments can do more things than the government of a normal city, but not as many things as the government of an autonomous community.
simple.wikipedia.org /wiki/Autonomous_communities_of_Spain   (280 words)

  
 Spain - Facts, Information, and Encyclopedia Reference article
Autonomous communities group provinces (for instance, Extremadura is made of two provinces: Cáceres and Badajoz).
Morocco claims the Spanish cities of Ceuta and Melilla and the uninhabited Vélez, Alhucemas, Chafarinas, and Perejil islands, all on the Northern coast of Africa.
Spain became a unified crown with the union of Castile and Aragon in 1492 and the annexation of Navarre in 1515.
www.startsurfing.com /encyclopedia/s/p/a/Spain.html   (5244 words)

  
 JewishEncyclopedia.com - DECAPOLIS, THE   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
The city of Abila is mentioned on an inscription ("C. G." No. 4501) as being included in the Decapolis.
The cities of the Decapolis used the Pompeian era in reckoning dates; were organized entirely along Hellenic lines; had Greek worship and Greek games, and were always hostile to Jews.
The Talmud speaks often of the pagan population of these cities, the philosopher Oenomaos of Gadara, for instance, being cited; hence several cities mentioned in the Talmud under other names may have been identical with the cities of the Decapolis, as Susitha with Hippos, Peḥla with Pella.
www.jewishencyclopedia.com /view.jsp?artid=195&letter=D&search=Decapolis   (488 words)

  
 Canary Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The rivalry between the elites of the cities of Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas for the capital of the islands would lead to the division of the archipelago into two provinces in 1927, though this has not laid to rest the rivalry between the two cities, which continues to this day.
In 1983, the first autonomous elections were held, and were won by the Spanish socialist party, PSOE.
The Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands consists of two provinces, Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife, whose capitals (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife) are co-capitals of the autonomous community.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Canary_Islands   (2685 words)

  
 Russian Constitution Chapter 3.
The status of a territory, region, federal city,and autonomous region and autonomous area shall be determined by Constitution of the Russian Federation and the Charter of the territory, region, city of federal importance, autonomous region, autonomous area, adopted by the legislative (representative) body of the relevant subject of the Russian Federation.
A federal law on autonomous region, autonomous area may be adopted at the nomination from the legislative and executive bodies of an autonomous region, autonomous area.
Relations between autonomous areas within a territory or region may be regulated by the federal law and an agreement between bodies of state power of the autonomous area and, respectively, bodies of state power of the territory or the region.
www.departments.bucknell.edu /russian/const/ch3.html   (1072 words)

  
 Cities without Citizens: The Modernity of the City as a Corporation. by Gibert Stelter   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
The autonomous cities of the medieval period, in England, for example, were organizations of citizens who exercised their powers and liberties as corporate bodies.
The New England towns had some of this autonomous character, but were subjugated during the second stage, that of the early modern city, with the establishment of royal colonies and by the dismantling of the old system in England itself.
The earliest British North American city to be incorporated, Saint John, New Brunswick (1785), represented the second phase, characterized by a statist and centralist imperial system whose functionaries feared local autonomy, believing it to have been a factor in the rebellion of the Americans.
www.utpjournals.com /product/chr/762/cities30.html   (682 words)

  
 Local Government in Asia and the Pacific - China
The Local People's Procuratorates include those of province, autonomous region and municipality, those of autonomous prefectures, cities under the jurisdiction of province and those of county, city, autonomous county and district under the jurisdiction of city.
For the representatives of the People Congresses at levels of autonomous prefectures and counties, the ratio is between 1 and 4 rural to 1 urban.
For the autonomous counties with very small population, the population represented by each minority nationality representative is allowed to be represented a half less than the population is by each non-minority nationality representative.
www.unescap.org /huset/lgstudy/country/china/china.html   (5483 words)

  
 THECHANGING ROLE OF CITIES IN WORld systems
The medieval European cities in which capitalists took state power were not unique in kind, but their dense concentration within a small region amplified their effects on the logic of accumulation in that region.
Many of the medieval cities of Europe were similar to the capitalist city-states of old, except that the tributary mode of production within which they operated was itself fragmented and unable to repress the growth of merchant wealth or to prevent the escape of serfs to the cities.
The earlier capitalist cities that resisted the formation of large states in their territories were superceded by larger states that were able to exploit the growing scale of production, transportation and regional integration.
www.irows.ucr.edu /cd/courses/10/reader/citrole/citrole.htm   (9741 words)

  
 Countries: Spain   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
There are some problems with this system, since some autonomous governments (those dominated by nationalist parties) are seeking a more federalist kind of relation with Spain, while Central Government is trying to restrict what some see as an excessive autonomy of some autonomous comunities (ex.
Although Basque Autonomous government doesn't back such kind of violence, the different approaches to the problem are a source of tension between Central and Basque governments.
Autonomous communities Main article: Autonomous communities of Spain Spain consists of 17 autonomous communities (comunidades aut—nomas).
www.morelawinfo.com /Countries/Spain.shtml   (1397 words)

  
 [No title]
Under these cities and autonomous prefectures are county and city districts, which totaled 1,904 in 1991.
The colleges and schools at the level of province, autonomous region and municipality, train the directors of county public security bureaus, the leaders of the public security branch bureaus in the municipalities and the leader's subordinates, such as section chiefs and squad heads.
Intermediate courts are established in the prefectures, cities and autonomous prefectures within the jurisdiction of provinces and municipalities.
www.ojp.usdoj.gov /bjs/pub/ascii/wfbcjchi.txt   (5847 words)

  
 sociology - Spain
In some autonomous communities, Catalan, Basque, and Galician are co-official; in the Val d'Aran, the Aranese dialect of Occitan is co-official.
What followed was a mass flight of Moors, Jews and Gitanos from the city of Granada and the surrounding villages to the mountain regions (and their hills) and the rural country.
Ceuta and Melilla are administered as autonomous cities, an intermediate status between cities and communities; the islands of the Islas Chafarinas, Peñón de Alhucemas, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera are under direct Spanish administration.
www.aboutsociology.com /sociology/Spain   (3413 words)

  
 Administration Unit
Autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures, and autonomous counties are all autonomous national minority areas.
The area constituting Hong Kong is located on the southeast coast of China, east of the mouth of the Pearl River and bordering Shenzhen City in Guangdong Province.It consists of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories, with a total area of 1,092 sq km.
China now has 668 cities, of which 13 have populations of more than two million each; 24, between one and two million; 48, between 500,000 and one million; 205, between 200,000 and 500,000;and 378, less than 200,000.
www.chinatravel.com /china-travel-guides/china-travel-handbook/about-china/administration-unit.shtml   (416 words)

  
 Destination China. Travel and tourist information . Hotels World travel information.
Under a county or an autonomous county are townships, nationality townships, and towns.
The municipalities directly under the Central Government and large cities are divided into districts and counties, while the autonomous prefectures are divided into counties, autonomous counties, and cities.
The autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures, and autonomous counties are all nationality areas.
www.hotels-world.com /travelinfo/as/china/country.htm   (537 words)

  
 Proposed Federal Constitution
The Autonomous Provinces are Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Gansu,Guangdong and Liaoining.
The Autonomous cities are Shanghai, Tianjin and Beijing.
Article 39: The Autonomous State of Tibet is a national nature conservation area, where the testing of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and the storage of nuclear wastes are prohibited.
www.geocities.com /CapitolHill/7288/fedconn.htm   (5705 words)

  
 MILITARY SERVUCE LAW OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
[Article 34] Cadets dismissed from school shall be accepted by the people's governments of the counties, autonomous counties, cities or municipal districts at their places of residence before enrollment, which shall treat them according to the state regulations on the treatment of students dismissed from other colleges and schools of similar status.
Families of conscripts which reside in cities and towns and which face financial difficulties shall be given appropriate subsidies by the people's governments of counties, autonomous counties, cities or municipal districts.
Their medical and living expenses shall be borne by the people's governments of their respective counties, autonomous counties, cities or municipal districts.
www.novexcn.com /military_service_law.html   (3542 words)

  
 Divide Philadelphia County back into autonomous Cities? - PhillyBlog - Philadelphia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Splitting Philly City duties from the Philly County duties doesn't guarantee a magic turnaround- surrounding counties still have problem areas- Borough of Norristown, City of Chester, but breaking these problem areas away from the other workable districts does help.
You already see some of this in the current City Council system - the District Councilmembers are essentially "mayors" of their areas, while the at-large Councilmember are essentially like "county commissioners" who represent the entire area.
Center City will no longer be forced to pick up the burden of less efficient areas of the city (wage tax - buh bye) and will most assuredly boom, driving growth for the surrounding areas and the entire region.
www.phillyblog.com /philly/showthread.php?t=634   (1660 words)

  
 Spain - Gurupedia
There are some problems with this system, since some autonomous governments (especially those dominated by nationalist parties) are seeking a more federalist kind of relationship with Spain, while the Central Government is trying to restrict what some see as excessive autonomy of some autonomous communities (ex.
Ceuta and Melilla are administered as autonomous cities, an intermediate status between cities and communities; the islands of the
Until 1714, Spain was a loose confederation of kingdoms and statelets, under the same king, until — Philip V — removed the autonomous status of the Aragonese crown.
www.gurupedia.com /s/sp/spain.htm   (2703 words)

  
 Georgia Districts
ISO-1996 listed two autonomous republics, and stated vaguely that there were also some prefectures, but it had not obtained their names or quantity.
To this set, ISO-1998 adds four more cities and ten more regions, which are all contained in the two autonomous republics.
ISO-1998 lists both the autonomous republics and the regions and cities that are contained in those republics; therefore, this area is covered twice.
www.statoids.com /yge.html   (433 words)

  
 Electoral System - Spanish Legislative Election, 2004   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-25)
Each of Spains Autonomous communities of Spain elects a number of Spanish Congress of Deputies and Spanish Senate in rough proportion to its population.
The smaller autonomous communities (such as La Rioja) form a single electoral district (a circumscription).
Further, the Canary Islands and the Balearic Islands elect additional senators (since circumscriptions consist of the island governnments rather than the provinces), and the small autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla (Spanish enclaves on the coast of Morocco) elect two Senators each.
mywebpage.netscape.com /Africa4362/spanish-legislative-election-2004-electoral-system.html   (426 words)

  
 Peregrine Cities: An Overview Of Status And Rights - Ancient Roman Empire Forums
2) Autonomous cities who ruled their affairs and judiciary apart from the control of the province and the provincial governor.
This was usually a case of Rome granting this status to them…as opposed to being brought into the Roman sphere with this status from the beginning.
In the case of an already established city, the colony would be constructed by legally and religiously severing it from the original city, seizing property and moving in colonists.
www.unrv.com /forum/index.php?showtopic=2772   (1285 words)

  
 [No title]
Autonomous prefectures are divided into counties, autonomous counties, and cities.
All autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures and autonomous counties are national autonomous areas.
Trade union federations will be formed at the levels of provinces (autonomous region, municipality directly under the Central Government), autonomous prefecture, city and country to exercise the leadership over lower-level local federations and industrial unions.
www.itcilo.it /actrav/english/calendar/2002/A3-2746/work/country_rep/ACFTU.doc   (2986 words)

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