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Topic: Autonomous prefectures


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  Prefecture (China) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.
Autonomous prefectures (自治州 pinyin: zìzhìzhōu) either have over 50% of the population with ethnic minorities or are historically resided by significant minorities.
All autonomous prefectures are mostly dominated, in population, by the Han Chinese.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Prefecture_of_China   (857 words)

  
 Ethnologue: China
Danba (=Rongzhag), Daofu (Dawu), Luhuo, Xinlong (Nyagrong) counties of the Ganzi (Garzê) Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of western Sichuan, and Jinchua (Quqên) County of the Aba (Ngawa) Tibetan-Qiang Autonomous Prefecture of northwestern Sichuan.
Mianning, Muli, Xichang, and Yanyuan counties of the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefectue, and Jiulong (Gyaisi) County in the Ganzi (Garzê) Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of southwestern Sichuan.
SHIXING [SXG] Muli Tibetan Autonomous County in the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture of southwestern Sichuan.
www.christusrex.org /www1/pater/ethno/Chin.html   (11262 words)

  
 Xinjiang - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Xinjiang borders the Tibet Autonomous Region to the south and Qinghai and Gansu provinces to the southeast, Mongolia to the east, Russia to the north, and Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, and the Pakistan- and India-controlled parts of Kashmir to the west.
The autonomous region of the PRC was established on October 1, 1955, replacing the province.
Kazakhs are mostly concentrated in Ili prefecture in northern Xinjiang.
www.arikah.net /encyclopedia/Sinkiang   (2483 words)

  
 Autonomous areas of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Although not named as autonomous areas, some third-level settlements and areas that are identified as county-level cities and county-level districts enjoy the same autonomy as autonomous areas.
Autonomous regions, prefectures, counties, and banners are covered under Section 6 of Chapter 3 (Articles 111-122) of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China, and with more detail under the Law of the People's Republic of China on Regional National Autonomy (《中华人民共和国民族区域自治法》).
Autonomous administrative areas, as well as the various rights granted to them, are affirmed by the government as a positive example of local self-rule in ethnic areas, and an acknowledgement of minority self-determination unprecedented in Chinese history.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Autonomous_entities_of_China   (989 words)

  
 LAW OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ON REGIONAL NATIONAL AUTONOMY
The organs of self-government of autonomous prefectures shall exercise the functions and powers of local state organs over cities divided into districts and cities with counties under their jurisdiction and, at the same time, exercise the power of autonomy.
The people's governments of national autonomous areas shall apply the system of giving overall responsibility to the chairman of an autonomous region, the prefect of an autonomous prefecture or the head of an autonomous county, who shall direct the work of the people's government at their respective levels.
The organs of self-government of national autonomous areas shall have the power of autonomy in administering the finances of their areas.üü All revenues accruing to the national autonomous areas under the financial system of the state shall be managed and used by the organs of selfgovernment of these areas on their own.
www.novexcn.com /regional_nation_autonomy.html   (3092 words)

  
 Administrative Division System   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
A province or an autonomous region is subdivided into autonomous prefectures, counties, autonomous counties and /or cities;
Municipalities directly under the Central Government and large cities are subdivided into districts and counti es; autonomous prefectures are subdivided into counties, autonomous counties and cities.
Autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures and autonomous counties are all ethnic autonomous areas.
www.chinatravelhub.com /news/c002.htm   (867 words)

  
 [No title]
In the people's congress of an autonomous region, prefecture or county, in addition to the deputies of the na- tionality or nationalities exercising regional autonomy in the administrative area, the other nationalities inhabiting the area are also entitled to appropriate representation.
The administrative head of an autonomous region, prefecture or county shall be a citizen of the nationality, or of one of the nationalities, exercising regional autonomy in the area concerned.
Those of autonomous prefectures and counties shall be submitted to the standing committees of the people's congresses of provinces or autonomous regions for approval before they go into effect, and they shall be reported to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress for the record.
www.ibiblio.org /pub/packages/ccic/china-studies/prc/con.3   (2862 words)

  
 Political Divisions of China : Province and Cities - China History Forum, chinese history forum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Unlike provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, whose legal basis is provided for in Article 30 of the 1982 Constitution that governs administrative divisions, special administrative regions are provided for in Article 31 in anticipation of the retrocession of Hong Kong and Macau.
These are analogous to autonomous regions (at the province-level) and autonomous prefectures (at the prefecture-level).
Prefectures were inserted between provinces and counties; they continue be ubiquitously applied to nearly all areas of China.
www.chinahistoryforum.com /index.php?showtopic=7941   (3200 words)

  
 China Prefectures
The first-level divisions of China are provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities directly under the central government.
It says that the second-level divisions are prefectures (diqu), autonomous prefectures (zizhizhou), leagues (meng - Nei Mongol only), administrative districts (xingzhengqu), prefectural or provincial cities, and districts (qu - only in the municipalities).
The third-level divisions are counties (xian), autonomous counties (zizhixian), banners (qi), autonomous banners (zizhiqi), county-level cities, and districts (only in prefectural cities).
www.statoids.com /ycn.html   (252 words)

  
 China History Forum, chinese history forum > Political Divisions of China : Province and Cities
Autonomous regions (自治区 zìzhìqū) are province-level divisions with a designated ethnic minority, and are guaranteed more rights under the constitution.
Autonomous prefectures (自治州 zìzhìzhōu) are prefectures with one or several designated ethnic minority/minorities.
Autonomous counties (自治县 zìzhìxiàn) are counties with one or several designated ethnic minority/minorities.
www.chinahistoryforum.com /lofiversion/index.php/t7941.html   (3070 words)

  
 Local Government in Asia and the Pacific - China
In 1954, the Chinese Constitution divided the autonomous nationality regions into 3 levels: autonomous regions (provincial level), autonomous prefectures (prefecture and city level) and autonomous counties (county level) according to their administrative levels.
For the representatives of the People Congresses at levels of autonomous prefectures and counties, the ratio is between 1 and 4 rural to 1 urban.
For the autonomous counties with very small population, the population represented by each minority nationality representative is allowed to be represented a half less than the population is by each non-minority nationality representative.
www.unescap.org /huset/lgstudy/country/china/china.html   (5483 words)

  
 History and Development of Xinjiang (Part 8)
By the end of 2000, the people’s congress of the autonomous region and its standing committee had altogether enacted 119 local laws and 71 statutory resolutions and decisions, approved 31 local laws, 3 separate regulations formulated by local people’s congresses and 173 administrative rules and regulations formulated by the government of the autonomous region.
Chief leaders of ethnic autonomous areas are citizens of the ethnic group or groups exercising regional autonomy in the area concerned.
Government organs of autonomous prefectures and counties also simultaneously use the spoken and written languages of the ethnic group exercising regional autonomy in handling public affairs.
www.china-embassy.org /eng/zt/zfbps/t36554.htm   (1332 words)

  
 Part 1 Yak production in six provinces (regions) in China by Han Jianlin[5]
The prefecture is vast, has a low animal and human population density and is diverse in terms of agro-ecozones, pasture types, livestock production systems and economic activities varying from east to west.
Huang Wenxiu (1996) suggested that the climatic variation was the reason for the varying livestock pattern across the prefecture with the west being cold and dry and with a semi-desert type of pasture where sheep and goats predominate (see Chapter 13).
The autonomous region is bordered by Mongolia to the northeast, Russia to the north, and Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and parts of Jammu and Kashmir on western sides, Tibet to the southeast and Qinghai and Gansu provinces to the east.
www.fao.org /DOCREP/006/AD347E/ad347e0n.htm   (6901 words)

  
 Wikipedia: Xinjiang
In the period before the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Xinjiang was ruled by the warlord Sheng Shicai.
The autonomous region was established on October 1, 1955.
Xinjiang contains 2 prefecture-level cities, 7 prefecturess, and 5 autonomous prefectures.
www.factbook.org /wikipedia/en/x/xi/xinjiang.html   (503 words)

  
 Ili Information Center - ili wayne
The Ili Kazak Autonomous Prefecture is west of Mongolia, south of Russia and east of Kazakhstan.
On November 27, 1954, the Ili Autonomous Prefecture was established to include kili ili the prefectures of Ili, Altay, and Tacheng.
Its 1 city and 9 counties are now under the direct control of eckerts in millstadt, ili the autonomous prefecture.
www.scipeeps.com /Sci-Official_Languages_H_-_L/Ili.html   (519 words)

  
 [No title]
The largest concentration of autonomous prefectures is in the southern state of Yunnan where there are eight such prefectures.
Only one autonomous prefecture can be found in the highly populated eastern area of China and that is in the province of Kirin bordering on Korea.
That autonomous prefecture is for the Korean nationality who were brought into that area of China by the Japanese, during their occupation of Manchuria, as a labour force.
www.halcyon.com /pub/FWDP/Eurasia/sinoussr.txt   (3424 words)

  
 Buddhist Channel | Travel | Impressions of Tibetan life in U-Tsang
U-Tsang refers to the Tibet Autonomous Region itself, Amdo to the southern Gansu and Qinghai provinces and Kamba to more remote areas such as Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province, Deqen Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province, Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture and Golog Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai Province.
The area is divided into Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures of 18 counties, Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture administrating 13 counties and part of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture.
Dege in Garze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture is the birthplace of Tibetan hero King Gesar and, together with Lhasa and Gansu's Labrang, is one of the three Tibetan cultural centers in China.
www.buddhistchannel.tv /index.php?id=18,336,0,0,1,0   (1403 words)

  
 Destination China. Travel and tourist information . Hotels World travel information.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Under a county or an autonomous county are townships, nationality townships, and towns.
The municipalities directly under the Central Government and large cities are divided into districts and counties, while the autonomous prefectures are divided into counties, autonomous counties, and cities.
The autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures, and autonomous counties are all nationality areas.
www.hotels-world.com /travelinfo/as/china/country.htm   (537 words)

  
 Tibetan Human Rights 2005
The United States recognizes the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) and Tibetan autonomous prefectures and counties in other provinces to be a part of the People's Republic of China.
The Tibetan population within the TAR was 2.4 million, while in autonomous prefectures and counties outside the TAR the Tibetan population was 2.9 million.
According to China's 2000 census, the population of Tibetans in the TAR was 2.4 million while the population of Tibetans in autonomous prefectures and counties outside the TAR was 2.9 million.
asiarecipe.com /tibethumanrights.html   (5400 words)

  
 Research Site
Further, the barriers to schooling faced by families in Gansu are common to provinces and autonomous regions located in China’s less-developed interior.
This population was distributed across the 14 regional jurisdictions in the province, which include: 5 municipalities, 7 districts and 2 minority autonomous prefectures.
There are two minority autonomous prefectures, one Hui and one Tibetan, and several minority autonomous counties.
www.ssc.upenn.edu /china/gscf/research_site.htm   (718 words)

  
 The Opposite End of China || Xinjiang & Northwest China Blog (中国的另一端 || 新疆 & ...
It is subordinated to the dual leadership of the central government and the People’s Government of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
The secretaries of the Party Committees of prefectures and autonomous prefectures are concurrently the first political commissars in the corps' divisional Party Committees.
And the members of the corps' divisional Party Committees are also the members of the Standing Committees of Party Committees of the prefectures or autonomous prefectures where they are stationed.
china.notspecial.org /archives/2006/10/bingtuan_change.html   (1123 words)

  
 Trials of a Tibetan Monk: The Case of Tenzin Delek: II. Introduction
More than 50 percent of ethnic Tibetans live outside the TAR in so-called autonomous prefectures and counties created by the Chinese government after 1949 and assigned to the jurisdiction of one of four provinces: Qinghai, Yunnan, Gansu, and Sichuan.
It promised so-called autonomous minority regions, such as the TAR, prefectures such as Kardze, and certain counties, a degree of control over their economic, social, and cultural development.
According to an account that located the incident at the prefectural offices in Dartsedo, it resulted in two injuries, one of which was “serious,” and extensive damage to the building and to vehicles parked in the compound.
www.hrw.org /reports/2004/china0204/5.htm   (3703 words)

  
 Connecticut College China Yunnan/Mekong Project   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
A frontier province in the southwest of China, Yunnan Province borders Guizhou Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in the east, Sichuan Province in the north, Tibetan Autonomous Region in the northwest, Myanmar in the west, and Laos and Vietnam in the south.
Geographically, Yunnan is connected to the rest of the Asian Continent in the north and faces the Southeast Asian Peninsula between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean in the south.
Eight of Yunnan’s prefectures along with 27 of its counties border China’s neighboring countries.
www.conncoll.edu /events/yunnan/land.html   (388 words)

  
 Xinjiang - Free net encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Template:Infobox PRC province Xinjiang (Uyghur: شىنجاڭ (Shinjang); Template:Zh-cpw; Postal Pinyin: Sinkiang), full name Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (Uyghur: شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى (Shinjang Uyghur Aptonom Rayoni); Template:Zh-stp), is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China.
Image:Xinjiang nationalities by prefecture 2000.png In general, Uyghurs are the majority in western Xinjiang, including the prefectures of Kashgar, Khotan, Kizilsu, and Aksu, as well as Turpan prefecture in eastern Xinjiang.
Some Uighur scholars claim descent from both the Turkic Uighurs and the pre-Turkic Indo-European Tocharians (or Tokharians), and relatively fair-skin, hair and eyes, as well as other so-called 'Caucasoid' physical traits, are not uncommon among them.
www.netipedia.com /index.php/Xinjiang   (2467 words)

  
 East Asian History Sourcebook: People's Republic of China: Constitution, 1982
The provinces and autonomous regions are further divided into autonomous prefectures, counties, autonomous counties, and cities.
Municipalities under direct control of the central government are divided into districts and counties, while autonomous prefectures are divided into cities and autonomous counties.
It is composed of deputies elected by the provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/eastasia/prchina-constitution1982.html   (1994 words)

  
 A Brief Introduction to Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Located in western Sichuan Province and adjacent to Tibet, Qinghai, and Yunnan Provinces, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture covers an area of 153,002 square kilometers and has Kangding as its capital.
Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture is one of the three ethnic autonomous prefectures in Sichuan Province.
The economic activities in this prefecture vary in different areas, from farming on the plains and river valleys to animal husbandry on the highlands.
www.khamaid.org /kangdingweb/english/aroundganzi/introduction.htm   (274 words)

  
 Tibetan Bulletin - Online: Volume 7, Issue 5, November-December 2003
This corresponds to a large extent to the area encompassing the current Tibetan Autonomous Region, the Tibetan Autonomous prefectures and the Tibetan Autonomous counties.
The Tibetan people living in the various areas designated by the PRC government as "Tibetan autonomous" areas have expressed their wish to live together and to govern themselves as a people in the territory of a united Tibet.
Instead of repeating the mistakes of the past, it would be in keeping with the principles underlying the Constitution of the PRC for the Tibetans in all these areas to decide themselves whether to be governed within one autonomous region or numerous autonomous entities.
www.tibet.net /en/tibbul/2003/1103/ed.html   (1782 words)

  
 Xinjiang - Gurupedia
Wade-Giles: Hsin-chiang; literal meaning: "New Frontier") Uighur Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, sometimes known as Chinese Turkestan or Eastern Turkestan (Turkestan also spelt Turkistan).
Xinjiang contains 2 prefecture-level cities, 7 prefectures, and 5 autonomous prefectures.
Four of the county-level cities do not belong to any prefecture, so are administered directly by the province.
www.gurupedia.com /x/xi/xinjiang_uygur_autonomous_region.htm   (457 words)

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