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Topic: Avro Lancaster

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In the News (Fri 20 Apr 18)

  Avro Lancaster - Milipedia
The Avro Lancaster is regarded by many as the best bomber of either side in the Second World War.
The Avro Lancaster was designated as a heavy bomber, propelled by its four powerful Rolls-Royce Merlin piston engines and started as the Mk I series of aircraft in 1941.
In its wake, the Lancaster outshone all of its heavy bomber contemporaries including the well-received Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses and Consolidated B-24 Liberators, and would be a considerable reason that the Allies were able to supply such good results in their daytime / nighttime bombing raids over the German-held territories.
wiki.uschallengecoins.com /Avro_Lancaster   (530 words)

 Avro Lancaster
Avro Manchester, which, although a capable aircraft, was troubled by the unreliability of the Vulture.
Avro Lincoln bomber, initially known as the Lancaster IV and Lancaster V. These two marks became the Lincoln B1 and B2 respectively.
There are 17 known Avro Lancasters remaining in the world, two of which remain in airworthy condition, although limited flying hours remain on their airframes and actual flying is carefully rationed.
schools-wikipedia.org /wp/a/Avro_Lancaster.htm   (2190 words)

 Avro Lancaster NX 611 part1
Lancaster NX 611 was built by Austin Motors at Longbridge, Birmingham and emerged in April 1945, too late to enter World War II in Europe.
She was the first of 150 B Mk VIIs, finished to Far East standards for Tiger Force, fitted with the Martin dorsal turret and Frazer Nash FN 82 rear turret, both with 2 x 0.5 inch guns, and Merlin 24 engines suitable for operations in the tropics.
Having been converted to Maritime Reconnaissance standard, she was collected by a French Navy ferry crew, from Avro's at Woodford (Cheshire) on May 30th 1952, having been painted midnight blue and coded WU 15.
www.nicks-cave.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk /jane/nx611.htm   (1266 words)

 Avro 683 Lancaster - Great Britain
The first Lancaster released its bomb, followed by the other aircraft in its group, and as each pulled away the crew could see the bomb bouncing along the surface of the lake towards its concrete target, striking it and finally sinking and exploding.
The Lancaster bomber holds a special place of affection mingled with a great deal of pride in the hearts of British and Commonwealth citizens--feelings which perhaps find their parallel in the hearts of Americans toward the B-17 Flying Fortress.
Some Lancasters were still flying with the RAF in the early 1950s as maritime-reconnaissance, photo-reconnaissance and rescue aircraft.
www.aviation-history.com /avro/683.html   (2123 words)

 Avro Lancaster at RIAT 2002
The Avro Lancaster was developed from the Avro Manchester, a two-engined bomber which was clearly underpowered and which suffered from problems with its Rolls Royce Vulture engines.
The Lancaster is an historically important plane, and one which I've been interested in for many years, but I can't say that I consider it beautiful - perhaps it's the curved belly which makes it seem a little ugly.
The Lancaster Mark I was able to carry 8,000 lbs (3630 kg) of bombs, compared to the 4,000 lbs of the B17E Flying Fortress.
www.richard-seaman.com /Aircraft/AirShows/Riat2002/Lancaster/index.html   (328 words)

 WW2 Warbirds: the Avro Lancaster - Frans Bonné
Avro Lancaster Mk II During the end of 1941 the Lancaster Mk I production increased so rapidly that it was feared that the number of airframes would outnumber the production of the Merlin engine.
Avro Lancaster B.Mk II Some of the B.Mk I's were fitted with the Bristol Hercules XVI engines to be able to carry the Grand Slam.
Avro Lancaster B.Mk VI Conversion of the Lancaster Mk III.
www.xs4all.nl /~fbonne/warbirds/ww2htmls/avrolanc.html   (987 words)

 Avro Lancaster RAF Model Airplane - War Planes, Handmade Wooden Models Including Military Aircraft, Jets, Sail Boats, ...
The Avro Lancaster RAF model airplane comes with a handsome mahogany-based chrome pedestal, and to ensure that it is ready for delivery, it undergoes various stages of quality control before being placed in its box.
The Avro Lancaster RAF model airplane is perfect as an addition to a growing collection or as an exquisite gift to a loved one.
Avro's chief designer, Roy Chadwick, was already working on an improved Manchester design using four of the more reliable but less powerful Merlin engines on a larger wing.
www.warplanes.com /store/item.asp?department_id=36&item_id=108   (802 words)

 Lancaster Bomber
Lancasters powered by Bristol Hercules air-cooled radial engines also were produced, as a result of shortages of Merlin engines, but these proved to be less capable than Merlin-powered versions.
Most Lancasters were armed with a powered tail turret mounting four.303-inch machine guns, a powered twin-.303 turret on the upper rear fuselage, and a pair of.303s in the nose; a few had twin-.303 belly turrets.
The Avro Lancaster arose from the failed Avro Manchester and the first prototype Lancaster was a converted Manchester with four engines, The Lancaster was first flown in January 1941, and started operations in march 1942, By March 1945 The Royal Air Force had 56 Squadrons of Lancasters.
www.bignotion.co.uk /~kemble/lanc.html   (1246 words)

During the Spring and early Summer of 1943, the number of Lancasters participating in operations was generally around the 200 figure, although 343 made the trip to Dortmund on May the 23rd/24th for a heavy night attack on the target during the "Battle of the Ruhr".
That night, 107 Lancasters took part in an attack on the oil refinery at Tonsberg, whilst a further 14 Lancasters were minelaying in the Oslo Fjord.
These Lancasters would only be used as a stop gap until the Lancaster Mk.IV (subsequently renamed the "Lincoln") became available, but even that plan became no more than academic with the dropping of the "A-bombs" on Nagasaki and Hiroshima by the Americans and the subsequent curtailing of the war with Japan.
www.hellzapoppin.demon.co.uk /avrolancaster.htm   (2398 words)

 Avro Lancaster
Primarily a night bomber, the Avro Lancaster was to be the main bomber of Bomber Command throughout WWII.
One of the most daring Lancaster raids, and the one that captured the public imagination, was the 617 Squadron Dambusters Raid, Operation Chastise, on the Ruhr Valley on the night of 16/17 May 1943.
The Avro Tudor was the forerunner of the Avro Lancastrian.
www.heureka.clara.net /lincolnshire/avro-lancaster.htm   (2507 words)

 Tom Philo Photography - Avro Lancaster World War II Heavy Bomber Pictures and Video
The Lancaster was born by increasing the length of the fuselage, widening the wings to handle another two engines, but most importantly the Lancaster used Rolls-Royce Merlin engines as the power plant.
The lancaster had an enormous bomb bay and it was not sectioned off like US bombers so it could carry really large bombs.
Avro Lancaster taxi is a Quicktime MOV file (as are the others).
www.taphilo.com /Photo/Pictures/Lancaster/index.shtml   (1963 words)

 Avro Lancaster Wood Model Airplane : Aviation Modelworks, Makers of Premium Quality Model Airplanes.
The Avro Lancaster was a four-engine bomber aircraft built for the British Royal Air Force (RAF).
Although the Lancaster was primarily a night bomber, it also excelled in daylight precision bombing.
A number of Lancasters were preserved and can be viewed at museums, but only two remain in airworthy condition, although limited flying hours remain on their airframes and actual flying is carefully rationed.
www.aviationmodelworks.com /index.php?main_page=product_info&products_id=43   (444 words)

 Hasegawa 1/72 Avro Lancaster B.I/B.III
The Avro Lancaster is possibly one of the most famous bombers of WWII.
The Lancaster had a 33 foot long bomb bay and could carry 22,000 lb (9,980 kg) of bombs at a maximum speed of 287 mph (462 km) and a range of 1,660 miles (2,670 km).
The Lancaster was one of the big surprises of the 2005 Atlanta IPMS/USA Nationals.
www.cybermodeler.com /hobby/kits/has/kit_has_lancaster.shtml   (334 words)

 Avro Lancaster Mk I
It is a tribute to the design of the Avro Lancaster that the Mk I remained in service as the main version of the aircraft from the time of its introduction to the end of the Second World War.
The Lancaster could carry a heavy bomb load, but more importantly its 33 foot bomb bay was a single undivided unit, and could carry the increasingly large bombs used by Bomber Command during the war – the standard Lancaster Mk I was eventually able to carry the 12,000lb Tallboy bomb within the bay.
The Grand Slam equipped Lancasters had a range of 1,650 miles, and could only reach 17,000 ft, but even from this lower altitude the 41 Gram Slams that were dropped in the last months of the war lived up to Wallis’s expectations, and almost inevitably destroyed their targets.
www.historyofwar.org /articles/weapons_lancaster_I.html   (791 words)

 RAF History - Bomber Command 60th Anniversary
When it became clear to Avro's Chief Designer, Roy Chadwick, in 1938 that the new Rolls Royce Vulture engines intended for the Manchester were suffering from a lack of development, the company set about revising the design to include an additional pair of engines, preferably the well-proven Merlin.
In September 1940, a contract was signed with Avro for two prototype aircraft, the first of which was to fly within four months.
Throughout the remainder of 1942, the transition to Lancasters in Bomber Command was relatively slow, but the increase in the total tonnage of bombs in operations was increasing rapidly because of the ability of the Lancaster to carry bombs greater than the 4,000lb High Capacity (the only aircraft that could do so).
www.raf.mod.uk /bombercommand/lancaster.html   (937 words)

 FlightSim.Com Review: Just Flight Avro Lancaster
he Avro Lancaster was an outstanding aircraft which arose, phoenix-like, from the ashes of its predecessor to become one of the most famous bombers of all time.
The Lancaster's sire was the Avro Manchester, a much-unloved twin whose career was dogged by mechanical troubles, most of them down to the fact that each of its Rolls-Royce Vulture engines was made from two RR Kestrels siamesed together in a common crankcase.
The majority of Lancaster operations were flown at night, as a result of RAF casualties on daytime raids earlier on in the war.
www.flightsim.com /cgi/kds?$=main/review/lanc/lanc.htm   (1997 words)

 Lancaster Bomber, the heavy boys that did the damage
The new aircraft, called the Avro Lancaster Mk I, made its first flight on 9th January, 1941.
The company also built the Lancaster Mk IB Special that had modified bomb-bays that enabled it to carry 10 ton bombs such as the Grand Slam.
During the war Lancasters carried out a total of 156,000 missions and dropped 608,612 tons of bombs.
www.diggerhistory.info /pages-air-support/ww2-allied/lancaster.htm   (413 words)

 RCAF.com : The Aircraft : Avro LANCASTER
The four-engine Avro "Lancaster", a direct development of the unsuccessful twin-engine Manchester became the 'mighty pulverizer' of the RAF's Bomber Command, able to carry the great 22,000-pound "Ten-Ton Tessie", also known as the "Grand Slam", the heaviest bomb-load lifted by any bomber of World War II.
A total of 420 Lancaster Xs were built in Canada and Canadian units in the Commonwealth Tiger Force would have flown Lance Xs in the Pacific had the war lasted into 1946.
The Lancaster was finally retired from the RCAF on 1 April 1964, after serving for more than twenty years.
www.rcaf.com /aircraft/bombers/lancaster/index.php?name=Lancaster   (241 words)

  Avro Lancaster
Primarily a night bomber, the Avro Lancaster was to be the main bomber of Bomber Command throughout WWII.
One of the most daring Lancaster raids, and the one that captured the public imagination, was the 617 Squadron Dambusters Raid, Operation Chastise, on the Ruhr Valley on the night of 16/17 May 1943.
The Avro Tudor was the forerunner of the Avro Lancastrian.
home.clara.net /heureka/lincolnshire/avro-lancaster.htm   (2436 words)

 Avro Lancaster in detail
The first Lancaster offensive sortie was made against Essen on the night of March 10/11, 1942.
The Lancaster was undoubtedly one of the best, perhaps maybe the best of the heavy bombers used by the allies during the war, all factors counted.
The bomb bay of the Lancaster was simply huge, compared to the other aircraft of the period.
www.ipmsstockholm.org /magazine/1998/01/stuff_eng_detail_lancaster.htm   (1081 words)

 97 Squadron Association - The Avro Lancaster
The Lancaster I was fitted with a mid-upper and belly turretts, but then the belly turretts were removed as they were useless in a night operation.
The Lancaster I was used throughout the rest of the war.
The Lancaster II was in service in March 1943.
www.97squadronassociation.co.uk /avrolancaster.html   (269 words)

 Avro Lancaster - Icons of England
For many people the Avro Lancaster – also called the Lancaster bomber – is best known for its starring role in the 1954 film The Dam Busters with Michael Redgrave.
Its record from its introduction in 1942 until the end of the war was unmatched: the Lancaster dropped 608,612 tons of bombs, two-thirds of total RAF munitions.
The roar of four merlin engines as the BBMF lancaster goes overhead is a true memorial to all those who made the ultimate sacrifice.
www.icons.org.uk /nom/nominations/avro-lancaster   (361 words)

 The Avro Lancaster
The Lancaster is generally credited with establishing the significance of a night area bombing offensive.
The Lancaster was fully operational by 1942, but production difficulties slowed full use of the Lancaster in bombing operations until 1943, which was still in time for the Combined Bombing Offensive of the RAF and USAAF over Europe.
In addition, the Lancaster was the craft of choice for the spectacular raids on the huge German ship Tirpitz, which threatened to decimate Allied convoy traffic in the Atlantic during the build-up for D-Day, and the destruction of the Mohne Dam which flooded the Ruhr river valley.
www.stanford.edu /~e2wu/histday/lancaster.htm   (496 words)

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